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    Archived pages: 628 . Archive date: 2013-09.

  • Title: Q & A
    Descriptive info: February 6, 2005.. Russ Feingold.. Democratic Senator from Wisconsin.. BIO.. :.. S.. Senate Deputy Whip.. Senate Committee Assignments:.. Judiciary.. Foreign Relations.. Budget.. Special Committee on Aging.. PREVIOUS EXPERIENCE:.. In 1998, Feingold defeated Congressman Mark Neumann to win a second term.. He first ran for the U.. Senate in 1992, he won a tough three-way primary with 70 percent of the vote, and went on to defeat two-term incumbent Robert Kasten.. Feingold was re-elected in 1986, and in 1990 faced no opponent for reelection to a four-year term.. First tried for an elective position at age 29, Feingold defeated a  ...   B.. A.. 1975 (history & political science).. Oxford U.. , B.. 1977 (Rhodes scholar).. Harvard U.. , J.. D.. 1979.. PERSONAL:.. In 1917, his family settled in Janesville, Wisconsin, where Feingold was born to parents Leon and Sylvia on March 2, 1953.. Feingold has two daughters,' Jessica and Ellen, and his wife, Mary Feingold, has two sons, Sam and Ted Speerschneider.. The Feingolds live in Middleton, Wisconsin.. More.. about.. Program Details.. Info.. : The influence of money in politics, his campaign finance reform legislation, his position on different policy issues and if he will run for President in 2008..

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  • Title: Q & A
    Descriptive info: January 30, 2005.. George W.. Bush.. President of the United States of America.. : An exclusive interview with President Bush followed by a roundtable discussion with Richard Norton Smith, Executive Director of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Doug Brinkley, Director of the Eisenhower Center at the University of New Orleans..

    Original link path: /Program/index.asp?ProgramID=1008
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  • Title: Q & A
    Descriptive info: January 23, 2005.. Eric Liu.. Host, Seattle Voices.. Host of "Seattle Voices".. Author of "Guiding Lights".. CURRENT :.. Fellow at the New America Foundation.. Writes for Slate Magazine.. Hosts a local NPR interview show called "The Power of Voice" (on KUOW), since July 2004.. Teaches at the University of Washington's Evans School of Public Affairs.. BOOKS:.. Guiding Lights: The People Who Lead Us Toward Our Purpose in Life.. Author of The Accidental Asian: Notes of a Native Speaker.. PREVIOUS:.. VP of marketing at the digital media company RealNetworks.. White House deputy domestic policy adviser in the second Clinton Administration..  ...   assistant Sen.. David Boren.. Staffer on the Senate Intelligence Committee.. His boss was George Tenet.. GREW UP:.. Lives with his family in Seattle but grew up in upstate New York.. BOARD MEMBER OF:.. Seattle Public Library.. Common Cause.. Demos.. Asian Community Leadership Foundation.. League of Education Voters.. Town Hall Seattle.. Graduate of Yale College and Harvard Law School.. : Eric Liu is the Host of Seattle Voices on the Seattle Channel where he interviews Seattle based guests from diverse backgrounds and is the author of a new book called Guiding Lights, about people who have inspired and influenced his life..

    Original link path: /Program/index.asp?ProgramID=1006
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  • Title: Q & A
    Descriptive info: January 16, 2005.. William Ruckelshaus.. EPA Administrator, 1970-1973 & 1983-1985 & Madrona Venture Group, Strategic Partner.. Principal in Madrona Investment Group, L.. L.. C.. , a private investment firm in Seattle, and a strategic partner for the Madrona Venture Group, formed in 1999.. PREVIOUS:.. Special envoy to the Pacific Salmon Treaty between the U.. & Canada (1997-98).. Chairman of Enterprise for the Environment (1996-97).. On the President's Council for Sustainable Development (1993-1997).. Chairman of the Board of BFI from 1988-99.. CEO of Browning-Ferris Industries (BFI), Inc.. (1988-95).. Worked at the Seattle law firm Perkins Coie (1985-88).. EPA Administrator, 1983-1985.. In 1975 Senior VP at the Weyerhaeuser Company from 1976 to 1983.. From 1973 to 1975, Attorney for Ruckelshaus, Beveridge, Fairbanks and Diamond.. Acting FBI Director, 1973 during the Nixon Administration's cabinet openings following the breaking of the Watergate scandal, then served briefly as Deputy Attorney General at the Justice Department.. First EPA Agency Administrator, 1970 to April 1973.. Assistant Attorney General in the Civil Division of the U.. Department of Justice (1969-70).. Member & Majority Leader of the Indiana House of Reps.. (1967-69).. Deputy Attorney General of Indiana (1960-65).. Lawyer, Ruckelshaus, Bobbitt and O'Connor (1960-68).. OTHER:.. Chairman of the Board of the World Resources Institute.. Chairman of the UofW and WSU Policy Consensus Center.. Serves on the NOAA Science Advisory Board.. Chairman  ...   1986-89.. United States Commission on Civil Rights, Commissioner, 1980-83.. Fred Meyer Corporation, Board of Directors, 1979-1981.. Delegate to United Nations Conference on Women, Mexico City, 1976.. Presiding Officer, International Women s Year Commission 1975-76.. Assistant to President for Women s Affairs, Nixon Administration, 1972-74.. Board of Directors- Non-Profit Organizations.. ARCS Foundation Board, Seattle, WA, 2003-present.. United Way, Leave A Legacy, 1999-present.. Women s Campaign Fund, 1984-present.. Lakeside School, Seattle, WA, 1981-present.. Indiana University Foundation, 1990-98.. Board Of Trustees/Advisory Boards.. YWCA, Seattle, WA, 2003-present.. Sustainable Northwest, Portland, OR, 1998-present.. Washington State Women s Forum, 1996-present.. Washington Women in Leadership Forum, 1996-present.. Seattle Symphony, 1996-present.. Commission for African Development, UN 1985-present.. KCTS Public Television, Seattle, WA, 1985-present.. Institute for Resource Management, 1983-present.. White House Endowment Fund, 1995-1998.. Commission on Presidential Debates, 1987.. EDUCATION:.. Indiana University, 1958 and Harvard Graduate School, 1959,.. CHILDREN:.. Catherine Kiley Ruckelshaus, Chappaqua, NY; Mary Hughes Ruckelshaus, Seattle, WA; Jennifer Lea Ruckelshaus, Pine Grove, CA; William Justice Ruckelshaus, Seattle, WA; Robin Elizabeth Kellogg, Seattle, WA.. : William Ruckelshaus served as the first EPA Administartor (a position he held twice) and his wife Jill served as Commissioner on the U.. Commission on Civil Rights.. William Ruckelshaus was involved in the Saturday night massacre during the Nixon administration.. After leaving Washington, DC, they moved to Seattle where both are involved in business community..

    Original link path: /Program/index.asp?ProgramID=1005
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  • Title: Q & A
    Descriptive info: January 9, 2005.. Ronald Peterson.. Johns Hopkins Hospital, President.. Executive vice president of Johns Hopkins Medicine -- the umbrella alliance of the Health System and The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.. Chairman of Johns Hopkins Community Physicians which provides ambulatory care at 17 centers throughout Maryland.. JOHNS HOPKINS HOSPITAL BACKGROUND:.. Tenth president of The Johns Hopkins Hospital, started at Hopkins in 1973 as an administrative resident.. The Johns Hopkins Hospital was rated the nation's best hospital for 13 consecutive years by U.. News & World Report.. PREVIOUS EXPERIENCE:.. Named acting president of Hopkins Hospital and Health System in Sept.. 1996.. In 1995, Executive vice president and chief operating officer of Johns  ...   1978.. Administrator of Hopkins Hospital's Cost Improvement Program in 1975.. Administrator of the Henry Phipps Psychiatric Clinic in 1974.. 1970 graduate of The Johns Hopkins University.. MA in hospital administration from The George Washington University.. Director of the Administrative Board of the Council of Teaching Hospitals, a component of the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC).. Member of the AAMC Advisory Committee for the Center for Clinical Care Improvement.. Born in 1948, New Brunswick, New Jersey.. Lives in Bel Air, Maryland with his wife, Elizabeth "Rooney" Peterson.. He has 2 children.. : Ronald Peterson discussed The Johns Hopkins Hospital, the future of the medical industry, what it takes to run a hospital..

    Original link path: /Program/index.asp?ProgramID=1004
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  • Title: Q & A
    Descriptive info: January 2, 2005.. Shirley Ann Jackson.. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, President.. She became the 18th president of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in July 1999.. Dr.. Jackson is a theoretical physicist.. Jackson s research specialty is in theoretical condensed matter physics, especially layered systems, and the physics of opto-electronic materials.. Chairman of the U.. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), 1995-1999.. Appointed by President Clinton.. At NRC she formed the International Nuclear Regulators Association (INRA) in 1997, and was the group s first chairman.. While at the NRC, Dr.. Jackson represented the United States as a delegate to the General Conference of the International Atomic Energy.. Professor of physics at Rutgers University, from 1991 to 1995.. Conducted research in theoretical physics, solid state and quantum physics, and optical physics at AT&T Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, New Jersey 1976- 1991.. FIRSTS:.. First African-American woman to receive a doctorate from M.. I.. T.. One of the first African-American women to receive a doctorate in physics in the U..  ...   M.. (1968).. She holds 32 honorary doctoral degrees.. She is married to Dr.. Morris A.. Washington, also a physicist.. They have one son, Alan, a graduate of Dartmouth College.. MEMBER of the BOARD of DIRECTORS:.. New York Stock Exchange, FedEx Corporation, AT&T Corporation, Public Service Enterprise Group, U.. Steel, Marathon Oil Corporation, Medtronic, Inc.. President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.. Trustee of the Brookings Institution.. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.. Serves on the Executive Committee of the Council on Competitiveness.. Life Member of the M.. Corporation (the M.. Board of Trustees).. Trustee of: Georgetown University, Rockefeller University, and the Emma Willard School (Troy, N.. Y.. ).. : Shirley Ann Jackson discussed her path to becoming the President of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, what it takes to run an educational institution and her concerns about the lack of minorities and women in engineering and science.. Jackson was also the former Chairman of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission under President Clinton..

