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    Archived pages: 203 . Archive date: 2013-12.

  • Title: Reviewing the Impact of Conflict on Women in Assam and Nagaland : Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research (C-NES)
    Descriptive info: Reviewing the Impact of Conflict on Women in Assam and Nagaland.. | September 12, 2011 |.. Former Home Secretary Gopal Pillai launched a three-day programme of the Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research (C-nes) in New Delhi on September 7, 2011, saying that it was crucial for governments and non-government groups to reach out to groups and communities in the North-east which felt distanced and alienated.. Sanjoy Hazarika, Managing Trustee, C-nes, speaks at the launch of the Report, Bearing Witness at New Delhi, SDept.. 7.. on his left is Mr.. Gopal Pillai, former Union Home Secretary, Government of India, who inaugurated the three-day event.. On Mr.. Pillai s left is Mr.. MP Bezbaruah, former Union Tourism Secretary.. Mr.. Pillai, who released the report, ‘Bearing Witness: the impact of conflict on women in Nagaland and Assam,’ based on research by C-nes teams in the two states, said that he had been moved by the accounts in the reports of the reality of the pain and trauma that women especially had suffered over decades.. takig a close look at the photographs of the project.. Releasing the report, he referred to one where a woman talks of how she had to accept reality and move out of her grief and bitterness despite seeing the killers of relatives roaming around freely.. Pillai, who was one of the country’s most respected officials, spoke of his experiences of traveling in the different states both as Joint Secretary in charge of the region in the Ministry of Home Affairs and then more recently as Home Secretary where he tried to assuage hurts and grievances by holding dialogues with local communities at the village and district level, apart from frank discussions with government officxials and political leaders.. the former Home Secretary looks at photos from the exhibition.. He recalled the case of Oinam village in Manipur, which had been the site of a major attack first by a Naga underground group on an Assam Rifles post and then a counter-attack by the paramilitary forces in which several villagers were killed, many houses torched.. The case became a major one and went up to the Supreme Court.. “I apologized to the people, on my behalf and on behalf of the Government of India for what had happened,” he stated, a rare admission of the responsibility of the State for such events.. Sanjoy Hazarika, Managing Trustee of C-nes, who was co-author and project director, delivered opening remarks, spoke of the project and how it had taken shape.. He paid tribute to the hard work of the research teams of Charles Chasie, Dr.. Lungshang Zeliang and Dr.. Buno Ligase in Nagalad  ...   range of complex conflicts in the region but focuses on Nagaland and Assam and the living trauma of women victims.. Questions flowed from the audience afterward and the director and producer responded to numerous points.. The final event was a surcharged evening of discussions led by a panel comprising of the respected scholar Prof.. Udayon Misra, Dr.. P.. Ngully, psychiatrist from Nagaland, Ms.. Meenakshi Ganguly, representative of Human Rights Watch, Ms.. Monalisa Chankija, editor of the Nagaland Page, Mr.. Mirza Rahman, researcher for the Assam segment of the project, and Mr.. Hazarika.. The discussion was chaired by Ms.. Gill, who spoke of how her understanding of issues and people had grown over the years through travel there and extensive meetings and conversations with a wide range of individuals and groups.. Sanjoy Hazarika interviewed by NE media.. Ms.. Ganguly said that the “human debris” of conflict – largely women and children – were often forgotten and the Report highlighted the importance of understanding this problem.. Dr.. Ngully spoke of how the tragedies borne by one generation were onpassed to the next generation, leading to complex challenges of PTSD (Post Trauma Stress Disorder).. Prof.. Misra also asserted the need to go beyond discussions centred around the NER, expanding these with a comparative focus that could bring greater knowledge about the issues and difficulties of the region and its people to a wider audience across the country.. A lively discussion session followed.. Closing the three-day event, Mr.. Hazarika spoke of how the issues raised in the report and the interactions could be developed in the National Steering Committee on Health of which he was a member; it would be important to include these issues through a prescriptive framework into a policy structure involving the stakeholders.. In addition, he said that the work of the issues must continue by reaching a wider audience across the country but also focusing on other areas of conflict in the North-east and comparing it with other parts which had also suffered in India and elsewhere.. “As long as there are untold stories, our work will not be complete the democratic deficit in the region must constantly be challenged.. ”.. Click here to download report.. Like this:.. Like.. Loading.. Tags:.. featured.. Category.. :.. If you enjoyed this article, subscribe to receive more just like it.. Subscribe via RSS Feed.. Leave a Reply.. Click here to cancel reply.. Name.. ( required ).. Email.. ( required; will not be published ).. Website.. If you want a picture to show with your comment, go get a.. Gravatar.. Notify me of follow-up comments by email.. Notify me of new posts by email.. %d.. bloggers like this:..

