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    Archived pages: 161 . Archive date: 2013-08.

  • Title: Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies (JIMS)
    Descriptive info: .. JIMS wins 2012 Templeton Freedom Award for Excellence in Promoting Liberty.. Sen.. Rand Paul Speaking at the Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies on US Aid to the Middle East.. Does the Middle East Need U.. S.. Aid? Implications for Israeli Security and Prosperity.. Check Out our Jpost Editorial Series!.. Latest News.. Study Reveals: Until July 14th Israel Government Keeps Average Israeli's Paycheck.. Israel Among Poorest Achievers in Developed Countries With 54 % Of Annual Income Going Into Government's Coffers.. On Sunday, July 14th, the Israel will commemorate national "Tax Freedom Day.. " This calendar date is based on a study carried out by the Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies (JIMS) that determines the day on which the average Israeli completes paying off the year's tax burden and begins to earn or save personal expendable income.. The specific date each year is computed based on an internationally accepted formula where all taxes paid to the government (local and national) are then divided by the Net National Income.. That figure is then divided by the number of days per year to determine the date.. Read the Press Coverage.. High Investment in Education, Low Achievements.. Israeli teachers' salaries and investment in education in Israel are higher than the OECD average, but student achievement is lower and the gap between strong and weak students is bigger.. Such are the findings of a position paper published June 25 by the Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies (JIMS).. "Many believe that teachers' salaries in Israel are low", says Renana Leviani, who authored the paper for JIMS.. "However, an international comparison of teachers' salaries relative to the salaries of other college educated workers reveals that the Israeli teacher is actually better paid than teachers abroad.. ".. Raising Corporate Tax Will Hamper Growth.. According to a position paper by the Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies (JIMS), the corporate tax rate in Israel is higher than in similar-sized countries such as Sweden, Finland  ...   Market Studies (JIMS) recommends transferring the responsibility for national poverty measurement from the Institute for National Insurance (Bituach Leumi) to a more objective institution, such as the Central Bureau of Statistics or the Bank of Israel.. JIMS notes several problems in the information recently published by Bituach Leumi in its annual "Report on the dimensions of poverty and social inequalities" for 2011.. "The report does not provide a reliable picture that policymakers can use to develop the most efficient policy to tackle poverty," says Yarden Gazit, a JIMS research fellow who authored the paper.. Employment for Israeli Seniors Worth a Potential NIS 6.. 4 Billion.. Approximately 30 percent of senior citizens in Israel who are not working are able to work, and their net total employment would be worth NIS 6.. 4 billion in income, according to a new study by the Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies (JIMS).. "The agenda in Israel is focused on raising the employment rate in the Haredi and Arab sectors, or in the whole country.. Senior citizens are ignored, though many of them want to work and many of them were working until they were forced or encouraged not to," said Keren Harel-Harari.. The study, "Senior Citizens: A Great Unexploited Reservoir of Human Resources," was authored by JIMS analysts Keren Harel-Harari and Zev Golan.. LATEST PRESS RELEASES.. End of School Year Report Card for the Education System: High Investment in Education, Low Achievements.. Download the English PR.. LATEST POSITION PAPERS.. Education System.. Download the Report (Hebrew).. Corporate Tax.. JIMS-CSJE Inaugural Lecture by Nobel Laureate Robert Aumann.. Virtual Library.. The CSJE virtual library.. contains a large collection of studies touching upon Judaism and Economics.. This bibliography is the first resource of its kind in the world.. Visit the Library.. British MEP Dan Hannan speaks at JIMS on Israel-EU relations.. Sign Up for the JIMS Newsletter.. Email:.. For.. Email Marketing.. you can trust.. Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies 2007.. Created by WDI..

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  • Title: JIMS - Donate Today
    Descriptive info: Highlights.. Check out our Jpost editorial series!.. Latest Video.. Rand Paul speaking at the Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies.. Support Us.. Support the Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies' (JIMS) mission of promoting social progress in Israel through economic freedom and individual liberty.. Sponsorship is one way you can help make Israel freer and stronger.. Together we can unleash Israel's potential and make Israel a better place to live.. JIMS is a tax-exempt organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.. U.. citizens will find  ...   foundations and corporations.. JIMS does not seek nor accept government support of any type and does not represent any vested interests or political parties.. When you support JIMS, you are not merely supporting our mission, you become part of JIMS.. You will be sent the latest JIMS publications, reports, newsletters, and invitations to JIMS events.. Please help support our work and become a JIMS Sponsor today.. JIMS Membership Fee Schedule:.. Introductory ($25-$99).. Friend ($100-$499).. Sustaining ($500-$999).. Patron ($1,000-$4,999).. Benefactor ($5,000-$24,999).. JIMS Founder's Circle ($25,000 or more)..

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  • Title: Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies (JIMS)
    Descriptive info: JIMS זכה בפרס טמפלטון 2012 על מצוינות בקידום חירות.. הסנטור ראנד פול מדבר במכון ירושלים לחקר שווקים על סיוע החוץ של ארה"ב למזרח התיכון.. האם המזרח התיכון זקוק לסיוע של ארה"ב? השלכות על הביטחון והשגשוג בישראל.. Check out our Jpost.. editorial page!.. ספרייה וירטואלית.. הספרייה הוירטואלית של המרכז לכלכלה ויהדות מכילה אוסף נרחב של מחקרים הנוגעים לחשיבה כלכלית ביהדות.. זהו המאגר הביבליוגראפי הראשון מסוגו בעולם.. בקרו בספרייה.. מחקרים אחרונים.. מחקר מגלה: משכורתו של הישראלי הממוצע תישאר בידי הממשלה עד ה-14 ביולי.. 54% מההכנסה השנתית זורמת לקופת המדינה וממקמת את ישראל בתחתית סולם המדינות המפותחות.. ביום א', 14.. 7.. 13, יצוין בישראל "יום העצמאות ממס.. " תאריך זה מבוסס על מחקר שערך מכון ירושלים לחקר שווקים, הקובע את התאריך שבו הישראלי הממוצע מסיים לשלם את נטל המס השנתי הרובץ עליו ומתחיל להשתכר או לחסוך את הכנסתו האישית הפנויה.. התאריך המדויק שבו מסתיימים תשלומי המס מדי שנה מחושב על-פי נוסחה המקובלת בעולם ולפיה סך המסים המשולמים לרשויות המדינה (המקומיות והארציות) מחולק בהכנסה הלאומית נטו.. את הסכום המתקבל מחלקים במספר הימים בשנה כדי לקבוע את יום העצמאות ממס לאותה שנה.. נייר העמדה בתקשורת.. לקראת החופש הגדול: ההשקעה בחינוך גבוהה, ההישגים נמוכים.. שכר המורים וההשקעה בחינוך בישראל גבוהים מהממוצע במדינות ה- OECD , אך למרות זאת ההישגים נמוכים יותר והפערים גדולים יותר.. כך עולה מנייר עמדה הסוקר את מערכת החינוך הישראלית בהשוואה למדינות מפותחות.. הנייר פורסם ב26.. 6 על ידי מכון ירושלים לחקר שווקים לרגל תחילת החופש הגדול.. "רבים סבורים כי שכר המורים בישראל נמוך", אומרת רננה לויאני, אשר חיברה את הנייר עבור מכון ירושלים לחקר שווקים, "אולם השוואה בינלאומית מראה כי שכר המורים ביחס לשכרם של עובדים אחרים בעלי השכלה אקדמית גבוה".. כך למשל, השכר הממוצע של מורה בתיכון בישראל עומד על כ 29%- מהשכר הממוצע בקרב עובדים בעלי תואר ראשון במדינה, לעומת ממוצע של 29% ב- OECD.. בקרב המורים בחטיבות הביניים ובבתי הספר היסודיים עומד השכר על 78% ו 78%- מהשכר הממוצע בקרב בעלי תואר ראשון, בהתאמה, לעומת ממוצע של 78% ו 79%- ב- OECD.. העלאת מס החברות תפגע בצמיחה.. על פי מחקר של מכון ירושלים לחקר שווקים שיעור מיסוי החברות בישראל גבוה בין השאר משיעור המיסוי בשבדיה, פינלנד ושוויץ, ואינו מפצה על החסרונות של הסביבה העסקית בישראל עבור משקיעים זרים.. העלאת מס החברות המתוכננת על ידי משרד האוצר תפגע בצמיחה במשק יותר מאשר קיצוצים בתקציב הממשלה או העלאת  ...   ברור, תמציתי ומשעשע של עקרונות יסוד בכלכלה.. מעתה יוכלו גם קוראי העברית ליהנות מכתיבתו החדה והסאטירית של בסטייה, ולהשכיל.. סיוע לעניים מתחיל ממדידה מדויקת של עוני.. מכון ירושלים לחקר שווקים ממליץ להעביר את תפקיד "מעריך העוני הלאומי" מידי הביטוח הלאומי אל גוף אובייקטיבי יותר, כגון הלמ"ס או בנק ישראל.. המכון מציין שורה של בעיות בנתונים שפרסם לאחרונה המוסד לביטוח לאומי ב"דו"ח ממדי העוני והפערים החברתיים" לשנת 2011.. "דו"ח הביטוח הלאומי אינו מספק תמונה אמינה אשר קובעי מדיניות יכולים להסיק ממנה מסקנות בדבר המדיניות היעילה ביותר לטיפול בעוני", אומר ירדן גזית, עמית מחקר במכון ירושלים לחקר שווקים אשר חיבר את הנייר.. דוגמה אחת לנתונים בעייתיים היא סוגיית העניים העובדים, אשר זכתה לסיקור תקשורתי נרחב.. הביטוח הלאומי מודד את תחולת העוני בקרב משפחות עובדות, אולם על פי המכון גם מי שעבד שעה אחת בלבד בשלושת החודשים שקדמו לסקר מוגדר כעובד.. כך מקובצים תחת קטגוריית "העניים העובדים" כאלה שעבדו במשרות מלאות לכל אורך השנה יחד עם אנשים שעבדו שעה אחת בלבד במשך השנה.. "זה מקל על הביטוח הלאומי לטעון, שעבודה אינה מוציאה אנשים מעוני", אמר גזית.. פוטנציאל ל-6.. 4 מיליארד ש"ח מהעסקת קשישים בישראל.. כ-30% מגילאי 65+ שאינם עובדים מסוגלים לעבוד, ואילו הועסקו כולם, היו מייצרים הכנסות של 6.. 4 מיליארד ש"ח, כך עולה ממחקר של מכון ירושלים לחקר שווקים שפורסם היום בירושלים.. המחקר, "אזרחים ותיקים: המאגר הגדול ביותר של משאבי האנוש הלא מנוצלים", נערך על ידי קרן הראל-הררי וזאב גולן.. "השיח הציבורי בישראל מתמקד בבעיות התעסוקה של החרדים והערבים או של כלל האוכלוסייה, מבלי לומר מפורשות שיש מגזר נוסף, אשר רבים מחבריו רוצים לעבוד, והם כבר הוכיחו שהינם מסוגלים לעבוד, ובכל זאת – נאלצים שלא לעבוד.. מדובר באוכלוסיית המבוגרים, בני 65 ומעלה", על פי קרן הראל-הררי.. מתוך יותר מ-700 אלף קשישים בישראל, כ-70% הביעו התעניינות בהמשך עבודה.. המכון הביא בחשבון את גורמי הבריאות, האבטלה והבדלי התעסוקה בין גברים לנשים וזיהה מאגר של כ-219,800 קשישים - כ-30% מהאוכלוסייה המבוגרת - שהם בעלי פוטנציאל להשתתף בכוח העבודה למרות שאינם משתתפים היום.. דואר אלקטרוני.. *.. שם.. הודעות לעיתונות.. משכורתו של הישראלי הממוצע תישאר בידי הממשלה עד ה-14 ביולי.. להורדת ההודעה.. ניירות עמדה.. תקציב החינוך, ארגוני מורים ובירוקרטיה.. להורדת נייר העמדה.. מיסוי חברות: ישראל והעולם.. זוכה פרס נובל ישראל אומן בהרצאת הפתיחה של המרכז לכלכלה ויהדות של מכון ירושלים לחקר שווקים.. חבר הפרלמנט האירופי דן הנן מסביר מדוע ישראל מתקשה לקבל יחס הוגן בבריסל..

