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  • Title: C-CTherapy® | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy® | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic
    Descriptive info: .. Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy.. C-CTherapy.. Books.. About Us.. Telepsychotherapy.. Glossary.. Contact.. Center for Counter-Conditioning Therapy.. The Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural.. Mental Health Clinic of the 21st Century.. This non-medical mental health clinic features.. "The Canadian Psychotherapy".. , which applies a 21st Century experientially-based treatment format called.. C-CTherapy.. The unique treatment protocol, developed in the field of human behaviour, is a dramatic departure from traditional mental health programs.. The protocol is an exclusive service of the Center.. In keeping with the 21st Century theme, the therapy focus differs from current psychotherapy convention in that the treatment effort is directed solely upon the patient's current mental stressors.. The principal clinical services provided by the Center since its Canadian beginnings in 1964, are the following:.. is a mental health service unique to the Center for Counter-Conditioning Therapy.. allows the patient to receive mental health treatment anywhere in the world via telephone in the comfort of the patient s own home or office.. Counselling Information Program (.. C.. I.. P.. ).. The Center s monographs and articles on this website perform a mental health counselling function.. The Center defines counselling as the dispensing of information.. It matters not whether this dispensing is practiced by a psychiatrist, a psychologist or by a variety of mental health practitioners called counsellors.. Those of the world s public who access the Center s.. FREE.. Counselling Information Program obtain its unique perspective.. Those readers will also profit from reading the books listed in the supporting documentation following each monograph.. Emotional Self-Management Training Program.. Readers who wish to go beyond the Website s FREE counselling program, are advised to.. contact the Center.. in order to participate in the Emotional Self-Management Training program for which there.. is a fee.. There are two Emotional Self-Management Training Programs:.. The Short-term program is of six (6) sessions  ...   Disease-model, cognitive theory is not employed, or indeed, is it related to a non- counselling C-CTherapy treatment design; nor are any of the therapies based upon an "understanding why" study, diagnosis, treatment approach.. Non-Drugs Therapy.. A physician-diagnosed case treated by a non-medical, systems-based model illustrates the differences between the medical, symptom-based model and the human behavior model in the treatment of mental health cases.. Short-Term Therapy.. Empirical data emanating from three short-term treatment cases applying "Counter-Conditioning Therapy " is presented.. Each example is selected at random from a clinical pool of 500 short-term therapy patients from 1980 to 1992.. Substance Abuse.. A Case Illustration Employing "Counter-Conditioning Therapy " in the Treatment of Substance-Abuse Outpatients.. Child Development.. C-CTherapy treatment focuses upon how the patient experiences his surroundings not on theories about human behaviour.. C-CTherapy deals with how people actually function, not on conjecture about why they behave as they do.. Trauma Articles.. Written for Therapist Column in East Bay Journal, a newspaper for the 1991 Oakland, California Firestorm Victims.. Trauma Industry.. Can we be held emotionally hostage by an earlier - or even recent event or trauma? Today trauma counselors rush to plane crashes, shootings, fires, earthquakes disasters to get victims to talk about what they saw, what they heard, and what they felt.. Women s Treatment.. This paper offers a clinical definition of sensitivity and describes the role of this human characteristic in the mental health treatment of women.. Material is taken from the author s 3 decades of research and clinical work using C-CTherapy.. Tyranny.. This monograph takes as its point of departure the medical treatment of Schizophrenia.. It identifies the common denominator afflicting these patients as insistent, compelling thought-voices.. A non-medical, non-volitional unified treatment design is touched upon regarding the patient’s capacity to combat his self-victimization.. Site Map.. | 2010 C-Ctherapy..

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  • Title: C-CTherapy® | Counter-Conditioning Therapy® | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic
    Descriptive info: The Canadian Psychotherapy.. is the first-ever unified, non-cognitive psychotherapy and the only U.. S.. federally trademarked psychotherapy.. practitioners teach the patient a mental health skill rather than ANALYZING negative experiences from the patient's past.. practitioner employs a "what to do" rather than a cognitive therapy "why did you get that way" approach.. A skill-acquisition process,.. follows the same fundamental steps applied in learning how to play  ...   and the process is mental instead of physical.. A PARTNERSHIP prevails between therapist and patient as the therapist teaches and the patient acquires a mental health skill.. In.. treament the patient is obliged to:.. familiarize himself with his own emotional,.. non-volitional pattern.. practice.. exercises under the direction of the therapist-teacher.. tape record each treatment session and between weekly sessions listen to and practice these assigned exercises..

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  • Title: C-CTherapy® | Books | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy® | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic
    Descriptive info: Emotional Self-Management: The Art of Tranquility in the 21st Century.. Copyright 1997, Norman A.. Gillies.. View EXCERPTS from this book.. Buy this book on Amazon.. Emotional Recovery After Natural Disasters: How to Get Back to Normal Life.. Copyright 2001, Ilana Singer.. About this book.. Emotional Self-Management: A Woman's Guide.. Copyright 2004, Ilana Singer.. It's Dangerous to be Different.. Copyright 2007, Norman A.. Gillies,.. Clinical Ethnologist..

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  • Title: C-CTherapy® | About Us | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy® | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic
    Descriptive info: Norman A.. Gillies,.. ,.. Professor of.. Founder of Center for Counter-Conditioning Therapy.. and C-CTherapy.. Professor Gillies has been active in the human behaviour and aberrant human behaviour treatment field originating in 1958.. Since 1958, he has held positions with the provincial governments of British Columbia, Saskatchewan and Ontario; in the United States, with Family Service agencies.. From 1975, he has concentrated upon his NON-COGNITIVE,.. CROSS-CULTURAL psychotherapy.. practice in the San Francisco Bay Area.. Additionally, the author is the founder of a unique clinical discipline, that of Clinical Ethnology.. This discipline is paramount in the practice approach of the Center's non-medical, mental health practitioners.. Currently 2009 the Center for Counter-Conditioning Therapy has relocated to.. White Rock, BC.. He is a graduate of the University of British Columbia  ...   how to work with and conquer their mental turmoil.. Professor Singer helped Oakland firestorm victims cope with their mental shock while they rebuilt their lives.. For three years she wrote "The Therapist Column," published in the East Bay Journal for the firestorm community.. Her published book, ".. ".. tells how other victims of natural disasters can help themselves emotionally.. She is a graduate of the University of California, Berkeley and California State University, Hayward.. Currently, she is writing a book for and about women.. In Memory:.. In an atmosphere of sadness, the Center is obliged to announce the passing of our esteemed clinical colleague, Ilana Singer, on February the 2nd 2009.. Her contribution to the clinical content of the Center's non-medical, mental health services are beyond dispute..

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  • Title: C-CTherapy® | Telepsychotherapy | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy® | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic
    Descriptive info: Telespsychotherapy, a therapy service of.. delivers therapy via the telephone to any location in the world in which the patient resides.. This service is unlike mental health counselling where the patient must attend therapy in the office of the administering clinician.. Telepsychotherapy focuses upon teaching the patient a mental health skill.. Skill acquisition is  ...   mental activity, and thus, in his/her mental behaviour.. A skill acquisition goal is a world away from the prevalent mental health therapy myth that right thinking translates into right behaving.. There are two Emotional Self-Management Training Programs:.. Both programs are delivered via the Telepsychotherapy service.. The Telepsychotherapy clinic is located in White Rock, BC..