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  • Title: Announcements : Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research (C-NES)
    Descriptive info: Category: Announcements.. Bearing Witness: The Impact of Conflict on Women in Nagaland and Assam.. | August 30, 2011 |.. The Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research and the Heinrich Böll Foundation have pleasure in inviting you to a series of events to be held in a number of cities in India through September to October 2011.. The events showcase the Research Report, Film and a Photo Exhibition conducted by C-nes and supported [ ].. Delegate from Centre for Disease Control Prevention at Boat Clinic.. | July 16, 2011 |.. A two member team comprising of Ms D.. Daniel from the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, US and Mr Santosh, UNICEF Consultant, visited the Barpeta Unit II Boat Clinic in lower Assam on July 14, 2011.. The team joined the health team on the Boat Clinic during their trip to conduct a health camp at Rowmari [ ].. Assam MMR still highest in the country.. | July 14, 2011 |.. With the highest Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) the Centre’s latest estimates are a mixed bag for Assam.. MMR is the rate of women who die in child birth as a proportion of the population.. Against a national average of 212, the MMR in Assam is 390, the highest in the country, according to the [ ].. Managing Trustee meets senior NRHM officials in Delhi.. | July 12, 2011 |.. Managing Trustee Sanjoy Hazarika held a meeting with senior officials of the National Rural Health Mission in New Delhi to discuss the ongoing partnership between C-NES and NRHM in Assam.. The meeting, on 5 July, between Mr.. Hazarika, Mr.. Pradhan, head and Executive Director of the NRHM, and Mr.. Naved Masood, Special Secretary was held [ ].. PHFI Documentary on Boat Clinics.. | June 23, 2011.. A documentary on C-NES’ unique Boat Clinics is being developed by  ...   to reducing Maternal Mortality Rate(MMR) Infant Mortality Rate(IMR) and Total Fertility Rate (TFR) in the thirteen Boat Clinic operated districts in Assam, [ ].. Hazarika completes Rockefeller Fellowship.. | May 30, 2011.. Sanjoy Hazarika, Managing Trustee, who was awarded the prestigious Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Residency Fellowship for April-May 2011, for writing a part of his latest book on the North-east and its neighbourhood with a focus on margins, borders, State impunity and its impact on women, especially in conflict situations, has completed the fellowship.. He made a presentation [ ].. Sanjoy Hazarika appointed member of National Steering Committee on Health.. Sanjoy Hazarika, Managing Trustee, C-NES has been appointed a member of the National Steering Committee on Health, under the auspices of the Planning Commission, Government of India.. This follows the completion of six years of the successful Boat Clinics initiative in Assam that has won national and international recognition and which he has designed and [ ].. Lok Pal Bill draft and commentary: need to discuss.. | May 29, 2011.. The following is a note by Venkatesh Nayak of the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative which works extensively on RTI.. It contains a detailed analysis of the Jan Lokpal Bill that is being debated around the country.. This analysis is being circulated to encourage informed debate on the subject.. This note has been shared with the [ ].. Baby boy delivered at Dibrugarh s Sarikholia sapori.. | May 5, 2011.. A baby boy was delivered on 26th April, 2011 at Sarikholia sapori, Dibrugarh district in upper Assam, under the supervision of Dr Bhaben Borah and Dr Kumud Agarwala, Medical Officers of the Dibrugarh Boat Clinic while the boat clinic was anchored at Mesaki sapori for a scheduled camp.. The new mother, Ramita Yadav was [ ].. By the Brahmaputra (Vol: 13).. | April 9, 2011 |.. January-March 2011.. Previous Page..

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  • Title: Through American Eyes: The C-NES Boat Clinics : Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research (C-NES)
    Descriptive info: Through American Eyes: The C-NES Boat Clinics.. | August 27, 2012 |.. Comments (1).. Intern’s Report:.. By: Arunava Sarma.. (May/June 2012).. Introduction.. For a public health and molecular biology student, the prospect of touring areas of rural India via boats on the crisscrossing channels of the Brahmaputra and providing healthcareto underserved populations is very attractive.. For such a student with ancestral Assamese roots, the opportunity is nigh impossible to ignore.. Thus, when my aunt Bhaswati Goswami (Communications Manager, C-NES) mentioned the possibility of doing such work in Assam through the Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research (C-NES), the wheels quickly set in motion sending me off to “Ships of Hope.. Assam.. Assam lies in North-East India, barely connected to the rest of India by a thin strip of land squeezed between Bhutan and Bangladesh.. I have found that, in my home state of California in the US, Assam is an unknown state.. Many times when I say my that family is from Assam, I receive blank stares; on occasion, the additional mention of Assam tea, famous world-wide, causes a glint of recognition in the eyes of a few caffeine enthusiasts.. Assam has other claims to fame besides the beautiful tea gardens.. Its tropical climate makes it a canvas for lush forests and copious wildlife, preserved from the encroachment of cities in several natural parks.. The sheer.. variety of people that live in Assam is a collage of humanity as more than 20 major ethnic groups exist in Assam.. The state’s culture a similarly rich mixture of the many people that have touched its history.. Running through the state, also influencing many aspects of Assamese existence is the lifeblood of the state The Brahmaputra River, a living entity which grows and shrinks with the seasons not a lifeless river.. The population of Assam has increased dramatically in recent years and the already weak infrastructures of major cities have become weaker still-electricity still flickers on and off and water shortage has hit cities of Assam.. Like most of India, social disparities exist towering cement houses sit next to small houses with walls made of woven thatch, and giant malls spring up next to small ‘10X10’ family shops.. Beyond all these facts, Assam is also the homeland of both my parents, and thus, I consider it a second home albeit a home I have experienced very little of.. My experiences this summer has opened my eyes just a little to Assam.. C-NES and the Boat Clinics.. It is on the banks of the Brahmaputra that this summer’s unfolds.. The Brahmaputra River is a constantly changing entity.. In the monsoon season the river roars, fed by the heavy rains, its increased girth and depth swallowing up landmass.. In the drier seasons its rage calms and the water levels recede.. On these volatile landmasses in and around the river, populations of human play out their lives.. They live, ready to move out at any given moment in the rainy season, their homes can be on land one minute, and underwater the next.. Because of the migrant nature of their lives, the inhabitants of these small villages tend to be of lower income, with little access to what we call ‘.. modern technology.. ’.. They have no electricity and no running water and no access to healthcare.. Though lack of electricity and running water remain unsolved issues of infrastructure, the Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research (C-NES) has set in place a program to provide basic medical care to the people in these communities.. The Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research, C-NES , is a non-governmental organization established in 2000 by Sanjoy Hazarika, a noted journalist and former New York Times correspondent, who is its Managing Trustee.. It was established to seek tostrategies to improve the conditions of living in the North Eastern states.. They have a number of projects in the fields of education, heath, environment, gender issues, etc.. but their flagship program is the Boat Clinic health outreach initiative.. The boat clinics bring health service to