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  • Title: Jpost Editorials
    Descriptive info: Jpost Editorials.. Open Skies is good news!.. Jpost, April 29th, 2013.. Now that Israel’s airline strike is over and the government’s “Open Skies” policy, allowing competition in flights to Europe, is moving forward, Israelis can enjoy a small victory.. The fact that El Al and other Israeli companies were able to coerce the government into paying for almost all their security expenses is however a victory for chutzpah.. A good number of people fly El Al not because of the outstanding flight service, the comfort of the planes or Hebrew-speaking attendants, but because of a feeling of tighter security.. Security is a selling point and a marketing asset for El Al, just as leg room is for Qantas or low prices for EasyJet.. Without this security edge, El Al might well lose many of its customers.. Is it a fair outcome of an airline strike intended to prevent competition to have taxpayers, some of whom never use El Al, pay for most of its security costs and its marketing niche? Would it be fair for the government to subsidize kosher meals on flights, or more comfortable seats? The fact is that El Al’s employees have no moral case for opposing the implementation of the Open Skies agreement.. To Read More.. Economic policy isn’t baseball, it’s war.. Jpost, April 24th, 2013.. Capitalism vs socialism is the modern term for the battle between freedom and control, or responsibility and being cared for, or liberty and totalitarianism.. Sweden performs exceptionally well according to the "Better Life Index" published by the OECD, outranking Israel in almost all categories, including income per capita, housing conditions, life expectancy, environment, life satisfaction and education.. French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre wrote that man is condemned to freedom.. He does not choose to be born or free; he is condemned to it by fate or God or chance.. The person who is free is needless to say responsible for himself, his choices, and what amounts to his fate.. Many people, not having asked for this responsibility, or frightened by it, flee from it.. Some want to lose their individuality in larger groups such as an economic “class” or a social sector – any group in which their failures will be forgiven and in which they will not have to bear responsibility for their opinions or the heavy decisions of their lives.. Education reforms in Israel: Let's look at Sweden.. Jpost, March 6th, 2013.. Sweden is often portrayed as the epitome of a perfect social-democratic society.. Israeli media and politicians love to cite Sweden as an egalitarian and socialist model that works, achieving economic growth along with social equality.. In education, Sweden received a score of 8.. 1 out of 10 while Israel scored 4.. 9.. On average Swedes are more educated than Israelis (18.. 9 years vs.. 15.. 5 for Israel), perform better on international standardized tests, and the average difference in results between the top 20 percent and lowest 20% income classes is much less marked than in Israel, suggesting that the Swedish model provides a more equal access to highquality education than the Israeli one.. So how is it that the Swedes succeed in educating all their children better and at the same time attaining greater equality of opportunity through education? It is true that Sweden spends more public money than Israel per pupil; however, Israeli households pay much more than the Swedes.. Education expenditures not covered by the government were 22% of the total expenditure on education in Israel and less than 3% in Sweden.. According to OECD statistics, taking into account public and private expenditures on education (not including R&D expenses), Sweden spends approximately 8% more per student than Israel.. Government tells Israelis: 'Behave - or else'.. Jpost, February 26th, 2013.. Now that the elections are over and the new Knesset members sworn in, is it okay to complain? I don't want to complain about the results of the elections or the process of coalition-forming, nor do I want to complain about what some politician's wife wore to the Knesset's opening ceremony.. My complaint is against unnecessary and expensive government advertising campaigns that try to teach us citizens to behave ourselves.. The "complaining police" campaign calling citizens to vote on pain of losing their "right to complain" was certainly amusing.. The problems lies not in the talent of the advertisers at the Government Advertising Bureau (GAB), but in the fact that the government grants them NIS 400 million of our money annually, most of which goes to campaigns that try to teach us to behave ourselves.. Only recently the government launched several campaigns targeted at convincing us to behave the way it wants: to vote, to purchase goods made in Israel, to report our income, to use contraceptive methods, and to recycle.. Governments throughout the world have successfully implemented measures to increase voter turnout: allowing university students to vote on campus rather than at stations near their permanent address, allowing citizens who are abroad on Election Day to vote at embassies, and allowing voting by mail, to name a few.. Instead of making life easier for voting citizens, our government has chosen to spend millions trying to convince us to vote in spite of the inconveniences.. Higher taxes are not the solution.. Jpost, February 11th, 2013.. As everyone knows, the only two certainties in life are death and taxes.. But as things as are going now in Israel, death has one advantage: when you are dead, that's the end of the matter.. But if the government and pundits have their way, after you are taxed, you can always be taxed some more.. Let's start at the beginning.. Everyone agrees that the government needs to tax people in order to function.. Since the government at least theoretically wants to maximize its income without oppressing the locals, the next step should be to design a tax system that efficiently raises money without driving people crazy, and that does not discourage them from earning more money, so they can pay more taxes.. In other words, the best system would be a sales tax with no income tax.. Failing that - a one-rate income tax, under or about 20 percent, with few if any exemptions or deductions other than expenses.. It is hard to understand how we and much of the world ended up with so many different kinds of complicated taxes that require the hiring of professional accountants to file them and thousands of state employees to collect and then redistribute them.. Of course, the explanation is included in those last few words: The government wants not just to function, but also to redistribute the income of wage earners; from those who earned the wages to those its bureaucrats favor.. Leaving the moral problems of this system aside, a technical problem is that it does not work so well.. Who is interested in exaggerating Israeli poverty?.. Jpost, December 18th, 2012.. The government has taken upon itself to combat poverty.. How should it approach the task? There are many policies it could adopt and targets it could set.. Clearly, accurate and objective information about the state of the poor would help the government make choices that are rational and effective.. If, for example, a large share of the poor population is already working, focusing on the labor market may be useful.. If most poor do not work, reforming welfare programs or creating incentives to work may be more effective.. If poverty is generally a brief episode in people's lives, some might argue that transfer payments would be an effective tool while others would advocate a "hands-off" policy of less state involvement.. If poverty is "hereditary" in certain families or segments of the population, then the debate might turn on investment in education.. Every year the National Insurance Institute (NII) publishes a report to supposedly give the government the information it needs to combat poverty.. Unfortunately, it does not include the accurate and objective data the government needs.. How the Yacimovich economic program would hurt Israelis.. Jpost, December 8th, 2012.. Shelly Yacimovich, a candidate who wishes to represent the poor and middle class, has just proposed a devastating economic program that would solely benefit the already privileged public servants and union members.. Displaying the politician's typical predilection for spending other people's money, she calls for an increase in government spending, to be financed by tax increases or budget deficits.. I assume that the Greek, Spanish and Italian experiences that brought those countries to the brink of bankruptcy haven't been part of Yacimovich's education in economics.. The problem is exacerbated by the fact that, unlike those floundering economies, Israel would not be rescued from bankruptcy by the European community.. We would go bankrupt alone and risk our survival as a nation.. Israel needs a strong economy and strict fiscal discipline in order to provide security for its citizens.. If Yacimovich really wants to help the middle class and not just her Histadrut cronies, she will call for increased competition, reduction of import tariffs and decreased government spending.. Playing with the facts on the campaign trail.. Jpost, October 22nd, 2012.. The election campaign in Israel has scarcely begun and already Israeli voters have been inundated by facts and arguments that amount to what the vice-presidential candidates in the United States like to call "malarkey" - words intended to mislead.. Israeli voters who do not want to be surprised with what they get after the elections should spend a few minutes analyzing the statements and arguments made by the candidates.. Economics is a good place to start, both  ...   the High Court essentially ordered the government to draft thousands of them against their will.. One of the groups protesting the exemption granted to ultra-Orthodox seminary students rallies under the banner "freierim," indicating that anyone who serves is a fool, but this is meant ironically since they purportedly all serve.. However, a different banner flies over a second protest movement, one that calls to treat those who serve as professional volunteers.. Official committees and now the public are asking how to make army service a responsibility shared by all the nation's diverse population; or, the other side of this question, whether the draft is still a necessity.. These are questions addressed by one of America's leading economic thinkers, Milton Friedman, who would have celebrated his 100th birthday this year and who held the accomplishments of the Jewish state in great esteem.. Friedman was famous for working in the 1960s to cancel the draft in the US, and ever after to ensure it would not be reinstated.. While many differences exist between the US and Israel, some of Friedman's principles are worthy of consideration.. The economics of Zionism.. Jpost, May 7th, 2012.. Though Zionism was long identified with socialist kibbutzim, even they have been bailed out by taxpayers, are now building shopping centers.. It's ironic that Israel's professional politicians, media and academia, as well as some of the self-appointed spokesmen for last summer's protestors, are almost all working vigorously to oppose managerial remuneration, the social gap, manpower agencies, Welfare to Work programs and banks and their profits.. It's ironic because all these ideas were brought to Zion by none other than Theodor Herzl.. Herzl spoke from the heights of political and economic vision, where the air was too clear for the resentment of Occupy Wall Street or Occupy Rothschild Blvd.. ; he dreamed of immigrants who would see wealthy homeowners living in mansions and try to build even fancier homes.. He advocated the implementation of mass aliya by a private company, founded a bank and suggested manpower