www.archive-org-2013.com » ORG » W » WAITTINSTITUTE

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".

    Archived pages: 349 . Archive date: 2013-01.

  • Title: Waitt Institute
    Descriptive info: .. Navigation.. CATALYST AUV.. Program Overview.. CATALYST Overview.. The AUV System.. AUV Specifications.. AUV spec sheet.. Why Explore the Deep?.. CATALYST Projects.. Atlantic Ocean Seamounts and Canyons.. Air France 447.. Titanic: Rediscovering the Past.. Search for Amelia Earhart.. Florida's Deep Coral Reefs.. AUV Partners.. Partnerships.. National Parks Service.. HBOI.. NOAA.. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.. Submersible.. Sub Program Overview.. Submersible Overview.. Specification Sheet.. The Human Element.. Submersible Projects.. Save the Arctic.. Channel Islands.. Greenpeace: Gulf of Mexico.. Mission Blue.. Sub Partners.. Greenpeace.. ROV Field Support.. ROV Program Overview.. ROV Description.. Workhorses of the Sea.. Projects.. Cuba's Pristine Reefs.. Expedition: Tiger Shark.. Discovery in the Deep.. Captain Morgan's Cannons Recovered.. Fiji Reef Declared "Sacred".. Indonesia Expedition: Marine Life Abounds in Raja Ampat.. Mary Celestia 1864 Shipwreck.. Maritime Maya.. Chile Establishes No-Take Marine Reserve.. Albania: Ancient Shipwreck.. Mexico: Lost Fleet.. Panama: Rio Chagres.. Panama: Sub Explorer.. Turks Caicos: Endymion Rock.. At Sea.. Current Posts.. Out of the Green and into the Blue.. A Movable Beast.. In the Past.. Arctic Recap.. The Arctic and the Activists.. What Is It Like?.. A Guy Named Joe.. Checking In, St.. Paul.. That's a Wrap.. Indeed.. The Grand Lady.. The Lab.. Punch Drunk Love.. 20 Hours.. Late Breaking News.. Small Boat Ops.. Action on the Back Deck.. Under Way, Again.. Hitched Aboard.. Checking out of my room.. OPERATIONS!!!!.. The Waiting.. Prelude to a Transit: ROV 101.. First Sidescan Data.. Data Emerges From Below.. Girls in the Water.. Closing in on the Destination.. Musings de la Mer.. A Plan.. Checking In.. About Us.. About Our Expeditions.. Waitt Institute.. Institute Leadership.. Institute Staff.. Waitt Foundation.. Contact Us.. News Press.. In The News.. Bering Sea/Greenpeace.. Expedition Titanic.. MSNBC Blogs Expedition Titanic.. Press Releases.. NGS/Waitt Grants.. How to Apply.. Grantees by Name.. Grantees by Region.. Grantees by Focus Area.. Video Gallery.. CATALYST Program.. The CATALYST AUVs.. Needle In a Haystack.. A CATALYST [Sparks].. A CATALYST [Creates].. Search for Amelia.. CAT 2 Expedition Video Log.. POV: Howland Island.. Happening Now.. Dessner reporting from the Atlantic Ocean Seamounts.. Back on Shore.. Greenpeace Arctic Expedition.. The National Geographic Society/Waitt Grants Program.. helps qualified and experienced individuals launch the most difficult stage of a project for which to secure funding—the search.. Grants are made for exploratory fieldwork that holds promise for new breakthroughs in the natural and social sciences.. NGS/Waitt Grants applications are processed throughout the year and grants are awarded expeditiously to help researchers take advantage of immediate opportunities.. The NGS/Waitt grants are an initiative of the National Geographic Society and the Waitt Institute.. Funded through a five-year grant from the Waitt Foundation, the NGS/Waitt Grants Program  ...   and share it with your friends!.. Where We've Been.. What We Do.. The Waitt Institute serves as a catalyst for research and exploration by aligning the resources and expertise of collaborating institutions and agencies, and coordinating and conducting expeditionary science in oceans and coastal areas around the world.. The projects that engage our equipment and staff strive to complement the commitment to ocean conservation and exploration we share with the Waitt Foundation.. Exploration Programs.. Catalyst AUV.. As a major initiative of the Waitt Institute, the CATALYST program aims to accelerate the science community’s capacity to carry out deep-sea exploration, cutting-edge scientific research and sustainable ocean policy through innovative technologies and inspired collaborations.. The program is a series of.. Read More.. ____________.. In terms of depth and area, human interaction with the sea really takes place in the just the tiniest sliver of the oceans.. The shallows, which disappeared altogether during the Ice Age, are really just coastal flats that happen to be currently underwater, like the shores of a river in spring when the melt water is running.. The flooded edges of our.. AUV Specification Sheet.. DDW Submersible.. The Waitt Institute Dual DeepWorker is a one-atmosphere, two-person manned submersible with a maximum operating depth of 2,000 feet and life-support capable of sustaining two persons for a total of 92 hours while underwater.. It weighs 6,000 pounds, is 8.. 5 feet long and 5.. 75 feet wide.. The sub, designed and built by.. In the inventory of the world’s underwater research equipment there is a singular group that performs what is arguably the most important task in all of ocean research.. As the only tool kit that has the ultimate responsibility of supporting life, it’s not surprising that these vehicles are the most demanding in terms of engineering.. Submersibles or submarines.. Sub Specification Sheet.. ROV and Field Support.. The Waitt Institute owns and operates a midsized remotely operated vehicle (ROV) manufactured by Saab Seaeye: the Seaeye Falcon DR.. The Falcon has a maximum operating depth of 1000 meters or 3281 feet.. It is 3.. 3 feet long, 2 feet wide and just under three feet high, roughly the size of the average dorm room.. The oil disaster of 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico highlighted the technology that has easily dominated the commercial sector of the underwater workplace over the last 25 years.. They are not sleek or glamorous, but rather have more in common with the bizarre and boxy nautilus than the streamlined swimmers of the underwater world.. Yet these devices are.. ROV Specification Sheet.. Privacy Policy.. Terms Disclaimer.. Copyright 2013 Waitt Institute..