    Original link path: /Program/index.asp?ProgramID=1003
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  • Title: Q & A
    Descriptive info: December 26, 2004.. Brian Williams.. NBC Nightly News, Anchor.. WITH NBC News: Since 1993.. NBC NIGHTLY NEWS ANCHOR:.. In May 2002, NBC announced Brian Williams will succeed Tom Brokaw as Anchor and Managing Editor of NBC Nightly News (after the 2004 Presidential election.. ) It is the first announced change in the major network evening news anchors in over two decades.. NBC NEWS PREVIOUSLY:.. - Until January 2004, Anchor and Managing Editor of The News with Brian Williams on CNBC.. - Anchor and Managing Editor of the Saturday edition of NBC Nightly News for six.. - Following the terrorist attacks of September 11th, Williams was on the air for days of continuous coverage.. - In 1994, NBC News Chief White House Correspondent.. - He covered almost every foreign and domestic trip by the Pres.. Clinton until 1996.. - Williams was the only television news correspondent  ...   Philadelphia.. - Correspondent at WTTG-TV in Washington, D.. - Started his broadcasting career at KOAM-TV in Pittsburg, Kansas.. - Worked in the White House during the Carter administration, first as an intern.. - Assistant administrator of the political action committee of the National Association of Broadcasters.. - Served several years as a volunteer firefighter in New Jersey.. A native of both Elmira, New York, and Middletown, New Jersey.. Attended George Washington University and the Catholic University of America, but did not graduate.. He and his wife, Jane Stoddard Williams, have two children.. : Brian Williams discusses his passion for history, books and his career path to the anchor chair.. Williams took over as anchor for NBC Nightly News on Dec.. 2nd, 2004.. He s been with NBC News since 1993.. The interview took place in his office at 30 Rockefeller Plaza in New York City..

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  • Title: Q & A
    Descriptive info: December 19, 2004.. Roger Ailes.. FOX News, Chairman & CEO.. Worked at FOX News since 1996.. Created FOX s first weekly public affairs show, FOX News Sunday.. Oversaw the launch of FOX News Channel, FOX s 24-hour cable news channel.. President of CNBC, NBC s business news and talk network, 1993.. Ailes oversaw CNBC s 1995 worldwide expansion to Europe and Asia.. Created the CNBC Talk-All-Stars concept.. President of America s Talking (A-T), a talk channel, which later became MSNBC.. In 1991, after the Gulf War, Co-Executive Producer of An All-Star Salute to Our Troops, a two-hour special the CBS Television Network.. In 1981, Executive Producer of the NBC program Tomorrow: Coast to Coast.. From 1970-1992, he owned Ailes Communications, Inc.. , a consulting company whose clients included three U.. Presidents, several senators and governors, as well as CEO s.. 1965, at age 25, Ailes went from prop  ...   Produced a documentary on the legendary Italian film director Federico Fellini.. Produced a wildlife special, The Last Frontier, with Robert F.. Kennedy, Jr.. Worked as a consultant and/or executive producer for several major television projects including Twentieth Century Fox s, A Current Affair, and Paramount Television s The Maury Povich Show, The Leeza Show, and Rush Limbaugh: The Television Show.. BOOK:.. In 1987, You Are The Message (Doubleday).. He is a native of Warren, Ohio.. Graduate of Ohio University.. : Roger Ailes has been with FOX News since 1996 and oversaw the launch of the Fox News Channel.. As chairman & CEO, he oversees all national operations for FOX News.. Ailes discussed the success of FOX News, his career path and the future of network & cable news.. The interview took place on the set of The O Reilly Factor and Fox and Friends in New York City..

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  • Title: Q & A
    Descriptive info: August 25, 2013.. : Our guest is Amanda Terkel, the senior political reporter and politics managing editor at the Huffington Post.. She discusses her recent appearance at the Netroots Nation Annual Conference.. She spoke on a panel titled Political Opponents Caught on Tape.. She provides examples of politicians who have had to account for their controversial remarks, often captured on video and shown on the Huffington Post website, among others.. She cites the infamous 47 percent video of 2012 Presidential candidate Mitt Romney as an example of the type of video which can influence the public opinion of a politician.. Terkel talks about her transition from progressive blogger at the Center for American Progress to her current job as a Huffington Post reporter.. She discusses the Huffington Post s strategy in covering politics, and speaks to how exciting it is to be reporting on today s political environment.. She describes growing up as an adopted child born in Korea and raised in a small upstate New York town by a Christian mother and a Jewish father.. She suggests that this has given her a unique perspective on covering political issues.. She explains why she moved into the field of journalism and what got her interested in politics early in her life.. Uncorrected transcript provided by Morningside Partners.. C-SPAN uses its best efforts to provide accurate transcripts of its programs, but it can not be held liable for mistakes such as omitted words, punctuation, spelling, mistakes that change meaning, etc.. BRIAN LAMB: Amanda Terkel, when you were in college, you said that you wanted to get involved in a comprehensive, progressive agenda.. What s that mean?.. AMANDA TERKEL: Well I think actually, when I was in college, I intended to go into politics.. Journalism; we didn t really have a journalism program.. I did the news the school newspaper for a semester, but I didn t really get a lot of guidance, so I thought I wanted to go straight into politics.. And I had spent a semester in Washington with my school; Colgate University, so I saw Washington.. And I thought a think tank might be an exciting place to be.. I know most people don t think of think tanks as being exciting.. So the Center for American Progress was starting up.. One of my professors gave me Matt Bai s New York Times Magazine article about it and I thought it seemed like a lot of fun.. It was it was sort of new, it was aggressive, it was a think tank, but it wasn t sort of wasn t your grandmother s think tank.. And so I decided to apply as for an internship at the Center for American Progress and it was it was great.. It was a lot of fun and it was pushing a progressive agenda in a way that I think many think tanks hadn t been.. It was trying to change the conversation on national security to show that progressives aren t all weak on national security.. They aren t all doves, for example, showing that religious voters can also be progressive voters, so it was trying to change the conversation.. LAMB: So where does these where do these ideas come from in your life?.. TERKEL: Well, my family has always I think it s sort of in part because I grew up in a very small village; actually in upstate New York, under about a thousand people.. And I m adopted; I m from Korea and my siblings are also adopted.. My parent my one brother s African-American.. My other brother is also from Korea.. My parents, however, are white; my father s Jewish, my mother grew up Christian and the rest of the town, though, however, was basically white, Christian and conservative, so we were we were an anomaly in the town.. And I think sort of growing up with that perspective, as a minority; I think my father s father was involved in Democratic politics, so I think I sort of grew up around those sort of politics and those sorts of ideas.. So it was a lot of fun growing up in that town.. I think I knew I wanted to come to Washington D.. but I loved growing up there and it gave me certainly a unique perspective.. LAMB: OK, what is it like to have that mixture of a family in a small town in upstate New York?.. TERKEL: Well it was it was very fun around the holidays.. My dad would come in and we would teach my classmates about Hanukah and my bat mitzvah in town was a big event, since I was the only one getting a big party when I was 13 and so a lot of my friends came to the service.. They couldn t understand Hebrew, but they appreciated it and then afterward we got to have a big party.. But you know I think I liked because you know in a lot of ways I think, growing up, I always felt like I was special, I was different; I could sort of chart my own course.. You know it was and you know I think there was because I was a little bit different, there was a lot of attention put on me and I was always aware of that.. But I think I was able to sort of my siblings and I and my parents were able to educate a lot of people in town who, honestly, didn t really know any other Jews or Asians or African-Americans.. And I went to school with the same people, from K through 12.. You know we had a lot of fun.. It was wonderful and I loved growing up in a small town.. I often miss being in the country and miss being in a small town, so I loved it.. It was great.. LAMB: Now, do you practice Judaism?.. TERKEL: Not so much.. Not as I go to High Holiday services.. LAMB: Well why did in the family, if your mother was Christian and your father was Jewish, why did you choose to go the bat mitzvah route?.. TERKEL: Well, my parents decided to raise us Jewish, basically, so my mother never converted, but we went to services.. She went to services with us.. I went to Sunday School.. I went up through confirmation.. I helped teach Hebrew school for a couple years, as part of my confirmation package, if you will, and we you know I did my bat mitzvah and so my parents just made a decision to raise us all Jewish.. LAMB: So why did your parents adopt all these kids? Are they all adopted in the family?.. TERKEL: Yes.. My parents decided ended up having to adopt children.. They wanted to have children, so they my brother s my Philadelphia and then my other brother s from Korea and I m from Korea.. LAMB: So do you know anything about your Korean roots?.. TERKEL: No, not at all.. And you know I get the question a lot; is that something you d like to pursue? And I d I haven t actually been back to Korea since I was adopted when I was four months old.. I would be interested in going back to Korea, but you know I consider a lot of people say you know yes; do you do you want to go find your birth parents? But I mean I consider my family you know my real family, if you will, and I don t actually have any desire to go back and sort of find my roots.. I d like to go to Korea.. It seems like a great country, but you know my family is my family and so I m content with that.. LAMB: What is your current job?.. TERKEL: I am currently senior political reporter and politics managing editor at the Huffington Post.. LAMB: What s that mean?.. TERKEL: It basically, I spend most of my time reporting, but I also help set sort of the editorial direction of the politics team at Huffington Post.. I don t have a beat, so campaigns, Congress, whatever s going on that I sort of have an idea or a scoop on, I write about.. LAMB: I read somewhere where you re evil.. TERKEL: There s probably a lot of that on the internet.. LAMB: There is.. And I mean what s that all about? What s the evil thing?.. TERKEL: Well I don t know where you read that, so.. LAMB: Well, it s on the Internet, but I mean I several places.. I mean it just seems like that kind of floated through.. TERKEL: Well, I think that it.. LAMB: Oh, here s one.. TERKEL: Oh, OK.. LAMB: One of the most dangerous women in America.. I remember making it onto a list once.. I don t remember what that was about, but I think.. LAMB: Does he have a point?.. TERKEL: Well, I disagree with him, perhaps not surprisingly.. You know I talk to a lot of people who say that you know are worried about the state of journalism now.. I find it very exciting to be in journalism now and I think it s a great time for young people to be getting involved in journalism and you know sort of groups of people who maybe normally wouldn t have been involved in journalism.. You know again, I grew up in a very small town.. We had my local paper.. If we were lucky, we would get the Buffalo News and that was about it.. When I went to college, the Internet started to become a lot more popular and suddenly I was online, reading Salon, listening to NPR and suddenly I just had all these news sources at my fingertips, because of the Internet, basically, and because of new media.. And that started to get me more interested in journalism.. I had always wanted to come to Washington.. I started to see this as more of a possibility.. And I disagree that if you when you go on the Internet that everything looks the same.. And I think that readers and new media consumers have become a lot more discerning.. You spend a lot of time on the Internet; you read voices you trust.. That s why in a lot of times, in the articles that we write, we will do our own reporting, but maybe I ll use a quote that someone gave Reuters or someone gave the Washington Post and I ll like to the Washington Post or I ll link to Reuters and I ll give them credit.. And so that allows readers a lot of exploration that you don t get in print media, so you can read an article by your favorite author.. They might say, hey, go over to Andrew Sullivan and check out what he has on his blog.. You go to Andrew Sullivan; he ll maybe reference Ta-Nehisi Coates on the Atlantic.. You ve never heard of him; you go over there.. And that