agencies connect unemployed workers with potential employers.. Herzl and later Zionists who supported economic liberty had a tough fight.. Louis Brandeis, a US Supreme Court Justice, helped raised large sums of money for Zionist activity, and he was a firm believer the money should be used efficiently.. The Jewish community in Eretz Israel was "not in need of charity, but of capital.. to continue that life of self-support and self-respect which had won the admiration of all," he wrote.. Israel's economic miracle: Where do we go now?.. Jpost, April 25th, 2012.. Israel has grown so much in the past 64 years that it is difficult to comprehend the extent of the economic miracle that has taken place in the Jewish homeland.. It was undoubtedly a combination of genius, necessity, creativity and entrepreneurship that unleashed such incredible economic growth.. However, Israelis should not fall into the trap of becoming complacent.. Israel is facing powerful counter forces that prevent its economy from fully blossoming and reaching its unimaginable potential.. Although exponentially better off than 64 years ago, Israelis still maintain a lower standard of living than individuals in most developed countries.. One could say that the Israeli economic miracle is accompanied by an Israeli economic paradox.. While we are world leaders in scientific discoveries and hi-tech innovation, we are also stymied by exorbitantly high prices, lack of variety, and frustratingly low disposable income levels.. The Israeli economic paradox can be easily traced back to the origin of the state and its socialist heritage.. In 1948, the unions and the government controlled most of the Israeli economy.. The focus of economic policy was on absorbing immigrants, encouraging investment by Jewish entrepreneurs from abroad, and protecting local industries.. Despite several praiseworthy but fleeting attempts to liberalize the economy (especially in the late 1970s), protectionism, union domination, and massive expenditures by the central government (including necessarily high defense outlays) continued unabated.. Lights out at the Israel Electric Corporation.. Jpost, March 26th, 2012.. The government has just announced that the price of electricity will go up by another 9 percent, bringing the total hike in electricity tariffs to 25% since last August.. Many reasons have been advanced to explain this price increase; some even appear economically sensible.. For example, it is reasonable to assume that prices will go up when demand increases, due to say unusually cold weather, and when supply decreases say as a result of sanctions placed on Iran.. However, this well-known market mechanism is hardly relevant in Israel, simply because there is no real market for electricity.. The Israel Electric Corporation operates as a public monopoly and the Public Utilities Authority-Electricity decides what the price of electricity in the country will be.. Indeed, the latest electricity price increase has little connection to the forces of supply and demand.. It is more easily explained by the pathetically bad management of our nation's energy supply.. This was recently recognized by Standard & Poor, which downgraded the IEC, signaling to all that the current financial situation at the IEC is nowhere near sustainable.. But even if the government continued to provide support to the IEC, through wads of taxpayer money, there would be no light at the end of the tunnel.. The IEC simply needs to start balancing its budget so that revenues cover costs.. As with any company under financial stress, three options are available; increase revenues, decrease expenses, or do a combination of both.. Perhaps not surprisingly, most of the discussion in the media and in political circles focuses on only one solution - increasing revenues.. The battle of the buses.. Jpost, March 5th, 2012.. Privatizing the bus lines and breaking the Egged-Dan monopoly should be a social imperative of the highest order.. Israel is in the midst of a new conflict - the battle of the buses.. The ultra-Orthodox want to commandeer public buses and impose their norm of gender segregation.. Secular Israelis are demanding more access to public transportation on Shabbat.. Why is this particular debate over the buses receiving so much public attention? One obvious reason is that it reflects deep and long-standing divisions among different segments of Israeli society.. But these divisions also exist in many other areas of public life and are accepted by the majority of Israelis without much fuss.. For example, many bars, restaurants and entertainment centers are open on Shabbat.. Shopping malls are mixed-gender establishments and one can certainly find ultra-Orthodox shoppers among the crowds.. So what makes buses so different?.. A compelling answer to this puzzling question is that buses are mostly funded by taxpayers.. They are a "public good" that has became a symbol of the state and a reflection of its values at the collective level.. The ultra-Orthodox organizing gender-separated public bus rides is understood by the masses as "Israel has become Saudi Arabia.. " The secular riding public buses on Shabbat is interpreted by the ultra-Orthodox as "Israel has lost its Jewish character.. " Interestingly enough, this type of symbolism does not exist when we consider private goods that are not associated with taxpayer money.. Very few would hold that the state should forbid Israelis to drive in their private cars on Shabbat.. Ultra- Orthodox women sitting in the back of their private vehicles would hardly raise any public passions.. The bottom line is that if Israelis were not forced to pay taxes for services they abhor, the debate over these controversial bus lines would mostly disappear.. In fact, many private goods are indeed controversial, but only very few, such as drugs, are outlawed.. For example, many Israelis do not want to financially support or attend a Coldplay concert due to the band's politics, but very few would want to forbid others to attend.. However, if taxpayers' money were to finance a Coldplay concert many Israelis would be rightly infuriated.. Free preschool may not be a golden ticket.. Jpost, February 14th, 2012.. Although the goal of the reform may be laudable, it is not clear that it will benefit our children, and may in the long have harmful effects.. The government decided to give "free" education from age three to encourage labor participation.. Many claim that today it doesn't pay for both parents to work because of the cost of daycare.. The advocates of public preschool also argue that early formal education is an investment that pays off in the future by increasing the chance our children will have to succeed in school and to become productive member of our society.. Many scientific studies around the world have failed to show a direct correlation between attending school at an early age and succeeding on high school matriculation exams.. The few studies that found a positive effect also found that early education had no meaningful long-term effects on the cognitive, social and emotional development of children.. After less than two years, there was no difference between children who attended preschool and those who didn't.. In fact, many psychologists and education specialists warn that preschool education is inappropriate for some children and can hurt their development.. It is also very clear that the quality of the preschool education plays a dramatic role in the final outcome.. It is doubtful that the Education Ministry will succeed with regard to preschool education when it has dramatically and repeatedly failed with regard to the education of our children from 1st to 12th grade.. It is no secret that Israeli students score lower than many of their OECD counterparts on international standardized tests or that Israelis schools are plagued by violence, lack of discipline, and underachievement..

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  • Title: JIMS - Data Analysis> Tax Freedom Day
    Descriptive info: Data Analysis > Tax Freedom Day.. Israelis celebrate Tax Freedom Day on July 14th this year:.. Once again Israelis work more for the Government than for themselves.. Tax Freedom Day marks the day when on average Israelis stop working for the government, and start earning money for private consumption (or savings).. This year Israelis will only be able to celebrate TFD on July 14, 5 days later than in 2012.. In 2013, Israelis will work 197 days for the government and 168 days for themselves.. In 2013, we will work a total of 197 days just to pay our taxes.. To put this in perspective, think about our other household expenditures and how many days we work to cover those.. For example, we work 27 days for our food, 54 days to pay for housing costs, and 30 days for transportation and communications.. TFD is calculated by taking the ratio of total taxes paid by the Israeli population over Israel's Net National Income (NNI), according to data published by the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), the Ministry of Finance and the Bank of Israel.. Total taxes include not just income tax, but VAT, local taxes, import taxes, car and fuel taxes, taxes on corporations and much more.. Since Tax Freedom Day is a ratio of taxes to NNI, TFD moves backwards when tax collection grows slower than the growth of the economy.. In 2013, Israel's NNI is expected to increase by 3% but tax collection is expected to increase at a higher rate of close to 11.. 5%.. The Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies (JIMS) has calculated Israel TFD every year since 2004.. JIMS also retrospectively calculated Israel TFD going back to 1990.. It was found that in all 19 years from 1990 to 2009, Israeli taxpayers worked more for the government than for themselves.. In 2010 and 2011, Israelis were finally enjoying working more for themselves than for the government..  ...   fact, individual income taxes represent 38 days work compared to sales taxes that represent 44 days of work.. National Insurance contributions account for 33 days and unfortunately, we also have to work 25 days for import taxes, 18 for corporate taxes, 15 days for local taxes, 12 days for health taxes and 12 days for fuel taxes.. Who is Paying Most Taxes?.. The top income decile pays 64% of all direct taxes (based on income) and 16.. 4% of indirect taxes (taxes based on consumption).. The top 20% pays in fact 56% of all taxes (82% of direct tax and 31% of indirect tax), while the bottom 20% pays only 7% (all in indirect tax).. What Are We Buying for our Taxes?.. Why do Israelis have to work so many days to finance government coffers? Israeli government spending is set to reach 388.. 3 billion NIS in 2013, which is more than 48,000 NIS for each individual living in Israel.. For a family of four, government spending is more than 194,000 shekels a year.. It is certainly not clear that Israelis receive public services worth this amount of money; in fact 35% of the total public budget is earmarked to repay the interest and principal on loans that the government took out in the past.. This has little current consumption value to Israelis.. In order to cover past governments' overdraft, Israelis have to work 69 days a year.. This is a reminder that when governments take out loans to finance their expenditures, the dubious short-term benefits of such an action usually lead to a substantial increase in the tax burden on future generations.. Interestingly, Israelis work much less to cover the education bill (only 24 days), welfare and social services (26 days) and health expenditures (12 days).. Although Israel's high tax burden is often attributed to the security situation, Israelis only worked 28 days in 2013 to finance the defense budget..

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  • Title: JIMS - About Us > JIMS in the Press