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  • Title: C-CTherapy® | Counter Conditioning Therapy
    Descriptive info: Scanning website, please standby.. AMBIENT EMOTION:.. People exude an emotional aura.. If those in a community or in a group are anxious, the emotional atmosphere produced will be laden with tension.. That "surrounding emotion" is called ambient emotion.. One can be "infected" by one s emotional surroundings, catching tension and anxiety just as one catches the flu.. MONOGRAPH: SENSITIVITY AND INTELLIGENCE: A CLINICAL CONSIDERATION IN MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT OF WOMEN by Ilana Singer Copyright 2001 | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic.. AUTOMATIC REFLEX NETWORK:.. Complex configuration of spontaneous, repetitive thought-voices belonging to the non-volitional division of functioning mentality and originating in childhood.. The barrage of thought-voice activity from this complex configuration operates independently of external and cognitive forces.. Monograph: Tyranny | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic.. CLINICAL ETHNOLOGIST:.. An ethnologist studies cultures of people.. A clinician treats disruptive conditions in people.. A clinical ethnologist is a clinician who, as an expert on aberrant human behavior across cultures, applies this new discipline in a mental health treatment setting.. Book: Emotional Recovery After Natural Disasters: How to Get Back to Normal Life.. | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic.. This is the first book for people who have experienced emotional trauma, issued by the Center for Counter-Conditioning Therapy.. About Us | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic.. Gillies, Clinical Ethnologist,Professor of C-CTherapy®Founder of Center for Counter-Conditioning Therapy® and C-CTherapy®.. Books | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic.. All the Center s books focus on only one issue and that is emotional self-management and how mental conditioning determines mental behaviour.. CALL FOR PUBLISHERS - "Emotional Self-Management: The Art of Tranquility in the 21st Century" Copyright 1997, Norman A.. Gillies | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic.. Just think differently and you'll get better, preaches the COGNITIVE therapy movement.. These therapies don't work long-term and here's WHY:.. CALL FOR PUBLISHERS - "Emotional Self-Management: A Woman's Guide" Copyright 2004, Ilana Singer | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic.. Women's Woes: Sensitivity and Mental Conditioning.. Book: "It's Dangerous to be Different" Copyright 2007, Norman A.. Gillies, Clinical Ethnologist | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic.. Being taught bigotry as if it were biology is not what fuels the mental stance that differences are dangerous.. Monograph: Non-Drugs Therapy of An Anxious Teenager by Ilana Singer, Clinical Ethnologist 2006 | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic.. COUNTER-CONDITIONING:.. A concept used in behavior modification.. Counter-Conditioning Therapy | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic.. n/a.. Monograph: Child Development Part I | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic.. People don't evolve out of an experiential vacuum.. Instead, they live and flourish amongst human beings.. Monograph: Child Development Part II | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic.. This paper uncovers three facets of the emotional, illogical system of the child's mental development.. Child Development | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic.. Contact | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic.. For further information or clarification contact the Center for Counter-Conditioning Therapy.. Book - "Emotional-Self Management: The Art of Tranquility in the 21st Century" Copyright 1997, Norman A.. Here follow EXCERPTS from this book about the Center for Counter-Conditioning Therapy’s unique cross-cultural, non-cognitive mental health treatment design C-CTherapy.. THE GENESIS OF A UNIFIED, NON-COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY: an introduction to "C-CTherapy "  ...   Pavlov applied the term to conditioned reflexes of behavior, Hans Selye referred to conditioning in terms of physiology.. C-CTherapy , however, applies the term as integral to the creation of functioning mentality and refers to.. mental conditioning.. Telepsychotherapy | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic.. Telespsychotherapy, a therapy service of C-CTherapy The Canadian Psychotherapy delivers therapy via the telephone to any location in the world in which the patient resides.. COUNTER-CONDITIONING THERAPY (C-CTherapy ):.. A mental health treatment design which focuses its therapy effort upon neutralizing the self-victimizing effects of one s pattern of behavior.. Reducing the power of one s mental disrupting activity enables the patient to cope more easily with himself and those around him.. C-CTherapy :.. The first-ever trademarked, unified, non-medical, non-volitional psychotherapy design.. C-CTherapy® practitioners teach the patient a mental health skill rather than ANALYZING negative experiences from the patient's past.. C-CTHERAPY PROCEDURES:.. Mental exercises emanating from the Center for Counter-Conditioning Therapy s exclusive therapy format that culminate in the mental health skill of emotional self-management.. CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOTHERAPY:.. A therapy that can be applied to mental health treatment in any culture, as it is not founded on Western, Freudian precepts.. Its design incorporates the mental universals of human behavior.. FUNCTIONING MENTALITY:.. The interplay between the two divisions of mentation.. The volitional division accommodates the function of logic and reason.. The non-volitional division holds illogical and repetitive thoughts.. Both divisions constitute functioning mentality, the source of all human behavior.. GHOST-PHRASES:.. Sub-set of thought-voices.. Demanding, accusatory phrases absorbed and collected since infancy into one s mental reservoir which recycle through one s head and become self-victimizing later in life.. LOW ENERGY-HIGH DEFENSE:.. With low energy one operates mentally in a defensive manner, following the pattern s behavioral pathway developed since childhood.. MENTAL CONDITIONING:.. Originates from the absorbed impressions collected from infancy on and forms the ingredients of one s mental reservoir of impressions.. Mental conditioning drives one s functioning mentality.. MENTAL OSMOSIS:.. The core element that through inadvertent mental absorption builds our emotional, non-volitional mentality from childhood.. MENTAL REFLEX:.. describes the action of the illogical, non-volitional system, a mental action independent of will or reasoning.. MENTAL UNIVERSALS OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR:.. Elements of behavior common to human beings across all cultures.. MENTAL VALIDATION:.. Accepting as true a thought-voice that compels one to behave in conformity to the illogical contents of that thought-voice.. NON-VOLITIONAL PATTERN:.. One of the divisions of functioning mentality which houses illogical and emotional material.. It is emotional in function (the driving force) and illogical in content (the subject material).. The nature of this involuntary mental activity is equivalent to"knee-jerks of the mind.. ".. OSMOTIC MENTAL ABSORPTION:.. If imitation is active and reflects behavior like a mirror, osmotic absorption is passive, a sensory mental sponge soaking up impressions.. Osmotic mental absorption is inherent and subliminal, the kind of sponge you did not know you had until later, when you discover yourself talking or behaving just like your mother or your father.. PERSONALITY:.. The coming together of the volitional and non-volitional aspects of one's functioning mentality to produce a singular style of behavior.. SELF-VICTIMIZATION:.. Being harmed or made to suffer as a result of specific features in one s own mental conditioning.. SHOCK, EMOTIONAL:.. The excessive strain on one's mental/emotional system, a result of sudden, violent, or disturbing experiences.. SYSTEMS-BASED TREATMENT DESIGN:.. A mental health treatment design which addresses the totality of the mental ingredients forming the non-volitional division of one s functioning mentality.. THOUGHT-VOICES:.. Thoughts which "pop" into one's mind in an automatic, unheralded fashion.. VOLITIONAL PATTERN:.. One of the divisions of functioning mentality in which logic and reason determines behavior..

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  • Title: C-CTherapy® | Contact | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic
    Descriptive info: For further information or clarification contact the.. Center for Counter-Conditioning Therapy.. First Name*:.. Last Name*:.. E-mail*:.. Subject*:.. Your Message*:.. *Required fields..

