www.archive-org-2013.com » ORG » S » STOPCLUSTERMUNITIONS

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".

    Archived pages: 1069 . Archive date: 2013-12.

  • Title: Cluster Munition Coalition
    Descriptive info: .. Cluster Munitions Coalition.. English.. Español.. Français.. Navigation.. Home.. The Problem.. What Is A Cluster Bomb?.. Real-Life Stories.. A History Of Harm.. The Solution.. The Treaty.. The Ban.. Changing Lives Now.. Destroying The Stockpiles.. A Model For Making Change Globally.. Take Action.. Contact Your Government.. Contact Your MP.. Sign The Petition.. Multi-Faith Action.. Campaigners In Action.. Campaign Resources.. Calendar Events.. The Coalition.. Members.. Governance.. Staff.. Donors.. Become A Member.. Media.. Press Releases.. Campaigning Tools.. Landmine Cluster Munition Monitor.. Video Audio Tools.. Photos.. Policy Papers.. Reports.. Investing in Action.. Job Opportunities.. Contact Us.. Flickr.. YouTube.. Facebook.. Twitter.. Search The Site.. Latest News.. See All News.. Norwegian Foreign Minister Børge Brende shared his perspective on the CCM.. 2013-12-03.. On the fifth anniversary of the signing of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, in Oslo, the Norwegian Foreign Minister Børge Brende shared his perspective on the significance of the Convention to preventing unacceptable harm to civilians caused by these weapons.. Read more.. Thousands of civilian lives being saved by the Convention on Cluster Munitions.. (London, December 3, 2013) – Thousands of civilian lives are being saved by the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions since it opened for signature five years ago today, said the Cluster Munition Coalition.. Five years on from the signing conference of the convention in Oslo on 3 December 2008, more half the world’s nations have already joined the treaty, creating a powerful global stigma against the use of this indiscriminate weapon.. ICBL-CMC Executive Director awarded French Legion of Honor for disarmament work.. 2013-11-27.. Christiane Taubira, France’s first parliamentarian to propose legislation calling for a total ban on antipersonnel landmines, in 1995, and now the French Minister of Justice, presents Sylvie Brigot-Vilain, Executive Director of ICBL-CMC with the French Legion of Honor for disarmament work © Roger Lebreton.. (Paris-27 November): Sylvie Brigot-Vilain, Executive Director of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines and Cluster Munition Coalition (ICBL-CMC), was presented with the French Legion of Honor award yesterday.. The order, established  ...   binding international law on 1 August 2010.. It bans the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster munitions and requires countries to clear affected areas within 10 years and to destroy stockpiles of the weapon within eight years and includes groundbreaking provisions requiring assistance to survivors and affected communities.. CMC Statement at the UN First Committee on Disarmament.. 2013-10-30.. On 29 October 2013 the Cluster Munition Coalition delivered the below statement at the United Nations’ First Committee on Disarmament and International Security.. The statement emphasized the preventative nature of the treaty and called on all states to join the Convention on Cluster Munitions.. It also highlighted widespread concern and condemnation over ongoing use of cluster munitions in Syria.. Download the full statement in PDF.. **************************************************************.. Statement by the Cluster Munition Coalition.. First Committee on Disarmament and International Security.. 29 October 2013.. Thank you, Mr Chair.. I am addressing you on behalf of the Cluster Munition Coalition (or CMC), an international network of nongovernmental organizations working in over 100 countries to eradicate cluster munitions, prevent further causalities from these weapons and put an end for all time to the suffering they cause.. The 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions and its comprehensive ban is preventing untold harm to civilians.. 113 countries have joined the convention, and we urge those remaining to do so without delay.. Safe in our environment here in this UN building, it is easy to feel far removed from the people this convention protects.. Yet it continues to protect every one of us.. As a preventative treaty, the Convention on Cluster Munitions has ensured the destruction of 122 million stockpiled submunitions to date and it is establishing a strong norm against the use of cluster munitions that helps to protect civilians worldwide in times of conflict.. Cluster Munitions Ban: 98 Countries Haves Signed, 8 Countries Have Ratified.. Thunderclap: Stop Explosive Investment.. Convention on Cluster Munitions - Official Convention Website.. We are CMC.. Rss Feed.. Made by Kite..