    Original link path: /
    Open archive

  • Title: CATALYST Overview | Waitt Institute
    Descriptive info: Accelerating Deep-Sea Exploration.. CATALYST Mission.. The CATALYST Program.. The Waitt Institute s CATALYST Program is a series of deep-sea expeditions that will significantly transform undersea exploration and the future of our oceans.. The program makes available for the first time a versatile and highly portable deep-sea tool kit and operations team that is rapidly deployable all over the world.. The program also represents a major milestone in the effort to integrate public and private forces in exploring and understanding our oceans.. The Waitt Institute initiated and established CATALYST in 2009 and the Institute manages all aspects of the program, including establishing partnerships, prioritizing future projects, directing expedition implementation, and serving as expedition leader.. The CATALYST Program marks an unprecedented collaboration between the Waitt Institute and the.. The Waitt Institute commissioned the construction of two 6000-meter REMUS  ...   two REMUS 6000 Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs).. The.. CATALYST AUVs.. have been designed to operate in depths ranging from 25 meters (82 ft) to 6,000 meters (19,685 ft or 3.. 73 mi).. This innovative and efficient new technology can be used for numerous explorations and mapping purposes, including marine conservation, ocean health studies, geological charting and archaeological investigation.. The CATALYST AUVs can be configured to include a wide array of sensors depending upon expedition requirements.. They can be used for hydrographic surveys, environmental monitoring, debris and field mapping, search and salvage operations, fishery operations, scientific sampling and mapping.. As versatile research tools, the CATALYST AUVs can be outfitted with dual frequency side-scan sonar, sub-bottom profilers, conductivity/temperature sensors, pressure sensors, acoustic modems, fluorometers, optical sensors, still cameras, and acoustic imaging.. Expeditions.. Vessels and Gear.. Videos.. Image Gallery..

    Original link path: /catalyst-overview
    Open archive

  • Title: The AUV System | Waitt Institute
    Descriptive info: Autonomous Underwater Vehicles.. What is an AUV?.. An AUV is an autonomous underwater vehicle that navigates without a human crew onboard and without cables connecting it to a research vessel at the sea surface.. It is launched either by hand or by a launch system aboard a research vessel depending on the vehicle’s size.. After entering the water, the vehicle navigates acoustically by communicating with separate anchored transponders.. Each vehicle has three motors that operate the propeller and two pairs of fins used for steering and diving.. An onboard computer, similar to that in a laptop, coordinates the movements of these motors according to the mission plan downloaded onto the AUV by engineers before launch.. As the AUV travels back and forth on its programmed path through the water, it is said to be “mowing the lawn,” creating overlapping lanes of sea floor data with numerous onboard sensors.. These lanes combine to create a cohesive map representing the ocean bottom.. Once the vehicle has finished its pre-programmed course, it returns to the surface, where it is recovered and brought onboard the research vessel.. Operators are able to download the collected data from the AUV and program it with a set of instructions for the next area of seafloor to be mapped.. The CATALYST Program makes available to the scientific community the Waitt Institute’s two REMUS 6000 Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs).. The CATALYST AUVs have been designed to operate in depths ranging from 25 meters (82ft) to 6000 meters (19,685ft or 3.. 73  ...   full and part-time employees and is located in a state-of-the-art facility in Pocasset, Massachusetts.. Hydroid’s mission is to support the spread of the remarkable REMUS technology and to provide for continuous product development.. The LARS System.. The REMUS Launch and Recovery System (LARS) is a self-contained system that was engineered at the.. Oceanographic Systems Lab (OSL).. at WHOI.. It enables the launch and recovery of the REMUS 6000 in sea states up to those created by the Beaufort Scale 5 wind and is installed on the stern of a ship.. For launch, the LARS has a built-in A-frame, which tilts the cradle up and over, while leaving the vehicle hanging by its nose.. The cradle stabilizes the vehicle until it is a safe distance from the vessel and where the vehicle can be lowered into the water, tail first.. When ready, the AUV is commanded to release its towline and begin its mission.. When the vehicle surfaces at the end of a mission, it notifies the operators onboard the research vessel with its GPS coordinates.. The vessel then approaches the AUV and commands it to release its recovery float and line, which then make an easy target for a grapple toss.. Once the line is on-board the AUV, the vehicle is put in tow and the line is attached to the LARS for recovery.. The vehicle is pulled back onto the ship and remains in the LARS where it may be prepared for its next mission.. CAT 2.. 15 - The Daily Grind..