socially, geographically, economically secluded populations on the Brahmaputra.. chars/saporis.. , or river islands.. The program began as a concept which was awarded a World Bank grant.. The grant provided for the building of the program’s first boat, Akha.. Akha, which aptly means hope in Assamese, continues to serve the upper Assam tea district of Dibrugarh.. The project has since then blossomed and five more boats have been constructed, several more hired.. Many more districts have begun to serve communities of people on the Brahmaputra.. The project now runs via grants from the National Rural Health Mission, Govt.. of India and a total of 13 districts are served by 15 clinic units all year long.. The efforts of the boat clinics have reached over 800,000 of people to date.. The Focus:.. Immunization of children, care for pregnant women and general treatment of adult groups.. Ante-natal check-ups are especially emphasized given the high mortality rate in Assam.. Assam has the highest maternal mortality rate at 390 deaths per one one hundred thousand live deliveries.. My Internship.. During the duration of my internship with C-NES, I visited a number of day health camps in lower Assam in the districts of Nalbari, Kamrup, and Bongaigaon.. Though each district is run by a different group of people, the basic framework is the same.. My day trips began in the respective district offices.. The district offices range from warehouse rooms with a computer desk on one side, to quaint residence-cum-office buildings with staff members and government issued medicine stocks residing side by side.. These sleepy offices turn into a bustle of activity as members of the clinic staff arrive and begin sorting through the large stocks of medicine and supplies, packing the necessary articles into canvas bags and small crates.. These supplies are then loaded into a clinic truck.. Once all the precious supplies are loaded into the trucks, the staff slide their way into the seats and begin the journey.. The trips from the district offices to the riverbank start sites were not short it could take as much as an hour and a half and several muddy potholed roads to reach the site where the boat anchored overnight.. The length of the trips was augmented by the required detours to pick up additional members of staff and to government distribution centers.. These centers, though old and decrepit looking from the outside, contained precious vaccines which we collected from cold freezers.. The vaccines only remain viable for 48 hours after being removed from sub-zero temperatures and thus the utmost care is taken in packing the vaccines into cold boxes for transport.. With the precious vaccine cargo added to the already busy car, the staff was ready to head to the boats.. The take-off points for all the clinics I visited were out of the way, in the corner of a little village or under a bridge, with no paved road to point the way.. The boat clinics take good care of their teams, with a hearty breakfast and lunch.. Breakfast is a social affair, served on the boat with.. staff members gathered around various tables the ship’s hold.. The ride to the camps is long, as much as two hours upstream so no time is wasted the boat sets in motion even before breakfast is served.. The river, at the time of my visit, was not yet in full swell and only starting to rise above its winter levels.. Still, it had risen enough that the hike from the boat to the clinic site was drastically diminished; only at one camp did we have to walk more than a mile distance.. At the other sites, the water level had risen enough that the boat could anchor very close to the camp location.. The clinics are supposed to be held in the local school buildings but, more often than not, they are organized near the boat in tents or nearby the school at a residence.. This is because C-NES and the staff do not want to disrupt the learning environment of the schools.. Very quickly, light plastic tables, the same tables that are used for staff dining, are set up into several stations.. The first station that patients visit is the intake station where they are given a sheet of paper with name and ticket number.. Sometimes additional information is written down on these sheets such as weight and blood pressure.. This little sheet of paper is the intake form of the clinic and guarantees service at the rest of the stations.. The next station that patients visit is the doctor’s station it is here that the people get to state their health complaints and receive a diagnosis.. Sometimes they are simply prescribed a medicine:the doctor writes down a medication for their symptom on the form and sends the patient off to the pharmacist’s table for collection.. The pharmacy table sits stacked high with medicines with the pharmacist presiding over the copious supplies ensuring that each patient receives the right medication and the right dosage information.. At other times the doctors send the patients off to the lab technicians table to get some vital information prior to prescription.. The lab technician is able to analyze both blood and urine samples with mobile technology.. With these samples he can conduct tests for hemoglobin, pregnancy, malaria, HIV, blood type, urine content, and more.. Each district has a different set of tests they run, based on what stocks they have and the need they perceive; one of the districts I visited regularly conducted HIV tests.. Only two conducted.. malaria tests regularly and all the camps conducted blood hemoglobin tests.. After the tests, the client returns to the doctor for prescription.. Aside from this systematic care, the clinics also provide immunizations and ante-natal care.. Nurses are in charge of this department and they carefully catalog the people who come in for this care in a large roster book to ensure follow up is tracked.. The health camps go on for up to four hours and in that span as many as one hundred and fifty patients are seen.. No one is turned away.. Only after every individual at the camp, as well those who come late and come to the boat for last second care, is seen, does the team return back to home base.. The return trip is accompanied by a late and spicy lunch prepared by the boat cook.. The day ends at around 4 PM or 5 PM, with the return to shore.. The clinic staff disperse to their homes but they see each other soon enough.. Every month, they work together for 16 camps.. The Night Camp.. Along with the day camps, I also got a chance to be a part of an overnight boat camp done by the Jorhat district.. The.. chars.. in the Jorhat area are too far to reach and treat in one day so instead the health camp staff stays on the boat for six nights and goes down river from village to village, giving care along the way.. The set-up of the health camp portion of the overnight trips is similar to those of the day camps with the same stations and format of care.. They do have the luxury of starting as early or as late as is convenient for the villages; they can wait for school to finish before starting the camp because there is no rush to leave for the mainland.. Because of this, the Jorhat DPO also arranged an art contest for the school children.. The art contest was well received by the village children not only did they get a chance to be creative, but they also get a pack of crayons, a prized possession.. One of the village children refused to color in his drawing simply because he wanted his prized colors to remain pristine.. In one of the communities, the DPO found that the children were more interested in singing and dancing than drawing.. After several impromptu traditional song and dance routines, she proposed that next time they hold a show, an idea gleefully received by the children.. Clearly, the boat clinic team is not just interested in the personal health of members but also the community benefit.. In the evening, if a combination of factors such as electricity, weather, proximity to the village fall into place, the night clinics also hold awareness camps.. C-NES bought a number of projectors and NHRM/UNICEF provided a cute little cartoon video to show to via the projectors.. The themes of the video emphasized such topics as the importance of education for both girls and boys, the necessity of proper quantities of food, and the very basics of how to treat diarrhea.. I personally was very skeptical of the utility of the projectors simply because of the feasibility of showing the movie.. Most villages did not have electricity for the projector to run on.. The boats have generators but most villagers are unwilling to walk the distance to the boat in the dark of the night.. In any case, in the summer months, the constant possibility of rain makes outdoor showings impossible.. The clinic got lucky though, and was able to show the program in the school building, after making a call asking that the switch director leave the villages lights on for a little bit.. After seeing the excitement on the villagers faces at the thought of seeing the video, I had to reformulate my idea of the effectiveness of the projectors.. Even if the projectors can only be used ever so often, the attention and  ...   