    Original link path: /
    Open archive

  • Title: La Coalición Contra Las Municiones En Racimo
    Descriptive info: La Coalición Contra Las Municiones En Racimo.. Bienvenidos a la página de la Coalición contra las Municiones en Racimo.. La Coalición contra las Municiones en Racimo (CMC, por sus siglas en inglés) es una coalición internacional que trabaja para proteger a civiles de los efectos de las municiones en racimo promoviendo una adhesión universal y la completa implementación de la Convención sobre Municiones en Racimo.. 300 organizaciones de la sociedad civil de más de 90 países ya son miembros de la CMC, ellas incluyen organizaciones que trabajan con el desarme, paz y seguridad, derechos humanos, asistencia a víctimas y sobrevivientes, limpieza, derechos de las mujeres, asuntos religiosos y otras áreas.. La CMC facilita a las ONGs del mundo en sus esfuerzos para asesorar gobiernos, el público y los medios sobre los problemas de las municiones en racimo y la solución a través del tratado global que prohíbe dicha arma.. El 3 – 4 de Diciembre del 2008, 94 gobiernos firmaron la Convención sobre Municiones en Racimo en la Conferencia de Firma en Oslo.. La Convención prohíbe el uso, producción, almacenamiento y transferencia de municiones en racimo y obliga a los países a limpiar las áreas afectadas, asistir a las víctimas y destruir las  ...   cumplan sus obligaciones para declarar y destruir en un plazo de ocho años las municiones en racimo almacenadas e identificar y limpiar las áreas contaminadas en un plazo de diez años.. El siguiente hito más importante será la Primera reunión de Estados Parte, que tomará lugar en noviembre de 2010 en la República Democrática Popular Lao – el país más afectado por las bombas en racimo.. La CMC insta a todos los gobiernos a ratificar o acceder a la Convención y empezar a implementar sus disposiciones antes de la Primera Reunión de los Estados Parte.. Documentos en Español:.. La Convención.. Intervenciones de la CMC.. Material para campañas.. Material audiovisual.. Presentaciones y publicaciones.. Tratado que prohíbe bombas en racimo entra en vigor a nivel mundial.. De la palabra a la acción contra las municiones en racimo: Preguntas y respuestas acerca de la Convención sobre Municiones en Racimo.. Miembros de la CMC que hablan Español.. Contáctenos:.. Email:.. info@stopclustermunitions.. org.. Teléfono:.. +44 (0) 20 7256 9500.. Dirección:.. Cluster Munition Coalition.. 5th Floor.. Epworth House.. 25 City Road.. London EC1Y 1AA.. United Kingdom.. Agradecimientos: Luciana Torriani y todos los miembros de la CMC en América Latina que nos han apoyado en la traducción de los documentos.. Related Contents:..