    Original link path: /the-auv-system
    Open archive

  • Title: AUV Specifications | Waitt Institute
    Descriptive info: REMUS 6000.. + click image to enlarge.. + Specifications Sheet.. CATALYST AUV Specifications.. Vehicle Diameter:.. 71 cm/28 in.. Vehicle Length:.. 3.. 84 m/12.. 6 ft.. Weight in Air:.. 862 kg/1900 lbs.. Max Operating Depth:.. 6000 meters/19,685 ft/3.. 7 miles.. Energy:.. 11 kWh rechargeable Li-ion battery pack.. Endurance:.. Mission duration of up to 22 hours.. Propulsion:.. Direct drive DC brushless motor to an open 2 bladed propeller.. Velocity Range:.. Up to 2.. 6 m/s (5 knots).. Control:.. 2 coupled yaw and pitch fins; altitude, depth, yo-yo, and track-line.. Tracking:.. Emergency transponder, mission abort, ascent weight drop, Iridium, GPS.. NAVIGATION.. Inertial Navigation Unit (INU).. Consists of accelerometers and gyros which measure the vehicle’s movement in three directions (surge, sway, heave), and three rotations (roll, pitch, yaw), just like an airplane or a rocket to determine the vehicle’s velocity and current mission travel distance; and integrates data from other instruments to calculate a “best estimate” of the vehicle’s actual location.. Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP).. Uses pulses of sound bounced off of the seafloor to determine the vehicle’s altitude and ground speed.. Pencil-Beam Sonar Collision Avoidance System.. Uses pulses of sound sent in the direction the vehicle is headed that bounce off of obstacles in its way, determining the need for evasive action to maneuver around an obstacle.. COMMUNICATIONS.. Upper and Lower Long Baseline Transducers.. Communicates through “pings” with pre-laid Deep Ocean Transponders (DOTs) to determine the vehicle’s location relative to its pre-programmed route; enables shipboard ops to send and receive data from the vehicle via multiple pulses similar to morse code; and  ...   the objects resting on it.. Custom Digital Camera w/Strobe Light.. Snaps digital photographs when the vehicle is within 10 meters of the seafloor, synced with strobe light just like a flash bulb on a typical consumer camera; and tags photos with position and time and stores them in an onboard hard drive, downloadable at the surface.. Multibeam Profiling Sonar.. Consists of multiple sonar beams which “ping” the seafloor at different angles, creating a 3D image of its contours and shape.. Sub-Bottom Profiling Sonar.. Uses a powerful sound beam to look at what s buried under the sediment on the seafloor.. Conductivity, Temperature, and Depth Sensor (CTD).. Measures conductivity (the saltiness of the water), water temperature, and vehicle depth.. STRUCTURE.. Vehicle Frame and Foam Hull.. The Titanium internal spine (called a strongback) provides structural support and a frame to which all the instruments, motors, and electronics are secured in water-tight, pressure-resistant metal cans.. The outside hull consists of large blocks of syntactic foam (in yellow) that provide flotation, are impenetrable by water and do not crush at depth under extreme pressures.. Lifting Bail.. Provides a safe structural lifting point for pulling the vehicle out of the water.. Propulsion/Propeller Shaft.. Provides precision thrust and direction capability to steer the vehicle.. Electronics and Battery Compartment.. Holds the vehicle computer and its Lithium-Ion batteries which provide a rechargeable, lightweight, and efficient power source.. Recovery Strobe Light.. Supplies a bright, blinking white light for nighttime vehicle recovery operations.. 08 - Farming Dots.. 09 - Launching Ginger.. 10 - At Depth.. 11 - Recovering Mary Ann..

    Original link path: /auv-specifications
    Open archive

  • Title: AUV Spec Sheet | Waitt Institute | Waitt Institute
    Descriptive info: Remus 6000 AUV.. Scribd..

