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    Archived pages: 69 . Archive date: 2013-06.

  • Title: Landscape Research Group
    Descriptive info: .. Home.. LRG Directors.. Bud Young, Editor of LRExtra.. Peter Howard.. News.. Symposia.. Members.. Members Events.. Students.. Student journal.. Publications.. LR Extra.. LR Extra Archives.. Other Publications.. Links.. Contact.. Search.. Annual Reports.. Student Awards.. LRG Annual Lectures.. Join the LRG.. By becoming part of the everyday,.. the taken-for-granted, the objective and the natural, the landscape masks the artifice and ideological nature of its form and content.. Its history as a social construction is unexamined.. Duncan, J.. Sometimes a landscape.. seems to be less a setting for the life of its inhabitants than a curtain behind which their struggles, achievements and accidents take place.. Berger, J.. Through living in it,.. the landscape becomes a part of us, just as we are a part of it.. Landscape is the world as it is known to those who dwell therein.. It is the everyday project of dwelling in the world.. Ingold, T.. the landscape.. thinks itself in me and I am its consciousness.. Cezanne.. About the.. Landscape Research Group.. The Landscape Research Group, a charity founded in 1967, aims to promote research and understanding of the landscape for public benefit.. We are concerned with all types and aspects of landscape, from wilderness and cultural landscapes to the  ...   values, as a group we remain open-minded and inquiring, as well as sceptical and critical in the best senses of those terms.. The range of academic disciplines we represent is similarly broad, including geographers, planners, landscape architects, anthropologists, archaeologists, ecologists and many others within the arts, humanities and sciences.. The Group provides a nexus for discourse between disciplines, and is a conduit through which academics and practitioners can engage.. LRG is non profit-making and, unlike some learned societies, it is open to all.. We are not a professional body (we represent no single profession), although we do seek to engage with practice.. In this context ‘practice’ can mean many things: an artist, a forester, a landscape architect, a planner, a field archaeologist, an open space activist, a guerrilla gardener… these could all be landscape practitioners.. Indeed, LRG opens its doors to anyone who has an interest in landscape and hopes to broaden or deepen their personal understanding of this multi-faceted subject.. Why not become a member?.. Click here to go to our membership page.. Landscape Research Group Ltd PO Box 1482, Oxford, OX4 9DN Company No.. 123456789.. Website design 2010.. Site admin.. Powered by WP Symposium - Social Networking for WordPress v11.. 11.. 12..

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  • Title: Bud Young, Editor of LRExtra « Landscape Research Group
    Descriptive info: I joined the LRD Board while working on the Bahamas in 1971 and retired from it to concentrate on LRExtra in 2009.. My career has been varied but based on geology (Oxford) soil formation and land capability (Reading) held together by the thin black thread of landscape expertise and observation.. “Observe, deduce and learn.. ”.. My working life has offered me insights into a wide range of landscapes.. Over the years I have worked as gold mine geologist in South Africa’s High Veldt.. After this I lectured in geology and landform at the American University of Beirut for three wonderful semesters, with Lebanon’s orange groves, olives and astonishing limestone landcapes as students’ field trip areas.. Moving on from there I spent 2 years as a diamond prospector in western Mali (Guinean vegetation) and then in the mine-scarred landscapes of Sierra Leone’s degraded wet tropical jungle.. I returned to study soil formation (pedology) and from that point did land resource surveys.. My stock in trade is the interpretation of aerial photography at territorial as well as at single site scale.. At that time I completed two desert soil surveys: one in the Buraimi Oases ‘up country Abu Dhabi’ bare outwash plains of the Oman Mountains, towered over by 5000 foot high by Jebel Hafit a huge bare  ...   Spanish speaking realm I taught airphoto interpretation of Mexican landscapes.. I lived in and spent four years mapping the natural resources of the ten larger Bahama Islands: Andros rises no more than 40 ft above the sea, Cat Island, 200 feet.. The basis of my analysis of Bahamian land and landscape there was the dunary and shallow water carbonate limestone types that underpin land surface differences and vegetation.. With the impending dissolution of my overseas development unit (a Margaret Thatcher cut) I joined the Countryside Commission (since merged) dealing with the landscapes and woodlands of southeast England.. That was the prelude to many contracts undertaken as a consultant.. All have been based on airphoto interpretation and mapping: of river flood land, urban residential typing, all sorts of land use, landscape units, heather moorland monitoring, tidal environments, salt marshes.. My landscapes have been real and varied, the scientific underpinnings to visual and emotional responses.. In the academic meshwork that now goes under the heading ‘Landscape’, I hope to represent the rather older definition.. Physical, cultural and habitat landscapes, in my experience, are hugely various; the fact though is that I am open to all landscape’s many aspects and thus try and offer a balanced view in every issue of the Group’s lesser publication LRE, quid vide!.. BY..