    Original link path: /es/
    Open archive

  • Title: La Coalition Internationale Contre Les Sous-Munitions
    Descriptive info: La Coalition Contre Les Armes à sous-munitions.. Bienvenue sur le site web de la Coalition contre les armes à sous-munitions.. La Coalition contre les armes à sous-munitions (CMC) est une coalition internationale œuvrant à protéger les civils des effets des bombes à sous-munitions (BASM) en encourageant l’adhésion universelle au traité d’interdiction des BASM, ainsi qu’à sa pleine mise en œuvre.. La CMC regroupe environ 350 organisations de la société civile émanant de plus de 90 pays, dont des organisations actives dans le domaine du désarmement, la paix et la sécurité, les droits de l’Homme, l’assistance aux victimes, le déminage, le droit des femmes, les questions relatives aux croyances ainsi que d’autres domaines.. La CMC appuie les efforts des ONG dans le monde entier afin d’éduquer les gouvernements, le public ainsi que les médias sur la problématique des BASM, ainsi que sur sa solution, à savoir le traité international qui interdit cette arme.. Le 3 et 4 décembre 2008, 94 gouvernements ont signé le traité d’interdiction des BASM lors de la conférence d’Oslo.. Le traité interdit l’utilisation, la production, le stockage ainsi que le  ...   février 2010, 15 mois seulement après son ouverture à la signature, déclenchant ainsi son entrée en vigueur six mois plus tard.. Maintenant que la Convention est en vigueur, l ensemble de ses dispositions sont pleinement et juridiquement contraignantes pour tous les États parties et le compte à rebours a commencé pour ces États qui doivent s acquitter de leurs obligations de déclarer et de détruire les stocks de munitions en moins de huit ans ainsi qu’identifier et dépolluer les zones contaminées en moins de 10 ans.. La prochaine étape importante sera la première Assemblée des États parties qui aura lieu en Novembre 2010 au Laos - pays le plus touché par les bombes à sous-munitions.. La CMC exhorte tous les gouvernements à ratifier ou à adhérer à la Convention et à commencer à mettre en oeuvre ses dispositions avant la première Assemblée des États parties.. Documents en Français:.. La Convention.. Matériel de campagne.. Membres francophones de la CMC.. Contact:.. Telephone:.. +44-(0)20-7256-9500.. Adresse:.. Remerciements: Marion Libertucci ainsi que tous les membres francophones de la CMC qui nous ont aidé pour la traduction des documents.. Francais..

    Original link path: /fr/
    Open archive
  •  

  • Title: Cluster Munition Coalition - The Problem
    Descriptive info: Cluster bombs have killed and injured thousands of civilians during their history of use and continue to do so today.. They cause widespread harm on impact and yet remain dangerous, killing and injuring civilians long after a conflict has ended.. One third of all recorded cluster munitions casualties are children.. 60% of cluster bomb casualties are injured while undertaking their normal activities.. Refer to our.. global treaty status overview.. for an overview of countries that have stockpiled, produced or used cluster bombs, and countries in which cluster bombs have been used.. For French and Spanish language versions of the global treaty status overview see the.. campaign resources.. page.. For detailed information on individual countries and on all aspects of the ban on cluster bombs, see the.. Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor.. WHAT ARE CLUSTER BOMBS?.. Cluster bombs or cluster munitions are large weapons which are deployed from the air and from the ground and release dozens or hundreds of smaller submunitions.. Submunitions released by air-dropped cluster bombs are most often called “bomblets,” while those delivered from the ground by artillery or rockets are usually referred to as “grenades.. ”.. WHAT S THE PROBLEM WITH THIS WEAPON?.. Air-dropped or ground-launched, they cause two major humanitarian problems and risks to civilians.. First, their widespread dispersal means they cannot distinguish between military targets and civilians so the humanitarian impact can be extreme, especially when the weapon is used in or near populated areas.. Many submunitions fail to detonate on impact and become de facto antipersonnel mines killing and maiming people long after the conflict has ended.. These duds are more lethal than antipersonnel mines; incidents involving submunition duds are much more likely to cause death than injury.. AFFECTED COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES.. 25 countries and 3 other territories are believed to be contaminated by cluster munition remnants:.. Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, Croatia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Georgia (South Ossetia), Germany, Iraq, Lao PDR, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Montenegro, Norway, Russia (Chechnya), Serbia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Vietnam and Yemen, as well as Kosovo, Nagorno-Karabakh and Western Sahara.. Of this list, the most heavily affected states are Lao PDR and Vietnam (massive contamination), followed by Iraq and Cambodia (very large contamination.. ).. Another 13 countries may have a small amount of contamination:.. Angola, Argentina (Falkland Islands/Malvinas), Colombia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Mozambique, Palau, Saudi Arabia, and the United Kingdom (Falkland Islands/Malvinas).. USERS OF CLUSTER MUNITIONS.. At least 19 government armed forces have used cluster munitions:.. Colombia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Georgia, Iraq, Israel, Libya, Morocco, Netherlands, Nigeria, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Sudan, Syria, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States, Yugoslavia (former Socialist Republic of).. Of this number, the following seven countries have now signed or ratified the Convention on Cluster Munitions, formally renouncing any future use of the  ...   Poland, Portugal*, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia*, South Africa, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Thailand, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Yemen, Zimbabwe.. * States marked with an asterisk have now completed stockpile destruction.. WHY IS A BAN ON CLUSTER MUNITIONS NECESSARY?.. Simply put, cluster munitions kill and injure too many civilians.. The weapon caused more civilian casualties in Iraq in 2003 and Kosovo in 1999 than any other weapon system.. Cluster munitions stand out as the weapon that poses the gravest dangers to civilians since antipersonnel mines, which were banned in 1997.. Israel’s massive use of the weapon in Lebanon in August 2006 resulted in more than 200 civilian casualties in the year following the ceasefire and served as the catalyst for governments to seek to create a legally binding international instrument tackling cluster munitions in 2008.. WHAT IS THE OSLO PROCESS?.. In February 2007, 46 governments met in Oslo to endorse a call by Norwegian Foreign Minister Jonas Gahr Støre to conclude a new legally binding instrument in 2008.. The Convention prohibits the use, production, transfer and stockpiling of cluster munitions, and requires states to destroy existing stockpiles of the weapons, clear contaminated areas and assist survivors and affected communities.. Subsequent international Oslo Process meetings were held in Peru (May 2007), Austria (December 2007), and New Zealand (February 2008).. Some 107 countries negotiated and adopted the Convention on Cluster Munitions in May 2008 in Dublin, Ireland.. The convention was signed by 94 countries at the Signing Conference in Oslo in December 2008 and entered into force as binding international law on 1 August 2010, after it reached the threshold of 30 ratifications in February 2010, just 15 months after it opened for signature.. All countries can still accede to the convention at the United Nations headquarters in New York.. WHAT IS THE CLUSTER MUNITION COALITION?.. The Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) is a global network of more than 350 civil society organisations working in some 90 countries to end the harm caused by cluster bombs.. The CMC was launched in November 2003 and founding members include Human Rights Watch, Handicap International and other leaders from the Nobel Peace Prize-winning International Campaign to Ban Landmines, which secured the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty.. Since the signing of the Convention on Cluster Munitions by 94 countries at the Oslo Signing Conference in December 2008, the CMC mobilised an intensive global ratification campaign to ensure that 30 countries ratified the Convention swiftly.. This happened on 16 February 2010, less than two years after the treaty was formally adopted.. The CMC now works for all states to come on board the Convention and to fully implement all its provisions.. Read more about The Problem:.. What Is a Cluster Bomb?.. FAQ.. ,.. Q A..