    Descriptive info: About Us > JIMS in the Press.. מכון ירושלים: מורה בישראל עובד כ-37% פחות מבמדינות ה-OECD.. Forbes Israel, June 25, 2013.. Israel hosts most overcrowded classrooms in OECD.. Jpost, June 25, 2013.. ההשקעה בחינוך בישראל גבוהה; ההישגים נמוכים.. News1, June 25, 2013.. Rand Paul’s call to end foreign aid concerns Israel.. The Washington Times, June 17, 2013.. גם חיסכון גם שירות: מתי יהיה פה בנק אינטרנטי?.. Ynet, June 7, 2013.. דעה: מה צה"ל באמת חושב על השיוויון בנטל.. Mida, June 6, 2013.. לפיד הודיע על העלאת מס התמימות.. The Marker, May 20, 2013.. Lapid’s budget: It’s really that bad.. Jpost, May 20, 2013.. הצעה באוצר: להקפיא לשנתיים העלאת סבסוד המדינה לביטחון באל על.. Mazal Tov.. Jpost, May 13, 2013.. Histadrut delays call for general labor dispute.. Jpost, April 30, 2013.. מכון י-ם: העלאת מס החברות תפגע בצמיחה.. News1, April 30, 2013.. Jpost, April 29, 2013.. האיש שלפיד ואתם חייבים להכיר.. The Marker, April 29, 2013.. Jpost, April 24, 2013.. קלאסיקה כלכלית מאת בשטייה: הדבלות על חופש המסחר.. Mida, April 22, 2013.. Israel's booming economy puts billions in US aid under spotlight.. MSN, April 14, 2013.. ”Israeliska utbildningsreformer: Låt oss titta på Sverige”.. Israel Idag, April 9, 2013.. סוציאליזם, קפיטליזם, אוריינטליזם.. News1, April 3, 2013.. FICC to Bennett: Scrap 36-hour rest rule.. Jpost, April 3, 2013.. המיתוס של מספר התלמידים בכיתה.. The Marker, March 18, 2013.. End Military Aid to Israel and Egypt and.. econlog, March 16, 2013.. A Farewell to Arms: Path to Mideast Peace?.. Barrons, March 16, 2013.. Education reforms in Israel: Let’s look at Sweden.. Jpost, March 6, 2013.. Government tells Israelis: ‘Behave – or else’.. Jpost, February 26, 2013.. Jpost, February 11, 2013.. Senator Rand Paul Takes Surprising Pro-Israel Stance.. Arutz 7, January 28, 2013.. המיתון מתקרב, והפוליטיקאים שותקים.. The Marker, January 22, 2013.. לכתוב דו"ח בשבע שגיאות.. Mida, January 15, 2013.. מחוקק רפובליקני לנתניהו: ותר על הסיוע האמריקני.. Globes, January 09, 2013.. Senator Rand Paul calls on Netanyahu to forego US aid.. Naftali Bennett: Stop US aid to Israel.. US senator calls for gradual cut in aid to Israel.. Yahoo, January 07, 2013.. Rand Paul Calls for End to Aid for Israel.. Forward, January 07, 2013.. Rand Paul in Israel: US foreign aid can't be one-way.. Jpost, January 07, 2013.. The case for ending US military aid to the Mideast.. Jpost, January 06, 2013.. US Senator Rand Paul set to visit Israel.. Jpost, January 03, 2013.. על הפערים וניצולם (בקלפי).. Maarah, December 31, 2012.. באמת יש יותר ילדים עניים?.. Maarah, December 22, 2012.. Variable Data on the State of Poverty in Israel.. ALMonitor, December 18, 2012.. Jpost, December 18, 2012.. יותר או פחות עוני? תלוי במודד ובשיטת המדידה.. Mida, December 13, 2012.. מחקר: "להעביר מדידת העוני מהביטוח הלאומי".. News1, December 12, 2012.. Jpost, December 08, 2012.. כולם אותו דבר? "הליכוד, יש עתיד ואפילו העבודה יגבירו את הפערים".. Bizportal, December 05, 2012.. מחקר: "גם השמאל וגם הימין יגדילו הפערים".. News1, December 05, 2012.. Let the aged work to hike GDP, study urges.. Haaretz, December 04, 2012.. "העסקת מבוגרים עשויה להגדיל את התוצר לנפש ב-4.. 5%".. The Marker, December 04, 2012.. יחימוביץ' ושטייניץ נגד העו בדות.. Mida, October 22, 2012.. Jpost, October 22, 2012.. Jpost, October 17, 2012.. העו בדות גמישות, הניהול לא.. Mida, October 10, 2012.. ישראל תשע"ג // צמים ביום הכיפורים, אבל לא רוצים רבנות.. The Marker, September 24, 2012.. Protesting too much?.. Jpost, September 6, 2012.. End the FDA Drug Monopoly: Let Patients Choose Their Medicines.. Forbes , September 3, 2012.. Is Socialism a Jewish value?.. The Times of Israel, August 19th, 2012.. Israeli law making it tougher for athletes to shine, report claims.. JTA, August 16th, 2012.. Solve Tal Law controversy by making IDF a paid, volunteer army.. Jweekly, August 16th, 2012.. Should the IDF be volunteer only?.. SD Jewish World, August 16th, 2012.. Israel’s Olympians must jump over government hurdles.. Jpost, August 6th, 2012.. בדרך למדליה עוצרים בכנסת.. Haaretz, August 3rd, 2012.. מבריחים את הילדים מהספורט.. Shvoong, July 24th, 2012.. מכון ירושלים לחקר שווקים: "חוק הספורט" פוגע בפוטנציאל למדליות אולימפיות.. Shvoong, July 23rd, 2012.. Equality or Prosperity?.. Jpost, July 3rd, 2012.. Israeli economic policy tugged by external, internal forces.. Los Angeles Times, July 2nd, 2012.. השנה נעבוד 192 יום לשלם מסים ו-174 יום לפרנס את עצמנו.. Bizportal, July 1st, 2012.. מחקר: הישראלי עובד 192 יום בשנה כדי לפרנס את הממשלה.. Maariv, July 1st, 2012.. הממשלה הכבידה את עול המיסים מאז המחאה.. News1, July 1st, 2012.. 3% increase to budget deficit target approved.. Jpost, July 1st, 2012.. מחקר: הישראלי הממוצע עובד 192 יום בשנה כדי לשלם מסים.. Calcalist, July 1st, 2012.. צדק חברתי? יותר ממחצית ההכנסה שלכם - הולכת למסים.. Globes, July 1st, 2012.. החסם להקמת בנק אינטרנטי יוסר, אבל המודל מקרטע בחו"ל.. Calcalist, June 12th, 2012.. ממוטטים את הספרות העברית.. Maariv, June 12th, 2012.. Enjoy your books while you can afford it!.. Jpost, June 12th, 2012.. אנרכו קפיטליסט.. Globes, June 10th, 2012.. הכירו את בנו האנרכיסט של מילטון פרידמן: "לבטל את הממשלה - להפריט את הכול".. The Marker, June 10th, 2012.. Israel ripe for Internet banking, report says.. Haaretz, June 5th, 2012.. בנק אינטרנטי בישראל יחסוך ללקוחות 400 מיליון שקל בשנה.. Globes, June 4th, 2012.. מחקר: בנק אינטרנטי בישראל יחסוך לציבור מיליארדי שקלים.. The Marker, June 4th, 2012.. מחקר: בנק אינטרנטי יחסוך מאות מיליונים בעו"ש.. News1, June 4th, 2012.. Religión y libertad económica, ¿un encuentro hecho en el Cielo?".. Libre Mercado, June 3rd, 2012.. "ליהודי יש יתרון שכלי מובנה על אפריקאי וגם על כל בן גזע אחר".. The Marker, June 1st, 2012.. קידוש ה"מרכז".. Maarah, June 1st, 2012.. Jewish intellect could turn Israel into a ‘Hong Kong squared,’ says ‘Bell Curve’ author.. The Times of Israel, May 29th, 2012.. "ההקצנה הדתית היא אויב האנושות".. Arutz 7, May 24th, 2012.. "תוך 15 שנה ארה"ב תקרוס כמו אירופה".. Maariv, May 24th, 2012.. מסיבת תה סוערת מול מגדל דוד.. Calcalist, May 24th, 2012.. Visiting US economist: Free market is good for religion.. Jpost, May 21st, 2012.. כלכליסט - בארץ - "השוק בארה"ב פחות חופשי היום משהיה.. Calcalist, May 21st, 2012.. The IDF wants you – or does it?.. Jpost, May 14th, 2012.. Macroperspectiva de la economía israelí: la cara y la cruz.. Ferrer Invest, May 13th, 2012.. The economics of Zionism.. Jpost, May 7th, 2012.. "צבא מקצועי במקום גיוס חרדים".. Arutz 7, May 5th, 2012.. Israel's economic miracle: Where do we go now?.. Jpost, April 25, 2012.. חוק הגיוס השוויוני - פגיעה פופוליסטית בחירות האזרח.. The Marker, April 16, 2012.. הממשלה הצביעה על הבעיות - והמזון, הדיור והחינוך עדיין יקרים.. The Marker, March 31, 2012.. Lights out at the Israel Electric Corporation.. Jpost, March 27, 2012.. הון-שלטון-לובינג.. News1, March 26, 2012.. לא קונים ספרים יקרים.. The Marker, March 26, 2012.. "המלצות טרכטנברג לא יורידו את מחיר הגז לצרכן הפרטי".. Maariv, March 25, 2012.. הצרכנים משלמים יותר מדי על גז בישול.. News1, March 19, 2012.. We believe that Judaism supports the free markets.. New Jersey Jewish News, March 8, 2012.. The battle of the buses.. Jpost, March 6, 2012.. ?למה מתנגד אטיאס לפרסום כל החלטות מינהל מקרקעי ישראל.. The Marker, February 28, 2012.. Free preschool may not be a golden ticket.. Jpost , February 14, 2012.. Conference In Jerusalem To Examine Why Religion and Economic Liberty Go Hand-In-Hand.. Jewish Voice and Opinion, February 9, 2012.. מדד הבינלאומי לזכויות הקניין לשנת 2011: ישראל מדורגת במקום ה- 38 מתוך 129 מדינות.. Kr8, January 31, 2012.. גונבים, אבל פחות.. PC, January 31, 2012.. רחוקים מאוד מה-OECD: ישראל מדורגת מתחת לעומאן ובוצוואנה בשמירה על זכויות קניין.. Bizportal, January 31, 2012.. Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies (JIMS) : Israel ranks 38th out of 129 Countries.. המדד הבינלאומי לזכויות הקניין: ישראל במקום ה-38 מתוך 129 מדינות.. Calcalist, January 31, 2012.. מכון ירושלים לחקר שווקים: המדען הראשי מסבסד את ה"טייקונים" והחברות הגדולות.. Interview with Yarden Gazit on Kr8 radio station, January 9, 2012.. "מכון ירושלים: "המדען הראשי מסבסד טייקונים על חשבון משלמי המיסים.. Bizportal, January 9, 2012.. מכון ירושלים לחקר שווקים: המדען הראשי מסבסד טייקונים.. The Marker, January 9, 2012.. "המדען הראשי מממן הטייקונים מכספי הציבור".. Globes, January 9, 2012.. לא רוצה לממן את ערוץ 10.. Segregating Israel’s bus system?.. The Canadian Jewish News, January 3, 2012.. דווקא בישראל: שמן הזית יקר פי 3 מבחו"ל.. News1, December 28, 2011.. מכון ירושלים: מחיר השמן התייקר ביותר מ-40% מאז 2006.. The Marker, December 28, 2011.. מחקר חדש מגלה: הישראלים משלמים פי 2 על שמן זית.. Maariv, December 28, 2011.. מכון ירושלים: מחיר השמן בישראל - גבוה פי 3 מספרד ויוון.. Globes, December 28, 2011.. So What Can We Do for Israel?.. The American Spectator, December 13, 2011.. מכון ירושלים לחקר שווקים: הביטוח הלאומי מסתיר את העוני האמיתי.. Interview with Yarden Gazit on Kr8 radio station, November 23, 2011.. מכון ירושלים: הביטוח הלאומי מסתיר את היקף העוני האמיתי.. The Marker, November 23, 2011.. מכון ירושלים: הביטוח הלאומי מסתיר את העוני האמיתי.. Globes, November 22, 2011.. הביטוח הלאומי מעוות את מצב העוני בישראל.. News1, November 22, 2011.. מומחים: ועדת טרכטנברג תחריף את משבר הדיור.. Interview with Zev Golan on Kr8 radio station, October 30, 2011.. מכון ירושלים: "מסקנות טרכטנברג - אוסף כשלים כלכליים".. Globes, October 30, 2011.. המכון לחקר שווקים: "ועדת טרכטנברג תחריף את משבר הדיור".. Maariv, October 30, 2011.. ביקורת מימין: "טרכטנברג יחריף משבר הדיור".. Ynet, October 30, 2011.. מכון ירושלים לחקר שווקים: ועדת טרכטנברג תחריף את משבר הדיור.. The Marker, October 30, 2011.. Consumer power.. The Jpost, October 3, 2011.. My word: On milk and honey.. The Jpost, October 1, 2011.. Honey prices up 26% in 5 years.. Ynet, September 30, 2011.. One side fits all.. The Chicago Jewish News, September 30, 2011.. רגע האמת של המתמחים - תכל'ס.. Arutz 7, September 29, 2011.. The economic basis of indignation in Israel.. Open Democracy, September 29, 2011.. ¿Por qu? vivir en Israel es tan caro?.. Libero Mercado, September 28, 2011.. Not-so-sweet new year – honey costs skyrocket.. The Jpost, September 23, 2011.. על הדבש ועל העוקץ? הדבש בארץ יקר יותר מבשאר העולם.. Jerusalem Net, September 22, 2011.. Israeli honey prices cause a sticky situation.. THE JEWISH CHRONICLE, September 22, 2011.. Honey costs 350% more than in U.. The Marker, September 22, 2011.. Israeli honey 3.. 5 times more expensive than in US.. Jpost, September 21, 2011.. מכון ירושלים לחקר השווקים: הדבש הישראלי יקר פי 3.. 5 לעומת ארה"ב ופי 2 לעומת אנגליה.. The Marker, September 21, 2011.. מחקר: הדבש בישראל יקר פי 3.. Calcalist, September 21, 2011.. ??????? ?????? ????????????? ???????.. Israel Info in Russian, September 20, 2011.. ההסבר ליוקר המחיה: ישראל ירדה שני שלבים למקום ה-83 במדד החופש הכלכלי.. The Marker, September 20, 2011.. ישראל במקום ה-83 בעולם במונחים של חופש כלכלי.. News1, September 20, 2011.. מדד החופש הכלכלי: ישראל במקום ה-83.. Ynet, September 20, 2011.. מדד החופש הכלכלי: ישראל מדורגת במקום ה-83 מתוך 141 מדינות.. Calcalist, September 20, 2011.. Report: Israel ranks 83 out of 141 in economic freedom.. Lower car prices.. Jerusalem Post, August 27, 2011.. מכון ירושלים מנבא: מחאה ציבורית נגד מחירי המכוניות.. News 1, August 21, 2011.. מכון ירושלים: רק "מחאת גלגלים" תוריד את מחירי המכוניות.. The Marker TV, August 17, 2011.. "ממחאת אוהלים למחאת גלגלים": מחירי הרכב יעוררו מחאה?.. The Pulse, July 21, 2011.. מחקר: המיסוי על רכב בישראל גבוה פי 5 מאשר באירופה.. Globes, July 26, 2011.. בארץ משלמים פי 5 מס על רכב מבאירופה; 1.. 24% מהרוכשים נהנים מהמיסוי הירוק.. Biz Portal, August 16, 2011.. מחקר: המיסוי על רכב בישראל - מהגבוהים בעולם.. Calcalist, August 16, 2011.. הקפיטליזם: פשט את הרגל או הביא לשגשוג כלכלי.. Cabinet to discuss effect of global market crisis on Israel.. Jerusalem Post, August 14, 2011.. מפגינים נגד מחאת האוהלים.. News 1, July 29, 2011.. בועז ארד  ...   