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  • Title: Peter Howard « Landscape Research Group
    Descriptive info: I have spent many of my working years in the rather odd job of geographer in a School of Art, expected to teach art and design students about the landscape, which for most of them was a major source of inspiration, and, in research terms, expected to plough the furrow between geography and art.. So ‘landscape’ and how we perceive it became the obvious hook on which to hang my work.. All other members of staff were either artists or art historians, so the job was enormous fun, but not central to the concerns of my colleagues.. Through the work of Jay Appleton, I discovered Landscape Research, the journal, and the group.. Despite the cross-disciplinary nature of the group, there was not a great deal concerning art, or at least not contemporary art, so I was delighted to find that LRG would not only support but underwrite the costs of a conference and exhibition, on Landscape  ...   of landscape management, keen to support new ideas and initiatives.. Many members have interests in landscape that, like my own, are tangential to the department in which they work.. Sometimes that means that support for one’s activities, for travel, for conference organising, even for publication, is hard to find.. Even where there is financial support, it can be difficult to find other experts to discuss ideas.. Suddenly there is an organisation prepared to help, which has the expertise to assist, the money to underwrite, and the enthusiasm to join in all sorts of landscape activities.. In particular we have always insisted that no one discipline holds the chair or sets the agenda.. Everyone comes to the table with their own agenda.. LRG’s plans for the future, its events schedule are the plans of its members, and the events are organised by its members, with communal support.. If that is what you need, then LRG is for you..

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  • Title: News « Landscape Research Group
    Descriptive info: Journees du Paysage.. Posted on June 11, 2013.. A forthcoming event planned for 2013 is a seminar on “Journees du Paysage”, which will be held jointly with the University of Rennes 2 and organised by the CORDIALE INTERREG IV A, in Brittany, 26-27 June 2013.. Admission to the event is free, though delegates will need to pay for their own travel.. Further details on the [.. ].. Keep reading.. New MA in Landscape, Built Heritage and Design.. Those thinking about pursuing a postgraduate qualification in the areas of landscape, built heritage and design might be interested in a new MA offered by University College Cork, which is a one-year course commencing in Autumn 2013.. The MA welcomes participants from many different academic backgrounds and subject areas.. For further information, please click on the [.. LRG Annual Report 2013.. Posted on April 23, 2013.. The Annual General Meeting of Landscape Research Group Ltd took place on Thursday 23 May in The Board Room, Technopark Building, London South Bank University, 103 Borough Road, London SE1 0AA.. The Agenda for the AGM can be downloaded here.. A copy of the 2012 Annual Report for LRG can be downloaded as a pdf [.. Postgraduate Bursaries, Newcastle University.. Posted on February 26, 2013.. The School of Architecture, Planning and Landscape is proud to offer a Postgraduate bursary scheme for Sept 2013entry.. 2k fees discount bursaries are on offer as well as 2 full fees bursaries.. Bursary applications are open to Home/EU students with a 2:1 or above UG degree.. Bursaries are available for both full and part  ...   item published by the [.. Sept 2012 Sublime in Landscape the Snowdonia Experience.. Posted on July 30, 2012.. LRG convened a symposium on landscape aesthetics set in the sublime (and changing) landscapes of Snowdonia in September 2012.. The programme included a mix of field based experience and more traditional plenary discussions.. Land managers and philosophers, cultural geographers, historians and artists involved in environmental aesthetics attended.. Please see the attached event flyer for further information, [.. PGT Excellence Awards 2012.. Posted on February 9, 2012.. The School of Architecture, Planning and Landscape is proud to offer 20 PGT Excellence Awards for Home and EU students entering in Sept 2012.. The awards will offer successful applicants £2000 fees discount.. Applicants must hold a good first degree at 2:1 or above and must hold an offer to study one of our postgraduate [.. ialeUK 2011 conference announcement and call for papers.. Posted on January 26, 2011.. The International Association for Landscape Ecology (iale UK) recently announced the upcoming conference ‘Landscape ecology and ecosystem services’.. A call for papers for this conference, which will be hosted by Wolverhampton University, Telford Campus, from the 6-8 November 2011, has also been announced.. Late November/early December 2011 (TBC) Architecture Association, Bedford Square, London.. The first lecture of the series, From Eden to Earth Day: Landscape Restoration as Mission and Metaphor will be given by Professor David Lowenthal, University College London.. David Lowenthal will discuss the religious roots of landscape restoration, and show how it morphed from a theological to an environmental agenda, while retaining the fervour of a [..