    Original link path: /the-problem/
    Open archive

  • Title: Cluster Munition Coalition - What Is A Cluster Bomb?
    Descriptive info: A cluster bomb, or cluster munition, is a weapon containing multiple explosive submunitions.. These containers are dropped from aircraft or fired from the ground and designed to break open in mid-air, releasing the submunitions and saturating an area that can be the size of several football fields.. Anybody within that area, be they military or civilian, is very likely to be killed or seriously injured.. As so many of the submunitions fail to work properly, huge quantities are left on the ground and, like landmines, remain a fatal threat to anyone in the area long after a conflict ends.. These weapons kill and injure people trying to rebuild their lives  ...   Cluster munitions are.. defined.. under the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions.. The.. bans the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster munitions and places obligations on countries to clear affected areas, assist victims and destroy stockpiles.. By joining the Convention, the majority of the world has set aside outdated arguments on the military utility of cluster munitions and recognised that humanitarian concerns and the protection of civilians must come first.. The Convention on Cluster Munitions has had a powerful effect in further stigmatising cluster munitions, so that even those countries that have not yet joined the treaty would be unable to use them without being subject to international condemnation.. Weapon..

    Original link path: /the-problem/what-is/
    Open archive

  • Title: Cluster Munition Coalition - Real-Life Stories
    Descriptive info: See All Stories.. These are real life stories from people around the world who have had contact with cluster munitions.. More Real-Life Stories and images can be found at the.. Image Gallery on Cluster Munitions.. To read more about the experiences of survivors of cluster munitions and their work to achieve a ban,.. visit the Ban Advocates web site.. Saint Kitts and Nevis joins global cluster bomb ban.. Mr Michael Penny, the government delegate for Saint Kitts and Nevis, with CMC Campaign Manager Amy Little, at the Fourth Meeting of States Parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions, Lusaka, Zambia (c) Mary Wareham, HRW.. Saint Kitts and Nevis.. has become the latest country to join the Convention on Cluster Munitions, after depositing its instrument of accession on 13 September – the final day of the week long.. Fourth Meeting of States Parties.. to the Convention in Lusaka, Zambia.. This latest accession takes the total number of countries onboard this lifesaving humanitarian treaty to 113 and Saint Kitts and Nevis will become the 84th State Party to the ban when its accession enters into force on 1 March 2014.. Say no to possible US use of cluster munitions in Syria intervention.. An unexploded BLU 97 cluster bomblet that was carried by a US-manufactured BGM-109D Tomahawk cruise missile, Yemen.. © Private - courtesy of Amnesty International.. (London, 28 August 2013) - The Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) urges all 112 countries that have joined the Convention on Cluster Munitions to help ensure that the weapons are not used by the United States in any military action in Syria.. “Cluster munitions used by the Syrian regime have already caused numerous civilian casualties as they have done in every other conflict in which they have been used,” said Sarah Blakemore, director of the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC).. “It makes absolutely no sense to use banned weapons to retaliate for the use of another banned weapon.. According to the.. New  ...   Lao PDR.. Photo credit: Gemima Harvey/CMC.. Xieng Khuang is a heavily bombed province in Laos, where an estimated 46 million cluster bomblets were used.. At a clearance site in Pek district, pink sandbags marked crater sites of cleared weapons and deminers had placed markers to denote where newly discovered war remnants lay.. A delegate was called on to trigger the first explosion.. At the push of a button, dozens of bombies detonated, the explosion symbolising a legacy the Convention on Cluster Munitions seeks to dismantle.. Burden of Fear: Cluster bombs in Vietnam.. Quang Tri province, Vietnam.. Credit: Wikipedia.. More than three decades after the Vietnam War ended, explosive remnants from the conflict are still injuring and killing civilians in Vietnam.. Unexploded cluster submunitions are among the deadliest legacies of the war.. Known locally as “bombies, ” these tennis ball-sized bomblets are filled with thumb tack-sized pieces of metal that disperse upon detonation, frequently causing civilian injuries and deaths.. The Convention on Cluster Munitions will become binding international law on 1 August 2010 after reaching 30 ratifications in February.. Vietnam’s neighbor, Lao PDR, which suffered the effects of the same war and is the most heavily cluster-bombed country in the world, has been a leader on the treaty and is hosting the First Meeting of States Parties to the convention in November.. However,.. Vietnam has yet to sign the Convention.. As the Cluster Munition Coalition counts down to the Convention’s entry into force, we’re urging affected countries like Vietnam to join the treaty without delay.. Audio Slideshow.. Burden of fear: Cluster bombs in Vietnam.. is a three-part audio slideshow highlighting the impact on civilians of Vietnam s deadly legacy of unexploded cluster submunitions.. Part 1 - At home: Nguyen Thi Cuc s story.. Part 2 - At work: Le Van Thang s story.. Part 3 - At play: Ho Van Ly s story.. Burden of Fear reporting and production by.. Daysha Eaton.. Photos by.. Amanda Koster..