suggestions:.. Anemia.. Despite these positives, difficult health conditions abound.. Anemia remains rampant, aches and pains from hard field work remain, gastric issues are common.. Lifestyle changes, not just medication, would be required to make a major difference in these areas and those are the hardest to instate.. There is a potential solution to the issue of anemia in rice eating areas of the world.. An international nonprofit organization called Path has made a pasta grain that resembles rice and contains micronutrients and iron.. It is mixed in small portions (1 grain of ultra to 100 grains of normal rice) and prepared as normal.. It was made with the intention of being given to low income, grain centered societies as a way of preventing malnutrition without intruding upon their normal lifestyles.. The most exciting part about Ultra Rice is that it is entirely affordable-it costs about 0.. 50 American cents or 25 rupees to provide a school age child with fortified grain for an entire school year.. Better yet, Path made these grains affordable by selling the recipe for production to several plants across the globe.. One of those plants is in West Bengal.. It would be great if Ultra rice could be distributed to rural areas.. It would provide less invasive and more long term treatment for anemia though there might be issues of people not mixing in the rice properly.. That is an issue very similar to people.. not taking their iron pills.. However, I feel that this would be a more accepted method of taking iron because it lacks the strong smell of the iron pills and is integrated into daily diet.. The problem with anemia for pregnant women comes during childbirth.. Blood loss and hemorrhage are common, and for people with low blood levels, even the smallest amount of loss can be fatal.. There is a drug called Oral Misoprostal that has been shown in recent studies to reduce incidence of postpartum hemorrhage by 50%.. “Oral misoprostol in preventing postpartum haemorrhage in resource-poor communities” by Derman outlines the study of the drug in a randomized control study.. The study was done in rural India, in an area with a high prevalence of anemia, and thus can be seen as a proxy to areas in rural Assam.. The pill is also relatively cheap, about 1 dollar or 50 rupees a dose, and is possibly life-saving.. If the pills could be handed out via the clinics, to either the expecting mothers with explicit instructions on how to take the medication or to midwives given with a little training on the use of the drug, there could be great potential for aid and prevention of postpartum death.. Personal Observations:.. It was interesting and a bit odd to view the clinics from an American perspective.. There were certain things that I saw that would never be allowed in an American clinic.. For one thing, privacy was not an issue that anyone was concerned with Coming from America, I was incredibly nervous and hesitant to pull out my camera.. In America, encroaching on someone’s privacy in a medical setting could very easily become legal trouble.. So ingrained is that mentality in my psyche that, at first, I did not want to take any pictures.. In India, though, no one really cared about privacy-medical examinations were done in the open, vaccines and injections.. were given in front of the crowds.. The only procedure done behind a screen at every clinic was an antenatal examination.. At one clinic, they did give injections behind the curtain though.. In some cases this privacy was good: getting an injection is a rather vulnerable experience, one that many do not care to share.. At the same time, I will admit there was some benefit in having injections in public.. It assuaged some people’s fears to see the procedure being done so easily and quickly on other people.. I also observed someone afraid to be get an injection but convinced by their neighbors.. The private setting for vaccinations did not allow this change of mind to occur.. Personally, as an American, I am more inclined to private treatment, to the idea of private care.. I also observed a variety of techniques for withdrawing blood from a pinprick for testing.. After making a pinprick, a small amount of blood was drawn to be used into a variety of tests.. The blood was usually withdrawn via a capillary tube or syringe.. Those lab technicians who used capillary tubes either used a bulb for drawing the blood, or, much to my surprise, used their mouths to pull up the blood into the capillary tube.. It seems dangerous to be bringing a blood filled tube to one’s lips and is not a practice done in the US.. I do know that the old medical colleges used to pipette by mouth but that practice has been abandoned.. Another worrisome factor was that the capillary tubes were not disposed of after each blood draw-the tubes were just placed into a container of solution, most likely water.. When dealing with blood, in the US, extreme care is taken, simply because of the risks of disease transference.. Though capillary blood draws are less dangerous than needles, I feel that some sort of procedure drawing blood without mouth should be instated, and a method to either cleaning or disposing of capillary tubes between uses should also be considered.. Disposal of Needles and Waste.. The C-NES health clinics are wonderful, but there are definitely some issues that I saw that should be dealt with.. I volunteer for a free clinic back in Berkeley and, when it comes to needles, the is the upmost care taken in their disposal.. At the Berkeley Free Clinic, the instant after a needle is used, it is disposed, immediately.. The disposal of the needles used for drawing blood or giving vaccines at the clinics was sporadic and varied greatly between camps.. Some clinics cut the tips off of needles and disposed of them into wastebaskets immediately after use.. Other camps though simply stacked them up, used needle tips exposed until there was a break in the crowd.. Only then did they cut the tips off the needles.. Needless to say, this was a disconcerting situation to me.. It would be incredibly easy for someone to pick up a needle and, out of curiosity, play with it, or accidently get stuck by a fallen needle.. Even after the needles were cut, they remained stacked upon a bench.. I actually saw a little child playing with a detipped needle.. Though not as dangerous as an uncut needle, it just shows how easy a single needle could slip into the hands of a patient.. I understand how hectic the clinics are espeicially after seeing the constant stream of patients and can perceive the difficulty in taking the time to snip off the needle tips in-between patients but the risk of someone getting stuck is far too large to take.. I think there should be a sort of “sharps container” instilled so that the needles can be disposed of immediately.. The sharps containers do not have to be fancy and Government issue.. A milk carton can be made into an impromptu sharps container and can very successfully keep the needles out the reach of curious characters.. Despite the lack of a standardized disposal system for the needles, I was glad to find that the clinic had a Post exposure prophylactic program in place just in case of staff exposure to needles.. Though the needle issue still needs to be addressed, it is good to know that considerations have