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    Archived pages: 118 . Archive date: 2013-08.

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    Descriptive info: .. Login.. Home.. About NABR.. Mission Statement.. Member Services.. A Voice in Government.. Contact NABR.. Membership.. Biomedical Research.. The Benefits.. Medical Progress.. Biomedical Research Careers.. Oversight.. NABR's Role.. Animal Welfare Act (AWA).. The Public Health Service Policy.. The Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care.. Laboratory Animals.. Species in Research.. IOM Statement.. Animal Welfare.. Animal Welfare in Practice.. Functions of the IACUC.. Functions of the Program of Veterinary Care.. Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals.. Animal Activism.. Welfare vs.. Rights.. Animal Rights Extremism.. Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act.. The History of the AETA.. Illegal Incidents Report.. Animal Law.. Links.. U.. S.. GOVERNMENT.. Associations, Foundations, Organizations.. International.. Webinars.. NABR Members Only.. Crisis Management Guide.. NABR Membership.. Subscribe to the Update.. Fact Sheet: The Chimpanzee's Critical Contribution to Biomedical Research.. The chimpanzee plays a critical and unique role in life-saving research.. Read More.. NABR Announces 'Legal Resources for Managing Security at Private Residences'.. The National Association for Biomedical Research is pleased to announce its latest members-only product: "Legal Resources for Managing Security at Private Residences.. " (log-in required).. NABR Releases 2013 State Law Rankings.. Available only to NABR members, this report ranks  ...   to know in the sciences.. Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act.. The Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act: What it is and how it became law.. aaaa.. 1.. 2.. 3.. 4.. 5.. 6.. NABR is.. Congressional and Legislative Action.. Read more about the passage of the AETA.. A Voice in Federal Policy and Regulations.. Read more about the oversight of biomedical research.. Crisis Management.. Read more about NABR's Crisis Management Guide.. Communicating to Biomedical Researchers.. Read more about the NABR Update and our Member Services.. NABR Statement on the IOM Chimp Report.. Read More.. Survey.. What is NABR to you?.. A voice for biomedical research in government.. A resource in time of crisis.. A source for information about biomedical research and animal welfare.. A news source thanks to the NABR Update and member resources.. Learn about how.. biomedical research.. leads to medical progress.. Believe your organization should.. be a NABR member?.. Sign up today!.. Read the latest headlines in.. NABR News.. Sitemap.. National Association for Biomedical Research.. 818 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 900, Washington, D.. C.. 20006.. 202.. 857.. 0540 | (FAX) 202.. 659.. 1902.. Copyright 2010-2011 National Association for Biomedical Research.. All Rights Reserved.. Privacy Policy.. |..

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    Descriptive info: Join the National Association For Biomedical Research.. !.. The National Association for Biomedical Research (NABR) provides a unified voice in Washington for the scientific community on legislative and regulatory matters affecting laboratory animal research.. NABR works to safeguard the future of biomedical research on behalf of its more than 325 public and private universities, medical and veterinary schools, teaching hospitals, voluntary health agencies, professional societies, pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, and other animal research-related firms.. Take advantage of all the benefits of membership:.. M.. embership Community:.. Once your institution joins NABR you will be in good company.. Every major pharmaceutical company, 80% of medical schools, nearly every veterinary medical school, and nearly every research university in the United States are NABR members.. Y.. our Voice in Washington:.. NABR advocates on behalf of its members at all levels of the federal government: Congress, the USDA, NIH, FDA, CDC and the White House.. NABR communicates the essential role of animals in research  ...   NABR supports its members and subscribers with planning advice, coordination and emergency support in times of crisis.. W.. ebinars and Training Opportunities:.. With membership your institution will receive unlimited complimentary access to our quarterly webinars along with a host of other services and educational opportunities.. I.. nsightful Analysis:.. NABR provides its members with thorough analyses of regulatory and legislative proposals, legal decisions and other developments of consequence to the biomedical research community.. embers Only Website:.. Individuals at NABR member institutions are provided with full access to the NABR Members Only section our website.. The Members Only section contains several resources including recordings of NABR webinars, archives of the NABR Update, FOIA and state open records law resources, tools and tips for communicating with Congress, a state laws database and a member resource center containing a broad array of useful fact-sheets, publications and research tools.. Membership Dues.. Request Information.. Membership form pdf.. Read more ››.. Printable version.. Read more».. pdf Form..

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    Descriptive info: Oversight.. Laboratory Animals.. NABR provides the unified voice for the scientific community on legislative and regulatory matters affecting biomedical research using laboratory animals.. NABR's membership is comprised of over 300 public and private universities, medical and veterinary schools, teaching hospitals, voluntary health agencies, professional societies, pharmaceutical companies and other animal research-related firms.. NABR supports the  ...   education and product safety testing.. Further, the membership believes that only as many animals as necessary should be used; that any pain or distress animals may experience should be minimized; and that alternatives to the use of live animals should be developed and employed, wherever feasible.. Learn More About:.. The Animal Welfare Act.. AAALAC International..