    Original link path: /the-problem/real-stories/
    Open archive

  • Title: Cluster Munition Coalition - A History Of Harm
    Descriptive info: Cluster bombs were first used in World War II by German and Soviet forces.. During the 1970s, the USA used massive numbers of cluster bombs in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.. More recently, cluster bombs were used in the Gulf War, Chechnya, the former Yugoslavia, Afghanistan, Iraq, Lebanon, Libya and Georgia.. In 2012, they were used in.. Syria.. , where use has continued in 2013.. Governments must place the protection of civilians at the core of their approach to the treaty, not the protection of unacceptable weapons.. More countries must urgently join the global ban on cluster munitions.. In joining the Convention on Cluster Munitions, states increase the stigmatization of use and production, helping to prevent possible harm to their own, and other citizens, by this weapon.. Cluster bombs have posed a deadly threat in every conflict in which they have been used and have repeatedly caused excessive harm to civilians.. A list of countries and territories contaminated by cluster munition remnants is available here:.. A TIMELINE OF CLUSTER BOMB USE.. 1943.. USSR.. :.. Soviet forces use air-dropped cluster munitions against German armour.. German forces use SD-1 and SD-2 butterfly bombs against artillery on the Kursk salient.. :.. German aircraft drop more than 1,000 SD-2 butterfly bombs on the port of Grimsby.. 1960s-1970s.. Cambodia.. Laos.. Vietnam.. US forces make extensive use of cluster munitions in bombing campaigns.. The ICRC estimates that in Laos alone, 9 to 27 million unexploded submunitions remain, and some 11,000 people have been killed or injured, more than 30 percent of them children.. An estimate based on US military databases states that 9,500 sorties in Cambodia delivered up to 87,000 air-dropped cluster munitions.. 1973.. Israel uses air-dropped cluster munitions against non-state armed group (NSAG) training camps near Damascus.. 1975-1988.. Western Sahara.. Moroccan forces use cluster munitions against NSAG.. 1978.. Lebanon.. Israel uses cluster munitions in southern Lebanon.. 1979-1989.. Afghanistan.. : Soviet forces make use of air-dropped and rocket-delivered cluster munitions.. NSAG also use rocket-delivered cluster munitions on a smaller scale.. 1982.. Israel uses cluster munitions against Syrian forces and NSAG in Lebanon.. Falkland Islands.. (Malvinas).. : UK aircraft drop cluster munitions on Argentinean infantry positions near Port Stanley, Port Howard, and Goose Green.. 1986-1987.. Chad.. French aircraft drop cluster munitions on a Libyan airfield at Wadi Doum.. Libyan forces also used AO-1SCh and PTAB-2.. 5 submunitions.. 1991.. Iraq.. Kuwait.. Saudi Arabia..  ...   1997.. Sierra Leone.. Nigerian ECOMOG peacekeepers use Beluga bombs on the eastern town of Kenema.. 1998.. Colombia.. : The Colombian Air Force used a cluster munition in Santo Domingo, a village in the department of Arauca.. In 2009, Colombia disclosed that previously it had used cluster munitions on other occasions to attack airfields used by drug traffickers.. Ethiopia / Eritrea.. Ethiopia and Eritrea exchange aerial cluster munition strikes, Ethiopia attacking the Asmara airport and Eritrea attacking the Mekele airport.. Ethiopia also dropped BL-755 bombs in Gash-Barka province of western Eritrea.. 1998-1999.. Albania.. Yugoslav forces launch cross-border rocket attacks and NATO forces carry out six aerial cluster munition strikes.. 1998-2003.. DR Congo.. BL-755 bombs used by unknown forces in Kasu village in Kabalo territory.. 1999.. Yugoslavia (including.. Serbia,.. Montenegro,and.. Kosovo).. The US, UK, and Netherlands drop 1,765 cluster bombs, containing 295,000 bomblets.. 2001- 2002.. The US drops 1,228 cluster bombs containing 248,056 bomblets.. Unknown.. Uganda.. RBK-250/275 bombs and AO-1SCh submunitions found in the northern district of Gulu.. 2003-2006.. : The US and UK use nearly 13,000 cluster munitions containing an estimated 1.. 8 to 2 million submunitions in the three weeks of major combat.. A total of 63 CBU-87 bombs were dropped by US aircraft between May 1, 2003 and August 1, 2006.. 2006.. Israeli forces use surface-launched and air-dropped cluster munitions against Hezbollah.. The UN estimates that Israel used up to 4 million submunitions.. Israel.. Hezbollah fires more than 100 Chinese-produced Type-81 122mm cluster munition rockets into northern Israel.. 2008.. Georgia.. : Russia uses several types of cluster munitions, both air- and ground-launched, in a number of locations in Georgia s Gori district.. Also Georgia uses cluster munitions in the August 2008 conflict with Russia.. 2011.. Thailand uses cluster munitions on Cambodian territory during a border conflict in February 2011.. More information.. here.. Libya.. Gaddafi s forces use cluster munitions in Misrata, Libya.. 2012 and 2013.. There has been documented and widespread use of cluster munition in Syria, by the Syrian government, with more than 150 cluster bomb attacks in at least 119 locations across Syria in the period from August 2012 through mid-February 2013, according to CMC member organisation, Human Rights Watch.. See the CMC page on.. for further details.. In addition, unconfirmed reports cite use of cluster munitions in.. Pakistan.. Slovenia.. Turkey.. , as weel as in the territory of.. Kashmir.. Conflict.. Timeline..

