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  • Title: The Kalaureia Research Program | The Kalaureia Research Program
    Descriptive info: .. The Kalaureia Research Program.. The Sea, the City and the God.. Ancient Kalaureia.. The excavations of 2007.. The excavations of 2008.. The excavations of 2009.. The excavations of 2010.. The excavations of 2011.. Kalaureia in the present.. Visiting the site.. Activities.. Publications.. Staff.. Berit Wells 1943-2009.. Links.. English.. Greek.. Navigation.. Create content.. Excavation database.. Maps and Layouts.. December 9, 2007 - 18:42 — Anonymous.. Â.. The objectives of the program are: to  ...   the interaction between the sanctuary and the city and their role in the Saronic Gulf and the wider world; to elicit from the archaeological record what rituals were practiced in the sanctuary and what they say about the gods sacrificed to; to study the role of the sanctuary to the present-day people on Poros and in the wider area and how they perceive of the archaeological fieldwork carried out today.. Updated:.. February 14, 2012..

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  • Title: Ancient Kalaureia | The Kalaureia Research Program
    Descriptive info: The Site.. The Sanctuary.. History of research.. The Fieldwork.. Home.. September 25, 2007 - 18:57 — Anonymous.. Excavation in Area I in 2008.. The fieldwork.. The Site ›..

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  • Title: The excavations of 2007 | The Kalaureia Research Program
    Descriptive info: November 23, 2007 - 13:24 — Anonymous.. In 2007 the investigations in the Sanctuary of Poseidon at Kalaureia were largely based on results from two geophysical surveys in 2004 and 2006.. They were conducted by Apostolos Sarris and his team from the Institute of Mediterranean Studies at Rethymnon, Crete.. The 2007 excavations focused on two areas: Area I, close to the entrance to the archaeological site and to the south of Building D; and Area H to the southeast of the Temple to Poseidon.. Digital reconstruction of Area I after the end of the excavations in 2007.. E.. Savini.. In Area I a large building complex consisting of four rooms or spaces emerged.. Objects found in the different rooms indicated their function.. Thus in a room in the southwest, five coins were found together with two bronze fish hooks and a number of lead weights from fishing nets.. Broken pottery in a small compartment in one corner may have fallen down from shelves in a kind of cupboard.. The room may have been a fish shop or a tavern.. In the second room food was prepared.. A grill had been built in one corner and in front of it a pit was full of ashes and broken cooking pots.. Yet another room may have been a storage space.. Large broken pieces of  ...   a peribolos, a circuit wall similar to the one surrounding the temple area but of larger dimensions.. Why this was done is not obvious, but specific activities must have taken place inside it.. A bronze figurine of a Syrian type known as Reshef and datable to the late Bronze Age, was found in the leveling fill for the peribolos.. Figurines of the type are commonly believed to represent a god.. Â Why this specimen was found in a context roughly a millennium later than the figurine itself, is a question that remains to be answered.. In the southeast of Area H, three unfluted column drums, more than a meter in diameter and thus too big to have belonged to any of the known buildings in the sanctuary, are most likely the remains of a votive column from the end of the 6th century BC.. Such votive columns are known to have existed in sanctuaries, such as Delphi and that of Aphaia on the neighboring Aigina.. Underneath the fill for the peribolos a cultural layer datable to the late 8th century BC was found.. In both areas we decided to open large trenches in order to recover as much as possible of the architectural structures before excavating to any considerable depth.. Our plan is to continue the excavations in the spring of 2008.. AP..