לחקר שווקים: ישראל יורדת למקום ה-81 במדד החופש הכלכלי.. Calcalist, September 20, 2010.. מדד החופש הכלכלי: ישראל מדשדשת מאחור.. Walla, September 20, 2010.. Israel ranks 81st in study measuring economic freedom.. Jpost, September 20, 2010.. אנשים מנומסים מרוויחים יותר.. Epoch Times, September 19, 2010.. לופט גישפט.. Opening Lines: Ministry of Manners.. Jpost, September 17, 2010.. Jerusalem - Ultra-Orthodox Israelis Are Most Polite.. Vos Iz Neias, September 15, 2010.. סקר: רמת הנימוס של הישראלים עולה עם ההכנסה.. News 1, September 15, 2010.. סליחות בפתח.. מחקר ישראלי על נימוס ומצב היחסים שבין אדם לחברו.. Mcity, September 15, 2010.. סקר: ככל שהישראלי מנומס יותר - הוא בעל הכנסה גבוהה יותר.. Globes, September 14, 2010.. סקר: אנשים מנומסים - מרוויחים יותר.. Ynet, September 14, 2010.. סקר: נשים שומרות הרבה יותר על כללי הנימוס.. Walla, September 14, 2010.. Polite Israelis earn more.. Study finds link between considerate behavior and income.. Jpost, September 15, 2010.. Survey: Ultra-Orthodox Israelis Are Most Polite.. Arutz 7, September 16, 2010.. בין הזכות לקניין ומיקום הבניין.. News 1, August 28, 2010.. Why are some feminists labeling oppression as liberation?.. Jerusalem Post, August 25, 2010.. מתחפרים בטעויות.. News 1, August 21, 2010.. נפלאות הפילנתרופיה.. News 1, August 13, 2010.. גירוש ילדי הזרים - פופוליזם זול; אין לכך הצדקה כלכלית.. Globes, August 8, 2010.. האוונגרד המאתרג.. News 1, July 30, 2010.. מחקר: הממשלה מעבירה מיליארדים למשפחות החזקות.. News 1, July 5, 2010.. It's the government's own fault.. Haaretz, July 6, 2010.. מחקר: הממשלה היא שמעבירה מיליארדים למשפחות החזקות.. Globes, July 5, 2010.. מכון ירושלים: הממשלה מעבירה מיליארדים למשפחות החזקות במשק.. The Marker, July 5, 2010.. הירוקים מעדיפים בג"ץ.. Marah Magazine, June 25, 2010.. הדיון צריך להיות על מהות המגזר הציבורי.. Maariv, June 22, 2010.. נטל המס על המשכורת - הנמוך מזה 20 שנה.. News 1, June 22, 2010.. עול המיסוי ירד, "יום העצמאות ממס" ייחגג מוקדם השנה.. The Pulse, June 22, 2010.. אנו באנו ארצה לבנות בלי ביורוקרטיה.. The Marker, June 14, 2010.. הוועדה לשכר הבכירים צפויה להמליץ על הגברת הפיקוח - ללא חקיקה.. The Marker, June 13, 2010.. האקטיביזם השיפוטי עלה לנו 14 מיליארד.. Arutz 7, June 8, 2010.. מחקר חדש: פסיקות בג"ץ עולות למדינה 14 מיליארד שקל.. Maariv, June 7, 2010.. האקטיביזם השיפוטי עלה לציבור עד כה 14 מיליארד שקל.. Globes, June 7, 2010.. מכון מחקר: "עלות פתיחת כביש 443 לפלסטינים - 350 מיליון שקל".. The Marker, June 7, 2010.. עלות האקטיביזם של בג"ץ: 14 מיליארד ש.. Ynet, June 7, 2010.. "עלות האקטביזם השיפוטי - 14 מיליארד שקלים".. Walla, June 7, 2010.. מחיר האקטיביזם השיפוטי בבג"צ - כ־14 מיליארד שקל.. News 1, June 7, 2010.. Calcalist, May 16, 2010.. '.. Marah Magazine, May 14, 2010.. :.. Ynet, May 11, 2010.. : ,.. The Marker, May 11, 2010.. : -.. Calcalist, May 11, 2010.. News 1, May 7, 2010.. Terra Incognita: Israel's democracy wars.. Jerusalem Post, May 4, 2010.. 73%.. Arutz 7, May 3, 2010.. Marah Magazine, May 1, 2010.. News 1, May 1, 2010.. Punishing success: What Goldman Sachs says about us.. Jerusalem Post, April 27, 2010.. ?.. Ynet, April 22, 2010.. " :.. Walla, April 22, 2010.. " ".. Arutz 7, April 22, 2010.. Makor Rishon, April 16,2010.. Marah Magazine, April 16 2010.. News 1, April 16, 2010.. Makor Rishon, April 2,2010.. The Marker, April 1, 2010.. ".. News 1, March 30, 2010.. Arutz 7, March 24, 2010.. Calcalist, March 14, 2010.. Globes, March 14, 2010.. News 1, March 14, 2010.. Arutz 7, March 14, 2010.. -.. Maariv, March 8, 2010.. Maariv, March 9, 2010.. Arutz 7, March 3, 2010.. : , ,.. The Marker, February 24, 2010.. Walla, February 24, 2010.. Arutz 7, February 24, 2010.. Maariv, February 22, 2010.. Arutz 7, February 21, 2010.. Tapuz, February 21, 2010.. The case against international jurisdiction.. Telegraph, February 1, 2010.. My Word: From Kaddish to 'Hatikva'.. Jpost, January 31, 2010.. News 1, January 31, 2010.. Maariv, January 10, 2010.. Globes, December 30, 2009.. Ice Magazine, December 23, 2009.. : " ".. Biz Portal, December 23, 2009.. News 1, December 26, 2009.. Makor Rishon, December 20, 2009.. News 1, December 2, 2009.. Maariv, November 30th, 2009.. The Marker, November 30th, 2009.. Marah Magazine, November 28th, 2009.. Makor Rishon, November 20th, 2009.. The Marker, November 10th, 2009.. ? -.. News 1, November 10th, 2009.. Biz Portal, October 28, 2009.. News 1, October 28, 2009.. Israel rated No.. 78 in world index.. Jerusalem Post, September 15, 2009.. Israel drops to 78th place in Economic Freedom index.. Haaretz, September 15, 2009.. Calcalist, September 14, 2009.. Ynet, September 14, 2009.. 78-.. News 1, September 14, 2009.. The Marker, September 14, 2009.. Makor Rishon, Weekend Edition, July 24, 2009.. Hashavim, July 19, 2009.. Arutz HaKnesset, July 19, 2009.. Channel 10, July 16, 2009.. : 200 -165.. Biz Portal, July 16, 2009.. 200.. Calcalist Print, July 16, 2009.. Reshet Bet, July 15, 2009.. News 1, July 15, 2009.. Modiin Post, July 15, 2009.. : 7.. Israel Post, July 15, 2009.. Calcalist, July 15, 2009.. The Marker, July 14, 2009.. The Marker, June 22, 2009.. Maariv, June 9, 2009.. 30,000.. The Government Has Decided To Remove 30,000 Shekels from the Pocket of Every Israeli Resident (English Translation).. Maariv, June 8, 2009.. Tomorrow: The Treasury Will Be Asked to Reconsider the Amount of Capital that It Is Raising (English Translation).. Yediot Ahronot, June 7, 2009.. Value Decreased Tax (English Translation).. The Marker, June 4, 2009.. Gender Report: Middle Eastern Nations Among Worst.. The Media Line, May 6 2009.. Israeli gender equality ranked 53 of 115.. USA Today, May 5 2009.. Studie zur Geschlechtergleichheit: Israel liegt im Mittelfeld (In German).. Israel Netz, May 5 2009.. Israeli gender equality ranked 53 of 115.. Jerusalem Post, May 5 2009.. Israel 53 Out Of 115 For Gender Equality.. Turkish Weekly, May 5 2009.. (In Hebrew).. Calcalist, April 17, 2009.. Israel: Survey Finds Happiness Linked to Wealth, Immigration.. Business Exchange, April 4, 2009.. Izrus, April 3, 2009.. Sabra happiness.. Israel21, March 29, 2009.. Channel 10 Morning Program, March 26, 2009.. Le bonheur de vivre en Israel (In French).. Jerusalem Post, Edition Francaise, March 26, 2009.. Studie ber Glck in Israel (In German).. Israel Reute, March 26, 2009.. Aliya brings a high; wealth also helps, study shows.. Jerusalem Post, March 25, 2009.. Survey shows majority of Israelis are happy.. JTA Jewish and Israel News, March 25, 2009.. News 1, March 25, 2009.. Calcalist, March 25, 2009.. Israel y los derechos de propiedad (In Spanish).. Blog Processo Economico, March 5, 2009.. Israel lacks behind Western countries for the protection of property rights.. (In Hebrew).. Israel Post, February 25,2009.. NewsRu.. co.. il, February 24,2009.. RusLand.. JIMS Ranked as A Top Think tank in a Global Survey.. Atlas Network, February 16, 2009.. Market Wise.. Jerusalem Post, January 22, 2009.. Recipes for Dealing with Economic Woes.. Evreyskoe Slovo (The Jewish Word), in the December 16-22, 2008 issue (In Russian).. Corporate charity begins at home.. Globes, December 25, 2008.. Jewish Tradition on the World Economic Crisis.. Evrey, December 12, 2008 (In Russian).. Robert Aumann: Jewish values can jumpstart a dead economic engine.. Israel Insider, December 2, 2008.. The Rabbis and the Credit Crunch.. Acton Blog, December 2, 2008.. Judaism and Econmics.. Atlas Network News, November 30,2008.. Your Godless government at work.. World Net Daily, November 28, 2008.. The rabbis and the credit crunch.. Globes, November 27, 2008.. The Marker, November 16, 2008 (In Hebrew).. Jews Against Judaism.. World Net Daily, October 31, 2008.. Israel drops in economic freedom.. Jewish Times Asia, October 23, 2008.. JIMS attributes Israel's poor ranking in this year's report to a growing public sector.. Last year Israel was ranked number 44.. Israel's Trade Portal, September 22, 2008.. The Marker, September 19, 2008 (In Hebrew).. Globes-Hebrew, September 19, 2008 (In Hebrew).. Israel's economic freedom in decline - report.. Globes, September 18, 2008.. Connecting People Around World.. Atlas Network, August 12, 2008.. 104, 113 e 112 un terno che vale un Natale.. fiscale.. Fisco Nel Mondo, July 27, 2008 (In Italian).. Maof, July 17, 2008 (In Russian).. Tax Freedom Day comes earlier, but tax burden remains high.. Jerusalem Post, July 15, 2008.. Zman, July 15, 2008 (In Russian).. Maof, July 15, 2008 (In Russian).. Happy Tax Freedom Day, Israel.. The Tax Policy Blog, July 15, 2008.. Majority of Israelis want to outsource military's dirty laundry.. Jerusalem Post, July 7, 2008.. Israelis prefer mandatory army service.. Israel Today, July 6, 2008.. Poll: 74.. 4%Israelis oppose voluntary professional army; 56.. 7%:IDF should outsource non core activities to private.. IMRA (Independent Media Review Analysis) , July 6, 2008.. Regulation begets corruption.. Globes, May 26, 2008.. Regulation begets corruption in Israel.. Liberty Institute, May 26, 2008.. Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies Opens New Center Israel.. Atlas Network News, May 2,2008.. The Overlooked Day Of Freedom.. The Jewish Week News, April 23th 2008.. No country for businessmen.. Haaretz, February 28th 2008.. International Property Rights Index: Israel behind the Western World.. Bizportal, February 26th, 2008 (Hebrew).. 2008 International Property Rights Index (IPRI) Unveiled.. Reuters, February 24,2008.. The top quartile is not enough.. Globes, February 28, 2008.. End of "The Great Moderation".. Globes, February 21, 2008.. Soulful Capitalism.. Jerusalem Post, January 21, 2008.. Waldman travels to Jerusalem to talk corporate social responsibility.. Arizona State University- Public Affairs, January 14, 2008.. Equality of Opportunity.. Globes, January 9, 2008.. Corporate social responsibility attracting more attention.. The Jerusalem Post, December 30, 2007.. Note to Israel: It's the Taxes, Stupid.. The American Spectator blog, December 24, 2007.. Omedia, November 27, 2007 (Hebrew).. Private water - a public good.. Globes, November 25, 2007.. The hidden cost of the teachers' strike.. Globes, November 8, 2007.. NFC, November 7, 2007 (Hebrew).. Effective education system top priority for sustainable growth- Fisher.. The Jerusalem Post, November 7, 2007.. NFC, November 7, 2007 (Hebrew).. Israel in the Middle of Economic Rankings.. South Florida Sun Sentinel, September 19, 2007.. Israel falls to 44 in 'economic freedom' survey.. The Jerusalem Post, September 5, 2007.. ; -44.. Economic Freedom Index: Israel in the 44th Place.. Bizportal, September 4, 2007 (Hebrew).. 'Tax freedom day' getting later and later.. The Jerusalem Post, August 29, 2007.. Research: Workers in Israel pay the state for 7 months of the year.. Bizportal, August 28, 2007 (Hebrew).. Israelis Worked More than Half the Year to Pay Taxes.. CNSNews.. com (Cybercast News Service), August 28, 2007.. The average Israeli works for the government more than seven months of the year.. Israel Insider, August 28, 2007.. Robert Sauer talks on Leadership Radio about Jewish Theology and Economic Theory.. KFAX Leadership Radio, April 14, 2007.. An answer to economist Shlomo Mailal.. Jerusalem Report, January 22, 2007.. Tax freedom day is here at last.. Jerusalem Post, July 26, 2006.. In Israele la liberta fiscale scatta il 4 agosto.. Fisco oggi (Italian), July 26th, 2006.. Israel's Tech Boom.. TCSDaily, June 30, 2005.. Happy Tax Free Day.. Globes, June 14, 2005.. Liberate the Taxpayer.. Jerusalem Post, April 10, 2005.. Profile: Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies.. The Stockholm Network: Eye on Europe, Fall 2004.. The Bottom Line: A Taxing Issue.. The Jerusalem Post, August 5, 2004.. The Money's All Yours' Finally.. The Jerusalem Post, July 31, 2004.. , ".. Check your facts, Dr.. Sauer.. Yediot Aharanot, February 11, 2004 (Hebrew).. Misconceptions that sell to you on Linux.. Yediot Aharanot, February 10, 2004 (Hebrew).. Privatize Welfare.. Globes, May 12, 2004.. Open Question.. Globes, December 8, 2003.. Capital loser.. Globes, August 20, 2003.. It Works.. Globes, July 20, 2003.. Consider Estonia.. Globes, July 14, 2003.. Fool's gold.. Globes, June 16, 2003.. Privatizing Defense.. Globes, June 8, 2003.. Don't Cut It, Outsource It.. Globes, June 1, 2003..