    Original link path: /the-problem/history-harm/
    Open archive

  • Title: Cluster Munition Coalition - The Solution
    Descriptive info: Governments are obligated under international humanitarian law to protect civilians during conflict.. But history has shown that these general rules are not enough to protect civilians from certain weapons that cannot discriminate between civilians and military targets or that cause excessive humanitarian harm.. This is why countries signed a treaty banning antipersonnel landmines in 1997 and this is why countries must do the same for cluster bombs.. Spearheaded by Norway and other supportive governments, it led to the negotiation and formal adoption of an international treaty prohibiting cluster munitions, the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM), at the.. THE CONVENTION ON CLUSTER MUNITIONS.. was signed by.. 94 countries.. at the.. Oslo Signing Conference.. in December 2008, and entered into force on 1  ...   the most significant humanitarian and disarmament treaty of the decade.. The time to act is now.. To find out which countries have signed, ratified and acceded to the Convention on Cluster Munitions, check out our.. Treaty Status page.. TIMELINE OF INTERNATIONAL OSLO PROCESS MILESTONES.. February 2007 –.. Launch of the Oslo Process.. in Oslo, Norway.. May 2007.. –.. Lima Conference on Cluster Munitions.. , Peru.. December 2007.. Vienna Conference on Cluster Munitions.. , Austria.. February 2008 –.. Wellington Conference on Cluster Munitions.. , New Zealand.. May 2008 –.. Dublin Diplomatic Conference on Cluster Munitions.. , Ireland.. December 2008 –.. Convention on Cluster Munitions Signing Conference.. ,.. Norway.. August 2010.. -.. Convention on Cluster Munitions enters into force.. Read more about The Solution:..

    Original link path: /the-solution/
    Open archive

  • Title: Cluster Munition Coalition - The Treaty
    Descriptive info: International law is developed to promote and enforce common standards of practice amongst states around the world.. The protection of civilians from the effects of armed conflict is a long-standing and important branch of international law, known as international humanitarian law (IHL).. IHL is best known through the Geneva Conventions.. This body of law is constantly developing in order to respond to the changing nature of conflict and the increasing value societies place on humanitarian imperatives.. The Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM).. The treaty bans the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster munitions and places obligations on countries to clear affected areas, assist victims and destroy stockpiles..  ...   this new treaty is likely to have a powerful effect in stigmatising cluster bombs, so that even those countries that do not join the treaty will not be able to use them without being subject to international condemnation.. Official website of the Convention on Cluster Munitions.. Full text of the Convention:.. Convention On Cluster Munitions.. (ENGLISH).. (FRENCH).. (SPANISH).. (RUSSIAN).. (ARABIC).. (CHINESE).. CMC BRIEFING PAPER ON THE CONVENTION.. CMC Briefing Paper on the Convention.. FAQs.. Twelve Facts and Fallacies about the Convention on Cluster Munitions.. (.. Human Rights Watch, April 2009.. ).. From words to action on cluster bombs - the Convention on Cluster Munitions in 2010.. (CMC, April 2010)..