    Original link path: /auv-spec-sheet
    Open archive

  • Title: Why Explore the Deep | Waitt Institute | Waitt Institute
    Descriptive info: The expansive and mysterious frontier of AUV survey.. The flooded edges of our landmasses are called the Continental Shelf; they can extend as far as 300 miles but on average they run out to around 50 miles offshore and generally the water is no deeper than 500 feet.. This gently sloping extension of the beach compromises 8% of our oceans and 11% of the planet’s surface.. Very little human activity will venture past the first third of this depth and surface users like swimmers, paddlers, surfers and even recreational divers, might as well be water bugs incapable of breaking the surface tension for as much of the entirety of the ocean they penetrate.. Compared to the rest of the oceans the continental shelf is the miniscule playground of humanity; the kiddie pool.. If you could empty the ocean and stand at the deep end of the continental shelf, perched on the far edge of the shallows looking toward the deepest portion of the ocean we call the Abyssal Plain, you’d be staring down the steep wall of the Continental Slope.. Climb down the contours of the slope and you’ve gone out an additional 10 miles from the shore and dropped 6500 feet (or 2000 meters) in elevation.. From here things flatten out as the continental slope eases into the Continental Rise and as you move away farther and farther away from land you drop another 2000 meters.. You have traversed the Continental Margin, that region between land and Abyssal Plain comprised of the Continental Shelf, Slope and Rise; combine all such regions on  ...   from each other.. The black smokers in these geological nurseries may actually hold the answers to the riddle of life on Earth, but we are newcomers to these mystical gardens and what we have learned is far out massed by the exponentially multiplying questions any answers pose.. The abyssal plain is truly the last frontier on this planet, the largest habitat on Earth and one that remains largely unseen by human eyes.. Humanity has constructed significantly more equipment that has gone into space than we have capable of surviving the crushing deep.. The bathyscaph Trieste took two impossibly brave explorers to the bottom of the Challenger Deep, down to 35,000 feet, in 1962, over 50 years ago, one single time.. They were there, resting on the bottom, waiting for the silt to settle, for about 20 minutes; less than one man hour.. In contrast, since that dive another 12 unimaginably brave men have spent close to 600 man hours on the moon.. This is fact: humanity has spent a thousand times more hours on Earth’s moon than in our own planet’s most forbidding, yet clearly accessible, places.. But advancing technologies herald a new era; James Cameron recently became the third man to visit Challenger Deep and he will certainly be going back.. His submersible and other new technologies capable of surviving the frigid depths are showing us more every day about the deeps.. A technology leading the charge into the only remaining blank spots on Earth’s maps are Autonomous Underwater Vehicles; they are actually working to fill in those blanks.. People.. Michael Dessner..

    Original link path: /why-explore-the-deep
    Open archive

  • Title: Atlantic Seamounts & Canyons | Waitt Institute | Waitt Institute
    Descriptive info: Mapping the topography and documenting life within this astonishing subaquatic realm.. For now, the region (the Atlantic seamounts and canyons) remains largely untouched.. It s been protected for centuries, essentially by our ignorance, our inability to see it, but not any more.. Now that we can reach the riches it contains, we can plunder them or protect them.. -- Philippe Cousteau Jr.. If you were to drain the Atlantic ocean of its water, you would find vast mountain ranges, canyons so massive in size they rival the Grand Canyon, countless volcanoes both active and dormant, and every other type of landform we find here above the seas.. Just as you would expect to find vastly different forms of life from the bottom of the Grand Canyon to the top of Everest the same is true of our oceans.. Philippe Cousteau Jr.. explains the importance of the Atlantic submarine canyons and seamounts.. The latest Waitt Institute expedition will provide scientists with the very first up-close look at the unexplored realm of the deep sea canyons and mounts off the Atlantic coast.. Through the use of our two REMUS 6000 AUVs, we will be able to not only map the topography with precise detail, but thanks to the latest technology in camera  ...   and increased pressure to locate and exploit any and all valuable resources we now find that these once pristine environments are no longer safe in their remoteness.. In an effort to better understand and protect our oceans we have partnered with Dr.. Peter Auster of the University of Connecticut, Dr.. David Packer of NOAA, the Natural Resources Defense Council and our long time partners at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution to map, document and study these unexplored environments and forms of life that call it home.. So far, four canyons off the U.. S.. Atlantic coast have been protected from destructive fishing practices such as bottom trawling.. Also as of today, oil drilling has been prohibited in the area but that could change in the coming months and years.. It is the Waitt Institute s belief that if we can share with the world, a glimpse of what exists in this subaquatic realm we will advance further protection for these precious environments.. To learn more about the expedition.. - Please visit.. NRDC Ocean Oases.. -.. View and/or download the NRDC Fact Sheet.. (above).. At Sea Blog.. Documents.. Fact Sheet: Atlantic Seamounts and Canyons.. Partners.. NRDC.. Peter J.. Auster.. Mark Dennett.. Neil McPhee.. Greg Packard.. Mike Purcell.. Andy Sherrell.. Will Sellers.. Tim Smith..