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  • Title: Bastiat's Translated Book
    Descriptive info: Bastiat's Translated Book.. מה שרואים ומה שאין רואים: חיבורים בכלכלה פוליטית.. תרגם מצרפתית:.. ירדן גזית.. עריכת לשון:.. מתן אורן.. עיצוב גראפי:.. אילת גזית.. מתוך ההקדמה:.. ניתן להוריד את הפרק הראשון.. של הספר בחינם.. כאן.. לקניית הספר המלא.. במחירי מבצע בלעדיים באתר:.. גרסה מקוונת של הספר ניתן לקנותב10 ₪ בכפתור הבא.. את הספר בכריכה רכה ניתן לקנות ב30 ₪ בכפתור הבא.. המלצות:.. ”נדירים הם הכלכלנים המשתמשים בהומור על מנת לתקשר את רעיונותיהם.. בהיסטוריה  ...   שלו בסאטירה.. “.. אקונומיסט.. ”הכלכלן המקסים ביותר שפגשתם מאודכם.. “.. וול סטריט ג‘ורנל.. ”‘מה שרואים ומה שאין רואים בכלכלה פוליטית!‘ איש מעולם לא הגדיר באופן ברור יותר במשפט אחד את הקושי המרכזי של מדיניות כלכלית רציונאלית, והייתי מוסיף, את הטיעון המכריע בעד חופש כלכלי.. זהו אכן טקסט שעליו ניתן לבסס מערכת שלמה של מדיניות כלכלית ליברטריאנית.. פרידריך האייק, זוכה פרס נובל בכלכלה.. The Great Prosperity Machine (Hebrew).. from.. Atlas Network.. on.. Vimeo..

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  • Title: JIMS - Research > Publication
    Descriptive info: Research > Publications.. Renana Leviani.. Such are the findings of a position paper published by the Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies (JIMS).. JIMS Position Paper, PP250613.. Ori Katz.. According to a position paper by the Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies (JIMS), the corporate tax rate in Israel is higher than in similar-sized countries such as Sweden, Finland and Switzerland, and does not account for the disadvantages of the business environment for foreign investors.. According to a position paper the Institute published (April 30), an increase in the corporate tax rate may create a significant gap in corporate tax rates between Israel and countries with similar characteristics.. JIMS Position Paper, PP300413.. Yarden Gazit.. JIMS notes several problems in the information recently published by Bituach Leumi in its annual "Report on the dimensions of poverty and social inequalities" for 2011.. JIMS Position Paper, PP121212.. Keren Harel-Harari and Zev Golan.. JIMS Position Paper, PP041212.. Israel 2012: Fasting on Yom Kippur, But Getting Married without the Rabbinate.. While according to polls, two thirds of the Jews in Israel will fast on Yom Kippur, including a quarter of the secular Jews, things are quite different when it comes to marriage: according to this study by the Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies (JIMS), at least a third of the Jewish population refuses to go along with the official monopoly of the established rabbinate, including many religious couples.. JIMS Position Paper, PP230912.. Israel's "Sports Law" Lowers Chance for Olympic Medals.. On the eve of the opening of the London Olympic Games, the Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies (JIMS) issued a report concluding that the Israeli Sports Law reduces the potential for winning future Olympic medals.. According to JIMS, the Sports Law sets unnecessary obstacles and barriers to participation in competitive sports, especially for children and in the periphery.. According to JIMS Research Fellow Yarden Gazit, author of the report, "An international comparison reveals that the Israeli Sports Law is one of the strictest and severest in the developed world, while the number of athletes per capita is the lowest in the West.. JIMS Position Paper, PP230712.. Bank Customers Finance High Bank Salaries.. Lital Faragi.. Internet Banking in Israel = Account Holders Save NIS 411 M/year.. Bank Leumi earned NIS 3.. 7 billion in banking fees in 2011, with approximately 1.. 5 million customers.. At the same time, internet bank ING Direct, with ten times as many customers (16.. 7 million) spread over many countries, turned a good profit while demanding only one-quarter of that amount in bank fees.. JIMS compared the Israeli banking system with different internet banks around the world and in a position paper issued June 4, 2012, concluded that Israeli consumers would be well served if local regulators would allow internet banking in Israel.. JIMS Position Paper, PP040612.. Most Israeli Homeowners Overpay for Cooking Gas.. Lack of competition in the home cooking gas industry in Israel causes Israeli consumers to spend approximately NIS 150 million more than necessary for gas.. JIMS notes that there are 38 state-licensed companies supplying cooking gas in Israel, but four of them control over 90 percent of the market.. Forty percent of the gas is produced in the local refineries and the rest imported.. Consumer prices vary widely: the small companies charge much less than the four large ones; industry pays about half what homeowners pay; and sometimes homeowners in the same apartment complex pay different prices.. The companies do not publish a set price list, leaving consumers unable to comparison shop before placing an order.. JIMS Position Paper, PP190312.. 2011 International Property Rights Index (IPRI).. The 2011 International Property Rights Index (IPRI), released by the Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies (JIMS) and the Property Rights Alliance, ranks 129 countries (accounting for 96% of world GDP) according to their protection of both physical and intellectual property rights.. The IPRI also measures the significance of these rights for overall economic wellbeing.. The 2011 IPRI measures three areas in each country: Legal and Political Environment (LP), Physical Property Rights (PPR), and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).. Each country is given a score from 1 to 10 in each area and an overall score.. Israel's overall score is 6.. 3, ranking 38 out of the 129 countries included in the index.. co-published by JIMS and the Property Rights Alliance.. The Chief Scientist Subsidies.. The chief scientist at the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Labor gave grants to dozens of companied controlled by the Ofer and Dankner groups in the past five years, according to a new position paper by the Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies (JIMS).. JIMS also found that 23 of the largest 50 companies on the Tel Aviv Blutech index received grants.. JIMS notes the fact that at least 13 companies in the Dankner group and 24 companies in the Ofer group received grants in the years 2006-2010.. Among these companies are 9 out of the 15 companies held by Clal Biotechnology, and over 20 companies held by Ofer High Tech.. JIMS Position Paper, PP090112.. The Price of Oil in Israel.. Keren Harel-Harari.. In Israel, the biblical land of olives, olive oil costs two to three times what it costs in the U.. and Europe.. A new study by the Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies (JIMS) shows that while Israelis pay approximately 50 shekels for a liter of olive oil, in Spain and Greece, the world?s biggest exporters of olive oil, consumers pay one-third of what Israelis pay: the equivalent of 17 shekels.. In England and the U.. that liter would cost 23 shekels, in France 25 shekels, and in Australia 18 shekels.. JIMS Position Paper, PP281211.. JIMS Poverty Report 2011.. Through statistical manipulations, the National Insurance Institute (NII) presents a distorted picture of the state of poverty in Israel, according to the annual Jerusalem Institute for Market Studies (JIMS) Report on Poverty.. Such a picture does not allow policymakers to focus their policy on the truly needy.. JIMS Position Paper, PP221111.. Review of Paul Rivlin's "The Israeli Economy from the Foundation of the State through the 21st Century".. Robert Sauer.. There are many good reasons to read Paul Rivlin?s account of the recent history of the Israeli economy.. But there are also many reasons to be very careful in accepting all of the analyses as established facts.. The first part of the book discusses the history of the Israeli economy in terms of its broad structure.. The second part focuses on individual topics in Israeli political economy.. The good and the bad in the book roughly follow this division into two parts.. JIMS Position Paper, PP221011 (Forthcoming in The Middle East Journal, Winter 2012, 66(1)).. JIMS Report on Trachtenberg's Commission.. The members of the Trachtenberg Committee correctly identified the reasons the average Israeli finds himself in debt and pays too much of his wages to the government, which manages a centralized, cartelistic economy.. But they then devoted most of their report to planning an even more centralized economy with an even heavier tax burden.. JIMS Position Paper, PP301011.. Economic Freedom of the World Index 2011.. Israel Ranks 83 in the world in terms of economic freedom, according to the Economic Freedom of the World Annual Report.. Since 2005 Israel's ranking has fallen 35 spots.. Last year, Israel ranked 81.. The report puts recent middle class protests over the cost of living in context.. The level of economic freedom in Israel is in decline.. The rise in the cost of living is directly linked with lack of economic freedom and competitiveness.. One of the demands made by Israel?s protesters is to adopt the Nordic welfare state model.. But comparing the Israeli economy to the Nordic economies shows that Israel has a long way to go in liberalizing its economy if it wants to be like them.. Such liberalization would include reforms to increase the efficiency of the legal system, reduce bureaucracy and allow a competitive banking sector.. Co-published by JIMS and the Fraser Institute, 2011, PP300911.. The High Price of Honey.. Keren Harel Harari.. The average price of honey in the United States is 28% of the average price in Israel.. Honey is also twice as expensive as it is in England, while Canada, Mexico, Argentina and China offer honey for export at 15% the price of Israeli honey.. Forty percent of the annual consumption of honey in Israel takes place at holiday time this month, mainly on the Jewish New Year.. Israelis will consume 1,500 tons of honey in one month, valued at NIS 60 million.. An average Israeli will eat 300 grams of honey.. The paper shows that the reasons for the high cost of honey are the same as the reasons dairy products and cheeses are expensive - government policy and over-centralization of the industry.. JIMS Position Paper, PP300911.. Car Prices in Israel.. The government is responsible for the high price of automobiles in Israel because it reneged on a promise to lower the purchase tax on cars to 72% - which would still be unusually high by world standards.. Double taxation and high tariffs on privately imported cars and parts have raised prices for the whole industry and also discourage proper care of cars.. The government has encouraged and continues to support a "leasing" system that discounts its own fleets but forces private consumers who do not lease to pay exorbitant prices.. JIMS Position Paper, PP150811.. The Government Blaming the Market for its Own Failures.. The problems in the housing and dairy markets are a result of a failure of government policy, and not of market failures.. This paper examines several sectors that recently made headlines and finds that politicians and others tend to blame the market in order to cover for their own failures.. JIMS Position Paper, PP150711.. The Cottage Cheese Rebellion.. The paper explains how the government's own budget and recent Knesset legislation are much to blame for the recent cottage cheese crisis in Israel.. The rising price of cottage cheese led to a consumer boycott, which has led to a reduction in prices as well as an ongoing public debate about market centralization in Israel.. Since January 2008, the price paid by consumers for cottage cheese has risen ten times as fast as the price dairy producers have had to pay farmers for the milk they use.. JIMS Position Paper, PP070711.. Mandatory Labor Arbitration.. The paper argues that the recent succession of public sector strikes and labor disputes (of which teachers, university workers, foreign ministry personnel, lawyers, social workers, railway and port employees form only a partial list) causes severe damage to the Israeli economy.. In 2010, the economy lost some 168,000 working days due to strikes, nearly 70 percent of them in the public sector.. Based on IPSOD results 43% of the public believes labor unions are too powerful, against only 20.. 