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  • Title: The excavations of 2008 | The Kalaureia Research Program
    Descriptive info: September 1, 2008 - 13:44 — admin.. The excavation team of 2008.. F.. Ifantidis.. This year work began in the Sanctuary on April 7 to prepare for the excavations.. The site was cleaned and the fence along the road exchanged for a new one as a continuation of the one put in place in 2006 to the east.. Fieldwork lasted for five weeks between April 29 and May 30 followed by documentation and registration work.. The 2007 investigations began with the resistivity surveys of 2004 and 2006, which indicated an extensive structure in the northeast (Area H) and what looked like an administrative building in the south (Area I).. The results thus far do not correspond in detail with our interpretations of the surveys and with our expectations, but this is a topic we wish to return to in the future.. Complementary investigations were also carried out in Area D.. In the course of the excavation we collected and water floated 60 soil samples.. The material retrieved from them is now being analyzed.. Plan of the sanctuary after the excavations of 2008.. Area H.. In Area H excavations were continued in order to investigate the large rectangular structure found in 2007.. It was then interpreted as a peribolos or an enclosure, similar to the one that surrounds the Temple to Poseidon, but the new enclosure is of Hellenistic date.. A large area between the 2007 trench and the peribolos of the temple was opened up to see how the two periboloi relate to each other.. The continuation of the southwestern wall of the Hellenistic enclosure was found, but no wall was found where it should have turned towards the northeast in the vicinity of the temple.. The area seemed disturbed, however.. Pottery and roof-tiles may indicate the existence of a ruined building there.. Whether or not such a building had a connection with the Hellenistic enclosure remains an open question for now.. Large amounts of fragmented miniature vessels and animal bones, found in a separate trench dug against the peribolos of the temple, derive from activities around the temple and were undoubtedly thrown over the enclosing wall.. Their homogeneous date in the Late Archaic or possibly Early Classical times does not seem coincidental given the alleged date of the construction of both the peribolos and the temple.. Both burned and unburned fragments were present in the bone assemblage.. The osteological assemblage from this find spot is characterized by extreme fragmentation and the presence of burned as well as unburned bones.. A careful analysis of the bones and of the many soil samples taken from the trench will certainly give us new information about the nature of the cult of Poseidon on Kalaureia.. Excavations were also conducted to the south of the Hellenistic peribolos where we assumed the existence of both Archaic and Hellenistic retaining walls.. No such walls were found, however, most likely due to later disturbances.. The three column drums, found in the same area in 2007, were found to have mason's marks, which obviously indicate the order of assembly besides stating the signature of the master or the working team.. The votive column that the drums were intended for was never erected as all three drums are unfinished.. They lie embedded in an Archaic layer.. Their abandonment suggests again that the decades around 500 BC were times of turbulence or of profound changes in the Sanctuary of Poseidon.. Vertical photograph of area H with column drums and inscription blocks.. Nearby but on a stratigraphically higher level was found a complete inscription covering three separate blocks.. It  ...   dragged down to the area from the area around the temple in early modern times in order to be cut up and transported away.. More excavation in the area is needed in order to understand the function of the Hellenistic peribolos.. Area D.. Some of the most spectacular finds so far from the excavations on Kalaureia were made in an Archaic cistern to the north of Building D in 2004 and 2005.. Deposition of burned bones from animals such as dogs and snakes seems to suggest rituals in which these animals played a role in Late Hellenistic/Early Roman times.. A short excavation into another Archaic cistern next to the southernmost wall of Building E, in an area that was designed D19, revealed similar contents: a large amount of bones of dogs and possibly snakes were found among pieces of roof-tiles and architectural terracottas.. As more pottery has been found in this cistern than in the previously excavated one, we may be able to assess the date or durability of the suggested rituals.. Further excavation into the cistern is planned in 2009.. Area I.. The area was extended to the south in search of a wall delimiting the southernmost space of the series of rooms investigated in 2007.. A drain through this wall indicates that, at least at one point in time, the complex of rooms terminated here.. A further sunken bench and platforms probably for storage vessels were found in the room.. So far two chronological phases have been verified but bedrock has been reached only within the two deep, square storage basins, so the complex may be older yet.. Rectified photographs of southernmost room of Building I with drain at the bottom.. To the northeast of Area I, a large extension was made to try to define the eastern limits of the agglomeration of rooms.. Walls crossing each other are sure evidence of two building phases here as well.. Again, a drain through a wall belonging to the earliest of them tells us that the area to the east lay outside the building.. At one time the complex of rooms in Area I may have been entered from the north.. Area I proved larger and more complicated than we had expected and therefore we plan to continue briefly here in 2009.. Rectified photographs of northeastern section of Building I.. In 2007 we seemed to be able to distinguish different activities in the rooms investigated at that time.. To a certain extent this is true after the 2008 season, even though we have not excavated all rooms to the same level.. The southernmost room has two deep built storage basins, which must have survived changes in the lay-out of the building and in the next room we found a cooking facility in one corner with a deep pit in front of it filled with ashes and broken cooking-pots.. However, the objects found in the rooms so far do not differ considerably from room to room.. Besides large amounts of pot sherds, every room contained a number of loom-weights, weights, bronze coins, fish hooks, lead net sinkers, fragments of lamps and masses of broken tiles.. Building I may thus have housed a number of activities such as commerce, preparations of food and storage.. We believe it was an ancillary building, which mediated activities between the city and the sanctuary at a point in time when it was surely an important meeting place.. These activities did not change much over time in contrast to the deposits we have excavated within the sanctuary.. They rather depict specific events in its history..