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  • Title: C-CTherapy® | THE GENESIS OF A UNIFIED, NON-COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY: an introduction to "C-CTherapy®" Copyright 1990, Norman A. Gillies | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy® | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic
    Descriptive info: Monograph.. C-CTherapy , The Canadian Psychotherapy, is practiced exclusively at the Center For Counter-Conditioning Therapy.. Copyrights to all of these documents are owned by the Center for Counter-Conditioning Therapy.. Non-commercial downloading, re-use, and re-distribution in their entirety with full attribution is permitted.. THE GENESIS OF A UNIFIED, NON-COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY:.. an introduction to "C-CTherapy ".. Copyright 1990, Norman A.. Download a printable pdf version of this monograph.. ABSTRACT.. This non-cognitive therapy provides the patient with a mental health skill for neutralizing his inadvertent production of negative emotional material, all of which originates from the.. non-volitional.. division of.. functioning mentality.. It is from this division of functioning mentality, with its illogical thought material, that emotional turmoil arises.. Both in structure and in its treatment goal, C-CTherapy satisfies A.. T.. Beck's definition of a "system of psychotherapy" described in his 1976 book.. Cognitive Therapy and the Emotional Disorders.. As a NON-COGNITIVE psychotherapy, C-CTherapy employs a skill-building "blue-print" which systematically engages the patient's current experiences, and enables the patient to achieve the treatment goal of emotional self-management.. Its methodology uses material from the patient's past, only, when that material advances the contemporary treatment process.. For instance, in depressive cases, the patient consistently reports thoughts expressing attitudes such as, "nothing works" and "however hard I try, it's never good enough".. While these chronic depressive themes were acquired in childhood, they now drive the patient's emotional turmoil.. The patient, while a product of his history, lives in the NOW, and it is this matter of struggling in the NOW with negative items from the past which receives C-CTherapy 's attention.. Selected elements of this NON-COGNITIVE treatment design will be presented.. A SAMPLING OF C-CTHERAPY OPERATING PRECEPTS.. You cannot NOT react to behaviour that you observe, no matter how illogical that behaviour appears.. In short, you cannot ignore and thus successfully evade responding to the behaviour of others.. Your early cognitive.. conditioning.. guarantees that your mind will force you to pay attention to (validate) cognitive mental functioning.. The mental habit -- one cannot not react -- is easily demonstrated in the common activities of judging the behaviour of others, scapegoating, and moralizing about the right way to live.. One cannot NOT react because emotional reacting is not a volitional mental activity.. Emotional reacting belongs to a non-volitional mental system, although non-volitional and illogical, emotional reacting is not haphazard.. In short, one does not plan the behaviour.. A mental system is not plucked out of the air, it develops during childhood through the normal maturation process of the child.. No Man can be psychologically or mentally victimized without his own inadvertent participation.. Just as one cannot NOT react to one's surroundings, one cannot NOT be influenced by the presence of another human being.. The human capacity to intervene in another's behaviour, however, is limited to that of influence, not POWER.. People usually spend the majority of their lives directly or indirectly interacting with each other.. Each of us interacts (Eric Berne would say "transacts") within human behaviour boundaries.. Legislated rules, social regulations and cultural mores dictate the questions confronted by each of us.. Each person acknowledges these social structures with his or her own mental response, ranging from acceptance to rejection.. It is one's capacity for emotional response which is at issue here, not the form which the response takes.. The real information is, one cannot avoid responding to one's immediate environment.. Responding to one's surroundings is universally what people do.. Let me expand upon the character of influence.. You may find yourself inadvertently involved in someone else's emotional behaviour and unexpectedly become victimized by your ill-timed presence.. For instance, a friend walking beside you communicates his upset through words or actions.. Your reaction system switches on without your intervention because you cannot NOT react.. Your friend has not caused you to behave, you are there beside him.. It is impossible to ignore the goings-on around you.. While the physical environment cannot "DO it to you", it does nevertheless provide the arena for mental response.. Historically, mankind's interaction with other human beings dates back to the first knowledge of mankind.. Controversy exists among anthropologists, ethnologists, and even semanticists, as to whether mankind's mental/emotional development equals his cognitive/technological development.. Although recognized as important, the subjects of human interaction and aberrant human behaviour have not been the foundation of a "system of psychotherapy" until the advent of C-CTherapy , for, the emphasis in mental health has always been on disease.. NON-COGNITIVE; THE TEACHER.. C-CTherapy treatment concentrates on mental health skill-building as mandated by the non-cognitive system of psychotherapy.. The therapist and patient together add to the patient's abilities rather than divesting the patient of previous talents.. Unlike cognitive therapy, the C-CTherapy practitioner does not meddle with the patient's old style of mental functioning.. The role of the non-cognitive therapist is one of teacher, not of counselor or of adviser.. The non-cognitive therapist is teaching the patient how to handle his own emotional system.. The therapist teaches the patient a mental "tool", thus enhancing the patient's capacity to intervene in his own upset.. To satisfy the skill-building mandate, the therapist -- teacher -- teaches procedures so that the patient can work with his own illogical mentation.. For, it is his non-volitional division of functioning mentality which perpetuates his mental upset.. Therefore, all C-CTherapy procedures introduced by the therapist help the patient build a mental alternative for himself -- a mental coping mechanism.. Once acquired, this coping procedure lets the patient neutralize his own production of non-volitional negative material without ignoring or repressing his emotions.. Under the direction of the therapist-teacher the patient acquires the means to CHOOSE the quality and the degree of his participation in any interaction.. The patient can now circumvent VICTIMIZING himself.. UNIVERSAL CHARACTERISTICS EMPLOYED BY C-CTHERAPY.. Before proceeding, let me call attention to some characteristics of human behaviour which are featured in this unified, non-cognitive psychotherapy.. Human beings are innately gregarious.. Every culture legislates against excessive and unsolicited sociability so that gregariousness does not disrupt the smooth workings of the community.. We see this culturally dictated legislation in laws and rules governing one-to-one civility in public.. Body-language studies have shown us that the comfortable talking distance of the "Latin" is threatening to the "Northerner"; rats become neurotic in over-crowded conditions, and so do many humans.. The "rules" regulating gregariousness are captured live by the "Zoom-lens" photo of people-filled sidewalks.. Here we witness a quick, instinctive courtesy by the preoccupied pedestrians; the tolerable space allowed each pedestrian varies from Tokyo to Riyadh to New York.. If the matter of proximity and common interests automatically influence the nature of our sociability, so too, does selectivity.. We select our friends and they in turn select us.. The selection process is, for the most part, based upon what we have absorbed from the social, interactive atmosphere of our early childhood.. For example, a person raised in affluence does not usually gravitate, socially, towards those raised in poverty.. Although exceptions do occur for political or philosophical reasons or from the dictates of early.. , persons -- such as missionaries and social engineers -- must be emotionally motivated to overrule non-volitional.. which dictates that you stay with your own kind.. Humans instinctively move from mental pain to less mental pain.. They do not deliberately go from pain to more pain.. Human beings, loath to disobey a cultural mandate, go to much trouble to conform.. Disobeying has consquences, and therefore, is a painful behaviour.. Take for instance the emotional reaction of some American middle class and affluent parents over the issue, "Parents should value and provide for their children's education".. T.. V.. news and radio talk-shows report parents diligently searching for the "right" school for their child so that they can satisfy the cultural mandate.. They mortgage the house or drive their child many miles from home in order for the child to attend private school.. The cultural mandate that the child MUST attend college or attend the "right" school overwhelms the common sense of the parent.. In this instance, disobeying the cultural mandate is complicated by another feature namely "what will people think" which compels the parent to obey although no legal penalty would be incurred by ignoring it.. That is, the parent will not be "zapped" or "melt" if he disobeys.. But, disobeying the cultural mores inherent in one's.. creates emotional stress.. Consequently, humans obey their.. even to their detriment.. The need to reduce their pain creates more pain for