5% who believe they are not powerful enough.. In particular, this paper deals with mandatory arbitration of public sector labor disputes.. JIMS Position Paper, PP010711.. School Choice in Israel.. Most parents under 35 do not believe in public education, consider sending their children to private schools, a new survey reveals 56% of Israelis under 35 believe that the quality of public education has deteriorated in recent years.. JIMS found that 58% of parents under 35 either send or have considered sending their children to private schools.. In addition, 52% of young Israelis support a school voucher program, in which the state education budget would be distributed among parents who would choose and fund their child's school.. JIMS Position Paper, PP0110511.. Government Biometric Database.. Diana Zaks.. The government of Israel is about to begin compiling a biometric database of all Israelis that will put their personal data in the hands of at least 10,000 government employees.. JIMS' paper warns warns of the danger of having a biometric database in which the personal data of all Israelis will be in the hands of at least 10,000 government employees.. The plan to establish a central biometric database, along with the use of biometric identity cards, will make Israel the only Western democracy to store biometric information about its own citizens.. JIMS Position Paper, PP0103011.. How the West Lost Egypt.. Boaz Arad.. argues that misdirected economic policies exacerbated the economic woes in Egypt and became one of the reasons tens of thousands of people took to the streets.. In addition to the adverse effects of governmentmandated use of biofuels in the West on the economy of Egypt, recent Western bailouts have caused inflation, hurting the poor in less developed countries far more than elsewhere.. JIMS Position Paper, PP2002011.. Economic and Strategic Implications of American Aid to Israel.. The conditioning of three billion dollars of annual American aid to Israel on similar aid to Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and the Palestinians forces Israel to spend more than three billion dollars on defense.. The lion's share of US aid ends up being spent on maintaining a qualitative edge over other countries who receive such aid.. US aid comes in a bundle with aid to Egypt, Jordan and other countries.. Egypt receives from the US two thirds of the sum granted to Israel.. But according to JIMS, every dollar granted to Egypt requires Israel to spend between 1.. 6 and 2.. 1 dollars to maintain the balance of power.. As a result, every dollar granted to Israel costs Israel between 1.. 06 and 1.. 39 dollars.. JIMS Position Paper, PP0101011.. Support  ...   sectors of the economy.. JIMS Position Paper, PP28102009.. Economic Freedom of the World Index 2009.. (co-published by JIMS and the Fraser Institute, 2009).. Chief Scientist Grants: a Waste of Public Money.. Zev Golan.. The chief scientist program is designed to support Israeli technological projects.. The level of subsidization, as revealed in JIMS' position paper, is much higher than the level used by OECD members.. In fact, the Chief Scientist office distributes freely taxpayers' money without filtering and sorting the best projects.. Usually, the bulk of the budget is given to large companies with extended public relations budgets.. In the past 10 years, national expenditure on civilian R&D as a percent of GDP has more than doubled, from 2.. 2% in 1995 to 4.. 7% in 2008.. JIMS Position Paper, PP08072009.. Tax Policy for 2009.. The Ministry of Finance is thinking of raising the VAT on all other products from 16.. 5% to 17.. 5%, or increasing income taxes to cover their "overdraft.. " JIMS' research paper explains why such proposals are bad for Israel's economy and for the ministry of finance.. The other proposal of increasing income tax on salaries and business income seems to be an even worse idea.. As outlined in our paper, when in 2002, the social contributions paid by employers and employees were increased, 30,000 businesses filed for bankruptcy.. JIMS Position Paper, PP12072009.. Raising 200 billion NIS in Public Debt.. The Israeli government intends to raise 200 billion ? this year and in 2010 (100 billion each year) by issuing government bonds.. From this, 140 billion shekels would be raise on the domestic market and 60 billion on the international market.. Some of these funds will be used to re-finance the debt taken in 2002 -2003, but 80 billion are new debt.. JIMS Position Paper, PP12052009.. The Wisconsin Program "Lights for Employment".. "The Wisconsin Program" currently called Orot Letasuka (Lights for Employment) in Israel was intended to assist the recipients of welfare grants to integrate in the labor market and reduce the extent of welfare grants that constitute a burden on the state treasury.. According to the Ministry of Finance, the program has proven itself, because in the regions where the program is currently operating the number of those who receive income supplements has declined by 52% as opposed to a decline of only 7.. 2% in those regions where only the State Employment service is functioning.. JIMS Position Paper, PP03052009.. Imposing a Value Added Tax on Fruits and Vegetables.. As early as 1990 an attempt was made to cancel the 0% VAT rate on fruits and vegetables.. As a result of fierce opposition and problems that were raised at the time concerning implementation, it was ultimately decided to leave the situation as it was.. Today, after almost 20 years, the Finance Ministry is once again attempting to revoke the VAT exemption on fruits and vegetables.. Additionally, the Finance Ministry suggests raising the VAT rate by 1% for a year and a half (from 15.. 5% to 16.. 5%), despite promises last year to lower VAT by 1%.. Kahal as Spontaneous Order.. Joseph Isaac Lifshitz.. Abstract: One description of the people of Israel is Kahal, a category that the Talmud is also concerned with.. This category was further employed later in the middle ages, and was given to the Jewish community, although some times with a little twist, the Kehila.. This paper will focus mainly on the question of the formation of the Kahal as a large political body in the Bible and in the Talmud, and explore the political implications that can be derived from it.. The Kahal as a spontaneously-defined, non-organized political body must be clarified.. To this end, I will borrow theoretical frameworks of Friedrich Hayek and Michael Polanyi.. JIMS Discussion Paper DP23062009.. The Treasury, once again, failed to assess the "unseen" effects of government borrowing on capital markets.. If the Israeli government raises 200 billion shekels on the domestic and international capital markets, the same amount of resources will be taken away from the private sector.. The Bank of Israel warns against raising the cost of capital to private firms, especially during the economic downturn.. Even if the government uses this new injection of money in relatively "worthwhile" projects, (and not only to increase public sector salaries and cover administrative costs), it is very doubtful that the benefits associated with the government program will offset the "unseen" destructive effects in the private sector.. As of now, public debt in Israel is already high, per capita debt is almost 74,000 shekels.. The proposed increase in debt will bring the per capita amount to 102,000 shekels.. JIMS Position Paper, PP08062009.. Green Management Matters Only If It Yields More Green: An Economic/Strategic Perspective.. Donald S.. Siegel.. Abstract: This essay was written in response to the theme of this years Academy of Management Meeting, Green Management Matters.. I assert that firms should adopt green management practices only if such activities complement the organizations business and corporate-level strategies and ultimately, enhance profitability or shareholder wealth.. To illustrate this, I outline an economic/strategic perspective on green management practices, focusing on the strategic benefits and competitive dynamics associated with this activity.. I also identify specific tactics firms can employ to achieve such strategic goals, as well as the functional areas affected by these decisions.. JIMS Discussion Paper DP31052009.. Universities and the Success of Entrepreneurial Ventures: Evidence from the Small Business Innovation Research Program.. Siegel and Charles Wessner.. Abstract: There has been little direct, systematic empirical analysis of the role that universities play in enhancing the success of entrepreneurial ventures.. We attempt to fill this gap by analyzing data from the SBIR program, a set-aside program that requires key federal agencies (e.. g.. , Department of Defense) to allocate 2.. 5 percent of their research budget to small firms that attempt to commercialize new technologies.. Based on estimation of Tobit and negative binomial regressions of the determinants of commercial success, we find that start-ups with closer ties to universities achieve higher levels of performance.. JIMS Discussion Paper DP10309.. The Internationalization of Science and its Influence on Academic Entrepreneurship.. Stefan Krabel, Donald S.. Siegel and Viktor Slavtchev.. Abstract: We conjecture that the mobility of academic scientists increases the propensity of such agents to engage in academic entrepreneurship.. Our empirical analysis is based on a survey of researchers at the Max Planck Society in Germany.. We find that mobile scientists are more likely to become nascent entrepreneurs.. Thus, it appears that citizenship and foreign-education are important determinants of the early stages of academic entrepreneurship.. JIMS Discussion Paper DP280109.. JIMS Year in Review 2008.. JIMS' Year in Review reports on the many activities of the institute in the past twelve months.. The Center for Data Analysis and the Center for the Study of Judaism and Economics are given a section where we report on selected highlights.. Published by JIMS, 2008.. Economic Freedom of the World Index.. (co-published by JIMS and the Fraser Institute, 2008).. Evaluating the Effects of Mergers and Acquisitions on Employees: Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data.. Siegel and Kenneth L.. Simons.. Abstract: The unit of analysis in empirical studies of the employment and wage effects of mergers and acquisitions is typically the plant or firm.. In contrast, the unit of observation in this study is the individual worker, which allows us to provide direct, systematic empirical evidence on the effects of different types of mergers and acquisitions on employees.. Specifically, we analyze linked employer-employee data for the entire population of Swedish workers and over 19,000 manufacturing plants for the period 1985-1998.. For each worker, we have data on gender, age, national origin, level of education, type of education, location, industrial sector, annual earnings, as well as each employees complete work history both before and after a merger or acquisition.. We can also identify whether the plant was involved in a full or partial acquisition or divestiture, as well as a related or unrelated acquisition.. The empirical evidence suggests that employee outcomes are more favorable when only part of the company is bought or sold or when the firm engages in an unrelated acquisition.. JIMS Discussion Paper DP100708.. Institutions, Democracy and Growth: A Long Run Analysis.. K.. Yanovskiy and S.. Shulgin.. In this paper, based on our past research, we have set ourselves the goal of testing the following hypothesis: the fundamental precondition for the due protection of private property is personal immunity in the broad sense, i.. e.. guarantees of rights such as the protection of life, personal freedoms and the inviolability of private property, including the requisite institutions for the enforcement of the same, often conceived of in political terms.. JIMS Discussion Paper DP150808.. 