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    Archived pages: 54 . Archive date: 2013-12.

  • Title: The Quagga Project :: South Africa
    Descriptive info: .. THE.. QUAGGA.. PROJECT.. SOUTHAFRICA.. The Quagga Revival.. What is a Quagga?.. What's New?.. The Project.. Objectives.. The Founder.. Project Coordination.. Sponsors.. FAQ.. Make a Donation.. Contact Us.. Stud Book.. Photo Gallery.. Archives.. Loading Google search.. This web site has been selected as one of the Net s finest informative sites and is included in.. StudyWeb.. ®.. s.. listing of educational links.. This project, started in 1987, is an attempt by a group of dedicated people in South Africa.. to bring back an animal from extinction and reintroduce it into reserves in its former habitat.. Read.. |.. Haley Harvey.. Back to Life.. pdf 216kb.. DNA analysis has shown that the Quagga was not a separate species of zebra but in fact a subspecies of the Plains Zebra (.. Equus Quagga.. ) The Quagga, formerly inhabited the Karoo and southern Free State of South Africa.. Like other grazing mammals, Quaggas had been ruthlessly hunted.. They were seen by the settlers as competitors for the grazing of their livestock, mainly  ...   if this revival is successful, in due course herds showing the phenotype of the original quagga will again roam the plains of the Karoo.. When the Quagga mare at Amsterdam Zoo died on 12 August 1883, it was not realised that she was the very last of her kind.. Because of the confusion caused by the indiscriminate use of the term Quagga for any zebra, the true Quagga was hunted to extinction without this being realised until many years later.. LATEST QUAGGA NEWS.. QUAGGA FOAL NAMED 'KHUMBA'.. In a wonderful development that brings the story of SA animation film Khumba full circle, a young Quagga foal has been named Khumba after the lead character in the latest movie from Triggerfish Animation.. Khumba s real-life counterpart also only has half his stripes and is part of the Quagga Project Association.. read more ».. READ THE LATEST NEWS HERE.. Henry, the first quagga like foal, born on 20 January 2005.. The Quagga Project South Africa I.. Contact.. :: Website by..

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  • Title: WHAT IS A QUAGGA :: The Quagga Project :: South Africa
    Descriptive info: Scoring Quaggas - Methods and Analyses.. by.. E.. H.. Harley.. University of Cape Town.. Home.. Project Coordination.. What's New.. In order to follow progress over time and through generations, as well as to provide a quantitative basis for removals or translocations, it is necessary to have a method of scoring the number of stripes in different regions of the zebra s body.. This method needs to be simple to apply in the field and appropriate for our purpose.. The body is divided into five regions as shown in the illustration above.. Stripes are counted seoarately in each of these areas using the following criteria:.. In areas 1-3, only count full, unbroken stripes which extend over half way round the body.. Do not count shadow stripes.. In areas 4 5, count any stripes below body line, including partials.. Progress over the last 20 years:.. To follow progress over time, a generation (F) number is allocated to each animal.. As not all animals are the simple progeny of, for example, first generation matings or pure second generation matings (like Tracy, a pure second generation animal), the generation number of an individual was scored as the total steps through all members of the lineage from the original founder animals to the individual, divided by the number of contributions from founder individuals.. This can results in a fractional F number, so individuals are mostly grouped into integral number generations by rounding their F number up or down accordingly.. In an example of a complex pedigree shown below, the foal FR08 has an F number of 3.. 9 (a total path length of 51 divided by 13 founder contributions), which when rounded up makes this a fourth generation animal.. Note that FR08 has a good mix of founder genes, except that founder Alex is somewhat over-represented with three contributions to the pedigree, and Allan, Lulu, and Ike contribute twice each :.. In the table below, the average number of stripes in each of the areas depicted above, and background colour (on a scale of 0-3, 3 being white) are shown for each (rounded up) generation of project animals :.. This is also shown graphically for the key areas of  ...   have excellent breeding potential, and would be retained whatever were their own personal scores.. It was interesting to see whether there was a good correlation between personal scores and the mean scores in offspring.. The graphs below show that there is a correlation, but that it is not that strong:.. Another interesting question, relevant to how the genetics of striping is controlled, is what is the correlation between reduction of striping in the different sectors: hind body, forelegs, and hindlegs.. As seen below, there is a tighter correlation when the number of stripes on forelegs are compared with the number on hindlegs than when hindbody striping is compared with leg striping.. As a practical illustration of the project s progress, the montage below compares one of our better third generation animals (top left) with, to its right, two typical Plains zebras, in the centre from the extreme Westward part of the species range (Etosha) and on the right from the extreme Eastward part, and, on the bottom row, two representative museum quaggas; on the left, the Munich quagga, and on the right, the Tring quagga.. Apart from the few residual stripes on the hind leg of the project animal, the striping reduction is at least as pronounced as in the Tring quagga.. The background brown colour is not so well developed as in either museum example, but this is such a variable feature in the museum specimens (of which there are 24 in all), that this is only a secondary concern for the project.. It is necessary, of course, to have a criterion for deciding when the project has achieved its goal.. It has been decided that when an animal is achieved which has no scorable stripes on the hind part of the body, and no stripes on the legs, then it qualifies.. Accepting that we are only selecting for this set of attributes of the original quagga, and not for any other genetic features which may have been possessed by the original quagga population, we will then term this a Rau quagga , the qualification giving acknowledgement to Reinhold Rau, whose vision and drive inspired and guided the project in its initial stages..