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    Descriptive info: The AWA was first passed in 1966 and has since been amended six times.. It.. requires that minimum standards of care and treatment be established for certain animals used in research, bred for commercial sale, transported commercially, or exhibited to the public.. The 1985 amendments, entitled the "Improved Standards for Laboratory Animals Act," were the most significant changes to the Act and.. strengthened the standards for providing laboratory animal care, increased enforcement of the Act, provided for the collection and dissemination of information to reduce unintended duplication of experiments using animals ,and mandated training for those who care for and use animals.. All institutions using regulated animals for research, testing, teaching, or experimentation must register with the U.. Department of Agriculture (USDA) as "research facilities," regardless of whether or not they receive federal funds.. Currently, regulated animal species include any live or dead.. dog, cat, nonhuman primate, guinea.. pig, hamster, rabbit, or any other warm-blooded animal, which is being used, or is intended to be used for research, teaching, testing, or experimentation.. Currently, the definition of animals covered by the AWA.. excludes rats, mice, and birds used in research.. Animals used for food and fiber, or for agricultural research, are also excluded, and therefore, only farm animals used for  ...   of animals used is appropriate, and that the personnel who care for and use the animals are appropriately qualified.. The IACUC also performs semi-annual inspections of research facilities to evaluate the animal care program, and report their findings to the Institutional Official (IO).. The AWA is implemented by the USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), which issues licenses to dealers, registers research institutions, and makes unannounced inspections to assure compliance with the Act.. If an inspection reveals deficiencies in meeting the AWA standards and regulations, the facility must correct the problems within a given timeframe, or in serious cases of neglect, formal legal actions may be taken by APHIS that include significant monetary fines and other penalties.. Institutions are required to maintain extensive records for their animal care facilities, and each year must file an annual report that assures that professionally acceptable standards for the care and use of animals were followed, that alternatives to painful procedures were considered, and that the facility is adhering to the regulations and standards under the Act.. In addition, facilities must report the number of animals used in research during the previous fiscal year.. For more information on the USDA and Animal Welfare Act, refer to the.. http://www.. aphis.. usda.. gov/animal_welfare/index.. shtml..

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    Descriptive info: Since the NIH initiated the Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (PHS Policy -.. http://grants.. nih.. gov/grants/olaw/references/PHSPolicyLabAnimals.. pdf.. ) in 1971, it has been modified to cover all PHS funded activity.. In 1985, the U.. Congress passed the Health Research Extension Act, an amendment to the US Public Health Service Act that included a statutory requirement for the Policy.. The PHS Policy is intended to implement and supplement the “U.. Government Principles for the Care of Vertebrate Animals Used in Testing, Research and Training” (US Government Principles).. Whenever U.. government agencies develop requirements for the use of animals in research, teaching or testing, these nine principles are considered, and whenever these agencies sponsor or conduct such procedures, these principles must be followed.. To read the full text of the U.. Principles, see:.. gov/grants/olaw/references/phspol.. htm#USGovPrinciples.. In order to receive PHS funds, an institution must have on file an acceptable Animal Welfare Assurance (Assurance) that describes in detail the programs in place to assure compliance with the PHS Policy, the institution's accreditation  ...   required by the PHS, the functions are basically the same with a major addition.. The PHS requires that an institution's programs follow the Guide for the Care and use of Laboratory Animals as well as the AWA and its regulations.. The PHS Policy is administered by the National Institutes of Health Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare.. In carrying out its oversight responsibility, OLAW evaluates all allegations or indications of noncompliance with the PHS Policy that come from any source, including the institution itself.. Under the PHS Policy, institutions are required to report any serious or continuing noncompliance to OLAW.. The PHS may do site visits for cause, but they rely on the institution and the IACUC to assure compliance.. Following evaluation of complaints or allegations, OLAW typically provides the opportunity for institutions to correct problems and works with the institution toward that end.. However, if corrections are not made satisfactorily, OLAW has authority to suspend the institution’s approved Assurance, without which the institution cannot receive federal funds.. For more information on the PHS Policy see:.. gov/grants/olaw/olaw.. htm..

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    Descriptive info: The Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International.. AAALAC was originally chartered in 1965 by a group of professional organizations interested in improving the care of animals as a means of improving the science conducted using animals.. Using a peer review process, AAALAC accredits institutional animal care and use programs.. To become AAALAC accredited, an institution must file an application that includes a detailed description of the programs in place to assure compliance with the.. Guide for the Care and use of Laboratory Animals.. Using this description and site visits, the AAALAC Council reviews programs to determine if they are  ...   changes in personnel and changes in equipment and facilities.. During the site visit, the visitors inspect the facilities, review the program documentation, talk to members of the animal care staff, the Animal Care Committee, selected investigators and responsible administrators.. The AAALAC accreditation process is a peer review process with ever increasing standards reflecting the changes in our knowledge of animal care and use and facility construction and maintenance.. Obtaining AAALAC accreditation indicates to the various funding agencies and to the public that an institution is committed to maintaining high standards of animal care and use.. For more information on AAALAC got to.. aaalac.. org/..