    Original link path: /atlantic-seamounts
    Open archive

  • Title: Air France 447 | Waitt Institute
    Descriptive info: The search for flight 447.. Air France 447 engine.. by Michael Dessner.. On the 1.. st.. of June, 2009 an Airbus A330-203 carrying 219 Air France passengers lifted off at 7 PM in the evening from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.. Three and a half hours later, about a third of the way to the destination city of Paris, the crew made their final radio call to controllers.. 40 to 45 minutes later a series of messages were received by automated systems that indicated the plane had suffered a catastrophic failure of some sort.. A few long minutes after that, when the plane failed to make scheduled contact to the controllers in Africa, the search for AF447 began.. The initial phase of the search was massive, within 48 hours a Brazilian Naval vessel was on the scene and over the next few days it would be joined by four more.. The French National Navy sent four additional ships accompanied by a nuclear submarine as well as a civilian research vessel equipped with a submersible and Remote Operated Vehicle (ROV); two commercial tugboats also participated.. Passive underwater acoustic searches were made to listen for the frequency of the black boxes while operations were conducted on the surface to recover a relatively small amount of aircraft debris and a minority of the lost passengers.. The initial area in which the plane was supposed to have come down was halfway across the Atlantic directly over the Mid Atlantic Ridge, a submerged mountain chain and rift valley.. The peaks of the Mid Atlantic Ridge aren t the highest in the world but the chain is easily the longest and largest on Earth and it marks the birthplace of the continents.. This divergent plate boundary is constantly pushing the Americas and Africa/Europe away from each other at a rate of 1-5 cm a year.. The Mid Atlantic Ridge runs north to south for 10,000 miles, is at times 1,000 miles wide and mostly remains hidden under 8,000 feet of water.. It does rise precipitously in places however, as most mountains do, and in some places it even breaches the waves, most notably in the form of Iceland, some 4,000 miles from the missing plane s final resting place.. Unfortunately for the families of the lost the initial search was unsuccessful.. The debris that was gathered on the surface of the ocean was not enough to define the nature of the tragedy and the black boxes were not detected within the 30 day time frame that they are expected to continue sending out their homing signal.. Phase 2 would have much the same result.. Pourquoi Pas.. ,.. a French research vessel that had participated in the first phase of the search, returned for a month in late July/early August 2009 in order to use dive equipment and towed sonar arrays to look for the debris field.. They were unsuccessful.. It was right around this time that the Waitt Institute was initially approached to assist the effort.. Air France 447 landing gear: wheel.. In the waning months of 2009 talks began between the French Government and the US on how the search could be successfully concluded.. Many eyes turned to.. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute.. out on Cape Cod, Massachusetts.. The people at WHOI have been plying the depths of the oceans for over 75 years and are world leaders in the field.. They had pioneered a new technology for underwater searches working with the US Navy and that technology was just coming of age.. Autonomous Underwater Vehicles, or AUV s, vastly increase capabilities over towed array side scan sonars, traditionally used in the past to search the ocean floor.. AUVs, as the name suggests, are free swimming devices that can perform the same type of search but are not limited, when working in waters up to 6,000 meters deep, by a four and a half mile tether running up to a surface vessel.. They swim solo, know where they are spatially at all times (a most critical capacity for re-navigation to suspected targets) and are exponentially more efficient.. By removing the hours taken up making the wide sweeping turns required when using a towed system AUVs increase the coverage against time efficiency by a factor of 4.. Even  ...   the.. (The French national equivalent to the.. NTSB.. ).. Finally the search grid would be left to our analyst and colleagues from WHOI, the actual operators who had worked the previous 2, month long searches.. They were determined to miss nothing and very few predictions or guesses were added to the plan for the search.. They would go to the point that all the evidence indicated was the last known position of the plane, put the gear into the water on that spot and search in a spiral outward from there.. They were almost immediately successful, discovering the debris fields with the sidescan sonars on day 5 and by the end of the following day had conclusive photographic evidence that they had indeed found the wreckage of Air France s flight 447.. It was welcome and surprising news.. After two years the world s most advanced equipment and talented people in the field of underwater search had succeeded in under a week.. In the weeks that followed the AUV s were used to make a detailed sonar mosaic map of the entire site and then the cameras were used to do the same, a literal photograph of the entire debris field was developed.. The group from Phoenix was called back in and as they headed to the site to deploy one of their.. REMORA.. ROV s, the group who made the discovery flew to France to brief the government and to make plans on where the black boxes were most likely to be found.. Mike Purcell, Greg Packard and Mark Dennett, the primaries from the Woods Hole team, returned home in subdued triumph after the meeting.. They had quietly done in days what others had been unable to do in two years; they had brought closure to the families by determining the correct place to look and then discovering the debris field.. The mystery would be solved.. Air France 447 wreckage.. Andy Sherrell continued on to work the final phases of what was now a recovery, no longer a search.. He joined the effort carrying all of the data and a couple of the Institute computers (which also carry the expensive and arcane software needed to truly parse all of the data the AUVs can collect).. We had hoped to leave our navigational transponder field in place so that the ROV team that followed could plug directly in and use the same navigational support that had been used to map the site but we had discovered during our work with Phoenix on.. the year before that our systems are not compatible.. The Plan B: to send Andy, the same mind and equipment that collated the data originally would also be onsite to interpret it.. On the first day, via dead reckoning navigation achieved primarily through the use of photo maps collected by the Waitt Institute AUV s, the ROV operators were able to find part of one of the black boxes.. Within 3 days the rest of it was found and recovered and by the end of the week the second black box was recovered in its entirety.. Both devices held readable data and as of this writing the problems that brought the plane down have been definitively identified.. People in the community will tell you, if you look for something long enough, spend enough money and keep at it, sooner or later you can find anything, and this is likely pretty much true, but finding even a large aircraft on the bottom of the ocean can be a truly daunting task.. If that airplane is scattered across a mountain range that happens to reside a mile and a half under the surface of the ocean and you have a truly epic task made drastically more difficult.. It took 6 months for the world to find Steve Fosset when the famous billionaire aviator crashed his plane in the eastern Sierra Nevada, not exactly the most remote spot on the planet.. It is not unreasonable to say that finding this particular aircraft was one of the most difficult underwater searches ever attempted, and doing so in just two years was quite an accomplishment.. Mary Ann in LARS.. Read More:.. Popular Mechanics article.. USA today article.. GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel..