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  • Title: WHATS NEW : The Quagga Project :: South Africa
    Descriptive info: The Quagga Revival.. OCTOBER 2013.. AUGUST 2013.. Prof.. Eric Harley.. of the Quagga Project delivers a paper headed.. The Restoration of the Quagga; 24 years of selective breeding.. at the the First International Conference on the Restoration of Endangered and Extinct Animals at the Institute of Genetics and Animal Breeding of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Jastrzebiec near Warsaw.. read more.. Selective breeding in the Quagga Breeding Program - the effect of translocations and inbreeding on Plains zebra reproduction.. -.. Report prepared by Halszka Hrabar & Graham Kerley, Centre for African Conservation Ecology, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University.. The Quagga Science- Prof Peter Heyward.. Current Herd.. NEWS / FEBRUARY 2013.. Foals born 2012.. Current Herd January 2013.. NEWS / MARCH 2012.. Foals born 2011.. Current Herd 2012.. Current Members 2012.. Current farms/ locations 2012.. Quagga Ratings 2012.. Quagga Ratings Graph.. Quagga Pedigrees.. http://www.. iol.. co.. za/capeargus/reinventing-the-quagga-1.. 1194730.. NEWS / FEBRUARY 2011.. Foals born in 2010 (1).. Foals born  ...   continued success.. DJ10 Elandsberg.. DS10 Boland Landbou.. Freddy Kosierskraal.. Michelle Far Horizons.. Neil Wedderwill.. NM09 Wedderwill.. RM08 Pampoenvallei.. Susan Boland Landbou.. NEWS 2010 / 02 / 03.. The Quagga Project is invited to the First International Conference on the Restoration of Endangered and Extinct Animals, May 2010.. Prof Eric Harley will be presenting a paper on behalf of the Exco of the Quagga Project, entitled The Restoration of the Quagga; 24 years of selective breeding.. Download Invitation PDF.. NEWS.. This year (2009), one or two of our latest foals may well be candidates for the title Rau quagga.. Since it can take a few months for some stripes to become fully visible, especially on the legs, we await only confirmation that after repeated inspection they genuinely lack scorable stripes in the designated areas of hindbody, fore- and hind-legs.. The first quagga foal (in the project) was born on 9 December 1988.. that makes it 20 yrs ago today!!!..

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  • Title: PROJECT :: The Quagga Project :: South Africa
    Descriptive info: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------.. How the Project Came About.. ,.. by Reinhold Rau.. Here is the Veld.. by Attilio Gatti.. In this book is a story of the last of the quaggas.. Although the last authenticated quagga died in approximately 1883, there is an anecdotal account of a lone quagga surviving into the 1930s, related in Attilio Gatti's lively account of adventures in Africa entitled "Here is the Veld".. However, the tale is unsupported by photographs or other confirmatory evidence or sitings and therefore must remain to some degree speculative.. These photographs, taken by Duco Quanjer of Holland, show the Artis mare that died in 1883.. This exhibit is situated at the Naturalis museum in Leiden, Holland.. The origin of the name quagga.. - This unusual name for a variety of zebra has been adopted from the Hottentot speaking indigenous people of the South African interior.. The name Quagga has been spelt in a variety of ways, ra and Grevy Zebra (the latter which occurrs only in East Africa).. more.. Extinction is forever.. - If a species of animal or plant has disappeared from the earth, either through natural causes, or through mankind s activities, the loss is irreversible.. However, the extinct Quagga was not a zebra species of its own but one of several subspecies or local forms of the Plains Zebra.. This fact makes a big difference - the Quagga s extinction may not be forever.. Why  ...   Quagga s relationship to other members of the horse family.. While most scientists accept the Quagga as belonging to the zebras, in 1980 one researcher did suggest that the Quagga was more closely related to the horse than to the zebra.. How many different zebras are there?.. - There is a lot of confusion about Burchell s Zebra, Quagga and other zebras, despite there being only three zebra species.. The reason for this is in the history of zebra descriptions and naming.. Whenever an early explorer took a zebra skin from Africa to Europe, it did not match any of those in collections, so, it needed a name.. Selective breeding.. - It is expected that continuous selective breeding will, with successive generations, reduce the high degree of individual variation, both in colour and in extent of striping, which are characteristics of the southern Plains Zebra.. Eventually individuals should emerge whose coat-pattern characters closely resemble that of the extinct Quagga.. Criticism of the project.. - It has been argued that there might have been other non-morphological, genetically-coded features (such as habitat adaptations) unique to the Quagga and that therefore, any animal produced by a selective breeding programme would not be a genuine Quagga.. Quagga material in the world s museums.. - Iziko South African Museum, Zoologisch Museum, Naturkunde Museum, Naturhistorisches Museum, Museum für Naturkunde, Humboldt Universität, Hessisches Landesmuseum, Royal Scottish Museum, Royal Albert Memorial Museum, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle..