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  • Title: About LRG Symposia « Landscape Research Group
    Descriptive info: Background and Networks.. UK Symposia Events.. International Symposia Events.. Other Relevant Symposia.. About LRG Symposia.. The LRG Directors have chosen the word symposia to represent the range of academic, professional, social and institutional programmes that we support.. This important work ranges from seminars and policy meetings to walking and working sessions with activists and land managers, as well as a full range of national and international conferences.. The work is coordinated by the following members of our board of directors in relationship to partners and colleagues all over the world.. Click on each of their names for a bit of detail on the specifics of their role and their activities in service to the organization and our intra-disciplinary passion – which is, of course, the ever expanding concept of landscape.. Events Coordinator:.. Gareth Roberts.. International and Outreach Coordinator.. :.. Professor Laurence le Du-Blayo.. Networking and Outreach Coordinator:.. John Gittins.. We have recently confirmed our continued focus upon two important themes: The European Landscape Convention and Landscape and Climate Change.. To facilitate the pursuit of those goals, we have agreed a new system of symposia development.. We are seeking a few great  ...   2012 LRG convened the Snowdonia Symposium, from the 21-23 September.. The Symposium revolved around a series of talks and discussions, as well as visits to selected sublime and beautiful sites in Snowdonia made popular by artists and poets.. 2011 The LRG Annual Lecture, hosted by the Architectural Association, took place on the 1st December 2011, with Professor David Lowenthal presenting a lecture entitled: Eden to Earth Day: Landscape Restoration as Mission and Metaphor.. 2010 LRG made an award to the European Landscape Architecture Student Association (ELASA) to help them convene the 2010 conference in Edinburgh.. 2009 LRG convened an international policy seminar: Reassessing Landscape Drivers and the Globalist Environmental Agenda, convened in Alnarp, Sweden in 2009.. LRG was a convening partner on the European conference: Local Implementation of the European Landscape Convention, at Nove Hrady in the Czech Republic.. 2008 LRG was a convening partner on the expert seminar: Landscape and Sustainable Development, organized with Cemagref in Lille, France.. 2007 LRG convened a European seminar on the European Landscape Convention at Sheffield University.. (above left) Delegates in Nove Hrady, Czech Republic.. (above right) LRG members on a guided walk in Snowdonia..

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  • Title: Students « Landscape Research Group
    Descriptive info: Students can become members of Landscape Research at.. 50% of the costs of professional subscriptions.. We are particularly interested in developing our postgraduate membership.. With this new web page, we introduce a development of our longstanding UK-based Postgraduate Research Awards, which we now extend to include international, English language-based PhD theses applicants for the first time, as well as undergraduate applicants.. We will be initiating an online postgraduate student journal in 2012, and are investigating the possibilities for a research training programme that will reflect the range of disciplines that are attuned to this topic.. Landscape is a complex  ...   changing face of our global environment.. A fairly recent (Oct 2010) policy briefing by the European Science Foundation.. Landscape in a Changing World.. identifies landscape as the ‘human element’ of our environment.. Landscape plays a keystone role in new approaches to inter, intra and trans-disciplinary approaches to research and its subsequent relationship to policy and practice.. Important landscape research is underway in areas of knowledge that range from the architecture, art, design, cultural geography, environmental management, history, landscape architecture, material geography, philosophy, planning and science.. About this section.. Student login.. Director login.. Reviewer login.. Admin login.. Student Events.. Student Training..