these parents as they go broke -- that makes no sense.. One's conditioned habit to obey cultural mores is in charge rather than logic and reason.. While the education example applies to only a small portion of the population of Western, industrialized countries, nervousness and anxiety apply to a larger segment.. The Center's research indicates an abundance of anxious people in industrialized countries function from a chronic state of anxiety, now ingrained in their mentality.. Unaware of their state of elevated anxiety, they are also unaware that they live in a chronic state of distress.. As this chronic state is not of human choosing, deliberation is not its cause.. In their attempt to reduce the distress, these populations ingest abundant amounts of psychotropics and attend to the teachings and abide by the nostrums of a variety of "gurus".. Perfection is not a human attribute.. Our.. regarding social obligation urges us to credit the difference between "what is" and "what should be".. When we become emotional about our inability to comply with a social demand, we suffer! Ironically or tragically, the more we, as human beings, discover our incapacity for achieving perfection, the more disappointed we become.. We act as though behaving in a perfect fashion is within the bounds of the human condition.. In short, we surrender to the habit of resenting the state of our imperfection.. It is totally illogical that HUMAN BEINGS resent being human.. CULTURAL MORES AND THE FITTING GAME: MORAL PRONOUNCEMENTS DO NOT EQUAL CLINICAL TREATMENT.. Now, we move from the parenting example to the general arena of cultural mores.. Conditioned since our birth, we are emotionally sensitized to issues and matters pointed out to us by our parents.. To these emotional items, we respond as if they were truths rather than parental biases.. So far, cognitive disease-model psychotherapies are without a treatment design which provides the mental health field with a methodology that actively distinguishes between absolute truth and parental bias.. After all, parental commentary is in sum merely the anecdotal musings gleaned from others, but as children we pay immediate attention to parental anecdote.. It is in this way that parental comments become mentally converted into truths by the off-spring and then are later served up in the.. of those off-spring.. As a consequence of this phenomenon, the attitudes of one generation become the model for the next.. As children, we respond to our parents as if their commentary equals absolute truth.. This copying from our parents initiates a bad habit -- recasting negative commentary into "the truth".. There is nothing other-worldly about.. , as its content is man-made.. This childhood habit of listening to negative commentary from others, coupled with the tendency to VALIDATE the negative commentary heard, causes mental health patients to perpetuate their emotional turmoil.. It is these "windows of perception" developed in childhood through which the patient interprets his surroundings.. In effect, patients contribute to their own suffering by reliving upsetting experiences from their past through a process of mentally regurgitating these experiences.. The expression, "adding insult to injury" is symptomatic of how "people do it to themselves".. Consequently, people in pain, inadvertently perpetuate their pain by practising the habit of negative recall.. Cognitive therapy practitioners are constantly confouded when they  ...   how to neutralize these producers of mental pain, the patient builds an operational foundation from which he can consistently oppose pain production.. The clinical plan -- teaching the patient a personal mental health skill -- is introduced to the patient during the intial session.. The C-CTherapy practitioner underlines the reason for meeting in the office.. The office, like a music-room, limits distraction so that the patient-student can concentrate on the project at hand -- learning skills.. ( As an aside, while the office serves the function of a therapy classroom, it is not necessary for the patient to ever attend an office session.. Because of C-CTherapy 's unique treatment design, the patient can receive mental health treatment over the telephone.. The treatment program, acquisition of a mental health skill, remains constant regardless of the setting.. ) The therapist-teacher's job is to maintain the curative direction of the treatment program.. The patient's job is to learn what is being taught.. By concentrating on this skill acquisition task, the patient learns to neutralize the negative items in his reactive system, for, it was these items in the past which victimized him.. By learning to regard previously obeyed.. thought-voices.. as just a mental function instead of a truth, the patient and the therapist achieve the therapy goal of immobilizing the negative source of the patient's mental upset.. The key, here, is that a change in treatment design provides the patient with a treatment strategy.. By acquiring mental "tools", the patient obtains a specific methodology for mentally coping -- neutralizing illogical negative items.. In sum, the therapist and the patient hold sessions in order for the therapist to TEACH, and for the patient to LEARN.. The patient, therefore, is a PARTNER in the treatment process.. For example, mental activity such as "judging" the behaviour of others -- a common mental habit -- receives early attention by the C-CTherapy practitioner.. This habit, copied from one's parents, is automatic in nature.. Patients routinely judge both themselves and those around them.. It is important that both therapist and patient familiarize themselves with the negative reinforcement rendered by judging when it appears, for it is this "judging human behaviour" which is one of the habits fostering patient.. self-victimization.. Because a treatment objective is for the patient to learn how to consistently move out of his chronic.. habit, the patient must become adept at discovering his habit -- in this case judging -- when it starts up.. By discovering how judging works and the role it plays in his mental,.. , he learns that not only does he judge the behaviour of others, but he judges his own behaviour as well.. Through practise, the patient comes to identify an item, such as judging behaviour, and the negative role it occupies as a functioning mentality example.. Directed by the C-CTherapy practitioner, the patient steers clear of discussing good and bad behaviour as a pathway to relieving mental upset.. Wrestling with his mental pattern in this manner enables the patient to turn this project of personal revelation and discovery into one of immense learning.. The patient learns to treat his thoughts as just so much mental function.. Thus, he is able to introduce a totally different response to his mental activity, such as the COUNTERING exercise.. The patient learns when its application is appropriate.. Routine detection of an item like judging is crucial.. It is crucial, also, that the patient experience the frequency of his mental indulgence in negative activity because all such activity is produced by the patient's.. This is a demanding project for the patient.. The patient is used to living the behaviour which his.. creates.. Mental activity of this genre needs to be drawn to the patient's attention by the therapist because, initially, the patient is unable to detect this reactive mental activity on his own.. If this kind of mental activity went unattended, and therefore unchallenged, the C-CTherapy "skill-acquisition mandate" would not be met.. The "discovery and detection" exercise is a key project for the patient when his goal is working with his own emotional,.. Discovery and detection is integral to the patient's skill-building process.. The patient must become adept at detecting when this emotional material becomes mentally active, for instance, in "being scared", or, "feeling attacked".. When the patient detects the beginning of the activity, his chances of intervening are good.. He applies the appropriate procedure, designed to neutralize the early stages of negative activity, before the sequential reflex action begins.. Besides the on-going "discovery and detection", the patient pursues a concurrent activity involving another C-CTherapy procedure called "contemporization".. Contemporization -- the deliberate application of real information -- competes with the chronic, illogical thought activity (.. With this particular procedure, the patient learns to operate from up-to-date information, necessary for living in the real world.. The goal here is to render obsolescent the power of negative aspects of the old habit pattern.. Let it be emphasized that a change in operation does not rid the patient of old mental habits.. By practising at skill-building, the patient comes to discover that he, himself, has created inadvertently his own.. Therefore, it is his job to put together, in a deliberate way, his own mental alternative to his old habit pattern.. C-CTherapy , by orienting the patient to building a skill, instead of destroying his old style, shifts the therapeutic project to one of building a mental alternative.. By repeatedly engaging in the therapist-directed clinical procedure, the patient systematically diminishes the negative cast of his behaviour.. He, thus, reduces the power of his chronic emotional pain.. That the patient learns to operate from an unique stance of personal deliberation is the crux of the Center's non-cognitive psychotherapy format.. To put a further crimp in the patient's validation of illogical thoughts, the C-CTherapy practitioner teaches the patient an exercise called CHECKING-OUT ILLOGICAL THOUGHTS.. The therapist instructs the patient to ask himself, whenever he feels anxious for no obvious reason, these ordinary questions: "Who is attacking me?" and "What is threatening me?" These questions are not a