s what I like.. You start to figure out who you trust; which sources you trust.. Absolutely, there s things I read on the Internet, a blog I d never seen.. I don t really whether or not I should trust it.. And so usually I will sort of look into it a bit more myself.. But that s what I like about new media.. Readers, I think become more savvy and become more intelligent and it s a process of discovering and it s a much more sort of interactive way of getting your news.. LAMB: Who owns the Washington the Huffington Post?.. TERKEL: Well, Arianna is in charge of it and I believe she owns it.. LAMB: And.. TERKEL: And we are part of AOL.. LAMB: And what does that matter to you that she owns it or runs it or at least she started it.. TERKEL: Yes and she you know she s still involved in the site.. She s not one of those people who sort of started the site and stepped back.. I mean she you know what I really like about working for Arianna and working at the Huffington Post is that you know my what we, as reporters write; it s not driven by what s going to be popular, what s going to get clicks.. You know the stories this week; we re doing a whole we ve recently been doing a series on Black America and you know these are stories that might not you know get all the clicks and might not be tweeted out as much, but these are stories that we feel are important.. We have someone named Arthur Delaney, who covers sort of economic suffering; people who are just sort of being pushed under in the new in this sort of new economy and are having trouble getting their food stamps, getting back on their feet after they ve lost their jobs.. And so I really like the freedom that we re given at Huffington Post and that s part of when you work online and you don t have a print publication, so you re you can write longer stories.. You can go more in depth.. You can combine that with video and new media and give the reader sort of a fuller package.. LAMB: I have on my lap here my iPad and it s got the Huffington Post up here with a headline and it s one of your trademarks, a big read headline; Emergency, NSA Calls Secret Briefing to Protect Powers.. This is a couple weeks ago, as people are watching this now, because this is recorded.. What advice do you have? Up here, there s so much information; front page, politics, business, entertainment, tech, media, world, healthy living, comedy, lifestyle.. How do what would you how would you advise people to deal with this Web site?.. TERKEL: It s overwhelming when you first go there.. I remember when I first went to Huffington Post, I felt the same way.. I talk to a lot of people who go to the Huffington Post and figure how do they navigate it.. A lot of people just go to the front page and will click on the stories from there.. Some people will look at the top and say I m interested in politics and sports and maybe entertainment; I ll click on those.. But more and more, I m finding people are simply going on Facebook and looking at what links their friends share and they say they find Huffington Post that way.. Their friends will post a story, it ll be from Huffington Post, they ll click on the story and that s the way they discover Huffington Post is through their friends sharing stories on social media.. LAMB: I m going to push this button right up here.. It say Live.. I m not sure I can pull it up right away, but this is your television effort and would still come up here.. What can you what can you tell us about your television effort? How much are you doing with live television?.. TERKEL: Well that s Huffington HuffPost Live and so basically it s streaming on our site all day long and we have it covers pretty much every topic, just like Huffington Post; politics, sports, entertainment, the environment you know pretty much everything.. And we have hosts in New York and L.. We have some people in D.. We have Huffington Post reporters going on.. We also bring in lots of sort of noteworthy guests.. But so what s unique about it is it s all done through Google Hangouts, so we bring in community members too; just people who are viewers and might want to have a say and so they can join in the conversation.. They can ask questions and give their thoughts as well.. LAMB: Right up here s a button, says Be an On-Air Guest.. I think you can you can click that and it will submit your request and then you may have a producer contact you.. LAMB: How do you keep track of all this? I mean and what kind of a a normal day for you; how what do you look at, yourself?.. TERKEL: Well, I try to look everywhere.. I my morning actually starts with I get the print version of the Washington Post still, so I peruse that.. I still enjoy getting the print version of the paper, because I find that reading the newspaper, you tend to read more.. I ll tend to read sort of the entire Post and rather than just the headlines.. But you know beyond that, I am listening to talk radio, I am watching C-SPAN, I am watching cable news, I am going to as many news sources; I have lots of Google news alerts set up for topics and people I m following and interested in covering and so I am trying to look at Twitter, Facebook.. I m trying to look everywhere.. LAMB: What s the number 1 issue you re interested in?.. TERKEL: That s interesting.. I think that changes on a daily basis, quite honestly.. One big thing right now that I m covering is sequestration.. I think it just touches the country and the economy in so many different ways and I hear from a lot of people who are being furloughed, who can t get into Head Start and so that s been something I m covering.. LAMB: One of the things I found doing research for your visit was something dominates next to your name almost all through the process.. I m going to run an old MSNBC Keith Olbermann story that you re involved in and get you to explain this and whether there s if that has defined you in this world.. Let s watch this.. (Start Video).. KEITH OLBERMANN: And yet what O Reilly did to Ms.. Terkel was far worse.. One of O Reilly s producers, Jesse Watters and a cameraman ambushed her right after she had checked into a hotel with a friend during a vacation in Winchester, Virginia.. Ms.. Terkel surmised that the two men must have staked out her apartment and followed her car for two hours to the vacation destination.. They asked her about her then three-week old post.. The ambush interview was the centerpiece of O Reilly s rant last night.. JESSE WATTERS: Your wrote a blog about Bill O Reilly doing a speech for this rape function; this charity group and you attacked him personally and you attacked the foundation and you brought a lot of pain and suffering to this group.. What s your reaction?.. TERKEL: what I remember was writing was highlighting a comment that Bill O Reilly had said and that s what I remember doing.. I don t remember attacking the foundation.. WATTERS: What did Bill O Reilly say?.. TERKEL: I can t remember exactly what he had said, because it was a while ago.. But I remember it was something having to do with he had talked about a rape victim in a derogatory way that seemed to place the blame for the rape on the victim.. (End Video).. LAMB: So what else do what else do you want to say about this event and what year did it happen?.. TERKEL: That happened in, I believe it was March 2009.. I was in Winchester, Virginia, which is a couple of hours away from Washington D.. and I have never gotten an explanation for how they tracked me down and we tried to contact Fox News and they never replied.. Although, in retrospect, my boyfriend and I remember seeing a car following us the entire time, so what most likely happened is they found my apartment, saw us leave, maybe thought I was going to the store and ended up having to follow us for several hours to across state lines to Virginia.. But that was you know that was sort of an unfortunate episode, I think.. You know it was sort of a low for journalism.. I had linked to a blog post by another blog, noting that Bill O Reilly was going to speak at a foundation to benefit rape victims and I had pointed out that he had said some very controversial comments about rape victims.. And I never called for a boycott of the group.. I never attacked the group.. I simply highlighted this other blog post that this was happening.. They never called and asked me for comment.. They simply tracked me down, ambushed me; I was on vacation.. I did not remember what I had written three weeks ago and the result was basically this.. And it brought a lot of attention.. My you know when you get that sort of attention and you are described as evil or a far-left blogger or hurting rape victims, you don t sort of know what attention that will bring.. And so for a while, for example, my office locked it s doors; they weren t sure what was going to happen..  ...   but they get the report and it s shared with all reporters and all news outlets can use it.. Michelle Obama tends to be tends not to make as much news as her husband, so we went to a small backyard fundraiser in Washington D.. It she was saying very standard remarks and then there was a protester, which is very rare at a Michelle Obama event.. And the protester was calling for equality for gays and lesbians and Michelle Obama, again, not used to dealing with protesters; didn t like it, stepped down from the lectern and confronted the protester and basically said if you want to talk that s fine, but I m leaving.. The other guests got very mad at the protester, she was taken out, Michelle Obama continued, but it attracted a lot of news.. It was a very sort of unexpected reaction from the First Lady and it was unexpected that she was being protested in the first place.. LAMB: Back to the Netroots conference and a gentleman by the name of Rodell Mollineau; is that the way you pronounce it? This has to do with political opponents caught on tape and it explains itself.. RODELL MOLLINEAU: And if there was anyone who actually going back to you know to Romney; anyone who sold American Bridge better than better than I could or anyone that works for us, it was Eric Fehrnstrom, when right after the Eric Fehrnstrom, who is Romney s chief strategist, right after the election, he s asked the question pretty much where he said you know your guy said a lot of extreme things to win this primary.. You don t think this is going to help hurt him in the general.. And he s like well you know vote pretty much he said voters are stupid and he s like he s like it s a it s an Etch-a-Sketch.. You know we can just like Etch-a-Sketch this all away and people are going to forget about it and you start you start clean.. No, you can t start clean.. LAMB: What do you think?.. TERKEL: He s right; you can t.. Now there are groups like American Bridge on the left; America Rising is now.. LAMB: It s a PAC.. TERKEL: Yes, that s a super PAC.. LAMB: Super PAC.. TERKEL: And they are dedicated to doing research and tracking GOP candidates.. So when a GOP candidate has an event, they take a camera and they don t confront the candidate.. They just stand there and videotape it so all their words are caught on tape.. And now Republicans are starting a super PAC to do this too; America Rising.. And so now, if you say something, whether it s on a TV show or it s at one of your events, someone will probably see it.. It will be caught on tape and then when you run for office later down the line, someone will bring it up.. So I think we saw that you know voters again, voters aren t forgetting this stuff.. Todd Akin, for example, had a very controversial comment about rape and that stuck with him.. He was not able to shake that off.. LAMB: We have that comment actually from Todd Akin and we ll remind our audience what this was all about, because he didn t make it because of this.. (HOST): If an abortion could be considered in a case of, say a tubal pregnancy or something like that; what about in the case of rape? Should it be legal or not?.. TODD AKIN: Well you know people always want to try and make that as one those things, well how do you how do you slice this particularly tough sort of ethical question.. It seems to me, first of all, from what I understand from doctors, that s really rare.. If it s a legitimate rape, the female body has ways to try to shut that whole thing down.. But let s assume that maybe that didn t work or something.. You know I think there should be some punishment, but the punishment ought to be on the rapist and not attacking the child.. LAMB: What did he say wrong?.. TERKEL: Well, what he said was scientifically inaccurate.. A woman who has been raped cannot just decide to not get pregnant.. That s physically impossible.. And also a lot what a lot of people were upset about was that he used legitimately, as if someone who are raped aren t telling the truth.. If some rapes aren t legitimate, some rapes are illegitimate.. So I think you know a lot of women reacted to this and you know he is someone who is trying to set policy on women s reproductive rights, yet he doesn t even seem to understand how the female body works.. And it was just you know Republicans had or Democrats had been saying that Republicans were waging a war on women, trying to legislate too much on abortion and access to contraception.. And this then just did not help Republicans.. Todd Akin was never able to recover from it and he lost his Senate seat his Senate race.. LAMB: Richard Mourdock of Indiana was running and had a not exact same comment, but a similar controversy.. Here s what he said during the campaign.. RICHARD MOURDOCK: I know there are some who