    Original link path: /air-france-447
    Open archive

  • Title: Waitt Institute | Titanic Expedition | Waitt Institute
    Descriptive info: Preserving history using revolutionary technology and 3D imaging.. The Titanic rests in dock before setting off on its maiden journey on April 10, 1912 ~ Photograph by: RMS Titanic Inc.. , Photo Handout.. On September 1, 1985, Titanic was discovered resting on the ocean floor.. Twenty-five years after her discovery, RMS Titanic, Inc.. , in partnership with Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the Waitt Institute, will embark on what is arguably the most technologically advanced scientific expedition to Titanic ever organized.. RMS Titanic is bringing together a team of leading experts in various oceanographic, scientific and nautical archaeological fields.. Using the latest advances in technology, the expedition team will conduct a full survey of the wreck site capturing Titanic in 2D and 3D video, creating a first ever archeological site map.. Waitt Institute Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV), one of the most important pieces of equipment to be used in Expedition Titanic.. Photo Credit: Ian Kellett.. Provided by the Waitt Institute, Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) will enable the expedition team to create the first ever comprehensive and multi-dimensional map of the Titanic wreck site.. The AUVs, with their suite of onboard sensors will provide new and unique views of the famous ship and reveal secrets about her past, present, and future.. AUVs are one of the most important pieces of equipment to be used in Expedition Titanic.. The most famous sections of Titanic, the bow and stern, will be documented in 3D using Remote Operated Vehicles (ROVs) that acquire digital data bringing portions of the Titanic to life.. There is still much to be discovered and recorded on and below the seafloor.. Join the team.. of leading archaeologists, oceanographers and scientists as they do what no one has ever attempted before: to virtually raise Titanic, preserving the legacy of the Ship for all time.. During their 1996 Expedition, RMS Titanic, Inc.. captured this stunning image of the bow illuminated with the help of four Edison light towers.. Official Press Release:.. Atlanta, GA, July 27, 2010.. –.. RMS Titanic, Inc.. (the Salvor-In-Possession of.. RMS Titanic.. and its wreck site) in partnership with Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the Waitt Institute will conduct a ground- breaking expedition to.. 25 years after its discovery, to do what no one has ever attempted before: take innovative measures to virtually raise.. , preserving the legacy of the Ship for all time.. NBC News and NBC’s Peacock Productions will be the exclusive broadcast partner.. In what is arguably the most technologically advanced scientific expedition to.. Titanic.. ever organized, RMS Titanic, Inc.. has brought together a team of leading archaeologists, oceanographers and scientists including The Institute of Nautical Archaeology, The National Oceanic Atmospheric and Administration’s National Marine Sanctuaries Program, and The National Park Service’s Submerged Resources Center to execute this historic “mission of firsts.. ”.. Launching from St.. John’s, Newfoundland on Wednesday, August 18, 2010, this 20-plus day expedition will employ revolutionary acoustic imaging, sonar technologies and high resolution optical, video and 3-D imaging to provide the first comprehensive view of the entire wreck site with unprecedented accuracy and clarity.. Through this suite of sophisticated robots, sonars and cameras, leading experts will chart the boundaries of the wreck site, map the physical position of the Ship and its artifacts on the ocean floor, and create a blueprint that will inform the wreck site’s ongoing maintenance.. Together, this data will work to paint a complete picture of.. that only a few have been able to witness first-hand.. The Titanic s anchors appear to almost be touching the ocean floor, due to the fact that the bow section is buried 60 ft into the sediment.. The portside anchor (1987) is covered with rusticles.. enthusiasts will also experience the journey’s excitement and explore the wreck site in real time, with ongoing video feeds and photo postings, and interaction with key crew members through.. Facebook (.. www.. facebook.. com/rmstitanicinc.. ), Twitter (.. @RMS_Titanic_Inc.. ) and by visiting.. http://www.. expeditiontitanic.. com/.. (launches on August 3.. rd.. “The significance and scope of this mission, the team we’ve assembled to carry it out, and the breakthrough technologies being deployed will give people the opportunity to experience.. like never before,” said Chris Davino, president of RMS Titanic, Inc.. “RMS Titanic, Inc.. has a singular purpose: to faithfully and respectfully preserve the memory of.. and of all who sailed with her.. The goals and objectives of this expedition are fully aligned with that purpose.. “As the first scientific expedition of this magnitude since Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, working with French colleagues from IFREMER, discovered the.. wreck site 25 years ago, this dive provides the perfect opportunity to utilize the exciting, new technologies we’ve been developing,” said Susan Avery, the president and  ...   