cognitive, volitional effort to convince the patient to think differently; the non-cognitive purpose is to get real information working.. The patient gets real information working by repeating these questions to himself and treating this action as a routine.. This procedure -- repetition of C-CTherapy exercises -- is applied because the mental nature of the patient's.. and its habit-based negative material is more powerful than an intellectual wish.. An intellectual wish, such as convincing, is a volitional mental act.. But, habit-based emotional, non-volitional action is involuntary.. As the item in the non-volitional pattern is involuntary and driven by emotional habit, the likelihood exists that the patient will persist in following the established mental pathway.. That is, it is highly likely that the patient will give in to the dictates of his negative.. The C-CTherapy design takes this phenomenon for granted: The chronic habit of thought validation, because of its developmental head start, has usurped patient behaviour and, if left alone, would continue to produce illogical behaviour for the patient.. A C-CTherapy procedure is applied by the patient each time he suspects the onset of mental turmoil.. He comes to experience that repeated application of a counter to his chronic activity reduces his tension level.. By experiencing this, he proves that he is (a.. ) capable of applying C-CTherapy exercises and (b.. ) that the application of a countering exercise will always neutralize the onset of turmoil.. It is because of this newly-found capability that he gets enjoyment out of his ability to sabotage the negative production of his.. He is able to accomplish this change in function because he can, at long last, deliberately activate "evidentiary information" -- that is, contemporary information.. This reliable procedure extinguishes negative activity which then proceeds to wipe out the emotional clamp formerly held by the non-volitional pattern.. When applied consistently for a few months, these non-cognitive exercises yield a personal mental health skill for the patient.. Through this process -- the therapist teaching and the patient learning -- a personal methodology is established.. The patient is then in possession of a method of coping with future episodes of negative mentation.. THE PATIENT GAINS A NEW PERSPECTIVE.. "The proof of the pudding is in the eating", is how the patient demonstrates to himself that the exercises work.. His own personal experience is reinforced by the Center's three decades of research.. Proving to himself that this skill-building approach benefits him, the patient is rewarded with another mental feature -- a new-found perspective, totally unlike the operant character of his old mentality with its crazy reactive system.. Also, he finally discovers why his cognitive efforts left him so dissatisfied.. In the past, everytime he worked at convincing himself that he shouldn't feel scared or he should not feel attacked, his emotional suffering increased.. This was NOT the result he anticipated.. Through repeated attempts to "think right", he now concludes that it is a waste of emotional effort to convince himself to think differently.. He has discovered, through his own experience, that volitional (logic and reason) intentions are not capable of overpowering the negative production of the.. He has solved the puzzle at last about why cognitive, disease-model therapies do not work.. Emotional, non-volitionally derived mental activity is simply too strong.. This new-found perspective allows him to distinguish between logical and illogical mentation and the behaviour produced by each.. No longer does he suffer from the delusion that the illogical thoughts of his.. WERE EVER logical.. Always in the past, the patient's inadvertent validation of negative thoughts guaranteed a negative result.. Through his work at the Center with C-CTherapy , the patient has shifted from validating negative.. to making the contemporary connection that his illogical.. are solely a function of his mental pattern.. SUMMARY.. For the therapist:.. ) The therapist cannot cure the patient, only the patient can cure the patient.. ) The therapist is NOT obliged to make the patient "think" right.. (3.. ) The therapist IS obliged to teach the patient a personal mental health skill.. (4.. ) The treatment goal aims to neutralize aberrant mental activity.. For the patient:.. ) The patient's duty is to tape-record each therapy session and practise C-CTherapy exercises throughout the week, all under the direction of the therapist.. ) The patient learns to work with his mental self.. Getting rid of his mental self is not the road to an absence of turmoil.. ) The patient must eventually come to terms with the reality that every human being has his own emotional style.. Because there exists a style for each human being, there are as many styles of emotional reacting as there exist human beings.. ) Through patient acquisition of a personal mental health skill, he is eventually able to operate from: he is not GOD, and therefore, isn't in charge of the world, and, he utters OPINIONS not TRUTHS.. HISTORY OF METHODOLOGY.. C-CTherapy , a "system of psychotherapy", has been developed and employed since 1967 by its founder, the author.. For three decades, the author and his colleagues have applied this non-cognitive psychotherapy format over the total spectrum of mental health cases.. A deferential note to the sceptics who populate the Medical-Psychological mental health industry: There exists no aberration in human behaviour which is not amenable to the treatment design of C-CTherapy.. SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION.. Breggin, Peter,.. Toxic Psychiatry.. , St Martin's Press, 1991.. Fingarette, Herbert,.. Heavy Drinking: The Myth of Alcoholism as a Disease.. , University of California Press, 1988.. Kaminer, Wendy,.. I'm Dysfunctional, You're Dysfunctional: The Recovery Movement and Other Self-Help Fashions.. , Addison-Wesley, 1992.. Scull, Andrew,.. The Most Solitary of Afflictions: Madness and Society in Britain.. 1700-1900.. , Yale University Press, 1993..

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  • Title: C-CTherapy® | AN INTRODUCTION TO C-CTHERAPY®: a Unified, Cross-Cultural Psychotherapy ©1998, Norman A. Gillies | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy® | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic
    Descriptive info: AN INTRODUCTION TO C-CTHERAPY :.. THE CANADIAN PSYCHOTHERAPY.. a Unified,.. Cross-Cultural Psychotherapy.. Copyright 1998, Norman A.. Gillies.. NOTE.. : This article is meant for the practicing psychotherapist who wishes to apply the C-CTherapy format.. Understanding its contents, however, will not supply the mode of application.. Instruction at the Center is the only means available to practise in C- CTherapy.. ABSTRACT.. Disease-model, cognitive theory is not employed, or indeed, is it related to a non- counselling C-CTherapy treatment design; nor are any of the therapies based upon an "understanding why" -- study, diagnosis, treatment -- approach.. cross-cultural psychotherapy.. , C-CTherapy engages aberrant human behaviour.. The treatment goal of this non-counselling format is to provide the patient with his own way of neutralizing his production of negative emotional material.. This material originates from the.. division of the patient's.. It is from this division of.. , with its illogical thought material, that mental/emotional turmoil arises.. INTRODUCTION.. The C-CTherapy approach to.. addresses how a patient behaves, not theories on why he is behaving in this way.. It diverges radically from cognitive, counselling therapies for they rely upon medical-psychological hypotheses.. Relying upon these hypotheses -- rather than relying upon each patient's actual mentation as does C-CTherapy -- guides the counselling therapist's diagnosis and treatment.. Consequently, the counselling therapist acts as the "expert" on a patient's mental turmoil when in fact he is merely an expert on theories.. Counselling therapies are specific to a patient population, Western and European, and bound to those particular socio-economic traditions.. In contrast, the patient-population open to the C-CTherapy non-counselling format is the universe of human mental functioning.. As a direct result of its unique treatment design, the C-CTherapy cross- cultural methodology is available to any human being needing relief from mental upset.. The methodology presented here has been developed and perfected in the author's field of aberrant human behaviour since 1967.. The conclusions result from the universe of practice in the mental health field.. ROLE OF THE C-CTHERAPY CLINICIAN.. The C-CTherapy clinician's reason for intervening in the patient's mental turmoil is not to correct the patient's immoral behaviour -- a counselling objective -- instead, the therapist's purpose is to move the patient, as expeditiously as possible, from mental pain to less mental pain.. During the opening session, the C-CTherapy clinician asks the patient: "What do you want to talk about?" The patient's answer gives the therapist enough material to begin the treatment project.. From the patient's answer, the clinician introduces the treatment goal, tying it to the patient's current mental upset.. One patient, for instance, said: "My boyfriend gets mad at me and I don't know what to do.. " For this patient, the issue is: "Human beings don't like other humans being mad at them".. That sentiment is universal, for we all want people to like us.. In this first session, the therapist begins identifying how the patient's thinking creates her mental upset.. The therapist views the patient's problem as an example of how the patient's emotional/illogical pattern operates.. For instance, this patient increases her anxiety level by trying to convince someone (the boy-friend) not to be mad at her.. "If my boyfriend