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  • Title: The excavations of 2009 | The Kalaureia Research Program
    Descriptive info: October 22, 2010 - 12:01 — admin.. Fig.. 1.. In keeping with the overall goals of the Kalaureia Research Program, the 2009 excavations at the Sanctuary of Poseidon still focused on the areas where investigations have been ongoing since 2007: Area H to the southeast of the Temple of Poseidon and Area I at the entrance to the present-day archaeological site (Fig.. 1).. In Area H we expected to have finds pertaining to the cult of Poseidon as well as to establish the border of the sanctuary towards the east.. In Area I the aim was to further investigate the character of the activities at a location close to the entrance of a major sanctuary of the ancient Greeks.. Smaller-scale excavations were conducted inside the peribolos of the Temple of Poseidon, inside and outside Building A and in a cistern named D019 next to Building E.. The following report is based on preliminary studies of the finds and personal communications with various specialists in the Kalaureia team.. In Area I the previously excavated area was extended towards the southeast in Area I005 and deep excavation was conducted primarily in Area I004 in the southwestern part of the area.. A wall in the latter area has a different orientation from the later building in the area and would, together with another wall in the easternmost part of Area I, seem to belong to the earliest phase of activity.. Some pottery and a couple of coins point to dates in the 6th and 5th centuries BC.. In the next phase a regular building with large, rectangular rooms and possibly an open courtyard in the east was erected in the area.. A coin hoard, found against the foundation of one of its walls, contained 12 coins of the local Kalaureian mint, one illegible coin and one from Troizen datable to the later part of the 3rd century BC.. An almost complete mold-made relief bowl was found nearby and can probably be connected with the hoard (Fig.. 2).. 2.. The lay-out of the building as well as the character of pottery and other finds indicate that the building was originally a residential one.. At some point during the 1st century BC a number of internal structures, such as an oven and various storage facilities were added to the building, and at least one of its rooms was divided into two by means of an internal wall.. Signs of repair in some of the walls also suggest that the original building had previously suffered some damage, although there are no signs of fire.. Among the finds from this phase are many tools and weights as well as a large number of coins.. This suggests a commercial use for the building.. Finds among the collapsed roof of the building date its destruction to the second half of the 1st century AD.. A number of rubble wall foundations close to the present-day surface point to activities in the area in later Roman times and perhaps also in Late Antiquity, as a 7th century AD  ...   was excavated to the southeast of the temenos wall and thus outside of it.. The finds are preliminarily interpreted as cult refuse thrown out from the sanctuary when the wall was built.. Remains of a large bronze vessel found within ashy soil and with animal bones and corroded iron knives and daggers scattered around it perhaps constitutes evidence of a ritual carried out at the same point in time.. The peribolos of the Temple of Poseidon.. Inside the peribolos, nothing but the foundation trenches remain of the temple that was once there.. The objectives of the 2009 excavations in the area were to establish the dimensions of the foundations, and, if possible, the level of the krepidoma.. Both objectives were reached, and the contrasting interpretations made by Wide and Kjellberg in 1894 and Welter in the 1930s can therefore be corrected..  A large number of roof-tiles, found in one of the excavated trenches (Fig.. 4) now constitute new evidence of the design of the Late Archaic temple.. 