disagree and I respect their point of view, but I believe that life begins at conception.. The only exception I have for to have an abortion is in that case of the life of the mother.. I just I struggled with it myself for a long time, but I came to realize life is a gift from God and I think even when life begins in that horrible situation of rape that it is something that God intended to happen.. TERKEL: Well, he was basically saying that God wanted women to be raped and these babies are sort of gifts from God and that s why they shouldn t abort them.. And I think part of the reason he got so much attention is because Todd Akin had already made his other comments, so I think people just sort of threw up their hands in exasperation that more including Republicans, that more Republican candidates were sort of saying things like this and just basically hurting them with a lot of women voters.. LAMB: Why are we why do we constantly talk about abortion and rape in since I ve been in this town, forever and ever that it seems every year it s an issue.. Why is that do you think?.. TERKEL: That s a great question.. I have no idea.. We keep hearing politicians say that they are going to focus on the economy, the economy is going to be their number 1 focus and then we hear about some lawmaker who brings up a bill to defund Planned Parenthood, to ban abortions after 20 weeks.. Why this keeps coming up, I don t know; I think many people on both sides of the aisle would like to see it stop coming up, but there are still many antiabortion lawmakers who believe that they need to push this while they re in office.. And a lot of the action is happening on the state level.. Republicans control a lot of state legislatures.. Many Republican lawmakers are pushing this legislation.. We re not seeing it quite as much as the federal level lately, but in the states, definitely.. LAMB: What do you think will happen in 2016?.. TERKEL: I try not to make those predictions.. I feel like a lot of people who make them end up looking silly.. But you know in terms of the Senate right now, Republicans have a good chance at taking back control of the Senate.. They need to take six seats from Democrats.. They are there are three seats that Democrats are retiring in and it looks like they will go to Republicans.. Then there are maybe three or four that look good for Republicans.. Democrats could win those, but the landscape looked for Republicans in 2012 and they managed to lose seats in 2012, so it s very early to too early to predict.. LAMB: What do you think well, I know it s early, but from the on the Presidential side of things?.. TERKEL: Oh, in 2016.. LAMB: Yes.. TERKEL: In well, right; that was 2014.. So in 2016, I think it I mean it will depend on whether or not Hillary Clinton runs.. If she runs, I think I don t think you ll see many other Democrats running, obviously.. I think in terms of Republicans, I don t know who will want to challenge her.. I think many Republicans will realize that she has a good shot.. They may want to take her on or they may decide to wait until maybe she s not running or maybe she loses or whatever and they might have a better shot.. If she doesn t run, I think the field is wide open.. Republicans have a lot of sort of young stars on their side; people like Marco Rubio, maybe Chris Christie.. Democrats; they have a couple people like Cory Booker, Andrew Cuomo, but it is it would be a much wider field and a much more of a sort of a wildcard.. LAMB: Where do you think this whole business of communications is going to be in another 10 years?.. TERKEL: I wish I wish I knew.. I would I would invest and start something.. But we will you know I what I hope doesn t happen is you know I don t want to see the loss of print journalism.. I don t want to I am frustrated when I see the loss of so much sort of state and local journalism, covering what s happening in city councils, what s happening on the ground, because a lot of this national journalism isn t as good if you don t have that local journalism.. A lot of what I do is watching, reading local and state stories; seeing what s happening at that level and figuring out how it s bubbling up to the national level.. And so if there aren t people on the ground, doing that sort of work, again, just I think national journalism suffers quite a bit, so I really hope that someone figures out a way, how to keep that sustainable and keep those people in place.. You know we re going to see a lot more social media, I think, where people don t maybe go to the Websites of news outlets quite as much, but they simply see stories being shared by others, by what their friends are talking about and news sort of goes that way, rather than you go to you know sort of these four Web sites.. LAMB: On my sheet of paper here, I found you had you started out with some internships.. You worked for Senator Charles Schumer?.. TERKEL: That s right.. I interned for Senator Schumer in Buffalo and Washington D.. LAMB: What did you learn there?.. TERKEL: Well, I learned that you get a lot of callers who are have a lot of very strange concerns, sometimes.. But I really I really loved especially working in the Buffalo office, because that was where you got to interact with the constituents directly.. People just needing very small things that just a simple call from a Senator s office could get their paperwork expedited and that was really gratifying then to have people come into the office and thank you for your help.. And you know I was just an intern, but again, a simple call, just saying what s the status on this could just make a world of difference and it was nice to sort of see these constituent services at work.. LAMB: What did you do in the office of the New York Attorney General?.. TERKEL: There I tended to it was actually very similar.. It was a lot of times, people would have problems with businesses or companies and they would write in with their complaints.. We would sort of.. LAMB: Who was the Attorney General?.. TERKEL: Eliot Spitzer.. And so we would look into and that I worked in his office in Buffalo.. We would look into these complaints.. We might make a call.. We might send a letter.. A lot of times these things were resolved once they realized the Attorney General was looking.. And again, it wasn t I was I was an intern, so was not at a high level, but simply making a phone call, simply sending a letter could make a world of difference for these people who had been waiting for some sort of resolution for a long time.. LAMB: Do you have an opinion on what Eliot Spitzer did when he was governor, stepped down and now he s running again.. What do you think of that?.. TERKEL: Well, obviously, I think what he did was wrong and I think disappointed a lot it disappointed a lot of people who had voted for him who trusted him and now I think that voters I think but you know at the same time, he s a very effective, especially an attorney as an attorney general.. He helped turn that office around.. A lot of people really, really loved what he did.. He aggressively went after Wall Street and I think that people maybe some people may be willing to sort of forgive what he did on the personal side, because they liked what he did in public life.. You know we ll see.. There are a lot of sort of cases like this out there, between Eliot Spitzer, Anthony Weiner; we have and so I think people are sort of waiting to see if they re ready to trust these people, based on their public record.. LAMB: If you were married and your husband did that to you, what would you do?.. TERKEL: In terms of how I would react you know for example well, I mean I think I think that is a tough position for the spouse to be in.. We ve seen different reactions you know for example, with Jenny Sanford, who just wanted to nothing to do with what her husband did.. And you know honestly, I can t say and I don t I don t want to pass judgment on.. I think some of these political spouses get a lot of judgment passed on them.. How could you know with Hillary Clinton; how could she have stood by Bill Clinton after she did that? You know or good for Jenny Sanford for doing that.. But I don t think you can say and you can judge them without actually being in their position and sort of knowing what the relationship was, what they went through and so I just you know I could not say without being in that position.. LAMB: A lot of politicians; a lot of people think that this country s in store for a bad time when it comes to the money and the deficit and the debt and all that.. What do you think?.. TERKEL: Well I mean I think often there is a little too much attention put on the debt and the deficit.. You know cutting back you know for example, with sequestration.. You know it helps the deficit and the debt situation, but is it really the best thing to do you know? Is it really to kick people off the Head Start rolls in order to lower the deficit a little bit? I think that you know obviously you know at a time when the economy is not doing that well, people don t have jobs; cutting back on the spending is perhaps you know not quite what has shown to be working when rather more stimulus and things like that, so I think Washington often gets wrapped up in the debt and the deficit and sort of doesn t go beyond and look at what s going on in the rest of the country and how this is having an effect with people on the ground; people who don t have jobs and can t get back on their feet and also now can t get the government benefits that were there for them as a safety net.. LAMB: So should we say you re not worried about this about your own future?.. TERKEL: I think you know I think that I you know always you re always a little bit worried.. You see that you know you see I think you know people want to do better than their parents do as well as their parents did or do better and you see a lot of people who you know you have friends who can t find jobs.. You have family members who can t find jobs.. And you know that you know you re not immune from that and I think that s something that, especially in the journalism profession, journalists are worried about.. You have a lot of friends who are reporters who are getting laid off.. Their papers are folding.. Entire photography staffs are being laid off like it happened in Chicago.. So as a reporter, I think you re always watching that and very concerned.. LAMB: Go back to the family; you have a Korean brother who s adopted.. You have a African-American brother who s adopted.. Your father is Jewish; your mother is a Christian.. You had a bat mitzvah at age 13, I assume.. What about we ve had a lot of discussion in this country about prejudice.. What would you say about that and what did you did you face prejudice at all? And is your prejudice, if you did, different than your African-American brother s prejudice?.. TERKEL: I mean I can t speak for what he went through, but I I mean you know I think, yes; there is some prejudice.. I think that you know a lot of times people and I think this is something a lot of Asians go through; people will come up and start speaking gibberish to you, as if you could understand it because it sounds Chinese.. You get a lot of people who ll come up to you and just assume that you can t speak English properly.. And you know you get a lot of that.. And it s mostly ignorance.. It mostly doesn t really affect my life.. I think being a woman and being in politics and journalism, you also have to deal with some sexism; people making comments that simply you know for example, Congressman Steve Cohen the other day said to a female RealClearPolitics reporter, when she asked him a question about something, he said you re very attractive, but I m not going to speak to you about that today.. You know how she looks should not come into play and that s something I think a lot of male reporters don t have to deal with.. So I think you know again, when I talk to younger journalists, I tell them that s something they should be aware of.. It will happen.. And I what I liked about the RealClearPolitics reporter is that she tweeted about it and called it out and made people aware that it had happened.. LAMB: You re a 2004 graduate, near the top of your class there at Colgate.. LAMB: Got the right date.. Now here s a question that a lot of older people would ask you and you ve been asked before, I know, but answer it once and for all.. Is Studs Terkel your grandfather?.. TERKEL: I get that I do get that a lot.. No; he s not my grandfather.. I think, on my dad s side, he may somehow be distantly related on my dad s side, but I don t know exactly what it is, but definitely not my grandfather.. LAMB: And do you know who Studs did you ever study who he was?.. TERKEL: I mean I ve read some pieces by him.. You know I don t think I studied him, but I had read some pieces by him.. But growing up, I knew the name.. I wasn t super-aware of him.. I don t think I really read anything by him until college.. LAMB: So where are you going to be in 10 years?.. I think it s great.. I don t want to know.. LAMB: Would you rather be a politician or would you rather be a journalist?.. TERKEL: I love journalism.. I want to stay in journalism.. I don t I have I have no interest in becoming a politician.. LAMB: So they can find your writing at Huffington Post.. LAMB: Do they click on the Politics section?.. TERKEL: Politics section is a great place to go, or huffingtonpost.. com, Amanda-Terkel is where all my stories are stored.. LAMB: Amanda Terkel, we thank you very much for joining us.. TERKEL: Great; thank you.. END..