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  • Title: OBJECTIVES :: The Quagga Project :: South Africa
    Descriptive info: The Quagga project attempts to breed through selection a population of Plains Zebras, which in its external appearance, and possibly genetically as well, will be closer, if not identical to the former population known as Quagga , which was exterminated during the second half of the 19th century.. It is evident from the.. 23 preserved skins.. of the extinct Quagga, that this former population displayed great individual variation.. Present southern Plains Zebra populations also demonstrate great individual variation and include individuals that have some Quagga characteristics, such as a brownish basic colour, much reduced striping, white tail-bush, etc.. It is likely that some of the Quagga genes are still present in extant populations, though diluted and dispersed.. By bringing selected individuals together, and so concentrating the  ...   eventually be to the original Quaggas genetically, can probably not be determined, as only portions of the mitochondrial DNA of the Quagga are known, and not it s nuclear DNA.. However, since the coat -pattern characteristics are the only criteria by which the Quagga is identified, re-bred animals that demonstrate these coat-pattern characteristics could justifiably be called Quaggas.. The most northern of the Plains Zebra subspecies, Grant or Boehm Zebra of East Africa, Equus quagga boehmi.. The most southern of the Plains Zebra subspecies, the extinct Quagga of South Africa, Equus quagga quagga, photo of London Quagga by Frederick York in 1870.. Southern African Plains Zebra subspecies, Chapmans Zebra, Equus quagga antiquorum.. Stallion Luke, born in the Quagga Project.. Note.. : advanced stripe reduction and brownish tint..

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  • Title: FOUNDER :: The Quagga Project :: South Africa
    Descriptive info: Reinhold Rau.. is one of the last of his breed.. So begins the beautifully crafted article in the New York Times Magazine of 01 January 2006.. In it, the author interleaves the character of the man and his adopted country with the history, scientific integrity and progress of the Quagga Project.. It is an interesting read about a project that has captured the global imagination for its vision is the reversal of human stupidity and failings, a way to put right the wrongs of the past.. Reinhold was more than your typical one-eyed conservationist, whose focus falls solely on a single species or on a single habitat.. I would certainly rate him as one of the most famous of modern South African natural historians.. He was not a university-trained scientist but rather a scientific educator, whose aim was to involve people in the joys of scientific exploration and discovery.. was a modest, shy and humble person, much appreciated and dearly loved by his colleagues at Iziko-South African Museum.. He is not only part of the history of that institution, but also an integral part of its very fabric, for you can see his hand at work in all the displays.. Born near Frankfurt (Germany) and trained as a fossil preparator at Senckenberg Museum, he joined the South African Museum in 1951.. In the ensuing years he embarked on the construction of a number of major displays: reptiles, birds, fishes and mammals.. It was during the latter (1969) that he re-mounted the quagga foal, the only extant specimen in southern African museum collections of an animal that had once  ...   have to do with display techniques; some with anatomical detail and the interpretation of the fossil record; and some describe and discuss his other conservation projects: for example, his re-discovery of the geometric tortoise, thought to be extinct, and the identification of its unique habitat; or the recognition of wetland degradation on the Cape Peninsula and the ecological replacement of the Cape clawed frog (Xenopus gilli), by its more vigorous congener, Xenopus laevis.. Both of these projects have led to the establishment of reserves in which the protection of the particular species is guaranteed.. Reinhold.. was involved with empowerment before most of us had heard of the term.. In the early 60's, he was responsible for the appointment and training of taxidermists from disadvantaged backgrounds.. He became extremely active in the Technical Committee of the Museums Association in order to ensure that these trainees might become fully certificated members of their trade.. Likewise and for some 30 years, he was involved with the German Life Saving Association, teaching young non-swimmers the skills of survival and community service in the Athlone swimming pool.. So.. , do not look for the soul of Reinhold Rau among the dead - he is not to be found there; rather look for him among living things, whether these are people or tortoises or frogs.. Or better still, search for his spirit in some place like the Karoo National Park, when in the cool of the evening, quaggas, which were once thought to be extinct, come to drink at the waterhole - as they were always meant to do.. Dr Butch Hulley.. 22 February 2006..