4.. A number of earlier Archaic roof-tiles may point to the existence of an earlier tiled structure in the area.. Building A.. Building A, the most well-preserved of the three stoas in the Sanctuary of Poseidon, has previously been dated to the late 5th century BC based on the preserved Doric capital of the exterior order.. However, the closest parallel to the unusual interior Ionic base comes from the Hypostyle Hall at Argos (450–425 BC).. 5.. In 2009 excavations were conducted both outside and inside Building A in order to establish its chronology (Fig.. 5).. Outside of the building parts of its lime-stone geison was found in situ as it had fallen, whereas other architectural members of hard lime-stone had obviously been cut into smaller pieces at some later stage to be re-used in other buildings or burned to lime.. Inside the building, the progress of excavation into its floor level was slowed by the find of an internal structure.. The excavations will be continued in 2010, and as the finds are still under study, no conclusive results can yet be presented.. Â.. 6.. A lone, Hadrianic coin (Fig.. 6), found outside of the building in a 1894 excavation dump may suggest that the building was still in use in the early part of the 2nd century AD.. Cistern D019.. Excavations in the cistern situated immediately to the south of the southernmost wall of Building E (Fig.. 1) were continued to a level of c.. 5 m from the present-day surface.. The existence of a subterranean gallery between this cistern and the one excavated previously in the same area was confirmed, but the excavation was halted for security reasons at that point.. The finds from the fill, still under study, display the same characteristics as the finds from the previously excavated cistern.. Animal bones, such as of dogs and snakes, were discovered, as well as a large number of roof-tiles and architectural terracottas.. Among the latter, a 5th-century BC sima, presumably from Building E, is prominent (Fig.. 7).. 7..

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  • Title: The excavations of 2010 | The Kalaureia Research Program
    Descriptive info: November 23, 2010 - 17:10 — admin.. Plan of the excavations in 2010, E.. The Swedish Institute at Athens continued the excavations in the Sanctuary of Poseidon at Kalaureia in 2010, now under direction of Arto Penttinen, in the framework of a larger research program titled The Sea, the city and the god.. Within the program an important Greek sanctuary is studied in its maritime setting using a multitude of scientific and other approaches.. The archaeological fieldwork in 2010 aimed at bringing to a conclusion some of the investigations, which had been commenced previously at various locations both inside and outside of the sanctuary proper (Fig.. ).. Reconstruction model, J.. Pakkanen.. Excavations in Area I, at the entrance to the archaeological site but outside of the sanctuary, have been ongoing since 2007.. In antiquity the area housed a fairly large building, which has been dated to the later Hellenistic and Early Roman times.. In its initial phase, the building was a two-storey house with room units on the three sides of an open court-yard in the east (Fig.. This corresponds well with well-known Hellenistic types of residential buildings.. Fishing implements from Building I, S.. Bocher.. In the next phase, which has been dated to the 1st century BC, some of the room units were divided into two, and installations for storage and processing of agricultural produce and food were added into others.. A rich assemblage of mammal, bird and fish bones, of seashells, of several hundreds carbonized olive stones and also ash and charcoal from hearths reflect these activities.. Among the finds from this period, the large amount of various fishing implements is striking (Fig.. This may suggest that the building now had a mixed residential and commercial function or that the social status of its residents had somehow changed.. The small-scale excavation conducted in one of the rooms in the southern part of the building in 2010 aimed at producing a stratigraphical sequence for