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  • Title: Student journal « Landscape Research Group
    Descriptive info: Postgraduate Issues in Landscape Research will be developed in 2011 and initiated as a once a year online publication in 2012.. Two board members will take responsibility for the development of the journal.. Student editors (2-3 year rotating appointments) will be sought, interviewed and appointed by June 2011.. Students will lead on all aspects of the development of the journal.. A call for papers will be initiated by October 2011..

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  • Title: Publications « Landscape Research Group
    Descriptive info: Below are details of the Landscape Research Group publications, and how to subscribe and obtain your regular copies.. Landscape Research Journal.. Landscape Research is the academic journal of LRG is a fully-refereed journal containing a range of articles, reviews and research reports.. It offers the opportunity for those working in different fields to publish their views and their results.. It reaches the libraries of numerous universities, research organisations and public authorities as well  ...   year, with two of those six issues usually devoted to a specific theme.. LR Extra promotes interdisciplinary thought and dialogue between policy experts, professionals and citizen advocates on issues related to our contemporary landscape.. It has members and subscribers in more than 40 countries.. Download LR.. LR Extra is available as a.. pdf download.. To view pdf files you will need to.. download the latest pdf viewer.. LR Journal.. Student Journal.. Policy Publications..

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  • Title: LR Extra « Landscape Research Group
    Descriptive info: The views and opinions expressed in the newsletter are those of the authors and the editor and do not necessarily represent those of LRG as a whole.. It is prepared by Rosemary and Bud Young for the Landscape Research Group.. It is distributed to individual members as a companion to its main journal Landscape Research Rosemary and Bud are glad to print letters, written pieces, pictures and notices of landscape events.. In fact, they actively solicit articles and essays that bear on landscape in the widest sense.. Enquiries to: Bud Young email:.. young@airphotointerpretation.. com.. Landscape Research Extra 65 - :.. Download.. (5.. 96 MB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 64 - :.. (2.. 02 MB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 63 - :.. (3.. Landscape Research Extra 62 - :.. 59 MB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 61 - :.. (4.. 48 MB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 60 - :.. 85  ...   MB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 52 - :.. 84 MB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 51 - :.. 44 MB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 50 - :.. 45 MB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 49 - :.. (302.. 32 KB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 48 - :.. (980.. 61 KB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 47 - :.. (770.. 75 KB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 46 - :.. (26.. 1 KB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 45 - :.. 28 MB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 44 - :.. 06 MB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 43 - :.. (630.. Landscape Research Extra 42 - :.. 25 MB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 41 - :.. 16 MB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 40 - :.. (536.. 66 KB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 39 - :.. (582.. 39 KB bytes).. Landscape Research Extra 38 - :.. (939.. Landscape Research Extra 37 - :.. (955.. 68 KB bytes)..

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  • Title: LR Extra Archives « Landscape Research Group
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  • Title: Other Publications « Landscape Research Group
    Descriptive info: Howard, P, Thompson, I.. and Waterton, E.. The Routledge Companion to Landscape Studies.. London, Routledge, 2012.. Landscape, as a concept, does not respect disciplinary boundaries.. Indeed, many academic disciplines have found the concept so important that they have used it as the qualifier that delineates whole sub-disciplines: landscape ecology, landscape planning, landscape archaeology, and so forth.. In other cases, landscape studies progress under broader banner, such as heritage studies or cultural geography.. Yet it does not always mean the same thing in all of these contexts.. It is in light of this breadth that.. offers the first comprehensive attempt to explore the many uses and meanings of landscape.. The.. Companion.. contains thirty-nine original contributions from leading scholars within the field, which have been divided into four parts: Experiencing Landscape; Landscape Culture and Heritage; Landscape, Society and Justice; and Design and Planning for Landscape.. Topics covered range from phenomenological approaches to landscape, to the consideration of landscape as a repository of human culture; from ideas of identity and belonging, to issues of power and hegemony; and from discussions of participatory planning and design to the call for new imaginaries in a time