and manufacture of underwater acoustic equipment, specializing in high-resolution sonar systems.. About RMS Titanic, Inc.. - a wholly owned subsidiary of Premier Exhibitions, Inc.. , a wholly owned subsidiary of Premier Exhibitions, Inc.. (NASDAQ: PRXI), is the only company permitted by law to recover objects from the wreck of.. The Company was granted Salvor-in-Possession rights to the wreck of.. by a United States federal court in 1994 and has conducted seven research and recovery expeditions to.. recovering more than 5,500 artifacts.. Premier Exhibitions, Inc.. located in Atlanta, GA is a leading provider of museum quality exhibitions throughout the world.. Premier is a recognized leader in developing and displaying unique exhibitions for education and entertainment including “Titanic: The Artifact Exhibition”, “BODIES…The Exhibition” and “Dialog in the Dark.. ” More information about Premier Exhibitions, Inc.. is available at the Company’s web site.. prxi.. com.. About Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution is the world’s largest private, nonprofit, marine research and engineering, and higher education organization.. Its mission is to understand the ocean and its interaction with the Earth as a whole, and to communicate a basic understanding of the ocean’s role in the changing global environment.. Established in 1930 on a recommendation from the National Academy of Sciences, the Institution is organized into five scientific departments, interdisciplinary research institutes, and a marine policy center.. The Institution conducts a joint graduate education program with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.. About the Waitt Institute.. The Waitt Institute is a non-profit research organization based in La Jolla, California.. The Institute serves as an exploration catalyst, enabling scientific pioneers to transform the ways in which discoveries are made.. Founded in 2005 by Ted Waitt, the Institute seeks to advance human understanding of the past and secure the promise of a better future through exploration and discovery.. The WaittInstitute owns and operates two REMUS 6000 Autonomous Underwater Vehicles, and through the CATALYST Program serves as a leader in deep ocean exploration.. With support from the Waitt Foundation, the Institute is committed to the scientific study and protection of marine environments around the world.. About the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is our nation’s lead agency for the scientific research of the oceans and plays an important role in the conservation and management of ocean resources, including maritime heritage.. The NOAA Office of National Marine Sanctuaries (ONMS) serves as trustee for the nation’s system of marine protected areas and is charged with conserving our nation’s marine resources including both natural and cultural.. The office of National Marine Sanctuaries has over 35 years of experience managing underwater cultural resources beginning with the establishment of the USS Monitor shipwreck as the first National Marine Sanctuary in 1975.. Through its Maritime Heritage Program, the ONMS is focused on preserving historical, cultural and archaeological resources.. Under the R.. M.. Titanic Maritime Memorial Act of 1986, NOAA is a trustee for the public’s interest in Titanic, including its preservation for present and future generations.. About the Institute of Nautical Archaeology.. The Institute of Nautical Archaeology (INA) is a global leader in the field of underwater exploration and discovery.. Based out of Texas A M University and Bodrum, Turkey, since 1973, it has sponsored more than 160 excavations and surveys around the world, from the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea to the Yukon River.. INA’s work includes some of the most significant archaeological discoveries of the past century, from the world’s oldest excavated shipwreck, dating from the time of Tutankhamen, to 13th century sunken ships from KhubilaiKhan’s failed invasion of Japan and Byzantine ships buried in the ancient harbor of Istanbul.. In the quest to uncover humanity’s collective past from one of the world’s most demanding environments, INA has pioneered technologies and fostered excellence in all aspects of nautical archaeology, from excavation and conservation through to preservation, analysis and publication.. inadiscover.. About the National Park Service’s Submerged Resources Center.. The United States National Park Service’s Submerged Resources Center is the standing underwater archeology team for our nation’s lead preservation agency.. The team provides direct support to National Parks and partners responsible for the stewardship, public appreciation, access, understanding, and preservation of underwater cultural resources world-wide.. Since its inception in 1980, the Submerged Resources Center has focused on innovative science-based site documentation techniques and interdisciplinary, minimum impact, archeologicalprocedures to understand and preserve our shared history that lies underwater.. nps.. gov/submerged.. About Peacock Productions.. Peacock Productions is an award-winning, nonfiction production company that combines the editorial expertise, technical resources and seasoned production talent of NBC News to offer a wide-range of programming to broadcast, cable and digital entities with worldwide reach (.. peacockproductions.. tv.. Resources/Media.. Facebook.. Twitter.. Expedition to Virtually Raise Titanic..