the main phases of the building.. The attempt was met with some success, as two discrete floor levels were found with finds such as various metal implements and lamps in situ (Fig.. Lamp.. Drawing A.. Hooton.. The investigations in the area need to continue, however, as substantial remains of an earlier building were found underneath the Hellenistic levels.. Building E in the westernmost part of the sanctuary has been considered its entrance building or propylaion.. The large-scale work conducted in the building in 2010 aimed at removing soils and rubble that had been deposited on top of the building since the 1894 excavations in order to facilitate a renewed study of its architecture (Fig.. Building E.. Rectyfied photography and map, E.. The width of the building's eastern wall and the southernmost part of its western wall now seems to suggest that the building had an open colonnade facing the open space in the middle of the sanctuary, whereas its facade towards the west was only open at the entrance to the building.. The building technique suggests a date in the late  ...   the other finds, a folded bronze vessel and three small gold discs, probably used as jewelry or adornment of clothes, stand out (Fig.. 8.. A folded bronze vessel and gold discs, S.. All were found in mixed Archaic/Mycenaean levels.. More excavation is needed in the area for both reasons cited above.. Yet it seems safe to assume that we here have the remains of a short-lived settlement, which post-dates the collapse of the Mycenaean palace society.. Extensive analyses of the recovered environmental material will shed further light on living conditions on a Greek island towards the end of the Bronze Age.. Finally, the excavation into cistern F04 (Area D019), which was begun in 2009, was concluded in the fall of 2010, as the bottom of the cistern was reached at a depth of c.. The circular shaft of the cistern has plastered walls and a diameter of c.. 0.. 85 m.. Its bottom has a moulding around a circular depression, which is obviously designed to catch silt (Fig.. 9a.. A tunnel, 1.. 6 – 1.. 8 m high and 0.. 55 – 0,65 m wide, leads from the cistern towards cistern F03 in the east, which was excavated in 2004 – 2005, and published in Opuscula Atheniensia 2006 – 2007 (Fig.. 9b.. 9.. Cistern F04.. Its bottom (left) and the entrance to the tunnel (right), P.. Klingborg.. Similar systems of interconnected cisterns are well-known in Greece, but their uses merit further studies.. Cistern F04 is obviously contemporaneous with the main phase of Building E, which has now been assigned a date around 500BC, whereas the previously excavated cistern F03 is in the context of Stoa D with a similar date.. In the fill of F04 were found large amounts of roof-tiles as well as animal bones, sea-shells and other environmental materials.. The pottery suggests a date for the final abandonment of the cistern in an advanced stage of the 1st century BC.. However, an assemblage of iron objects and pottery with an earlier Hellenistic date, which were found near the bottom of the cistern, indicates an earlier episode of objects being dumped into the cistern.. Finds from the excavations in the sanctuary are being studied all year in the Poros Museum in view of publication in near future.. Conservation of objects also takes place there.. On the archaeological site, some of the recovered structures have been covered by temporary roofs, and measures of emergency conservation have been taken at some of the structures in co-operation with the 26th Ephorate of Classical and Pre-historic antiquities at Peiraeus (Fig.. 10).. 10.. A protective roof being constructed next to the peribolos of the Temple of Poseidon, M.. It is also among the program's objectives to keep the local community informed about the work being conducted in the sanctuary.. This has been done through guided tours on the site and an exhibition of photographs in Poros town.. In August a full-moon concert with classical music was organized for the second time in co-operation with the Ephorate and the Municipality of Poros..