    Original link path: /the-solution/the-treaty/
    Open archive

  • Title: Cluster Munition Coalition - The Ban
    Descriptive info: The central provision of the treaty is the ban on the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster munitions.. This makes it illegal in every country that joins the treaty for anyone to use cluster munitions or engage in any production or trade of the weapon.. Other weapons that have been banned in this way include anti-personnel landmines as well as biological and chemical weapons.. The ban also extends to any activity that would assist other countries in the use, stockpiling, production or transfer of cluster munitions.. This means that if a country, for example the UK, has signed the treaty banning cluster munitions and it takes part in a joint military operation with another country that has not, for example the US, then UK troops must not do anything that would in any way assist in the use of these weapons during that operation.. The ban on assistance also means that it is illegal for any bank or other financial institution to invest in companies that are engaged in the manufacture of cluster munitions.. The definition of a cluster munition was the subject of intense negotiations during the Oslo Process.. The definition is a broad catch all definition that covers all weapons with explosive submunitions and places a prohibition on  ...   out and engage a single target are not considered cluster munitions.. The CMC will continue to monitor these weapons carefully to ensure they do not have the effects of cluster munitions.. If they do, then they will be banned under the effects based criteria stipulated in the definition.. A SUMMARY OF THE KEY OBLIGATIONS ON STATES.. General obligations and scope (Article 1).. The production, stockpiling use, and transfer of all cluster munitions are prohibited in all circumstances, including in international conflicts and conflicts of a non-international nature.. It is also prohibited to assist, encourage or induce anyone to engage in any activity prohibited by the Convention.. Definitions (Article 2).. A cluster munition is defined in the Convention as: ‘a conventional munition that is designed to disperse or release explosive submunitions each weighing less than 20 kilograms, and includes those explosive submunitions.. The definition makes certain clarifications for weapons that have submunitions but are not considered cluster munitions, such as weapons with submunitions designed for smoke, flare, and electronic counter-measures.. Also falling outside the definition are weapons that have submunitions but that do not cause the indiscriminate area effects or UXO risks of cluster munitions.. Such munitions must meet each of a series of five minimum technical characteristics set out in the treaty..

    Original link path: /the-solution/the-ban/
    Open archive

  • Title: Cluster Munition Coalition - Changing Lives Now
    Descriptive info: As well as banning cluster munitions the new treaty includes ground-breaking and important obligations to protect and promote the human rights of cluster munition victims and to ensure they receive the different kinds of assistance they need in order to be able to live full and active lives.. The treaty also requires the clearance of cluster munitions that remain unexploded in affected countries.. This clearance must take place within a specific deadline of ten years.. Clearance is crucial to prevent further casualties from the weapon.. To be effective, clearance work must also be accompanied by risk education efforts to ensure local populations understand the risks and dangers presented by unexploded cluster munitions.. Most of the countries affected by cluster munitions are low income and have already stretched capacities to respond to these challenges.. This is why the treaty obliges governments to provide international cooperation and assistance to make it possible for all states to meet their urgent humanitarian obligations under the treaty.. Clearance of contaminated areas (Article 4).. States Parties are obliged to clear areas contaminated by cluster munitions as soon as possible but no later than 10 years after entry into force of the Convention for that State Party.. States Parties have to report annually on the status and progress of clearance programmes, which should ensure that States start their clearance activities as soon as possible.. CMC believes  ...   strikes.. V.. ictim assistance (Article 5).. This article adopts a holistic view of victim assistance by requiring states parties to ensure that victims of cluster munitions can enjoy their human rights.. States Parties are obliged to provide assistance to cluster munition victims including medical care, rehabilitation and psychological support and to assist social and economic inclusion.. Cluster munition victims include all persons directly impacted by cluster munitions as well as their affected families and communities.. States Parties must develop a national action plan to implement victim assistance activities and designate a national focal point within the government for coordinating all matters related to this article.. In their work on victim assistance States Parties must consult with and involve cluster munition victims and organisations working on this issue.. States Parties should integrate victim assistance work into existing mechanisms to make it more cost-efficient and effective.. International cooperation and assistance (Article 6).. All States Parties in a position to do so are required to provide technical, material and financial assistance to States Parties affected by cluster munitions to assist with clearance, risk education, stockpile destruction and victim assistance including social and economic recovery.. In addition and as noted above, under the clearance obligations former user States Parties are strongly encouraged to provide assistance to States Parties who have been affected by their use of cluster munitions.. Changing Lives.. Clearance.. Victim Assistance..

    Original link path: /the-solution/changing-lives/
    Open archive



  •  


    Archived pages: 1069