gets mad at me, that means he doesn't like me.. I try to convince him not to be mad at me, but he doesn't listen.. " When her boyfriend gets annoyed, she interprets his negative emotion as meaning that he is leaving the relationship even though she has no real information to support her suspicion.. It is this brand of thinking which produces her anxiety and to which the therapist must introduce her.. To that end during another session, the therapist points out an illogical demand.. Patient: I'm critical of him for not fulfilling my stupid dream and I feel let down.. Therapist: What is that stupid dream?.. Patient: That he is tall, dark and handsome and never gets mad and always comforts me.. Therapist: So he's not measuring up to your illogical demand.. Patient: But he can't.. He can't be six feet tall because he's five foot four inches and he loses his patience every once in a while.. So why can't I just accept this real situation?.. Although my patient realizes the absurdity of her behaviour, she has invested her emotional energy in convincing her boy-friend to change -- a losing project.. She is experiencing that illogical patterns are mentally powerful and drive her behaviour.. The beginning of this process is the patient's learning to detect "what your mental activity is doing".. Here is an example:.. Patient: I heard my thoughts say; Oh Oh, he's going to leave me!.. Therapist: That's a good example of the.. that generate emotional behaviour creating your anxiety.. The patient discovers that.. are a feature of her illogical, non-volitional division.. After all, one cannot NOT think! My patient's.. uniquely fit her behaviour pattern because every mental pattern is a unique product of that individual.. The C-CTherapy clinician emphasizes to the patient the constant need to monitor her.. In this way, the team works together -- the coach highlights the character and content of her mental pattern.. Because illogical, non-volitional patterns are habit-based activity, it is difficult for the patient to detect their operation.. Detection, however, is precisely what the therapist is emphasizing.. My patient notices the rapidity of her mental action this way: "My emotional pattern is running me before I know what I'm doing".. That emotional action is reactive and instantaneous and, precisely, what the therapist is acquainting her with.. The thought-voice activity is habit-based.. It is like a spinning bicycle wheel, the mental spokes invisible until the wheel slows down.. At this point the blurring spokes become apparent.. Same thing with mental action, it must be slowed down.. This is the therapist's job otherwise the mental action poses a detection problem for the patient.. Unless one can detect one's mental action, one remains at the mercy of one's own illogical pattern.. The therapist uses the sessions to advance the patient's detection ability.. Therapist Directs the Session.. In the C-CTherapy design, the role of the clinician changes from that of counselling EXPERT on the patient to that of COACH.. A coach outlines the learning exercises the patient will practise to attain his new skill of emotional self-management.. The duties of coach diverge from those of a philosopher/counsellor imparting the "right way to think and behave".. The duties of coach are the same as in any skill-acquisition program.. For instance, in learning how to drive a car -- a skill-acquisition task -- the job is to practise braking, steering and parking, not philosophizing upon the existence of cars or reading stories about chauffeurs and race car drivers.. The therapist and patient combine their work into a team effort, but the therapist-coach directs the effort.. Attaining emotional self-management dictates that the C-CTherapy clinician be actively involved in the whole of each session.. There is no sitting back to listen while the patient tells "stories".. Thus, the role of the C-CTherapy clinician is markedly different.. Another dramatic change occurs.. While the therapist is not the expert on the patient's mentation, the therapist is the expert on the building of an alternative procedure.. Creation of an alternative mental pathway enables the patient to counteract chronic emotional pain production.. An acquired skill, therefore, supplies the patient with the ability needed to neutralize the illogical.. of his operant mentality.. For, it is from this non-volitional mental division that the patient's emotional pain originates.. The therapist's job, therefore, is to direct the building of an alternative coping mechanism for the patient who must construct that procedure from scratch.. A building process is the only way the patient can deal with the "logic" of his illogical non-volitional pattern.. In any process of building -- a skill, a house, or whatever -- one follows a blueprint or a "building" plan.. The therapist outlines the building plan which he and the patient will take to neutralize the patient's state of turmoil.. A mental relief plan is introduced and the practitioner lays out the patient's role: the patient will tape-record his session and listen to his tape between weekly sessions.. Listening to his tape serves as the patient's homework.. The therapist directs the patient as if to memorize his taped session, for the taped session is the patient's learning tool.. All C-CTherapy clinicians follow this basic format.. For the patient, practising exercises assigned by the therapist is mandatory.. By doing what the coach tells you to do, one eventually accumulates the elements which come together to form a skill.. An emotional self-management skill is not hypothetical or academic, it is procedural.. No disease-model treatment proceeds in this way, and thus, cannot teach the patient a skill for long-term application.. PARTNERSHIP.. The therapist holds and reads the blueprint and instructs the patient in the building of the patient's mental health skill.. In this way, the therapist and patient work as a team.. The patient becomes a PARTNER, and as such, is integral to the treatment process and its successful outcome.. The patient's first duty is to practise detecting the activity of his mental functioning.. Neither he nor the clinician pay attention to the patient's emotions, for, emotion is the non-volitional product of the patient's mental functioning.. The patient's familiarity with the elements of his mental functioning, rather than his "feelings" or personal philosophy, is the team's focus.. THE RATIONALE FOR THE PARTNERSHIP.. In order to acquire a skill, one needs to be taught by a teacher of that particular skill.. The teacher's job is to combine the efforts of teacher and pupil into the learning process.. Without this teaching-learning structure, no skill-acquisition is possible.. This is the basis for the team effort.. In C-CTherapy , the patient meets with the therapist for one purpose -- to build a mental coping skill that allows the patient to move himself from mental self- victimization towards tranquility.. Only the patient is capable of neutralizing the negative production of his.. Identifying the Negative Thought-Voices Which Pop into One's Head.. The patient, ignorant of the origin of his mental pain, lacked the means of coping with it.. To cope with his mentally produced turmoil, the patient must learn how to neutralize his negative.. The contents of the patient's.. are that which the C-CTherapy clinician calls `.. '.. These.. constitute the patient's preoccupation.. By practising at detecting the thoughts `popping into' his head, the patient gains familiarity with the characteristics of these.. By gaining familiarity, the patient discovers the disruptive properties of his.. and gradually acquires the ability to intercede.. Learning to detect.. is the first step which, eventually, will lead to the patient's ability to sabotage his mental.. Neutralizing the influence of the illogical mentation is the treatment objective.. After all, attack is the best defense -- as the expression goes.. THE THERAPIST'S ROLE IS TO TACKLE THE NON-VOLITIONAL SYSTEM.. What is the Non-Volitional System?.. The non-volitional system is a division of FUNCTIONING MENTALITY, the one in which illogical and emotional material resides and where crazy thoughts originate.. Characteristically, non-volitional activity is involuntary, illogical and emotionally reactive.. C-CTherapy is the only psychotherapy which,  ...   brother cannot transfer his tennis playing ability to me without teaching me the game of tennis.. A skill is not osmotically absorbed from the group.. The Patient Discovers the Power of the Non-volitional Pattern.. The patient must discover for himself the weakness of the volitional division compared with the power of the non-volitional division.. To do so, the C-CTherapy clinician challenges the patient during the session: Can you promise me you'll never get mad again in your life? The patient, of course, realizes that he cannot comply.. It becomes clear to him that no human being can satisfy the terms of that challenge.. In this stark fashion, the patient learns about his own mental capabilities.. He discovers that he cannot turn off, at will, the workings of his non-volitional pattern.. The patient faces the futility of telling himself: "Stop reacting!" His participation in such experiments help him detect and activate real information and provides a taste of how he will mentally apply himself once he's built a mental alternative.. Indeed, the patient learns what the Center's research has uncovered; the non- volitional division of mental functioning is the source of illogical and aberrant behaviour.. One's volitional division of.. -- that is, logic and reason -- does not produce emotional upset.. The patient's discovery that logic and reason has no impact on the illogical emotional pattern is a revelation to him.. That there exists such an ability of shifting one's mental stance so that one can oppose negative.. is another