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  • Title: The excavations of 2011 | The Kalaureia Research Program
    Descriptive info: February 14, 2012 - 17:41 — admin.. The Swedish Institute at Athens continued the excavations in the Sanctuary of Poseidon at Kalaureia in 2011 under direction of Arto Penttinen, in the framework of a larger research program titled The Sea, the city and the god.. The archaeological fieldwork in 2011 aimed at bringing to a conclusion some of the investigations, which had been commenced previously at various locations both inside and outside of the sanctuary proper.. Plan of the excavations in 2011, E.. In Antiquity the area housed a fairly large building, which has been dated to the later Hellenistic and Early Roman times.. In its initial phase, the building was a two-storey house with room units on the three sides of an open court-yard in the east.. The hellenistic building in Area I.. In the small-scale excavation conducted in the eastern part of the area in 2011, it was realized that the Hellenistic building had been constructed on top of one, if not several buildings, dating to the 5th and 4th centuries BC.. In the east, the Classical building plot is delimited by a well-built terrace wall in the east, which is preserved to a height of c.. 1 m.. Wall 62 in Area I.. J.. Habetzeder.. As the remains from the Classical period are superimposed by thick accumulations from the Hellenistic period, finds from the Classical period are scarce so far.. An interesting feature among them is a well-built drain leading to a kopron in of the buildings.. This feature will be further investigated in 2012.. The excavations in the building, and the documentation of its architecture were concluded in 2011.. The width of the building's eastern wall and the southernmost part of its western wall now seems to suggest, that the building had an open colonnade facing the open space in the middle of the sanctuary, whereas its facade towards the west was only open at the entrance to the building.. Work towards a digital reconstruction of the building is ongoing.. New investigations were conducted in the area in 2010 and 2011, partly as the presence of Bronze Age materials in different parts of the site has become more substantial since then, partly because excavation in the area was deemed necessary due to the poor state of preservation of the peribolos wall.. As a result, parts  ...   of the Mycenaean palace society.. Extensive analyses of the recovered environmental material can shed further light on living conditions on a Greek island towards the end of the Bronze Age.. In Building A, a stoa from the 5th century BC, a trench was opened in the northeastern corner of the structure in 2009.. The excavation in that trench was concluded in 2011, and a new trench was opened in the northwestern corner of the building.. In the latter trench, a layer of fallen roof-tiles was recovered and examined.. Vertical photography of the layer of roof-tiles.. Even though many of the roof-tiles could be restored almost complete, it seems that the layer of roof-tiles was tampered with at some later stage, and that some, flimsy structures were erected on top of the tiles.. Roof tiles from Building A.. -F.. Billot.. Finds from underneath the tile layer have been preliminarily dated to the 2nd century BC, which would seem to mean that Building A was for some reason destructed at an early stage in the history of the sanctuary, and was then allowed to remain as a ruin in its midst.. This is an interesting hypothesis that merits further investigation.. The excavations in Building A will continue in 2012.. In co-operation with KST’ Ephorate, the western peribolos of the Temple of Poseidon was conservated and consolidated, so that it no longer poses a danger to the visitors’ safety.. The peribolos wall before and after conservation.. M.. Friden and J.. Outside of the sanctuary, where the ancient city of Kalaureia is located, and area which has been expropriated by the Archaeological Service was cleared of vegetation, so that the archaeological remains there, including the remains of the city wall, are now visible.. Remains of a tower in the city wall of Kalaureia.. C.. In the Archeological Museum of Poros, finds were conservated and studied throughout the year.. An extensive publication of the Hellenistic and Roman phases in Building I, which includes analyses of both the artifacts and the bio-archaeological remains, will be handed in for publication in December 2011.. In 2012, a final publication of the investigations at Kalaureia in 2003 – 2005, and reports of the Bronze Age remains, described above, and on Archaic pottery from the area of Temple of Poseidon, are foreseen.. Digital Terrain Model of the archaeological site..