of global and environmental crisis.. Each contribution explores the future development of different conceptual and theoretical approaches, as well as recent empirical contributions to knowledge and understanding.. Collectively, they encourage dialogue across disciplinary barriers and reflection upon the implications of research findings for local, national and international policy in relation to landscape.. The volume provides up-to-date critical reviews of state of the art perspectives across this multifaceted field, embracing disciplines such as anthropology, archaeology, cultural studies, landscape planning, landscape architecture, countryside management, forestry, heritage studies, ecology, and fine art.. It will thus.. serve as an invaluable point of reference for scholars, researchers and graduate students alike engaging in the field of landscape studies.. Brace, C.. and Johns-Putra, A.. G.. , Process: Landscape and Text, Amsterdam, Rodopi, 2010.. The essays in this volume explore the relationship between landscape and literary text, paying particular attention to the process of writing rather than the finished text.. These essays represent approaches to understanding the ephemeral practices of the writing process and the ways in which the different sites at which creative inspiration occurs impact on the literary text.. They deal too with the possibility of a reciprocal relationship between geographical forms and textual forms: the material experience of landscape shapes textual practices, while the literary constructions of landscape in turn inform perceptions of landscape.. Brady, E.. , Aesthetics of the Natural Environment, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2003.. A new statement of how beauty in nature is understood and appreciated.. Aesthetic experience is one of the fundamental ways that we develop a relationship to our natural surroundings.. Emily Brady provides a comprehensive study of this type of experience and the central philosophical issues related to it, developing her own original theory of aesthetic appreciation of nature.. She provides useful background to the current debate and an up-to-date critical appraisal of contemporary theories.. The context of the contemporary debate is laid out through a discussion of aesthetic experience and aesthetic qualities; early theories of aesthetic appreciation of nature, including the beautiful, the sublime, and the picturesque; and differences between artistic and environmental appreciation and interpretation.. Brady situates her own approach in relation to a set of noncognitive accounts of appreciation.. Her integrated aesthetic brings together various features of appreciation, including the senses, emotion, and imagination, with a reappraisal of the concept of disinterestedness.. These ideas are further developed within the more practical domains of aesthetic judgment and education of the environment and through an examination of the role of aesthetic value in environmental conservation.. Peter Howard, Landscapes: the artists’ vision, London, Routledge, 1991.. Using an analysis of the landscape paintings exhibited at the Royal Academy Summer Exhibition from 1769 onwards, the book focuses on the rapid shifts of landscape preference displayed by artists over 200 years.. Six major periods are identified, each of approximately forty years, from the emphasis on Classical landscape in the 18th century, through the Picturesque to 1830 and then the Romantic wooded landscape.. After 1870 is a major shift to Heroic landscapes of moorland, fen and fishing harbour, which becomes softer in the Vernacular period after 1910, and then more geometrical with the Formal landscapes after World War Two.. Peter Howard and Thymio Papayannis (eds) Natural Heritage: At the interface of Nature and Culture, London, Routledge, 2007.. This is a collection of papers from issues of the International Journal of Heritage Studies, which Howard founded in 1992 and edited until 2007.. In many countries there has been little cooperation between those responsible for the historic heritage (who have largely been responsible for the emergence of Heritage Studies) and those concerned with the natural.. This attempt to bridge that divide uses essays that stress the commonalities, including in the Everglades, with the WWF and in Education.. Peter Howard, Heritage: management, interpretation, identity, London, Continuum, 2003.. Heritage Studies, of which landscape and its conservation is a vital part, has so far been a disparate study.. Here, in a book intended as a text for undergraduates, there is an attempt to impose a general structure onto the emerging discipline.. The suggestion here is that there are four doors to the room of heritage discourse.. One is to divide heritage into its many fields, from tigers to cathedrals, but this is a divisive study.. A second door, much more cohesive, is to study the markets for heritage, the stakeholders, and a third door examines the level of identity being supported by heritage.. Finally heritage is a process, and the disparate fields of heritage often follow a similar process of stages.. Brian Graham and Peter Howard (eds) The Ashgate Research Companion to Heritage and Identity, Aldershot, Ashgate, 2008.. A volume of specially commissioned essays, all examining the research agenda into the many fields and