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  • Title: Q & A
    Descriptive info: ast.. rograms.. Program Date.. Guest Name.. April 8, 2012.. Youth Program, United States Senate.. April 14, 2013.. Youth Program, U.. Senate.. March 20, 2011.. Wylde, Kathryn.. President and CEO, Partnership for New York City.. Q&A Podcasts.. December 9, 2012.. Wright, Crystal.. Editor and Publisher, conservativeblackchick.. com.. June 29, 2008.. Woolf, Aaron.. Producer & Director, "King Corn".. April 13, 2008.. Wood, Gordon.. Author & Historian.. July 22, 2012.. Wood, David.. Senior Military Correspondent, Huffington Post.. March 6, 2005.. Witt, April.. Washington Post Magazine, Staff Writer.. April 22, 2012.. Wissing, Douglas.. Author, "Funding the Enemy: How U.. Taxpayers Bankroll The Taliban".. November 27, 2011.. Winchester, Simon.. Author, "Atlantic: Great Sea Battles, Heroic Discoveries, Titanic Storms, and a Vast Ocean of a Million Stories".. July 31, 2011.. Williams, Juan.. Fox News Political Analyst and Author, "Muzzled: The Assault on Honest Debate".. March 18, 2012.. Williams, Walter E.. Economics Professor, George Mason University.. March 10, 2013.. Williams, Jody.. 1997 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate and Author, "My Name is Jody Williams".. Williams, Brian.. NBC Nightly News, Anchor.. March 8, 2009.. Williams, Erica.. Deputy Director, Campus Progress.. September 26, 2010.. Wilkerson, Isabel.. Author, "The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America's Great Migration".. May 7, 2006.. Wilentz, Sean.. Author of the "The Rise of American Democracy".. November 25, 2012.. Widmer, Ted.. Editor, "Listening In: The Secret White House Recordings of John F.. Kennedy".. September 5, 2010.. Whitney, Meredith.. Financial Analyst.. February 27, 2011.. Wheeler, Winslow.. Center for Defense Information.. January 18, 2009.. Wheeler, Carol and Tom.. Barack Obama for President Campaign Workers.. March 27, 2005.. Weyrich, Paul.. Free Congress Foundation, Chairman & CEO.. January 22, 2012.. West, Diana.. Syndicated Columnist, Universal Uclick.. October 22, 2006.. Weisskopf, Michael.. Author, "Blood Brothers".. September 18, 2005.. Weinstein, Allen.. Archivist of the U.. March 11, 2012.. Weiner, Tim.. Author, "Enemies: A History of the FBI".. July 17, 2005.. Weber, Tracy.. Los Angeles Times, Metro Reporter.. February 20, 2005.. Watt, Rep.. Mel.. Democratic Representative from North Carolina.. The Congressional Black Caucus Swearing-In Ceremony.. December 27, 2009.. Wasow, Omar.. Co-Founder, BlackPlanet.. August 14, 2011.. Washington Journalism and Media Conference,.. November 26, 2006.. Ward, Mark.. Senior Deputy Assistant Administrator for the U.. Agency for Int'l.. Development.. January 21, 2007.. Walters, Gary.. Chief White House Usher.. September 14, 2008.. Wallison, Peter.. American Enterprise Institute.. March 20, 2005.. Walker, David.. Comptroller General of the United States.. September 25, 2005.. Wales, Jimmy.. Wikipedia Founder.. November 30, 2008.. Visitor Center, Capitol.. Preview.. February 3, 2008.. Venkatesh, Sudhir.. Author, "Gang Leader for a Day".. November 8, 2009.. Urofsky, Melvin.. Author, "Louis D.. Brandeis: A Life".. September 4, 2011.. Unger, Miles J.. Author, "Machiavelli: A Biography".. May 6, 2007.. Tyrrell, Emmett.. Author & Founder/ Editor in Chief of The American Spectator.. February 13, 2011.. Turner, R.. Gerald.. President, Southern Methodist University.. January 28, 2007.. Tubbs Jones, Rep.. Stephanie.. D - Ohio.. February 10, 2008.. Townsend, Frances Fragos.. Asst.. to the President for Homeland Security & Counterterrorism.. July 24, 2005.. Tomlinson, Kenneth.. Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Chairman.. January 6, 2008.. Thornton, Dr.. Yvonne.. Author, "The Ditchdigger s Daughters".. October 7, 2007.. Thomas, Justice Clarence.. Supreme Court.. June 12, 2011.. Thomas, Pierre.. Senior Justice Correspondent, ABC News.. October 14, 2012.. Thomas, Evan.. Author, "Ike's Bluff: President Eisenhower's Secret Battle To Save The World".. January 24, 2010.. The Washington Center, Students from.. discuss politics, government, & their futures.. August 22, 2010.. Terzian, Philip.. Literary Editor, The Weekly Standard.. Terkel, Amanda.. Huffington Post Senior Political Reporter & Politics Managing Editor.. January 31, 2010.. Teachout, Terry.. Author, "Pops: A Life of Louis Armstrong".. July 30, 2006.. Teacher Fellows, C-SPAN.. 21 Former and Current C-SPAN Teacher Fellows from Our Education Program.. April 19, 2009.. Tavakoli, Janet.. Author, "Dear Mr.. Buffett: What an Investor Learns 1, 269 Miles from Wall Street".. February 26, 2012.. Tanden, Neera.. President, Center for American Progress.. July 21, 2013.. Taliaferro, John.. Author, "All The Great Prizes: The Life of John Hay, from Lincoln to Roosevelt".. April 15, 2012.. Swett, Katrina Lantos.. President, Lantos Foundation for Human Rights and Justice.. October 15, 2006.. Sullivan, Andrew.. Author, "The Conservative Soul".. May 5, 2013.. Stockman, David.. Author, "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America".. August 11, 2013.. Stewart, Nikita.. Washington Post Reporter.. April 22, 2007.. Stewart, David.. Author.. October 9, 2011.. Stevens, John Paul.. Author, "Five Chiefs: A Supreme Court Memoir" & Retired U.. Supreme Court Associate Justice (1975 - 2010).. November 5, 2006.. Stern, James.. "So Goes the Nation" Director.. October 8, 2006.. Stephens, Bret.. Wall Street Journal, Editorial Board Member.. August 17, 2008.. Stein, Ben.. Actor & Author.. March 3, 2013.. Steigerwald, Bill.. Author, "Dogging Steinbeck: Discovering America and Exposing The Truth About 'Travels With Charley'".. February 27, 2005.. Steele, Michael.. Lt.. Governor (R-MD).. November 4, 2012.. Stahr, Walter.. Author, "Seward: Lincoln's Indispensable Man".. January 29, 2006.. Spinner, Jackie.. Washington Post.. Foreign Correspondent & Author.. Spinner, Jenny.. Contributor, "Tell Them I Didn't Cry".. August 20, 2006.. Spencer, Robert.. Jihad Watch, Director.. September 4, 2005.. Specter, Sen.. Arlen.. R-Pennsylvania.. Judiciary Committee Chairman.. April 17, 2005.. Sowell, Thomas.. Hoover Institution, Senior Fellow.. March 25, 2012.. Sohn, Sonja.. Founder and CEO, ReWired for Change.. May 21, 2006.. Soderberg, Loni.. High School Vice Principal at Hoover High School.. August 12, 2007.. Snow, Tony.. White House Press Secretary.. November 15, 2009.. Smock, Raymond.. Director, Robert C.. Byrd Center for Legislative Studies.. July 4, 2010.. Smith, R.. Jeffrey.. National Investigative Correspondent, The Washington Post.. October 29, 2006.. Smiley, Tavis.. Talk Show Host and Author.. May 17, 2009.. Sloan, Melanie.. Executive Director, Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW).. March 13, 2005.. Slavin, Barbara.. USA Today, Senior Diplomatic Correspondent.. View.. Photo Gallery.. July 2, 2006.. Skvarla, Diane.. Senate Curator.. April 16, 2006.. Singletary, Michelle.. Syndicated Columnist.. February 10, 2013.. Shlaes, Amity.. Author, ""Coolidge".. February 3, 2013.. Shields, Mark.. Syndicated Columnist and PBS "NewsHour" Political Analyst.. November 2, 2008.. Shenkman, Rick.. Author, "Just How Stupid Are We?".. November 22, 2009.. Shelton, Judy.. Economist and Wall Street Journal Contributor.. September 20, 2009.. Sheehan, Neil.. Author, "A Fiery Peace in a Cold War".. May 12, 2013.. Shane, Scott.. New York Times National Security Reporter.. July 18, 2010.. Service, Robert.. Author, "Trotsky".. March 15, 2009.. Sen.. Ted Stevens, Trial of.. Cliff Groh, Alaska Blogger.. December 14, 2008.. Seale, William.. Author, "The President's House: A History".. August 4, 2013.. Historian & Author, "The President's House".. January 15, 2006.. Schmidt, Susan.. Washington Post Investigative Reporter.. November 6, 2011.. Schiff, Stacy.. Author, "Cleopatra".. January 10, 2010.. Scammell, Michael.. Author, "Koestler: The Literary and Political Odyssey of a Twentieth-Century Skeptic".. July 29, 2012.. Scalia, Antonin.. Supreme Court Justice.. May 4, 2008.. Scalia, Justice Antonin.. Sanford, Christina.. Department of State Special Assistant.. January 2, 2011.. Samuelson, Bob.. Columnist, Newsweek & The Washington Post.. May 23, 2010.. Samuel, Terence.. Author, "The Upper House: A Journey Behind the Closed Doors of the U.. Senate".. October 7, 2012.. Safer, Morley.. 60 Minutes Correspondent.. June 27, 2010.. Sackler, Madeleine.. Director & Producer, "The Lottery".. June 10, 2012.. Rye, Angela T.. Executive Director and General Counsel, Congressional Black Caucus.. February 20, 2011.. Rumsfeld, Donald.. Author, "Known and Unknown: A Memoir".. Ruckelshaus, William.. EPA Administrator, 1970-1973 & 1983-1985 & Madrona Venture Group, Strategic Partner.. Ruckelshaus, Jill.. Commission on Civil Rights Commissioner, 1980-1983 & Costco Wholesale Corporation, Director.. June 19, 2011.. Rossi, Andrew.. Producer & Director, "Page One: Inside the New York Times".. November 16, 2008.. Rosenblum, Michael.. CEO, Rosenblum Associates.. May 18, 2008.. Rosen, James.. March 19, 2006.. Romney, Gov.. Mitt.. R-Massachusetts.. September 7, 2008.. Robinson, Linda.. Author, "Tell Me How This Ends: General David Petraeus and the Search for a Way Out of Iraq".. July 22, 2007.. Robinson, Randall.. Author, "An Unbroken Agony".. September 18, 2011.. Rob Jones, Ivan Kander and.. "Survive.. Recover.. Live.. The Rob Jones Story" A Documentary by Ivan Kander.. August 15, 2010.. Ritchie, Don.. Senate Historian.. September 25, 2011.. Riley, Naomi Schaefer.. Author, "The Faculty Lounges and Other Reasons Why You Won't Get the College Education You Paid For".. February 24, 2013.. Richburg, Keith.. Author and Journalist.. August 9, 2009.. Rich, Frank.. Op-Ed Columnist, The New York Times.. December 18, 2005.. Rhodes, Randi.. Radio Talk Show Host.. September 9, 2007.. Rhee, Michelle.. Washington, DC Public Schools