been made for the unfortunate situation of someone getting pricked by a dirty needle.. The clinics try to be as undisruptive as possible to the schools but the health camps are disruptive in a lot of ways, some worse than others.. They are spectacles, people come out to simply see the health camp boats.. Thus disruption is innocuous enough.. However, I noticed that in some of the clinics, not all, left their waste at the site of the camp.. Needle wrappers and old medication boxes littered the ground after the clinic and were left there even after the camp packed up.. Leaving medical trash puts a burden onto the village.. It is not fair to leave the burden of cleaning up to the villagers.. Waste is not that hard to collect, and with the use of baskets, the trash could very easily be disposed of back in the main office.. Medical Logistics:.. There is another mentionable issue with the clinics.. It is the matter of medication logistics.. When the clinics need medicine they receive a stock from the government and an additional 5000 rupees to buy any extra medications they feel that they need.. The 5000 rupees is insubstantial because it provides for very little extra medicine but the stocks of government issued stocks are substantial.. They consist of nutrient supplements, analgesics, antidiuretics, cough suppressants, and more.. When the medications are passed out by the government, there is no consideration about what conditions are most prevalent, during which season, and in whatever area.. There is no record kept of how many drugs are given per trip nor is there a record of what is taken on each trip-medications are simply grabbed and tossed into canvas bags for transport.. This haphazard transport of medications is troublesome but not as much sheer wastage of medicine that occurs because medication is given in bulk regardless of what ailment is common at the time.. In each office there are stocks of medicine that have.. expired because theyhave no use at the time.. They sit alongside the unexpired medications which made me very nervous that somehow an expired drug would slip in with the quickly grabbed medications and find it’s way into someone’s hands.. During my trip with the clinics, I did not see expired medicine passed out, but I did see a box of expired medicine.. that had made its way onto the boat.. Luckily, it was noticed and separated.. The expired medications sit on the selves next to the other medicines because the government provides no easy way to dispose of them.. More useful than a disposal system would be a system where the clinics are able to say “We need this much of this drug for this season, and only a little of this drug.. ” The government could then give them what they need, much less drug wastage.. This would require the clinics to keep track of illness trendsand the amounts of medication they give out.. It would also require that the government have a system for drug requests that is efficient.. The process of instating such standards might be difficult but, in the end, I think it would decrease drug wastage as well as provide solid statistics on the boat clinics to better track disease and progression of care.. Conclusion and Thanks.. This year’s trip to Assam was entirely unique and extraordinary.. I know I will associate an innumerable amount of emotions with this trip for many years to come-affection towards the staff who were so kind as to take me in and show me their day to day work, amusement at the eagerness of the sapori children in getting their photos taken by this strange American girl.. Not all the feelings though are positive-the situation of some of the villagers is saddening in that many of their conditions are entirely preventable by way of education and regular care.. Still others have simply had harsh lives thrust upon them and have no way to get out.. In addition, I know this trip has helped me reinforce my determination to enter the medical field.. I owe a great number of people thanks for this opportunity.. Many thanks go to Sanjoy Hazarika and all the members of his NGO C-NES for providing such a service to the rural populations of Assam and allowing me to take the tiniest peek into their work.. I must also thank my family who took care of me and took the time to shuttle me around to the camps regardless of every pothole they hit.. And of course, thanks to the people of the villages I visited.. I thank them for allowing me to watch their experiences, speak to them about their lives, and even joke (or rather have them joke with me) about my future marriage possibilities.. I look forward to returning in a few years, to be absolutely astounded at the changes that the boat clinics have made on rural India.. (Photographs of camps with captions were sent earlier as an album and has since been uploaded in the C-NES website- www.. c-nes.. org).. Trackback URL.. Comments RSS Feed.. Bhaskarjyoti Mahanta.. says:.. September 25, 2012 at 9:20 am.. It was a nice experience to me.. systems and ordial management of system vary verily out there in your state and here in India, much not to speak of the inacessable chars and saporis of assam.. I beaing a Pharmacist very redily underscore the loopholes in my job that yo have so artistically pointed out and need not to say that it needs to be corrected.. In my personal opinion every injection should be behind the screen but out here we not only give the same but also kill the fear and awe that lodge in their thinkng.. Anything done behind the screen creats more suspicion amongst illeterate and orthodox,socalled,religios people.. At this point when those uneducated are stil to adapt to our science,privacy more than in aspect that a really want can create more misconception than we are there to vanish the existings.. Reply..

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  • Title: Swedish midwife visits Boat Clinics : Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research (C-NES)
    Descriptive info: Swedish midwife visits Boat Clinics.. | May 7, 2012 |.. Swedish midwife, Christina Pedersen collaborating with Ipas- an organization headquartered in North Carolina, US and working around the world to increase women s ability to exercise their sexual and reproductive rights, especially the right to safe abortion visited the Tinsukia and Dibrugarh Boat Clinic Units in April 2012.. Her report follows with photographs of the camps :.. THE BOAT CLINICS IN ASSAM.. I am a Swedish midwife and master student from Uppsala University in Sweden visiting Assam to do research on safe abortion care in relation to the high numbers of maternal mortality in Assam.. The context is fascinating and complex in this region and there are so many reasons contributing to the high numbers of maternal mortality.. I have been doing an interview study with doctors and general nurse midwives involved in abortion care working in government facilities both in rural and urban areas.. When I was visiting Upper Assam I got the opportunity to visit the Boat clinics in Tinsukia and Dibrugarh, I went with the boat located on the Dibru river outside of Tinsukia and could follow  ...   to see the young doctor who patiently gave them advice and treatment.. If the patients needed they could also go and meet the pharmacist, take some lab.. tests, receive family planning or ante- and postnatal care, also children’s checkups and vaccination was available.. I am very impressed by their work and the enthusiasm the team showed.. They seemed to enjoy their work and all had important tasks to do and therefore I felt they performed very well.. After the health clinic we had lunch together and discussed about health issues concerning reproductive health and the specific problems found in the area where the boat clinics work.. The next day, after my interviews at Tinsukia civil hospital, I went to meet with the boat clinic team in Dibrugarh.. We also had an interesting discussion about reproductive heath issues, contraceptive counselling and women’s health.. I found the boat clinics to be an extremely important provider of health care to people who otherwise would have a very limited access to health care at all.. I am very impressed and inspired of what I saw.. Keep up the good work!.. Best Wishes.. Christina.. ,..