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    Descriptive info: Rats and Mice.. Approximately 95 percent of all laboratory animals are mice and rats.. Easily housed and bred, short lived (2-3 years), small, and relatively inexpensive, these rodents have become the animal model of choice for modern medical and scientific researchers.. (pdf).. Non-Human Primates.. Less than ¼ of one percent of all laboratory animals needed in the U.. are non-human primates.. Approximately 30 different species are studied by the research community.. Many historic scientific breakthroughs, such as the discovery of the Rh factor and the development of a live polio virus vaccine were achieved through research with non-human primates.. Today they are considered extremely important models in  ...   one percent of all laboratory animals used in the U.. However, their contributions to the various fields of medicine have been very significant.. Other Species.. While mice and rats are key models for research, many other animal species also have contributed to dramatic advances in biology and medicine.. A review of the medical literature affirms that studies with other animals, mainly rabbits and guinea pigs, also have made enormous contributions to understanding the cause, treatment, and prevention of many complex human diseases.. Purchase your own set of species sheets from the FBR Store!.. A History of Contributing to Advances in Biomedical Research.. Proud Achievements in Biomedical Research (pdf)..

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    Descriptive info: Statement on the IOM Chimp Report.. At Congress’ request, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) commissioned the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to conduct a large-scale study assessing the current and anticipated need for chimpanzee research relevant to the mission of NIH.. After nine months of evaluation, discussion and review, which included hearing from the nation’s leading experts in chimpanzee research and many science and animal advocacy groups, the IOM has concluded chimpanzees remain a unique and important animal model in certain areas of biomedical research, but are no longer necessary models for the study of other diseases.. The National Association for Biomedical Research (NABR), which represents the scientific community, appreciates the IOM’s thorough assessment of this complex and important matter.. “While the IOM report makes clear that chimpanzee research  ...   data.. ”.. Historically, chimpanzees have made invaluable contributions to science and medicine including the development of vaccines for hepatitis A and B.. Chimpanzees have helped scientists gain important insights into diseases such as hepatitis C, malaria, HIV, human cytomegalovirus (HCV) and cancer.. However, the role of chimpanzees in medical and scientific research has been on a natural decline due to both scientific progress and commitment to alternative research methods.. Animal models have been and continue to be critical for the discovery of cures, treatments and therapies for both people and animals.. ###.. The National Association for Biomedical Research (NABR) is the nation's only organization dedicated solely to advocating for sound public policy that recognizes the vital role that animals play in biomedical research.. For more information, please visit nabr.. org..

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    Descriptive info: Animal Welfare in Practice.. IACUC Functions.. An Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) is a local working group that research facilities must appoint in accordance with the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) and PHS Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals.. At least one member of the IACUC must be a veterinarian with the responsibility for providing care to the animals used in research and one must be a public member not affiliated with the institution in any way other than performing IACUC duties.. Among the most important IACUC functions are to:.. Review and approve proposed activities that will involve animals as well as any significant changes in IACUC-approved proposals  ...   design of the project to assure that pain or distress animals might experience will be avoided or minimized and that the project does not unnecessarily duplicate previous experiments.. Inspect all animal facilities and study areas every six months.. Monitor the institution’s program for humane care and use of animals; evaluate compliance with the AWA, PHS Policy and other requirements and report to the responsible institutional official and federal agencies as described in their respective rules.. Investigate concerns or complaints received from facility personnel or the public.. Suspend an activity involving animals if the activity is not being conducted in accordance with the AWA and PHS Policy as approved by the IACUC.. Additional Information:..

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    Descriptive info: Program of Veterinary Care Functions.. The.. program of veterinary care.. mandated by the Animal Welfare Regulations requires:.. The research facility to employ an attending veterinarian who has the appropriate authority to ensure the provision of adequate veterinary care and to oversee the adequacy of other aspects of animal care and use and who is a voting member of the IACUC.. The research facility to establish and maintain a program of adequate veterinary care that includes  ...   included the following:.. The daily observation of all animals to assess their health and well-being and the use of appropriate methods to prevent, control, diagnose, and treat diseases and injuries, and the availability of emergency, weekend, and holiday care.. Veterinary guidance to research personnel regarding proper handling, immobilization, anesthesia, analgesia, tranquilization, and euthanasia of the animals and the use of adequate pre-procedural and post-procedural care in accordance with current established veterinary medical and nursing procedures..

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    Archived pages: 118