Chancellor.. February 26, 2006.. Reynolds, Glenn.. Publisher of Instapundit.. September 6, 2009.. Reid, T.. R.. Author, "The Healing of America: A Global Quest for Better, Cheaper, and Fairer Health Care".. December 23, 2012.. Reid, Paul.. Co-author, "The Last Lion: Winston Spencer Churchill, Defender of the Realm, 1940-1965".. December 19, 2010.. Reed, Dan.. Documentary Producer, "Terror in Mumbai".. August 21, 2005.. Reddy, Moses.. Computer Specialist, C-SPAN.. May 2, 2010.. Rashid, Ahmed.. Author, "Taliban".. July 11, 2010.. Ramos, Jorge.. Anchorman, Univision.. July 12, 2009.. Radosh, Allis & Ronald.. Authors, "A Safe Haven: Harry S.. Truman and The Founding of Israel".. September 17, 2006.. Raddatz, Martha.. ABC News White House Correspondent.. Letter Written by Martha Raddatz's Daughter.. January 9, 2011.. Senior Foreign Affairs Correspondent, ABC News.. April 1, 2012.. Rachel Libert, Jerry Ensminger and.. "Semper Fi: Always Faithful" - Documentary Film.. October 16, 2011.. Quiñones-Hinojosa, Alfredo.. Author, "Becoming Dr.. Q: My Journey From Migrant Farm Worker to Brain Surgeon".. June 5, 2005.. Pruden, Wesley.. Washington Times, Editor in Chief.. December 28, 2008.. Price, Ray.. Chief Speechwriter for President Nixon.. September 11, 2011.. Preempted due to Live Coverage of 9/11 Events,.. Live 9/11 Coverage.. October 5, 2008.. Podhoretz, John.. Editorial Director, Commentary Magazine.. March 25, 2007.. Pipes, Kasey.. Author, "Ike's Final Battle".. August 19, 2012.. Pincus, Walter.. December 30, 2012.. Phillips, Kevin.. Author, "1775: A Good Year for Revolution".. Peterson, Ronald.. Johns Hopkins Hospital, President.. January 22, 2006.. Pence, Rep.. Mike.. R-Indiana.. August 3, 2008.. Pelosi (D-CA), Rep.. Nancy.. Speaker of the House.. August 28, 2005.. Paulson, Ken.. USA Today, Editor.. May 13, 2012.. Parts 1 & 2, Nancy Gibbs and Michael Duffy.. Co-authors, "The Presidents Club: Inside the World's Most Exclusive Fraternity".. December 12, 2010.. Parris, Matthew.. The Times of London.. July 6, 2008.. Parker, Kathleen.. Syndicated Columnist, The Washington Post Writers Group.. July 14, 2013.. Packer, George.. Author, The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America".. December 30, 2007.. Pachter, Marc.. National Portrait Gallery, Director.. June 17, 2007.. Osnos, Evan.. Chicago Tribune, Beijing Bureau Chief.. May 3, 2009.. The New Yorker.. Ornstein, Charles.. October 21, 2007.. Oreskes, Michael.. Co-Author.. March 12, 2006.. Olbermann, Keith.. MSNBC Host, "Countdown with Keith Olbermann".. August 26, 2007.. Obey, Rep.. Dave.. D- Wisconsin.. September 11, 2005.. O'Brien, David.. Author, "Storm Center: The Supreme Court in American Politics".. June 18, 2006.. Nuland, Victoria.. Ambassador to NATO.. July 15, 2007.. Novak, Robert.. Author, "The Prince of Darkness".. July 8, 2007.. Nomani, Asra.. Pearl Project.. April 28, 2013.. Ney, Bob.. Author, "Sideswiped: Lessons Learned Courtesy of the Hit Men of Capitol Hill".. September 16, 2007.. Neuharth, Al.. USA Today Founder.. October 2, 2011.. Nelson, Cary.. President, American Association of University Professors  ...   From Camp 14".. January 8, 2006.. Hamilton, Lee.. Former Vice chairman of the.. Sept.. 11th Commission.. November 13, 2005.. Hagel, Chuck.. R-Nebraska.. May 1, 2011.. Guzy, Carol.. Photographer, The Washington Post.. June 25, 2006.. Griffin, Jennifer.. Jerusalem Correspondent for FOX News Channel.. April 11, 2010.. Gregory, Evan and Michael.. The Gregory Brothers "Auto-Tune the News".. April 27, 2008.. Greene Medford, Dr.. Edna.. History Professor.. June 5, 2011.. Grant, James.. Author, "Mr.. Speaker!: The Life and Times of Thomas B.. Reed, The Man Who Broke the Filibuster".. January 17, 2010.. Grandy, Fred.. Former Congressman and Co-Host "The Grandy & Andy Morning Show".. November 20, 2005.. Gordon, Bruce.. NAACP President & CEO.. May 26, 2013.. Goldstein, Tom.. Co-founder and Publisher, SCOTUSblog.. April 3, 2011.. Goldsmith, Stephen.. Deputy Mayor, New York City.. August 26, 2012.. 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  • Title: The New Republic - A Fighting Faith
    Descriptive info: The New Republic - A Fighting Faith.. AN ARGUMENT FOR A NEW LIBERALISM: A Fighting Faith.. Issue date 12.. 13.. 04.. On January 4, 1947, 130 men and women met at Washington's Willard Hotel to save American liberalism.. A few months earlier, in articles in The New Republic and elsewhere, the columnists Joseph and Stewart Alsop had warned that the liberal movement is now engaged in sowing the seeds of its own destruction.. Liberals, they argued, consistently avoided the great political reality of the present: the Soviet challenge to the West.. Unless that changed, In the spasm of terror which will seize this country.. it is the right--the very extreme right--which is most likely to gain victory.. During World War II, only one major liberal organization, the Union for Democratic Action (UDA), had banned communists from its ranks.. At the Willard, members of the UDA met to expand and rename their organization.. The attendees, who included Reinhold Niebuhr, Arthur Schlesinger Jr.. , John Kenneth Galbraith, Walter Reuther, and Eleanor Roosevelt, issued a press release that enumerated the new organization's principles.. Announcing the formation of Americans for Democratic Action (ADA), the statement declared, [B]ecause the interests of the United States are the interests of free men everywhere, America should support democratic and freedom-loving peoples the world over.. That meant unceasing opposition to communism, an ideology hostile to the principles of freedom and democracy on which the Republic has grown great.. At the time, the ADA's was still a minority view among American liberals.. Two of the most influential journals of liberal opinion, The New Republic and The Nation, both rejected militant anti-communism.. Former Vice President Henry Wallace, a hero to many liberals, saw communists as allies in the fight for domestic and international progress.. As Steven M.. Gillon notes in Politics and Vision, his excellent history of the ADA, it was virtually the only liberal organization to back President Harry S Truman's March 1947 decision to aid Greece and Turkey in their battle against Soviet subversion.. But, over the next two years, in bitter political combat across the institutions of American liberalism, anti-communism gained strength.. With the ADA's help, Truman crushed Wallace's third-party challenge en route to reelection.. The formerly leftist Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) expelled its communist affiliates and The New Republic broke with Wallace, its former editor.. The American Civil Liberties Union (aclu) denounced communism, as did the naacp.. By 1949, three years after Winston Churchill warned that an iron curtain had descended across Europe, Schlesinger could write in The Vital Center: Mid-twentieth century liberalism, I believe, has thus been fundamentally reshaped.. by the exposure of the Soviet Union, and by the deepening of our knowledge of man.. The consequence of this historical re-education has been an unconditional rejection of totalitarianism.. Today, three years after September 11 brought the United States face-to-face with a new totalitarian threat, liberalism has still not been fundamentally reshaped by the experience.. On the right, a historical re-education has indeed occurred--replacing the isolationism of the Gingrich Congress with George W.. Bush and Dick Cheney's near-theological faith in the transformative capacity of U.. military might.. But American liberalism, as defined by its activist organizations, remains largely what it was in the 1990s--a collection of domestic interests and concerns.. On health care, gay rights, and the environment, there is a positive vision, articulated with passion.. But there is little liberal passion to win the struggle against Al Qaeda--even though totalitarian Islam has killed thousands of Americans and aims to kill millions; and even though, if it gained power, its efforts to force every aspect of life into conformity with a barbaric interpretation of Islam would reign terror upon women, religious minorities, and anyone in the Muslim world with a thirst for modernity or freedom.. When liberals talk about America's new era, the discussion is largely negative--against the Iraq war, against restrictions on civil liberties, against America's worsening reputation in the world.. In sharp contrast to the first years of the cold war, post-September 11 liberalism has produced leaders and institutions--most notably Michael Moore and MoveOn--that do not put the struggle against America's new totalitarian foe at the center of their hopes for a better world.. As a result, the Democratic Party boasts a fairly hawkish foreign policy establishment and a cadre of politicians and strategists eager to look tough.. But, below this small elite sits a Wallacite grassroots that views America's new struggle as a distraction, if not a mirage.. Two elections, and two defeats, into the September 11 era, American liberalism still has not had its meeting at the Willard Hotel.. And the hour is getting late.. The Kerry Compromise.. The press loves a surprise.. And so, in the days immediately after November 2, journalists trumpeted the revelation that moral values had cost John Kerry the election.. Upon deeper investigation, however, the reasons for Kerry's loss don't look that surprising at all.. In fact, they are largely the same reasons congressional Democrats lost in 2002.. Pundits have seized on exit polls showing that the electorate's single greatest concern was moral values, cited by 22 percent of voters.. But, as my colleague Andrew Sullivan has pointed out ( Uncivil Union, November 22), a similar share of the electorate cited moral values in the '90s.. The real change this year was on foreign policy.. In 