disciplines where heritage is involved with identity.. Many essays are specifically concerned with landscape issues, such as that by Olwig on Natural Landscapes, Groote and Haartsen on Creating Place Identities, Alderman on place naming, Atkinson on mundane places, and Krauss on participation.. Peter Howard, Learning Landscapes, Aldershot, Ashgate, forthcoming.. The definition of ‘landscape’ within the European Landscape Convention is used in part one this undergraduate text as the common destination of a wide variety of meanings of landscape, not only in English.. With ‘perception’ firmly established as the critical feature, part two then analyses the various factors influencing human perceptions, such as nationality and education.. The Convention’s classification of conservation, management and enhancement are used to structure a final section on how we deal with landscapes.. Pratt, V.. with Howarth, J.. and Brady, E.. , Environment and Philosophy, London and New York: Routledge, 2000.. Environment and Philosophy provides an accessible introduction to the radical challenges that environmentalism pose to concepts that have become almost second nature in the modern world.. Written in an accessible way for those without a background in philosophy, this text examines ways of thinking about ourselves, nature and our relationship with nature.. Olwig, K.. , Landscape, Nature and the Body Politic: From Britain’s Renaissance to America’s New World, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press.. 2002.. Landscape, Nature, and the Body Politic explores the origins and lasting influences of two contesting but intertwined discourses that persist today when we use the words landscape, country, scenery, nature, national.. In the first sense, the land is a physical and bounded body of terrain upon which the nation state is constructed (e.. g.. , the purple mountain majesties above the fruited plain, from sea to shining sea).. In the second, the country is constituted through its people and established through time and precedence (e.. , land where our fathers died, land of the Pilgrims’ pride).. Kenneth Olwig’s extended exploration of these discourses is a masterful work of scholarship both broad and deep, which opens up new avenues of thinking in the areas of geography, literature, theatre, history, political science, law, and environmental studies.. Jones, M.. and Olwig, K.. eds.. , Nordic Landscapes: Region and Belonging on the Northern Edge of Europe, Minneapolis, The University of Minnesota Press, 2008.. “Norden”-the region along the northern edge of Europe bordered by Russia and the Baltic nations to the east and by North America to the west-is a particularly fruitful site for the examination of the ever-evolving meaning of landscape and region as place.. Contributors to this work reveal how Norden’s regions and people have been defined by and against the dominant culture of Europe while at the same time their landscapes and cultures have shaped and inspired Europe’s ways of life.. Together, the essays provide a much-needed picture of this culturally rich and geographically varied part of the world.. Mitchell, D.. , Justice, Power and the Political Landscape, London, Routledge, 2008.. Landscape is now on the agenda in a new way.. The increasing interest in justice, power and the political landscape expresses a sea change occurring in the meaning of landscape itself, from landscape as scenery to landscape as polity and place.. As Lionella Scazzosi argues “The meaning of the term ‘landscape’ has become broader than that of a view or panorama, which characterized many national protection laws and policies until the middle of the 20th century, and that of environment or nature, to which it has often been limited during the recent years of environmentalist battles.. ” This is reflected in the new European Landscape Convention, for which: “’Landscape’ means an area, as perceived by people.. ” The tide thus has turned towards J.. B.. Jackson’s view of landscape as not “a scenic or ecological entity but as a political or cultural entity, changing in the course of history.. ” It is in this socio-political context that it becomes necessary to consider the role of power, and the importance of justice, in the shaping of the landscape as an area of practice and performance with both cultural and environmental implications.. Palang, H.. and Fry, G, eds.. , Landscape Interfaces: Cultural Heritage in Changing Landscapes, Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Press, 2003.. The book contributes to the relatively extensive study of landscapes by exploring  ...   is presented in the conclusion.. Read in relationship to Lora Senechal Carney’s paper on Nine Mile Run; this practice-led approach to research is interrogated through critical distance as well as critical proximity.. It is an ideal situation when the work engenders such scrutiny.. ‘Can or should artists attempt to creative verifiable change?’ In O’Reilly, S.. , Beauchamp, P.. , Sense in Place, Site-ations International.. Cardiff, Wales: Centre for Research in Art and Design, University of Wales Institute Cardiff, and Dublin: Dublin Institute of Technology DIT, Ireland.. 