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  • Title: Kalaureia in the present | The Kalaureia Research Program
    Descriptive info: September 25, 2007 - 19:25 — admin.. See and comment on our photoblog at:Â.. kalaureiainthepresent.. org.. Principal investigators:.. Yannis Hamilakis..                                     Â.. Aris Anagnostopoulos.. Archaeology has, over the last decades, come to realise that its practice is far from neutral.. Instead, it is a contested terrain, rife with attempts to reclaim the past for political, personal or communal purposes that sometimes fall outside the scope of academic archaeologies.. Archaeologists have attempted to address the multitude of voices and alternative explanations offered by diverse groups and individuals and incorporate these in the archaeological process.. Many original projects in different archaeological sites all over the world have incorporated local knowledge to enrich archaeological practices, and have simultaneously enhanced local engagement in producing and interpreting archaeological knowledge.. Archaeologists have come to understand that their way of approaching the past is only one among many valid ways of doing so.. Local ‘alternative archaeologies’, that is non-official engagements with the material past and their bewildering variety of methods, notions and valuations, are precisely what this part of the project is trying to explore.. 20th century graffiti (with personal initials, dates and ages) on an ancient architectural block from the sanctuary of Poseidon.. Y.. Hamilakis.. We will be involved in a long-term ethnographic study of Poros, combining the time-honed methods  ...   communities and the Kalaureia project itself.. To this end, we are planning to implement a series of activities, talks and publications that will stem from our deeper ethnographic understanding of the locality, its desires and needs, its understanding of the materiality of the past in the present.. The goal is to establish channels of communication between archaeologists and various local and trans-local communities, from the inhabitants of Poros and the surrounding area, to tourists, and to the interested public which can experience the site through various means, from print publication to the internet.. Central to this attempt will be the site of the Poseidon sanctuary itself, and we will try to mediate between excavators and the interested public, to achieve appropriate access and presentation of the finds.. Simultaneously, however, we aim to bring to the fore local knowledge of the ancient past in the greater area, and attempt to elaborate on this knowledge in order to broaden ‘orthodox’ archaeological approaches..  We welcome any suggestion and comment from the interested public, and we would like to hear from people who have visited the site:.. --What is your knowledge, views, ideas, impressions and feelings about it?.. --Have you heard of any stories and legends associated with the site?.. --How can we make this site more accessible and open to the public, and how can we incorporate some of the local knowledge about it into its exhibition and presentation?.. If you can help, please email Aris Anagnostopoulos at.. a.. anagnostopoulos@soton.. ac.. uk..

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  • Title: Visiting the site | The Kalaureia Research Program
    Descriptive info: September 26, 2007 - 01:54 — admin.. Getting there.. Poros is an island on the eastern coast of the Argolid.. You can get there from Piraeus either by boat (approximately two and a half hours) or aboard one of the ‘Flying Dolphins’( a little over an hour) or the Cats (an hour an twenty minutes).. If you are thinking of driving to Poros, then you should follow the Athens-Korinthos motorway and make a left after the isthmus of Korinth to the direction of Epidavros.. Once past Epidavros, follow the new road to Kalloni, and from there to Galatas, which is the village directly opposite the island of Poros.. From Galatas the ferry will carry you and your car across in five minutes.. You should allow approximately two hours for the car ride from Athens to Poros.. Alternatively, you can take the coach from Stathmo Peloponnisou.. There is a coach every half an hour or every hour on most days.. For more information, you can.. visit.. The island of Spheria with the town of Poros.. D.. Suy.. All it takes to find the sanctuary of Poseidon is to follow the road that leads to the north of the island in the direction of the gulf of Vayionia.. Nearing Vayionia, the road forks, and you should turn right and follow the road that keeps climbing the hill and brings you in front of the sanctuary.. Alternatively, you could circle the island, past the beach of Askeli, and turn left where the road forks near the monastery of Zoodochos Pigi, in a NE direction.. The Sanctuary is situated on top of the hill  ...   visible indication that such a construction ever existed is a rectangular ditch on the ground where the foundations must have laid.. The stones of the temple were carted off, possibly to be used in the construction of some monastery on Poros or a nearby island.. The surviving wall was not part of the temple proper, but marked the limit of its courtyard.. The site of the sanctuary had been in use for centuries in the past.. There were, however, much more.. modern uses.. Past excavators have left visible traces of their presence in the area.. See if you can locate the nearby stone buildings used by the team of the first Swedish excavator Samuel Wide, which gave the area its local name (.. tou Samouili.. ).. Within the site, you may find traces of a farmstead that was in use until the 1970s by a family of resin collectors.. An interesting feature of the remains of the sanctuary is the graffiti, both ancient and modern, that can still be seen on some parts of the stone walls.. In the early summer months, the site offers the unique opportunity to encounter the full archaeological team at work.. The interested visitor can watch archaeologists at work during May and a good part of June each year.. The members of the team are approachable and more than happy to chat with the public.. Please note that as the new excavation brings to light vulnerable material, the archaeologists have cordoned off some sensitive areas.. We would encourage you to follow the signs on site in order to enjoy the findings from a safe distance.. YH..