2000, only 12 percent of voters cited world affairs as their paramount issue; this year, 34 percent mentioned either Iraq or terrorism.. (Combined, the two foreign policy categories dwarf moral values.. ) Voters who cited terrorism backed Bush even more strongly than those who cited moral values.. And it was largely this new cohort--the same one that handed the GOP its Senate majority in 2002--that accounts for Bush's improvement over 2000.. As Paul Freedman recently calculated in Slate, if you control for Bush's share of the vote four years ago, a 10-point increase in the percentage of voters [in a given state] citing terrorism as the most important problem translates into a 3-point Bush gain.. A 10-point increase in morality voters, on the other hand, has no effect.. On national security, Kerry's nomination was a compromise between a party elite desperate to neutralize the terrorism issue and a liberal base unwilling to redefine itself for the post-September 11 world.. In the early days of his candidacy, Kerry seemed destined to run as a hawk.. In June 2002, he attacked Bush from the right for not committing American ground troops in the mountains of Tora Bora.. Like the other leading candidates in the race, he voted to authorize the use of force in Iraq.. This not only pleased Kerry's consultants, who hoped to inoculate him against charges that he was soft on terrorism, but it satisfied his foreign policy advisers as well.. The Democratic foreign policy establishment that counseled the leading presidential candidates during the primaries--and coalesced behind Kerry after he won the nomination--was the product of a decade-long evolution.. Bill Clinton had come into office with little passion for foreign policy, except as it affected the U.. economy.. But, over time, his administration grew more concerned with international affairs and more hawkish.. In August 1995, Clinton finally sent nato warplanes into action in Bosnia.. And, four years later, the United States, again working through nato, launched a humanitarian war in Kosovo, preventing another ethnic cleansing and setting the stage for a democratic revolution in Belgrade.. It was an air war, to be sure, and it put few American lives at risk.. But it was a war nonetheless, initiated without U.. backing by a Democratic president in response to internal events in a sovereign country.. For top Kerry foreign policy advisers, such as Richard Holbrooke and Joseph Biden, Bosnia and Kosovo seemed like models for a new post-Vietnam liberalism that embraced U.. power.. And September 11 validated the transformation.. Democratic foreign policy wonks not only supported the war in Afghanistan, they generally felt it didn't go far enough--urging a larger nato force capable of securing the entire country.. And, while disturbed by the Bush administration's handling of Iraq, they agreed that Saddam Hussein was a threat and, more generally, supported aggressive efforts to democratize the Muslim world.. As National Journal's Paul Starobin noted in a September 2004 profile, Kerry and his foreign-policy advisers are not doves.. They are liberal war hawks who would be unafraid to use American power to promote their values.. At the Democratic convention, Biden said that the overwhelming obligation of the next president is clear --to exercise the full measure of our power to defeat Islamist totalitarianism.. Had history taken a different course, this new brand of liberalism might have expanded beyond a narrow foreign policy elite.. The war in Afghanistan, while unlike Kosovo a war of self-defense, once again brought the Western democracies together against a deeply illiberal foe.. Had that war, rather than the war in Iraq, become the defining event of the post-September 11 era, the re-education about U.. power, and about the new totalitarian threat from the Muslim world that had transformed Kerry's advisers, might have trickled down to the party's liberal base, transforming it as well.. Instead, Bush's war on terrorism became a partisan affair--defined in the liberal mind not by images of American soldiers walking Afghan girls to school, but by John Ashcroft's mass detentions and Cheney's false claims about Iraqi WMD.. The left's post-September 11 enthusiasm for an aggressive campaign against Al Qaeda--epitomized by students at liberal campuses signing up for jobs with the CIA--was overwhelmed by horror at the bungled Iraq war.. So, when the Democratic presidential candidates began courting their party's activists in Iowa and New Hampshire in 2003, they found a liberal grassroots that viewed the war on terrorism in negative terms and judged the candidates less on their enthusiasm for defeating Al Qaeda than on their enthusiasm for defeating Bush.. The three candidates who made winning the war on terrorism the centerpiece of their campaigns--Joseph Lieberman, Bob Graham, and Wesley Clark--each failed to capture the imagination of liberal activists eager for a positive agenda only in the domestic sphere.. Three of the early front-runners--Kerry, John Edwards, and Dick Gephardt--each sank as Howard Dean pilloried them for supporting Ashcroft's Patriot Act and the Iraq war.. Three months before the Iowa caucuses, facing mass liberal defections to Dean, Kerry voted against Bush's $87 billion supplemental request for Iraq.. With that vote, the Kerry compromise was born.. To Kerry's foreign policy advisers, some of whom supported the supplemental funding, he remained a vehicle for an aggressive war on terrorism.. And that may well have been Kerry's own intention.. But, to the liberal voters who would choose the party's nominee, he became a more electable Dean.. Kerry's opposition to the $87 billion didn't only change his image on the war in Iraq; it changed his image on the war on terrorism itself.. His justification for opposing the $87 billion was essentially isolationist: We shouldn't be opening firehouses in Baghdad and closing them down in our own communities.. And, by exploiting public antipathy toward foreign aid and nation-building, the natural building blocks of any liberal anti-totalitarian effort in the Muslim world, Kerry signaled that liberalism's moral energies should be unleashed primarily at home.. Kerry's vote against the $87 billion helped him lure back the liberal activists he needed to win Iowa, and Iowa catapulted him toward the nomination.. But the vote came back to haunt him in two ways.. Most obviously, it helped the Bush campaign paint him as unprincipled.. But, more subtly, it made it harder for Kerry to ask Americans to sacrifice in a global campaign for freedom.. Biden could suggest a new program of national service and other measures to spread the cost and hardship of the war on terror beyond our soldiers and their families.. But, whenever Kerry flirted with asking Americans to do more to meet America's new threat, he found himself limited by his prior emphasis on doing less..  ...   liberalism later in life), in fact, it was conservatives, with their obsessive hostility to higher taxes, who could not be trusted to fund America's cold war struggle.. An important segment of business opinion, he wrote, still hesitates to undertake a foreign policy of the magnitude necessary to prop up a free world against totalitarianism lest it add a few dollars to the tax rate.. After Dwight Eisenhower became president, the ADA took up this line, arguing in October 1953 that the overriding issue before the American people today is whether the national defense is to be determined by the demands of the world situation or sacrificed to the worship of tax reductions and a balanced budget.. Such critiques laid the groundwork for John F.. Kennedy's 1960 campaign--a campaign, as Richard Walton notes in Cold War and Counterrevolution, dominated by a hard-line, get-tough attack on communism.. Once in office, Kennedy dramatically increased military spending.. Such a critique might seem unavailable to liberals today, given that Bush, having abandoned the Republican Party's traditional concern with balanced budgets, seems content to cut taxes and strengthen the U.. military at the same time.. But subtly, the Republican Party's dual imperatives have already begun to collide--with a stronger defense consistently losing out.. Bush has not increased the size of the U.. military since September 11--despite repeated calls from hawks in his own party--in part because, given his massive tax cuts, he simply cannot afford to.. An anti-totalitarian liberalism would attack those tax cuts not merely as unfair and fiscally reckless, but, above all, as long-term threats to America's ability to wage war against fanatical Islam.. Today, however, there is no liberal constituency for such an argument in a Democratic Party in which only 2 percent of delegates called terrorism their paramount issue and another 1 percent mentioned defense.. But Schlesinger and the ADA didn't only attack the right as weak on national defense; they charged that conservatives were not committed to defeating communism in the battle for hearts and minds.. It was the ADA's ally, Truman, who had developed the Marshall Plan to safeguard European democracies through massive U.. foreign aid.. And, when Truman proposed extending the principle to the Third World, calling in his 1949 inaugural address for a bold new program for making the benefits of our scientific advances and industrial progress available for the improvement and growth of underdeveloped areas, it was congressional Republicans who resisted the effort.. Support for a U.. -led campaign to defeat Third World communism through economic development and social justice remained central to anti-totalitarian liberalism throughout the 1950s.. Addressing an ADA meeting in 1952, Democratic Senator Brien McMahon of Connecticut called for an army of young Americans to travel to the Third World as missionaries of democracy.. In 1955, the