revelation.. This discovery precedes the patient's ability to interrupt the obsessive demands of the repetitive.. This procedure of shifting away from the.. inaugurates a countering routine with its accompanying methodology.. It is this process which creates a mental alternative to the negative items in the patient's non- volitional pattern.. A Sampling of What the Patient Brings to the Session.. ) The counselling-voice.. The counselling-voice is the thought-voice that patients confuse with logical reasoning.. The counselling-voice is the one which tells us how to behave.. It is the same voice the patient heard as a child listening to parent instructions saying `Don't take candy from strangers', `Don't fight amongst yourselves', and `Don't burn yourself on the hot- plate'.. In short, these are the parental admonitions which protect the growing child and ensure his or her survival.. (The reader has his or her own personal examples of these parental directives.. ).. The therapist orients the patient with regard to the composition and style of the patient's counselling-voice.. The therapist points out to the patient that the counselling- voice resembles reasonable thinking in that it preoccupies the patient's thoughts with "figuring out the right way to behave".. The patient brings to the skill-acquisition process the mentally conditioned reflex of figuring out human behaviour -- his and others.. By consistently identifying the counselling-voice, the patient begins to associate it with a function.. He gains familiarity with what was, previously, an unknown automatic activity.. For example:.. Patient: I don't understand.. Therapist: Ah Hah, your counselling voice says you don't understand.. What does that conditioned part of you want me to do?.. Patient: My counselling voice wants you to explain yourself so I can figure out whether or not I agree or disagree with you.. Therapist: Your counselling voice belongs to your mental functioning.. You will hear it throughout your life.. It is a normal activity -- not right or wrong.. Mental functioning is neutral.. Since I have more practice than you at detecting thought- voice activity, I will alert you to them, so you can begin to detect them for yourself.. Patient: OK.. Therapist: Currently, you can't detect your mental functioning all by yourself because you are living the action in your head.. That's why it is difficult to get a handle on the functioning which dictates your behaviour.. When you leave the office and go back into the community you are immersed in your old pattern.. That's why we use our sessions to practice detection.. Patient: Yes, my counseling voice tells me to catch and remember what you're saying.. Therapist: I agree that you're listening very hard for the formula of right behaving.. Give me a gold star.. ) External Solutions to Mental Turmoil.. Another indicator of the thought-voice habit is the push to solve one's upset with an external solution.. In the following illustration, the external solution is the purchase of a house, but it could easily be the purchase of a new car, a new boat, new clothes.. The Center calls this mental maneuver, buying things for the purpose of lifting one's mood, the BURMUDA SYNDROME.. Finding a solution, externally, so the myth goes, will permanently improve one's mental state.. Therapist: So you're looking for something out there to do it for you?.. Patient: Yah! Buying a house will make me feel better.. Therapist: Will this solution get rid of your upset forever?.. Patient: Well, it will make me feel like I've got something that's mine.. Therapist: We've got a myth working -- that there is a solution to your problems, all you have to do is locate that solution.. Patient: That doesn't make sense.. Therapist: You are right, because it's a fiction.. Patient: Here, I was looking for a quick-fix solution!.. Therapist: Good! Now, you can hear the workings of the Bermuda syndrome as if your new house will guarantee mental tranquility forever.. ) Thought-Voices Produce Behaviour.. Most patient's don't realize that their behaviour comes from mental functioning.. It is an important task in the therapist-patient treatment process for the patient to learn how.. connect with behaviour.. Here is an example of an angry patient who is out to teach her boss a lesson.. Therapist: Your attitude is what I call, `Piss on them!'.. It makes me feel less bullied by them.. Therapist: Can you hear.. motivating you?.. Patient: I don't know, I guess I want to get back at them.. In fact I even uncovered a bad mistake my boss made.. Therapist: Ah hah.. You caught him out! Could you hear a voice commenting on your boss' stupidity?.. Patient: Yeah, the voice says my boss is an idiot.. Therapist: Good, you heard the thought-voice.. Patient: I got back at him, but my boss wasn't there so he doesn't know that I made him pay for it.. I slowed down and didn't do much work.. Therapist: You've just verbalized the voice telling you to teach him a lesson.. So what?.. Therapist: Now you know the mechanism that causes you to give them "the finger.. ) Repetition of Thought-Voices.. Repetition of thought is a characteristic of mental activity.. The patient experiences how his mind repeats a menu of negative thoughts.. This phenomenon of.. is further illustrated here.. Therapist: What.. do you hear?.. Patient: "You're screwing-up again and they're going to find out".. Therapist: This is how you make yourself miserable.. I hear that.. I can feel the anger inside.. Therapist: Thinking back, how long have you heard this kind of thinking.. Patient: Now that you mention it, it seems that I've thought that way as long as I can remember.. What the Patient Discovers: The Outcome of the Therapist-patient Interaction.. The patient is working on several facets simultaneously.. As the patient begins to recognize that neither his reasoning nor logic is capable of coping with his illogical non-volitional functioning, he is also discovering the style and character of his reactive pattern.. Next, by practicing other exercises -- taught by the C-CTherapy clinician at the Center -- the patient gradually dilutes the power of the victimizing.. Instead of routinely validating them, the patient now practices interrupting his old habit each time it is activated.. This ability marks a significant change from his former obliviousness and inability to recognize mental habit-based activities.. For instance:.. Discovery (1.. ).. I had no idea how my reactive system worked or that it runs my behaviour.. "My mental busyness increases my emotional tension.. I get anxious when I'm preoccupied with safety and survival.. I want to guarantee that my relationship will last forever".. Discovery (2.. I'm getting used to what my head is doing.. "This detection exercise helps me to uncover my mental mysteries and lets me operate differently.. Discovery (3.. I ran around being manic because I was depressed.. "I realize how my depression made me feel very high or very low.. Discovery (4.. I heard my thought-voice say: you can only count on bad things.. "So, my good feelings get squashed by my.. of `life is a disaster- zone'.. I'm surprised that feeling good is possible and that it's OK.. Discovery (5.. I discovered an old emotion which I thought had gone away but is still around.. My sad, mourning activity still pops-up once in a while.. I don't get so upset, but I still have the traumatic memory.. At least I am identifying the memory as a mental habit.. Before C-CTherapy , the patient behaved reflexively in accordance with the demands of his.. , unaware of their presence and unaware of their influence.. In the past, the absence of a mental procedure left the patient with no alternative to turmoil.. Therefore, he had no means of operating differently.. But now, the patient recognizes immediately when his.. are running him.. At this stage, the patient has created a foundation and can now acquire a dependable and consistent coping mechanism.. ) C-CTherapy is the first cross-cultural psychotherapy in that its treatment design incorporates human behaviour universals.. ) C-CTherapy applies a unified non-cognitive, non-counselling treatment design to the patient's problem.. The treatment goal is that of teaching the patient a personal mental health "skill".. The patient will employ this skill each time he is beset by non- volitionally created mental turmoil.. ) Unlike counselling medical-model therapists, the C-CTherapy clinician does not assume the role of EXPERT on the patient in respect to the workings of his.. ) In the C-CTherapy treatment process, the therapist accepts the patient's verbalized commentary as factual.. As well, the patient is an equal PARTNER in the non-counselling treatment process and so contributes equally.. C-CTherapy , is the first ever psychotherapy of this kind.. (5.. ) In each session the therapist introduces exercises which are tape-recorded by the patient for practise during the week.. (6.. ) The impact of the exercises taught by the C-CTherapy practitioner accumulate to form a mental health skill which corresponds with the goal of emotional self- management.. Thus, the patient acquires a dependable means of moving away from being chronically victimized by his own emotional mentality.. (7.. ) C-CTherapy is the only treatment format to distinguish between behaviour produced by the VOLITIONAL division from that produced by the NON-VOLITIONAL division.. As a result, C-CTherapy directs the treatment effort at the division which has the operant capacity to victimize the patient -- the emotional, illogical NON- VOLITIONAL division.. Breggin, Peter, M.. ,.. , St.. Martin's Press, 1991.. Friedberg,J.. (1976).. Shock Treatment is not Good for Your Brain.. San Francisco: Glide Press.. Beavin, Jackson, Watzlawick,.. Pragmatics of Human Communication.. , W.. W.. Norton Company, 1967.. The Most Solitary of Afflictions: Madness and Society in Britain 1700- 1900.. , Yale University, 1993..