    Original link path: /1722/swedish-midwife-visits-boat-clinics
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  • Title: Health Camp at Kadamtola Kopahtoli char : Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research (C-NES)
    Descriptive info: Health Camp at Kadamtola Kopahtoli char.. | August 18, 2011 |.. A visit was made to Kadamtola Kopahtoli char, Mondia Block on 15 July 2011 with the Barpeta Boat Clinic Unit II.. The team reached the Manikpur ghat at around 930 hours.. At Manikpur ghat the road was muddy and slippery.. We had to cross a small stream near the ghat to reach our boat with everyone in the team holding their shoes and slippers in their hand.. During the journey breakfast was served and the nurses and the Pharmacist helped in the process.. Deepamoni Begum, the pharmacist was unwell , though she attended the camp.. During the journey there were discussions on the visit of the representative of CDC, Atlanta the previous day.. After about one and half hours the boat reached the Kodamtola Kopahtoli ghat and the camp was organized at the Kodamtola M E School.. A large crowd had already gathered at the school when we reached.. The temporary health unit was set up immediately inside the school.. The school was having summer holidays and the team could use it for conducting the health camp.. Pharmacy was setup in the boat itself as the boat was anchored close to the school.. During monsoons the boat reaches inside the villages.. Medical officers Dr Soleman Khan and Dr Shah Alom checked up the patients in the temporary OPD setup inside the school building assisted by the laboratory technician and nurses.. Community Workers Reyhan Ali, Montaz Ali Khan and Wahabur Rahman were busy organizing the crowd and distributing advice slips to the patients.. At times they were seen to be in difficulty of controlling the large crowd and everyone wanted to be the first to take the slips.. The DPO and the Community workers called on the ASHA workers to organize the crowd and this was also done by taking support from the elders in the village.. Finally the crowd settled down.. Later an awareness meeting was organized wherein there were discussions on IMR and MMR , their extremely poor figures for Assam and why care of the young mothers was very  ...   of the people to take support from the district level NRHM institutions should be routed through the Boat Clinic so that they could help them in organizing.. ANM Jilima Begum shared some of her struggles in life during the journey.. She said that her father had died when she was at school and she and her elder sister with her mother had to take care of the family especially her two brothers.. With great difficulty they were able to manage for the admission of one of her brother at NIT, Silchar Enginering College.. With the package of ANM (prior to NRHM revision) she said that life was very difficult for her, although she was managing with the support of her sister and brother-in-law.. Then she also had to look after the needs of her youngest brother who was studying higher secondary in science in Guwahati and staying in a private hostel.. She said that when she was getting Rs 6,000/- as an ANM in Boat Clinic, it was the toughest period of her life as she had to manage her home and the needs of here two brothers.. She was relieved after her salary was revised to Rs 14,000/- recently.. We found her strong and determined and fighting in the resolve to make the careers of her brothers and live a life of dignity.. She said she was happy with what she has been doing for the communities of the char areas.. At the health camp there were 18 ANCs, 24 RIs, and 191 general Health Checkups.. The camp which started at 1130 hours ended at 1530 hours.. We reached the ghat at 1700 hours and started the return journey to Guwahati.. The Pharmacist, laboratory technician and an ANM Jilima Begum accompanied in our car.. Dr Soleman Khan, MO, who is also a freelance photographer, showed some of his pictures including those which have been published in the vernacular media.. A report by Sanjay Sharma ,.. Associate Programme Manager C-NES.. dr.. soleman khan.. August 18, 2011 at 3:20 pm.. All the members of our unit had a really gud time with you sir..

    Original link path: /1334/health-camp-at-kadamtola-kopahtoli-char
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  • Title: Speed boat to C-NES : Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research (C-NES)
    Descriptive info: Speed boat to C-NES.. | March 23, 2011 |.. A Switzerland based company, RIB (rigid inflatable boats) Expeditions and Adventures, has extended a helping hand towards emergency medical care in the char saporis of Assam.. The company has donated an inflatable speed boat that will operate in Tinsukia district and will support the Tinsukia Boat Clinic run by C-NES in partnership with NRHM.. The speedboat will enable patients from the char/saporis to be carried swiftly to boat clinics or hospitals in emergencies.. The inflatable dinghy with a fiberglass bottom could carry half a dozen people and move at the speed of 30km to 40km per hour.. A workshop was recently conducted at Guijan ghat, near Tinsukia town to train C-NES  ...   an expedition on the Brahmaputra last year.. Leeman and his team plan to be back in Assam by end of this year with advanced training.. “If the project goes well we will come back with the next boat and hopefully can fulfill C-NES’ dream of having a fleet of fast moving emergency boats” he added.. A nine member boat crew team from Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, Dhemaji and Jorhat attended the training.. They were-.. 1.. Md Abdul Rafique, Skipper, Tinsukia.. 2.. Murari Yadav, Driver, Tinsukia.. 3.. Durga Prasad, Helper, Tinsukia.. 4.. Kunwar Chandra Pegu, Community Worker, Tinsukia.. 5.. Bholanath Pegu, Community Worker, Tinsukia.. 6.. Binod Razak, Community Worker, Tinsukia.. Shyam Yadav, Driver,Dibrugarh.. 8.. Pordeep Das, Skipper, Dhemaji.. 9.. Sasi Pamegam, Skipper, Jorhat..

    Original link path: /1056/speed-boat-to-c-nes
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  • Title: SB Numali waits for high water : Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research (C-NES)
    Descriptive info: SB Numali waits for high water.. | March 12, 2011 |.. SB Numali, the boat donated by Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL) to the Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research (C-NES) as part of its Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), is ready for service.. The boat crew is waiting for high water to come, to move it to Sonitpur, where the boat will provide health services to the marginalized river island population of the district as part of C-NES’ Boat Clinic programme under NRHM.. The inaugural function of the boat launch was earlier held on 11th March 2011 at Majuli ghat, Jorhat.. Senior officials from NRL and C-NES Managing Trustee, eminent writer journalist Sanjoy Hazarika were present at the launch.. NRL has donated Rs.. 12  ...   care services, through specially designed boats equipped with laboratories as well as pharmacies on board, to these river islands and the special focus is on women and children, who are the most vulnerable in difficult conditions (Assam has India’s worst Maternal Mortality rate at 480, higher than Bihar or Uttar Pradesh, and a high Infant Mortality Rate).. There are now 15 boat clinic teams in 13 districts of Assam, a major upscaling from the single district when it began its innovative initiative in 2005 at Dibrugarh.. This has been done through a Public Private Partnership (PPP) with NRHM since 2008 and reached nearly 5 lakh persons so far.. The districts covered are Dibrugarh, Tinsukia, Dhemaji, North Lakhimpur, Jorhat, Sonitpur, Morigaon, Kamrup,Nalbari, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Goalpara and Dhubri..