ADA called for doubling U.. aid to the Third World, to blunt the main thrust of communist expansion and to help those countries provide the reality of freedom and make an actual start toward economic betterment.. When Kennedy took office, he proposed the Alliance for Progress, a $20 billion Marshall Plan for Latin America.. And, answering McMahon's call, he launched the Peace Corps, an opportunity for young Americans to participate in the great common task of bringing to man that decent way of life which is the foundation of freedom and a condition of peace.. The critique the ADA leveled in the '50s could be leveled by liberals again today.. For all the Bush administration's talk about promoting freedom in the Muslim world, its efforts have been crippled by the Republican Party's deep-seated opposition to foreign aid and nation-building, illustrated most disastrously in Iraq.. The resources that the United States has committed to democratization and development in the Middle East are trivial, prompting Naiem Sherbiny of Egypt's reformist Ibn Khaldun Center to tell The Washington Post late last year that the Bush administration was pussyfooting at the margin with small stuff.. Many Democratic foreign policy thinkers favor a far more ambitious U.. effort.. Biden, for instance, has called for the United States to dramatically expand our investment in global education.. But, while an updated Marshall Plan and an expanded Peace Corps for the Muslim world are more naturally liberal than conservative ideas, they have not resonated among post-September 11 liberal activists.. A new Peace Corps requires faith in America's ability to improve the world, something that Moore--who has said the United States is known for bringing sadness and misery to places around the globe --clearly lacks.. And a new Marshall Plan clearly contradicts the zero-sum view of foreign aid that undergirded Kerry's vote against the $87 billion.. In their alienation over Iraq, many liberal activists seem to see the very idea of democracy-promotion as alien.. When the Times asked Democratic delegates whether the United States should try to change a dictatorship to a democracy where it can, or should the United States stay out of other countries' affairs, more than three times as many Democrats answered stay out, even though the question said nothing about military force.. What the ADA understood, and today's softs do not, is that, while in a narrow sense the struggle against totalitarianism may divert resources from domestic causes, it also provides a powerful rationale for a more just society at home.. During the early cold war, liberals repeatedly argued that the denial of African American civil rights undermined America's anti-communist efforts in the Third World.. This linkage between freedom at home and freedom abroad was particularly important in the debate over civil liberties.. One of the hallmarks of ADA liberals was their refusal to imply--as groups like MoveOn sometimes do today--that civil liberties violations represent a greater threat to liberal values than America's totalitarian foes.. And, whenever possible, they argued that violations of individual freedom were wrong, at least in part, because they hindered the anti-communist effort.. Sadly, few liberal indictments of, for instance, the Ashcroft detentions are couched in similar terms today.. Toward an Anti-Totalitarian Liberalism.. For liberals to make such arguments effectively, they must first take back their movement from the softs.. We will know such an effort has begun when dissension breaks out within America's key liberal institutions.. In the late '40s, the conflict played out in Minnesota's left-leaning Democratic Farmer-Labor Party, which Hubert Humphrey and Eugene McCarthy wrested away from Wallace supporters.. It created friction within the naacp.. And it divided the aclu, which split apart in 1951, with anti-communists controlling the organization and non-communists leaving to form the Emergency Civil Liberties Committee.. But, most important, the conflict played out in the labor movement.. In 1946, the CIO, which had long included communist-dominated affiliates, began to move against them.. Over fierce communist opposition, the CIO endorsed the Marshall Plan, Truman's reelection bid, and the formation of nato.. And, in 1949, the Organization's executive board expelled eleven unions.. As Mary Sperling McAuliffe notes in her book Crisis on the Left: Cold War Politics and American Liberals, 1947-1954, while some of the expelled affiliates were openly communist, others were expelled merely for refusing to declare themselves anti-communist, a sharp contrast from the Popular Front mentality that governed MoveOn's opposition to the Iraq war.. Softs attacked the CIO's action as McCarthyite, but it eliminated any doubt about the American labor movement's commitment to the anti-communist cause.. And that commitment became a key part of cold war foreign policy.. Already in 1944, the CIO's more conservative rival, the American Federation of Labor (AFL) had created the Free Trade Union Committee (ftuc), which worked to build an anti-totalitarian labor movement around the world.. Between 1947 and 1948, the ftuc helped create an alternative to the communist-dominated General Confederation of Labor in France.. It helped socialist trade unionists distribute anti-communist literature in Germany's Soviet-controlled zone.. And it helped anti-communists take control of the Confederation of Labor in Greece.. By the early '60s, the newly merged afl-cio was assisting anti-communists in the Third World as well, with the American Institute for Free Labor Development training 30,000 Latin American trade unionists in courses with a particular emphasis on the theme of democracy versus totalitarianism.. And the afl-cio was spending a remarkable 20 percent of its budget on foreign programs.. In 1969, Ronald Radosh could remark in his book, American Labor and United States Foreign Policy, on the total absorption of American labor leaders in the ideology of Cold War liberalism.. That absorption mattered.. It created a constituency, deep in the grassroots of the Democratic Party, for the marriage between social justice at home and aggressive anti-communism abroad.. Today, however, the U.. labor movement is largely disconnected from the war against totalitarian Islam, even though independent, liberal-minded unions are an important part of the battle against dictatorship and fanaticism in the Muslim world.. The fight against the Soviet Union was an easier fit, of course, since the unions had seen communism up close.. And today's afl-cio is not about to purge member unions that ignore national security.. But, if elements within American labor threw themselves into the movement for reform in the Muslim world, they would create a base of support for Democrats who put winning the war on terrorism at the center of their campaigns.. The same is true for feminist groups, for whom the rights of Muslim women are a natural concern.. If these organizations judged candidates on their commitment to promoting liberalism in the Muslim world, and not merely on their commitment to international family planning, they too would subtly shift the Democratic Party's national security image.. Challenging the doughface feminists who opposed the Afghan war and those labor unionists with a knee-jerk suspicion of U.. power might produce bitter internal conflict.. And doing so is harder today because liberals don't have a sympathetic White House to enact liberal anti-totalitarianism policies.. But, unless liberals stop glossing over fundamental differences in the name of unity, they never will.. Obviously, Al Qaeda and the Soviet Union are not the same.. The USSR was a totalitarian superpower; Al Qaeda merely espouses a totalitarian ideology, which has had mercifully little access to the instruments of state power.. Communism was more culturally familiar, which provided greater opportunities for domestic subversion but also meant that the United States could more easily mount an ideological response.. The peoples of the contemporary Muslim world are far more cynical than the peoples of cold war Eastern Europe about U.. intentions, though they still yearn for the freedoms the United States embodies.. But, despite these differences, Islamist totalitarianism--like Soviet totalitarianism before it--threatens the United States and the aspirations of millions across the world.. And, as long as that threat remains, defeating it must be liberalism's north star.. Methods for defeating totalitarian Islam are a legitimate topic of internal liberal debate.. But the centrality of the effort is not.. The recognition that liberals face an external enemy more grave, and more illiberal, than George W.. Bush should be the litmus test of a decent left.. Today, the war on terrorism is partially obscured by the war in Iraq, which has made liberals cynical about the purposes of U.. But, even if Iraq is Vietnam, it no more obviates the war on terrorism than Vietnam obviated the battle against communism.. Global jihad will be with us long after American troops stop dying in Falluja and Mosul.. And thus, liberalism will rise or fall on whether it can become, again, what Schlesinger called a fighting faith.. Of all the things contemporary liberals can learn from their forbearers half a century ago, perhaps the most important is that national security can be a calling.. If the struggles for gay marriage and universal health care lay rightful claim to liberal idealism, so does the struggle to protect the United States by spreading freedom in the Muslim world.. It, too, can provide the moral purpose for which a new generation of liberals yearn.. As it did for the men and women who convened at the Willard Hotel.. Peter Beinart is the editor of TNR..

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