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  • Title: Activities | The Kalaureia Research Program
    Descriptive info: Lectures.. Conferences.. September 25, 2007 - 19:27 — admin.. Meeting with the team.. B.. Wells..

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  • Title: Publications | The Kalaureia Research Program
    Descriptive info: List.. Filter.. Export 17 results:[.. Tagged.. ][.. XML.. BibTex.. ].. Sort by:[.. Year.. Title.. Type.. Author.. 2010.. A smiting-god-figurine found in the Sanctuary of Poseidon at Kalaureia.. ,.. Wells, B.. , Opuscula, Volume 2, 2009, p.. 143-149, (2010).. Export:.. A new inscribed statue base from the Sanctuary of Poseidon at Kalaureia.. Wallensten, J.. 155-165, (2010).. A tale of three drums: an unfinished Archaic votive column in the Sanctuary of Poseidon at Kalaureia.. Pakkanen, J.. 167-179, (2010).. Report on the excavations to the southeast of the Temple to Poseidon at Kalaureia in 2007 and 2008.. Penttinen, A.. , Wells B.. et al.. 89-141, (2010).. 2009.. Archaeological Ethnographies.. Hamilakis, Y.. and Anagnostopoulos, A.. (eds).. , Public Archaeology, Volume 8 (2-3), London, (2009).. Abstract.. Postcards from the Edge of Time: Archaeology, Photography, Archaeological Ethnography (A Photo-Essay).. , Anagnostopoulos, A.. , Ifandidis, F.. , Archaeological Ethnographies: Charting a field, devising methodologies, Volume 8 (2 - 3), p.. 283–309, (2009).. What is Archaeological Ethnography?.. , Archaeological Ethnographies: Charting a field, devising methodologies, Volume 8 (2-3), p.. 65 - 87, (2009).. 2008.. Documentation and computer reconstruction strategies in the study of architecture at the sanctuary of Poseidon at Kalaureia, Greece.. Jari Pakkanen.. , Workshop  ...   2, p.. 233 - 266, (2008).. The Kalaureia Excavation Project: The 2004 and 2005 seasons.. ;.. A.. Penttinnen.. Hjohlman.. K.. Göransson.. Karivieri and M.. Trifirò.. , Opuscula Atheniensia, Volume 31-32, p.. 31-129, (2008).. 2007.. Fishing traditions and innovations in the inner and coastal waters in Northern Greece.. , K.. Moustakas and M.. Koutrakis.. , Aquatic Biological Resources and Ecosystems: management, utilisation and protection, 27/09/2007, Mytilene, p.. 5 - 9, (2007).. Defining cult site.. Theoretical observations on the nature of religion at the Sanctuary of Kalaureia on Poros, Greece’.. , Anodos.. Studies of the Ancient World, Volume 6-7, p.. 343-353, (2007).. 2005.. The Kalaureia Excavation Project: The 2003 season.. Penttinen et al.. , Opuscula Atheniensia, Volume 30, p.. 127-215, (2005).. 2004.. Investigations in the Sanctuary of Poseidon on Kalaureia, 1997-2001.. Penttinen.. , Opuscula Atheniensia, Volume 28, p.. 29-87, (2004).. 2003.. Some reflections on the sanctuary of Poseidon at Kalaureia in the Bronze Age.. Hägg, R.. , ARGOSARONIKOS.. 1st International conference on the history and archaeology of the Argo-Saronic Gulf, Volume 1, Athen, (2003).. The sanctuary of Poseidon at Kalaureia.. The investigations of 1997.. 1st International conference on the history and archaeology of the Argo-Saronic Gulf, Volume 1, p.. 337-347, (2003)..

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