    Original link path: /1046/sb-numali-ready-for-launch
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  • Title: Health Camp at Goalpara : A report : Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research (C-NES)
    Descriptive info: Health Camp at Goalpara : A report.. | December 10, 2010 |.. The Centre for North East Studies Policy Research (C-NES) in Partnership with National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), Government of Assam, formally launched five new Boat Clinics in Kamrup, Goalpara, Bongaigaon, Barpeta and Dhubri districts of Assam in October 2010.. Ashok Rao, Programme Manager C-NES reports on recent visit to a health camp conducted by the newly initiated Goalpara Boat Clinic:.. The Goalpara Boat Clinic office is setup at Lakhipur, a small town in the district and is about 42 km from the National Highway 52 bordering Meghalaya.. The road from Agia town through which the diversion from NH 52 is taken meanders through small hillocks and reaches a stretch of dusty road under repair till we reached Lakhipur.. To reach the ghat we traveled further through crowded market places with narrow roads (people hardly giving way for the vehicle).. The Boat Clinic is operating from Chunari ghat, about 12 km from Lakhipur.. The original ghat on the embankment has shifted further away as the Brahmaputra has receded.. The driver had to carefully maneuver the vehicle through soft sandy soil.. The boat had just arrived after having dropped the health team at the camp site.. The District Programme Officer, Monoranjan Sutradhar came to pick me up for the camp.. I had carried life jackets for the team from Guwahati and the packet was loaded onto the boat.. We traveled for 30 minutes and  ...   migrate to other areas.. One LP school exists in the char and children willing to study further has to travel 7/8 km to reach the ME school located in another char.. Goalpara district has no panchayat system due to disturbances in the last Panchayat elections.. This char has a village committee which is formed mainly to look into matters related to land issues and settling disputes within the community.. The lone ASHA in the char has completed 5 module training and she complained that pregnant women were not willing to go in for institutional delivery.. I informed her that we would give training to the Dhai’s (midwives) from the char area which will help her work to a great extent and she should therefore continue to work and provide awareness for better health of the community.. The Diwani (village head), elders and youths requested me to have 2 camps at.. different sites in this char as the area is big and the sick, elderly and children will have to walk long distances to come to this camp site.. I assured them that we will assess the need for the same and will do the needful.. The camp ended at 3:30 pm, people continued to pour in for treatment.. including a young child who was brought with fever and was diagnosed.. with malaria.. 146 patients were registered for treatment with 10 RI’s and 8 ANCs.. The journey back to Chunari ghat took almost an hour..

    Original link path: /939/5-more-boats
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  • Title: Achievement at a glance: Boat Clinic : Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research (C-NES)
    Descriptive info: Achievement at a glance: Boat Clinic.. | August 10, 2010.. Boat Clinic Programme implemented by C-NES in partnership with NRHM, Assam.. C-NES has been providing basic health care services to communities who do not have access to health facilities in the river islands of the Brahmaputra through its Boat Clinic initiatives in a Public Private Partnership (PPP) with the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), Government of Assam.. These specially developed boats are equipped with laboratories on board as well as pharmacies.. UNICEF is also supporting the programme in Dibrugarh and Lakhimpur districts where it works with C-NES on health training and skill upgradation as well as a school outreach programme to cover children who have dropped out of school or have never been to school.. Background:.. In many river journeys, journalist, author and C-NES Managing Trustee, Sanjoy Hazarika observed the enormous gaps and needs in his home state, Assam especially among those living on the river.. The need was to take the service to people, not wait for them, with all their difficulties, to come to the mainland for it.. After launching C-NES in 2000 and conducting detailed research, involving local community members and staff on issues relating to livelihoods, floods, erosion and health, the time was appropriate to test the idea through competing in the India Marketplace 2004, organized by the World Bank to draw ideas for meeting rural gaps.. Thus, the “Ship of Hope in a Valley of Flood” was born, won an award and with the award funds it was decided to build the ship.. In May 2005, the organization launched the Boat Clinic initiative to deliver health services to people living on the islands of the Brahmaputra in Assam state.. C-NES started with one boat and seven staff in Dibrugarh district in 2005, with support from district health and administration as well as modest assistance from Oil India Limited, Assam Oil Ltd and local NGOs and business organizations.. The success in the intervention received recognition which attracted UNICEF and later NRHM, Govt.. of Assam, which wanted to reach out to a larger population.. In the first phase of partnership with NRHM, beginning February 2008, the Boat clinic programme was implemented in 5 districts of Assam- Dibrugarh, Tinsukia, Dhemaji, Morigaon and Dhubri.. In the second phase, from March 2009, 5 more districts Lakhimpur , Jorhat, Sonitpur, Nalbari and Barpeta were added.. From August 2010, 3 more districts- Kamrup, Goalpara, Bongaigaon along with one more unit each in Barpeta and Dhubri have been brought under the Boat Clinc health initiative.. The goal:.. To take sustained health care to lakhs of persons on the islands, for the first time since independence, with a special focus on women and children, who are the most vulnerable in difficult conditions.. What drives the organization and its programmes is delivering people their birth right in the sphere of health, education, sanitation among others.. The goal is to  ...   