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  • Title: COORDINATION :: The Quagga Project :: South Africa
    Descriptive info: At the time of its inception in 1986 and until November 1988, The Quagga Project was administered by the South African Museum, under the chairmanship of Dr M A Cluver.. Vice -chairman was Prof H J Heydenrych, and other committee members were Prof E H Harley, Prof C W Cruywagen, Dr P A Hulley, Mr M Gregor, and Mr R E RAU.. In 1988, the Quagga Project adopted a constitution, and the administration of the project shifted to the new legally constituted committee office-bearers.. The head Co-ordinator elected was the project s founder, Mr R.. E.. Rau, who successfully ran the project until his sad passing in January 2006.. In June 2006, a successor to Mr Rau was appointed.. Mr C.. S.. Lardner accepted the position of Head Co-ordinator under the committee Chairman, Dr M.. Knight, and vice Chairman, Mr M.. W.. G.. Gregor.. The Treasurer at the time was Dr P.. A.. Hulley.. In 2008 Mr C.. Lardner concluded  ...   Current Directors of The Quagga Project (Incorporated under the Act of Article 21), Registration No: 2008/011276/08 are;.. 1.. Mr M.. Gregor ( Chairman).. 2.. Dr M.. Knight (Vice Chairman).. 3.. Lardner (Head Co-ordinator).. 4.. Mrs P.. Swanepoel (Secretary/Treasurer).. 5.. Prof.. 6.. Mr.. Mitchell.. 7.. T.. Turner.. The company auditors are C2M Chartered Accountants (SA), Tygerforum B, 53 Willie Van Schoor Drive, Tygervalley, Western Cape.. Mr R.. E Rau (Quagga Project founder) with the original committee members with the South African Museum Quagga Foal.. Management+Action Plan.. Download.. (92kb Word).. Coordinator Reports.. August 2013.. Current herd report.. Members list.. Feb 2013.. Foals 2012.. August 2012.. Boxes from Reinhold's office.. Current Herd Report.. Farms.. Members.. March 2012.. August 2011.. February 2011.. August 2010.. February 2010.. June 2009.. February 2009.. (1mb).. September 2008.. (676kb).. June 08.. (644kb).. February 2008.. (740kb).. October 2007.. (56kb).. June 2007.. (80kb).. February 2007.. (384kb).. November 2006.. (408kb).. August 2006.. (488kb).. Click the dates to download coordinator reports.. doc word files..

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  • Title: SPONSORS :: The Quagga Project :: South Africa
    Descriptive info: Until the present, no State funding has been forthcoming.. The project has to be financed from sponsorship and donations.. Initial costs for constructing enclosures at the Nature Conservation Station Vrolijkheid near Robertson, and the purchase and transport of the first 9 zebras from Etosha, Namibia were covered by the.. South African Nature Foundation.. Cape Nature.. former Cape Nature Conservation.. - has given much support, mainly in manpower and the supply of Lucerne.. Additional selected zebras were donated on several occasions by the.. Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife.. former Natal Parks Board.. The.. Scott-Barnes Nyala Game Ranch.. at Empangeni donated three zebras, and.. NATREF.. at Sassolburg donated one zebra and the transport thereof.. Agrihold-Rumevite.. , a subsidiary of.. Sentrachem.. donated several zebras.. Companies like.. Gordon Verhoef Krause.. Mondi Paperwaste.. Everite.. Pure Cane.. Molasses.. made substantial donations, either  ...   en Wildbewardings Vereniging.. Itsoseng, the Bushveld Hunters.. and.. Game Conservation Association.. , Pietersburg.. Detroit Chapter of Safari Club International.. also made a substantial cash donation.. Friends of the South African Museum.. gave financial support.. American Long Ears Society.. lends support on an ongoing basis.. This club of.. Equid.. model collectors and enthusiasts is raising funds for the Quagga Project through special competitions, raffles, shows and auctions.. The translocation of 11 Quagga Project zebras to the Karoo National Park was executed and financed by.. South African National Parks.. Many.. private individuals.. have made donations or make donations on a regular basis.. Without these much appreciated donations in various forms, the project could not exist.. The project committee gratefully acknowledges this support.. Find out how you can make a contribution to saving the Quagga from extinction..