2008 International Property Rights Index (IPRI).. (co-published by JIMS and the Fraser Institute, 2007).. Civil Society Report on Climate Change.. A new Report by a coalition of over 40 prominent civil society organisations from 33 countries says that governments should reject calls for a post-Kyoto treaty (Kyoto 2) with binding limits on carbon emissions.. The report says a better strategy would be to focus on removing barriers to adaptation, such as subsidies, taxes and regulations that hinder technological innovation and economic growth.. (co-published by JIMS and the Civil Society Coalition on Climate Change, 2007).. Is It Possible to Have Cheaper Drugs and Preserve the Incentive to Innovate: Reforming the Drug Approval Process According to Market Principles.. Corinne Sauer and Robert M.. This paper argues that drugs are expensive not because of a lack of competition among research-based pharmaceutical companies, but because of a lack of competition in the drug approval process.. Lack of competition in the drug approval process has led to exceedingly high drug development costs.. High drug development costs combined with artificially low drug prices, obtained through price control legislation and legislation that eases the entry of generic products into the market, has caused lower levels of pharmaceutical research and development, innovation, and economic growth.. JIMS Discussion Paper DP110108.. (published in: Journal of Technology Transfer, 2007, 32(5), 509-524.. ).. Why develop open-source software? The role of non-pecuniary benefits, monetary rewards, and open-source licence type.. Robert M.. A review of the basic theory of optimal open-source software contributions points to three key factors affecting the decision to contribute to the open-source development process: nonpecuniary benefits, future expected monetary returns, and open-source licence type.. This paper argues that existing large-scale software developer surveys are inadequate for measuring the relative importance of these three factors.. Previous econometric studies that collect their own unique datasets also fall short because they generally measure the importance of only one supply factor in isolation.. To fill the gap, I specify an estimable dynamic programming model of joint labour supply and open-source participation decisions that can provide empirical estimates of relative importance within a single unified framework of optimal decision-making.. JIMS Discussion Paper DP061007.. (published in: Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 2007, 23, 605-619).. Judaism, Markets, and Capitalism: Separating Myths from Reality.. It is sometimes assumed that Judaism is a religion that is more socialistic than capitalistic and that 'tikkun olam' requires extensive government intervention.. In this monograph JIMS' co-founders Corinne and Robert Sauer argue that Judaism is a system of thought that more naturally aligns itself with the basic principles of economic liberalism.. JIMS Discussion Paper DP210606.. (published by the Acton Institute, 2006).. Doctors Without Borders: The Returns to an Occupational License for Soviet Immigrant Physicians in Israel.. Adriana D.. Kugler and Robert M.. Re-licensing requirements for professionals that move across borders are widespread.. In this paper, we measure the returns to an occupational license using novel data on Soviet trained physicians that immigrated to Israel.. An immigrant re-training assignment rule used by the Israel Ministry of Health provides an exogenous source of variation in re-licensing outcomes.. Instrumental variables and quantile treatment effects estimates of the returns to an occupational license indicate excess wages due to occupational entry restrictions and negative selection into licensing status.. We develop a model of optimal license acquisition which suggests that the wages of high-skilled immigrant physicians in the nonphysician sector outweigh the lower direct costs that these immigrants face in acquiring a medical license.. Licensing thus leads to lower average quality of service.. However, the positive earnings effect of entry restrictions far outweighs the lower practitioner quality earnings effect that licensing induces.. JIMS Discussion Paper DP100303.. (published in: Journal of Labor Economics, 2005, 23 (3), 437-466).. "Israel 2005" Beyond the Borders: Market Oriented Reform Outside the EU-25.. Corinne Sauer.. This study, published by the Stockholm Network, explores the economies of several non-European Union countries.. Focusing on their economic freedom and market-oriented reforms, JIMS looked at the prospects and challenges of the Israeli economy for the report.. (published by the Stockholm Network, 2005).. Aid and Development: Will It Work This Time?.. A new study from International Policy Network concludes that aid has failed to achieve its goals in the past 50 years.. Worse, in many cases aid has been counterproductive, crowding out private sector investment, undermining democracy and perpetuating poverty.. Africa received over $400 billion in aid between 1970 and 2000.. Yet, the evidence presented in the study shows an inverse relationship between aid and economic growth, when aid rises, growth falls.. In part this is because aid supplants private sector investment and undermines savings: there is also an inverse relationship between savings and aid -- when aid increases, saving decreases.. (co-published by JIMS and International Policy Network, 2005)..

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  • Title: JIMS - Judaism and Economics> Virtual Library
    Descriptive info: JIMS- Center for the Study of Judaism and Economics.. > Virtual Library.. We thank Daniel Schiffman for help in compiling this bibliography.. Aumann, Robert (2003).. Risk Aversion in the Talmud.. ,.. Economic Theory 21: 233239.. Aumann, Robert J and Maschler, Michael (1985),.. Game Theoretic Analysis of a Bankruptcy Problem from the Talmud.. Journal of Economic Theory 36, 195-213.. Ben Sasson, Menachem (ed.. ) (1995), Religion and Economics (in Hebrew),.. Jerusalem: Zalman Shazar Center.. Callen, Jeffrey L.. (2008).. Differential Asset Valuation in the Medieval Post-Talmudic Legal Literature.. History of Political Economy 40:1, 183-200.. Carlton, Dennis W.. & Avi Weiss (2001),.. "The Economics of Religion, Jewish Survival, and Jewish Attitudes toward Competition in Torah Education.. ,".. Journal of Legal Studies 30:1, 253-75.. Darvish, Tikva and Nava Kahana (1987),.. The Nature of Utility in Jewish Law.. International Review of Law and Economics 7:1, 127-131.. Gershfield, Edward (1986),.. Business Regulation and Price Control in Talmudic Economics.. International Journal of Social Economics 13:9, 45-51.. Grossbard Schechtman, Shoshana, (2002), Competitive Marriage Markets and Jewish Law ,.. in The Economics of Judaism and Jewish Human Capital, in Chiswick, Carmel, Tikva Lecker and Nava Kahana (eds.. ), Ramat-Gan, Israel: Bar Ilan University Press, (2002).. Revised Version 2006.. Grossbard-Shechtman, Amyra (1984/85) Economics, Judaism, and Marriage ,.. Dinei Israel 12, (in Hebrew).. Hollander, Gideon, Nava Kahana and Tikva Lecker (1999),.. Property Rights to Married Womens Earnings: A Topic in Jewish Law.. Contemporary Jewry 20:1, 57-67.. Ilani, Zvi (1979), Models in the Economics of Uncertainty: The Cost of Concluding a Conditional Contract, according to the Talmud and the Halachic Literature,.. Iyunim Bekalkala (Investigations in Economics), The Israel Association for Economics, Jerusalem, Nissan 5740 (April 1980), 246261 (in Hebrew).. Kahane, Yehuda (1980),.. Modern management parallels in ancient law.. Risk Management (January), 29-37.. Katz, Eliakim and Jacob Rosenberg, 2003.. "Property Rights, Theft, Amnesty and Efficiency.. European Journal of Law and Economics 15:3, 219-32.. Kleiman, Ephraim (1973), Bi-metallism, Two Mishna Versions, and the Date of Rabbi Yehudas Death,.. Zion (in Hebrew) 38, 4861.. Kleiman, Ephraim (1987a),.. Just Price in Talmudic Literature.. History of Political Economy 19, 2345.. Kleiman, Ephraim (1987b),.. Opportunity Costs, Human Capital, and Some Related Economic Concepts in Talmudic Literature.. History of Political Economy 19, 26187.. Kleiman, Ephraim (1997),.. Ancient and Medieval Rabbinic Economic Thought: Definitions, Methodology and Illustrations in Price.. B.. B.. (ed.. ), Ancient Economic Thought, London and New York: Routledge.. Kleiman, Ephraim (2003), Was There an Economic Man in Antiquity?,.. Some Evidence from the Talmud, Research Bulletin Series on Jewish Law and Economics, Bar Ilan University.. Levine, Aaron (2011),.. The Oxford Handbook of Judaism and Economics.. Oxford University Press.. Levine, Aaron (1975),.. Opportunity Cost as Treated in Talmudic Literature.. Tradition 15: 153-72.. Liebermann,Yehoshua (1979),.. Elements in  ...   661-680.. Ohrenstein, Roman A.. and Barry Gordon (1992),.. Economic Analysis in Talmudic Literature: Rabbinic Thought in the Light of Modern Economics.. Leiden: E.. J.. Brill.. Paris, Dov (1998), An Economic Look at the Old Testament ,.. Rosenberg, Jacob (1984/85), The Position of Halacha on Market Competition ,.. Dinei Yisrael 12, 25-32.. Rosenberg, Jacob (2002),.. The Economic Approach to the Jewish Law of Damages: The Case of Damage by Fire.. Research Bulletin Series on Jewish Law and Economics, Bar Ilan University.. Rosenberg, Jacob (2003), Kindness as a Signal of Honesty: An Analysis of the Role of Chassidim in Ancient Jewish Society.. in Chiswick, Carmel, Tikva Lecker and Nava Kahana (eds.. ), Economics of Judaism, Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press.. Sauer, Robert and Sauer, Corinne (2007).. Judaism, Markets, and Capitalism: Separating Myth from Reality.. Acton Institute.. Schein, Andrew (2001), An Economic Analysis of the Obligation in Jewish Law for Price Controls.. Dine Israel 20-21, 31-47.. Schein, Andrew (2003),.. Of Biblical Interest, Brotherhood and Charity.. International Journal of Social Economics 30:7, 788-97.. Schein, Andrew (2004),.. A Biblical Precedent for the Coase Theorem?.. Journal of Markets and Morality 7:2, 495-504.. Schein, Andrew (2006),.. The Vision of Deuteronomy 15 with Regard to Poverty.. Socialism, and Capitalism, Journal of Markets & Morality 9:2, 251-259.. Schein, Andrew (2007), Rabbinic intervention in the market for necessities ,.. BDD 18, pp.. 53-65.. Schiffman, Daniel A.. (2005),.. The Valuation of Coins in Medieval Jewish Jurisprudence.. Journal of the History of Economic Thought 27: 141-160.. Schiffman, Daniel (forthcoming).. Rabbinical Perspectives on Money in Seventeenth Century Ottoman Egypt.. European Journal of the History of Economic Thought.. Shapiro, Aharon (1970),.. Rabbinical Responsa and the Regulation of Competition.. American Journal of Economics and Sociology 29:1, 71-76.. Sharfman, Keith (2007),.. The Law and Economics of Hoarding.. Loyola Consumer Law Review 19:2, 179-193.. Viswanath, P.. V.. (1998),.. Risk Sharing in the Mishna: An Economic Explanation of a Mishnaic Law Pertaining to Agricultural Rental Contracts.. Proceedings of the International Conference on Law, Jewish Law and Economics at Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel, December.. (This is a less technical version of the 2000 article).. (2000),.. Risk Sharing, Diversification and Moral Hazard in Roman Palestine: Evidence From Agricultural Contract Law.. International Review of Law and Economics 20:3, pp.. 353-369.. P.. Viswanath (2008),.. Explorations in the Economics of Intertemporal Asset Transfer in Roman Palestine.. The American Economist 52:2, 77-86.. and Michael Szenberg (2003),.. Examining the Biblical Perspective on the Environment in a Costly Contracting Framework.. in Chiswick, Carmel and Tikva Lehrer (eds.. ), Economics of Judaism, Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press.. Weissman, Seth, (1998) From Roman Palestine to American Express: Price Matching and How Rationing Refunds Improves Welfare.. Ph.. D.. Dissertation, Department of Economics, Columbia University..

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