provide material for computation and analysis.. Reviews on the above sections are done by experts nominated by the Board of Trustees every 6 months.. Outreach.. The district wise breakup of population proposed to be covered and number of river islands where boat clinics are functioning so far are as follows:.. District.. No.. of River Islands/ Bankline areas.. of River Islands/Bankline areas covered.. of Villages.. of Villages Covered.. Population Covered.. Tinsukia.. 10.. 41.. 23.. 14,967.. Dibrugarh.. 14.. 17.. 12,882.. Dhemaji.. 11.. 9,271.. Morigaon.. 38.. 25.. 29,190.. Dhubri.. 125.. 35.. 480.. 1,30,000.. Char /Village.. Population.. Lakhimpur.. 109.. 1,43,235.. Jorhat.. 293.. 2,15,095.. Sonitpur.. 145.. 1,45,729.. Nalbari.. 32.. 83,602.. Barpeta.. Kamrup.. Goalpara.. Bongaigaon.. 277.. 175.. 179.. 117.. 2,68,344.. 1,54,503.. 1,86,826.. 1,35,809.. Source: Block, District Health Society and C-NES survey.. C-NES BOAT CLINICS: 10 DISTRICTS (Partnership with NRHM).. Achievement at a glance: Boat Clinic, 1st April 2010 onwards (monthly).. TINSUKIA DISTRICT:.. of camps.. Months.. Health Checkup.. RI.. ANC.. PNC.. Vit A.. Spl.. Vaccination.. IPPIP.. Inst.. Delivery.. Total.. Family Planning.. 13.. April.. 872.. 48.. 26.. 972.. 442.. May.. 1728.. 55.. 0.. 1832.. 301.. 15.. June.. 1716.. 74.. 42.. 18.. 1854.. 421.. July.. 1804.. 131.. 78.. 2017.. 72.. 16.. August.. 1275.. 71.. 56.. 1415.. 550.. 76.. TOTAL.. 7395.. 372.. 254.. 44.. 8090.. 1786.. DHEMAJI DISTRICT:.. 891.. 45.. 20.. 967.. 1563.. 82.. 65.. 1724.. 29.. 1814.. 98.. 61.. 21.. 1995.. 981.. 46.. 1059.. 820.. 22.. 39.. 885.. 6069.. 273.. 231.. 53.. 6630.. DIBRUGARH DISTRICT:.. 219.. 30.. 304.. 220.. 581.. 24.. 675.. 555.. 12.. 28.. 641.. 58.. 623.. 704.. 737.. 68.. 34.. 879.. 2715.. 247.. 112.. 115.. 3203.. 320.. MORIGAON DISTRICT:.. 1363.. 292.. 37.. 67.. 1841.. 527.. 27.. 1431.. 260.. 252.. 33.. 2043.. 1102.. 1631.. 310.. 249.. 114.. 2345.. 1290.. 1423.. 203.. 193.. 66.. 1907.. 47.. 1701.. 286.. 246.. 2382.. 108.. 7549.. 1351.. 1022.. 165.. 431.. 10518.. 3013.. DHUBRI DISTRICT:.. 1406.. 133.. 1588.. 89.. 1626.. 194.. 49.. 1875.. 91.. 1715.. 170.. 1982.. 2030.. 206.. 83.. 2329.. 8581.. 834.. 307.. 9791.. 356.. LAKHIMPUR DISTRICT:.. 719.. 797.. 657.. 684.. june.. 950.. 1025.. 105.. 890.. 103.. 64.. 1095.. 52.. 1827.. 81.. 93.. 2041.. 63.. 5043.. 245.. 59.. 5642.. 272.. JORHAT DISTRICT:.. 511.. 571.. 100.. 733.. 806.. 893.. 964.. 110.. 776.. 850.. 160.. 845.. 51.. 43.. 942.. 75.. 3758.. 189.. 155.. 4133.. SONITPUR DISTRICT:.. 1298.. 370.. 506.. 2248.. 138.. 1185.. 300.. 167.. 1976.. 346.. 1219.. 380.. 149.. 169.. 1942.. 204.. 1117.. 239.. 95.. 163.. 1643.. 416.. 815.. 209.. 1209.. 5634.. 1498.. 518.. 1263.. 9018.. 1137.. NALBARI DISTRICT:.. 1407.. 211.. 1713.. 1729.. 223.. 84.. 60.. 2104.. 182.. 1597.. 80.. 1972.. 183.. 1455.. 214.. 70.. 1778.. 190.. 1448.. 184.. 1739.. 237.. 7636.. 1052.. 77.. 195.. 9306.. 952.. BARPETA DISTRICT:.. 1633.. 255.. 314.. 2344.. 1918.. 1808.. 341.. 2504.. 787.. 213.. 150.. 1208.. 1312.. 1327.. 119.. 1856.. 2561.. 1790.. 2177.. 445.. 7345.. 1157.. 752.. 172.. 663.. 10089.. 6742.. Boat Clinic under NRHM,(10 District) 1st April 2010 onwards (Total).. Total Camps.. Districts.. 729.. 61725.. 7218.. 3957.. 647.. 2860.. 76420.. 15093.. Comments are closed..

    Original link path: /96/achivement-at-a-glance-boat-clinic
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  • Title: Boat Clinics in Republic Day Tableau : Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research (C-NES)
    Descriptive info: Boat Clinics in Republic Day Tableau.. | February 1, 2010 |.. The Boat Clinics found a pride of place and displayed at the Republic Day Tableau in Nalbari and Lakhimpur by the respective District Health Societies, winning the first prize at Lakhimpur.. The model, designed by District Media Expert, Bijendra Gogoi, highlighted the need for family planning and institutional delivery including Govenment incentives for the same.. The Republic Day function was held at Lakhimpur’s Higher Secondary School Field where the Deputy Commissioner of the district, Jayanta Narlikar hoisted the National Flag.. At Nalbari the function was held  ...   Commissioner, Ashutosh Agnihotri and other district officials.. The event was covered in leading vernacular dailies of the state- Khabar, Amar Asom and Pratidin.. From the launch of the Boat Clinic in Dibrugarh in 2005 and its spread across Assam to 10 districts in 2009, most districts have reported support from villagers and government.. Sustained health care through Boat clinics to excluded people on islands of the Brahmaputra river, Assam have reached nearly 3,00,000 of the poor with a focus on reducing maternal and infant mortality rates in partnership with the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and UNICEF..

    Original link path: /520/boat-clinics-in-republic-day-tableau
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  • Title: Project on Impact of Conflict on Women in Assam and Nagaland : Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research (C-NES)
    Descriptive info: Project on Impact of Conflict on Women in Assam and Nagaland.. | January 7, 2010 |.. The Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research (C-NES) has signed an agreement with the Heinrich Boll Foundation of Germany to conduct a year-long project on the Impact of Conflict on Women, with a special focus on Assam and Nagaland.. This takes forward the work of an earlier research study that C-NES had done on the same theme, with a review of this very issue in Nagaland and Tripura.. A two-day workshop was organized to discuss  ...   workshop was attended by Project Director Sanjoy Hazarika, Managing Trustee, C-NES, Associate Project Director Preeti Gill, Editor of Zubaan, Patricia Mukhim, CNES Trustee and Editor, Shillong Times; Dr P Ngully, Executive Director, Spastics Society of Nagaland, Nagaland Hospital, Dr.. Sandi Syiem, CNES Advisory Council member and Chief Executive of San-Ker Rehabilitation Centre, Shillong, Professor Temsula Ao, Department of English, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong, Sanjeeb Kakoty, Faculty, Rajiv Gandhi Indian Institute of Management, Shillong; Rajesh Dev, Faculty, Department of Political Science, Women’s College, Shillong; and Niketu Iralu, CNES Trustee and eminent social reformer..

    Original link path: /470/project-on-impact-of-conflict-on-women-in-assam-and-nagaland
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