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  • Title: FAQ :: The Quagga Project :: South Africa
    Descriptive info: Q: How many different Zebras are there?.. A: There are three zebra species.. (For more information go to:.. How many different zebras are there.. ? ).. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------.. Q: Is cloning of some of the most Quagga-like individuals in the project planned in order to speed up the process?.. A: Not at this stage.. However, since techniques in assisted or enhanced reproduction are advancing rapidly, such techniques might be applied at a later stage.. Q: Could the Quagga be cloned from old Quagga tissue?.. A: No; for cloning, live cells are needed.. The only genetic material of the Quagga available are portions of mitochondrial DNA.. Q: Why is this attempt to re-breed the extinct Quagga being made?.. A: Attitudes towards the environment now are very different from what they were during the19th century.. The extinction of the Quagga was caused by man out of greed and short-sightedness.. It is believed that this extinction might be reversible.. Q: Are there similar projects elsewhere?.. A: We are not aware of any directly comparable projects.. However, Professor Tadeusz Vetulani (University of Poznan, Poland) had already undertaken research on the history and breeding of Koniks in the Bilgoraj region before 1925.. Koniks (Polish for small horse ) are primitive country horses of mixed ancestry, including Tarpans.. This research led to the establishment of a breeding project in the Bialowieza Primeval Forest in 1936.. The project is still on-going and has as its aim the retrieval of Tarpan characteristics.. Tadeusz-Vetulani.. Professor Tadeusz Vetulani (University of Poznan, Poland) had already undertaken research on the history and breeding of Koniks in the Bilgoraj region before 1925.. Q.. : How can a Quagga be bred out of Zebras?.. A: The Quagga was not an animal all on it s own, as the name might  ...   difference in appearance between the extinct Quagga and it s northernmost relative, the Grant or Boehm Zebra, which makes the re-breeding of the Quagga desirable.. Q: Why was the Quagga not fully-striped like other Zebras?.. A: There are different opinions about the reason or purpose of the incomplete striping in the Quagga.. Usually colouration in animals is very useful to render the animal less visible and therefore it gives some protection against predators.. In recent years it has been suggested that zebra stripes give good protection against the attacks of Tsetse flies and the transmission of diseases by these flies.. Because the Quagga lived outside the area where Tsetse flies occur, it is argued that it could afford to lose it s stripes.. There is, however, still a strong case for the Quagga s colouration having been useful as camouflage in it s habitat.. Q: How did the Quagga Project come about?.. A: This unusual project evolved out of taxidermy.. Through the re-mounting of 4 of the 23 preserved Quaggas between 1969 and 1981 and the examination of 22 of the preserved specimens, mainly in 1971, Reinhold Rau got to closely observe the Quagga s morphology.. Being familiar with the appearance of the Plains Zebra populations, many similarities in stripe-pattern and colouration became apparent between the extinct Quagga and certain individuals in southern populations of Plains Zebras from Etosha National Park in Namibia to the west, and Zululand in the east.. These similarities, together with some other factors, inspired the attempt to breed southern Plains Zebras, aiming at retrieving and concentrating Quagga characteristics.. It took 12 years to overcome many obstacles, especially strong criticism from several scientists, before the breeding project got off the ground in 1987 which aims at reversing the Quagga s extinction..

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  • Title: DONATIONS :: The Quagga Project :: South Africa
    Descriptive info: Donations are needed to continue the Quagga rebreeding project and will be gratefully received.. The project committee gratefully acknowledges the support of its.. sponsors.. For information about how you can support The Quagga Project, contact the.. coordinator.. Make a contribution.. For donations please make an electronic funds transfer or SWIFT transfer - preferably in South African currency (ZAR), to:.. Bank Account name.. The Quagga Project Association Inc Under Section 21.. Bank.. Absa Bank.. Bank Account No.. 4069648768.. Branch/sort code.. 631005.. SWIFT.. ABSA ZA JJ.. Email confirmation to Quagga Project treasurer.. PatriciaS@Trencor.. net..

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  • Title: CONTACT :: The Quagga Project :: South Africa
    Descriptive info: Project Co-ordinator.. Craig Lardner.. e-Mail.. Secretary.. Patricia Swanepoel.. +27 (0) 21 421 7310.. Information about the Quagga, needed for school projects, will be found on this website.. We regret.. we are unable to reply to individual school project inquiries..

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  • Archived pages: 54