2008.. The work occurs in the context of the post industrial public realm.. The author i interested in the concept of transformative knowledge, critical ideas that have the potential to shape public debate.. The question is what is known and what is not known? What information is missing in the oppositional discourse between vested interest and subordinate activists? How can artists and activists shift (help shift?) the public debate? Does entry into this debate demand new levels of creative responsibility and consistency of intent and action? Is it possible to still make art when working under such a brief? The paper outlines ideas of shared and distributed freedoms, creative dialogue and a welcome forecast of the collapse of the subject-object approach to aesthetics.. The papers references work with interdisciplinary project teams in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania and examples from colleagues in the areas of art, ecology and social practice to explicate the application of propositionally relevant theory and critical analysis.. Tarr, J, Muller, T.. and Collins, T.. ‘Pittsburgh’s Three Rivers from Industrial to Environmental Infrastructure’.. In Mauch, C.. and Zeller, T.. Rivers in History: Designing and Conceiving Waterways in Europe and North America.. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2008.. Like most river cities in Europe and America, Pittsburgh has looked upon its three principal [waterways] —the Allegheny, the Monongahela, and the Ohio—as invaluable natural resources to be used in support of economic development and municipal services.. These urban rivers have always been as much a part of Pittsburgh’s infrastructure as its highways, railroads, mass-transportation lines, or electrical grids.. For decades many of the natural features of these river systems were subsumed and in some cases destroyed by human activities.. Despite these losses, the riparian ecosystems adapted, survived, and now flourish as part of a new vision for the region’s future.. ‘Art nature and aesthetics in the post industrial public realm’.. In France, R.. ed.. Healing Nature, Repairing Relationships: Restoring Ecological Spaces and Consciousness.. Chicago, ILL: Green Frigate Books, 2008.. The author examines art and aesthetics for concepts and tools that can inform an ecologically and socially engaged art practice.. Beginning by locating this discussion in the public realm and describing its relationship to nature; the author then provides a brief history of both the applied and cultural ecologies as a background for new ideas about radical cultural ecology and its relationship to an emerging area of art practice.. The author defines and describes an informed multidisciplinary eco-art practice that seeks to integrate nature and culture, expanding on the ideas outlined by Jill Braun in Chapter 8.. The paper defines strategic points of engagement for the eco-artist as interface, perception and human values.. In the final section on aesthetics the author argues that traditional aesthetics with its focus on fine-art has lost the interest of most practicing artists, its discourse being tedious and circular.. In contrast the author maintains that environmental aesthetics has the potential to awaken this sleeping dragon, (traditional aesthetics) and put it back into the world in meaningful ways.. In conclusion concepts and tools are extracted that are most relevant to artists interested in shaping the attendant metaphors, symbols and narratives that define post-industrial nature.. Taylor, K.. ‘Landscape and Meaning: Context for a global discourse on cultural landscapes values’ in Taylor, K.. and Lennon, J.. , Managing Cultural Landscapes¸ London and NY, Routledge, 2011 (forthcoming).. The cultural landscape construct proposes that heritage places are not isolated islands and that there is an interdependence between people, social structures and the landscape.. Inextricably linked to this cultural concept of landscape is that one of our deepest needs is for a sense of identity and belonging and a common denominator in this is human attachment to landscape and how we find identity in landscape and place.. This chapter reviews emerging trends in the non-monumental cultural landscape approach; reflects on how the innovative ideas of cultural geographers and anthropologists from the late nineteenth/early twentieth century through the twentieth century shifted intellectual discussion on landscape from physical determinant to cultural construct creating a context for a global cultural landscape discourse; and reflects on the opportunities for WH cultural landscape work in Asia.. ‘Heritage Challenges in Asian Urban Cultural Landscape Settings’ in Daly P Winter, T, eds.. , Heritage in Asia: Converging Forces and Conflicting Values, 2011 (forthcoming).. Many of Asia’s cities are witnessing profound structural changes as their populations expand at ever increasing rates, with development fuelled by aspirations for modernisation and an array of new consumer economies such as tourism.. The challenge of this change and conflict over values throughout Asia is reflected in the 2007 Seoul Declaration on Heritage and the Metropolis in Asia and the Pacific.. Such initiatives reflect an expansion of the horizons from dealing mainly with monuments and famous historic buildings to acknowledging the significance of vernacular urban settings and their associated social community structures.. Furthermore, the concept of Historic Urban Landscapes (HULs) is now being