    Original link path: /titanic-expedition
    Open archive

  • Title: Search for Amelia Earhart | Waitt Institute
    Descriptive info: Howland Island, South Pacific.. On July 2, 1937, Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan vanished without a trace during her attempt to become the first woman to fly around the world at the equator.. In early 2009, the Waitt Institute conducted an extensive deep-sea search for Amelia Earhart s Lockheed Electra aircraft in the area of the South Pacific where many researchers believe she crashed.. The expedition, known as CATALYST 2, involved assembling a diverse group of experts from multiple backgrounds and institutions to identify areas to search for Earhart s plane.. The CATALYST team then utilized the Waitt Institute s REMUS 6000 Autonomous Underwater Vehicles to survey over  ...   the data from the sea floor created a 2,000 square-mile exclusion zone where we now know the plane is not located.. For the benefit of future researchers, the Waitt Institute is sharing all of these results, as well as a provocative, first-hand account of life aboard ship, at a specially designed new website known as.. One of the most comprehensive digital records on the life and legacy of Amelia Earhart available today,.. is a collaborative site where comments and ideas about Earhart and her final flight are invited and encouraged.. Explore the expedition s website.. View videos from the.. CATALYST 2 Expedition Log.. R/V Seward Johnson.. Earhart Research Team..

    Original link path: /search-for-amelia
    Open archive

  • Title: Florida’s Deep Coral Reefs | Waitt Institute
    Descriptive info: Florida s Deep Coral Reefs.. The Florida Straits.. The inaugural CATALYST expedition launched on December 4, 2008 and utilized the Waitt Institute’s autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) to create the first-ever high definition side-scan sonar maps of deep-water Lophelia and Oculina coral reefs off the coast of eastern Florida.. This charter mapping effort will provide the data necessary to enable lawmakers to protect these unique, diverse and incredibly fragile reefs from bottom trawling, fossil fuel exploration and other destructive activities.. CATALYST ONE was a collaboration between the Waitt Institute,.. and.. Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute.. UPDATE: Florida s Deep Reefs One Step Closer to Full Protected Status.. Press Release: Council Approves Measures to Protect Largest Deepwater Coral Reef in the South Atlantic.. Science Objectives.. CAT 1.. 1 - AUV Survey of Deep-Water Lophelia Coral Habitat Area of Particular Concern, Part I.. Map areas within and adjacent to the proposed Deep-Water Lophelia Coral Habitat Area of Particular Concern, where low-resolution NOAA bathymetric charts indicate the possibility of undiscovered deep-water reefs.. 2 AUV Survey of Deep-Water Lophelia Coral Habitat Area of Particular Concern, Part II.. Map the western edge of the primary Lophelia reef zone within the proposed Lophelia Habitat Area of Particular Concern, where commercial fishery interests (royal red shrimp) overlap known and possible deep-water reefs.. 3 AUV Survey of Deep-Water Oculina Coral Habitat Area of Particular Concern.. Map a portion of the Oculina Coral Habitat Area of Particular Concern where nearly 100 concrete reef balls have been placed for restoration experiments in areas of damaged corals.. Investigate the effectiveness of deploying these concrete structures as reef-starters for Oculina coral larvae.. CATALYST ONE Results.. The Waitt Institute s CATALYST ONE expedition resulted in the discovery of three never-before identified Lophelia coral reefs.. The three Lophelia coral reefs range in size from 40-60 meters (150-200 feet) tall and sit in water about 400m (1300  ...   10 years, scientists from Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute in collaboration with NOAA and many others have discovered hundreds of deep-water coral reefs, some up to 200 ft tall, off the coast of the southeastern U.. These are irreplaceable resources that are thousands of years old, ecologically diverse and vulnerable to physical destruction.. Activities involving fish trawls, oil and gas production, pipe laying, mining, or harvest of reef resources could negatively impact these reefs.. Unfortunately, deep reefs worldwide are being impacted by destructive fishing methods, such as bottom trawling for shrimp and fish, which destroys the delicate corals.. These reefs are deserving of the highest level of protection as they are a national treasure, equivalent to old growth red wood forests, but at 2000 feet deep.. Based on this research, the South Atlantic Fishery Management Council recently has proposed a 23,000 nm2 region from North Carolina to South Florida as a marine protected area for deep-water coral reefs.. In addition, President Bush is considering designating this same region as a marine national monument.. Our project, made possible by the Waitt Institute, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute, will provide detailed bathymetric maps for a portion of these reefs where data is critical due to possible overlap of fishing interests and an especially high concentration of healthy reefs.. Deep-sea coral ecosystems are at a disadvantage in gaining public empathy because most people will never see them.. It is the responsibility of scientists to educate the public about these valuable resources.. This project therefore also includes an element of education/outreach toward teachers, students and the public.. During CATALYST 1 mission, we were excited to have a television crew aboard from the PBS documentary series.. Changing Seas.. You can view the final 25-minute program that aired about the expedition on their website -.. Episode 103: Corals of the Deep.. Florida Research Team..

    Original link path: /cat-1-reefs
    Open archive


  • Archived pages: 349