offered as a more holistic approach to conservation.. Nonetheless, much of the effort in historic urban conservation at the international scale has been directed at preventing or minimising modern developments impinging on the visual and physical integrity of historic urban areas.. And given that much of the thinking and effort on urban conservation has been driven by World Heritage considerations, historic zones outside such parameters of governance and oversight remain even more vulnerable.. Against such developments, this chapter critically explores the merits and pitfalls of advancing participation frameworks.. But in societies characterized by steep institutional hierarchies of power, what form can paradigms of consultation and decentralization effectively take? And in contexts where civil society infrastructures remain partial at best, how can agencies concerned with conservation contribute to the everyday social capital of urban communities? In considering such issues, this chapter seeks to add clarity to the ongoing debates concerning the conservation of urban environments in Asia.. , ‘Cultural landscapes: A bridge between culture and nature?’ International Journal of Heritage Studies (special theme issue: Preserving Biocultural Diversity on a Landscape Scale: The Roles of Local, National and International Designations), 2011 (forthcoming).. Cultural landscapes were (still are) intended to increase awareness that heritage places (sites) are not isolated islands and that there is an interdependence of people, social structures and the landscape and associated ecological systems.. The paper explores whether the recognition of the 1992 World Heritage Cultural Landscape Categories, the IUCN Protected landscapes and the 2005 merging of cultural and natural criteria for World Heritage purposes have been effective in bridging the gap between culture and nature philosophically and in practice.. With particular reference to opportunities presented in the Asia-Pacific region where traditionally culture and nature are not regarded as separate, people are part of nature, the paper will further critically review the nature-culture link and its implications for North American-style national parks where cultural associations may not be seen to be necessary or even desirable.. It suggests the imperative of highlighting and respecting in heritage nominations and inscriptions deep cultural associations of traditional communities with natural sites and implications for management to protect cultural and biological diversity and the need for thematic studies.. Waterton, E.. 2005 ‘Whose sense of place? Reconciling archaeological perspectives with community values: Cultural landscapes in England’.. International Journal of Heritage Studies, 11(4): 309-326.. Like other forms of heritage, landscape provides a vital repository of cultural meaning in relation to identity, belonging and sense of place.. Despite this, the process of heritage management tends to obscure these links between landscapes and communities, and is thus neglectful of the experiences, perspectives and recollections that both individuals and groups bring to their engagement with heritage.. This paper draws on the Hareshaw Linn community project to illustrate the diverse ways in which communities construct relationships with landscape.. This case study serves as a reminder that the heritage management process cannot usefully be reduced to the technical and scientific practice it is often assumed to be, as it is often both emotional and conflict ridden.. In light of this, it is essential to question why landscape is underplayed in legislation and public policy, and this necessarily entails the exploration of issues such as ownership, power, knowledge and ‘public’ heritage.. Young, R.. N and Koch, H.. ‘A digitally produced urban land use map of South Sefton Southport, Birkdale and Ainsdale (with legend of 165 categories)’.. Mapped over Cities Revealed Imagery 1999 in Map Maker Pro for export to Map lnfo.. Client: Sefton MBC May 2001.. This study of Liverpool and areas to the north was associated with ‘single budget regeneration areas’.. The outcome was an intensely detailed (but wholly sortable) map of urban land uses as many as 100 units/km2, and was a primary indicator of the complexity (or otherwise) of an urban landscape much of which had been created in the 1850s and having decayed was being redeveloped.. An important source in the consideration of urban landscape as observed from the ground.. N.. and Koch, H.. ‘The age and construction type of housing in London: London Borough of Brent London Borough of Camden and parts of Southwark’.. For the GeoInformation Group, Cambridge, December 2001 (housing mapped into eight age categories and twenty categories of type).. The first study of its kind and dependent on a thorough knowledge of UK housing types supplemented by a mineralogically informed ‘order of crystallisation’.. Available digitally.. ‘The Greenspaces of Bristol over 2200 spaces mapped and classified in 20 categories’.. Prepared digitally in Map Maker Pro, over UK Perspectives Imagery (1999) for Environment Transport and Leisure, The City of Bristol, April 2001.. study and others led to a valuable fine grained classification of greenspaces not until then analysed in such detail..

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