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  • Title: C-CTherapy® | Monograph: Non-Drugs Therapy of An Anxious Teenager by Ilana Singer, Clinical Ethnologist ©2006 | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy® | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic
    Descriptive info: C-CTherapy , The Canadian Psychotherapy, is practiced exclusively at the Center For.. Copyrights to all of these documents are owned by the Center for.. Non-Drugs Therapy of An Anxious Teenager.. by.. Ilana Singer, Clinical Ethnologist.. Copyright 2006.. ABSTRACT: A physician-diagnosed case treated by a non-medical, systems-based model illustrates the differences between the medical, symptom-based model and the human behavior model in the treatment of mental health cases.. Recently, in the morning paper, a youngster described her situation.. As a therapist, I was struck by the similarity of her case to that of the young girl presented in this monograph.. I am 13.. I have depression and suffer from an obsessive-compulsive disorder called trichotillomania (hair pulling).. I have considered suicide, and I am in therapy.. 1.. While this youngster treated by the medical model is labeled with a disease, the diagnostic format widely applied in mental health cases, the Center for.. avoids medical labels and treats tension and anxiety cases from a human behavior perspective.. This clinical monograph presents that human behavior model.. INTRODUCTION.. LaToya walks with dignity across the high school auditorium stage, her long dark hair accenting the sheen of her commencement robe.. She accepts her diploma, shakes the provost s hand and walks into the arms of her proud mother, uncle and grandmother.. What is the background to this successful scene? Three years earlier, unable to concentrate on her studies, LaToya was failing in school.. Afraid to face her mother with a report card full of Ds and Fs, she forged her grades to read Bs and Cs.. In her distress, she had pulled out large patches of hair, leaving bald spots.. When her mother first contacted the Center for.. about her 14-year old daughter, she said, I ve done my best, but nothing has worked.. My daughter has seen two counselors and now she s under a psychiatrist s care.. He s given her medication, but she s worse than ever.. She won t look me in the eye; she just tugs and tugs.. I find tufts of hair all over the house.. The psychiatrist diagnosed her illness as trichotillomania and said she had other anxiety and tension related disorders.. She s been taking medication for nine months and it should help, but she is getting worse.. I ve lost my girl, ëcause now she s a zombie.. Mother blamed herself.. She was sure she had been a bad parent, and had done something to mentally cripple her child.. One counselor had told her that she was too strict.. Another told her she was too soft.. All implied that she was not parenting right, that Mother was the cause of her daughter s ailments.. But Mother could not figure out what she had done wrong.. I ve made huge personal sacrifices for LaToya, she said, paying for private schooling, tutors, counselors and the psychiatrist.. I even moved us out of our hometown to get her away from the dangerous neighborhood.. School officials are going to kick her out if she does not improve.. I tell her, ëLaToya, if you re going to fail, you can fail in public school.. I m not paying private tuition for you to screw up your life.. I ve done everything I know to do, but I ve messed up.. Now I m giving up.. I m ready to send her to her father.. Maybe a father s hand will do some good.. What should I do? Can you help?.. That is when I, as the.. practitioner accepted LaToya, age 14, into the Center s short-term program of six sessions.. My purposes were several: take the mystery out of LaToya s strange behavior and provide immediate relief from her mental turmoil.. The Center s field research and clinical design has found that demystifying the patient s turmoil, in and of itself, goes a long way toward changing the mental atmosphere under which any person functions.. At the end of those sessions we (the three of us) would assess whether the short-term program had been sufficient.. Here are the questions I would pose during the assessment: Had we clarified and taken the mystery out of LaToya s puzzling behavior? Did we think she would benefit from proceeding into long-term therapy? The purpose of long term-therapy, I explained, is for me to instruct LaToya in emotional self-management training.. For the patient to build an emotional self management skill and mentally operate more effectively.. That is why the program is long-term.. SHORT-TERM PROGRAM.. LaToya s short-term program began when she arrived in my office for the first of six sessions.. About 5'7", she weighed about 280 pounds, her long hair arranged to camouflage bald patches on her scalp and hairline.. She watched me carefully through hooded eyelids, her brown eyes veiled with tension and medicated stupor.. LaToya speaks: I am 14 years old, I am adopted.. My father left when I was three years old.. My mother has raised me on her own.. There is something wrong with me, but I don t know what it is.. I try to do my studies but I always screw up.. At school I m on probation.. They ll probably kick me out.. Anyway, the dean says that if my grades don t improve I can t play sports.. Basketball is my game and I would be very sad if they kicked me off the team.. Tell me why you think we are meeting together, I asked.. I worry about my friends a lot, she said.. I get mad at my girlfriends for starving themselves and scaring me.. They always talk to me about their problems so I don t get my homework done.. I altered my grades.. I didn t want Mom to get mad at me.. I didn t want to disappoint her.. Mother threatens to send me to live with my father.. I hate him.. I haven t talked to him in three years.. He lied to Mother and me about his girlfriend.. I ll never forgive him.. Anyway, he doesn t care about us and I don t want to leave my mother.. With this introduction, we set to work immediately.. I asked her to draw a circle on a piece of paper and divide the circle in half.. Then I explained the concept of thought-voices, thoughts that pop into her head.. You can be walking along the street minding your own business when suddenly a thought pops in.. These thoughts are different from those thoughts you set out to think.. Immediately, LaToya knew what I was talking about because she had heard herself thinking this way.. For instance, the thought that kept popping into her head was.. Where s my mother.. ?.. Do you mean uh-oh, is Mother okay? I asked.. Yes.. I m scared that something bad will happen to her, she said.. What sorts of bad things do the voices say will happen to Mother? I wanted to get her scenarios out into the open.. She s going to die in a car accident, going to get beat up and robbed, going to.. , she said.. Good, I said, There s an un-oh thought-voice.. Can you tell me how that thought makes you act?.. Scared, she said.. Does knowing where Mother is make you feel safe?.. She nodded her head.. So you must watch her and check up on her? Is that right, I asked.. La Toya nodded.. That must make it hard for you to leave her side, like sleeping over at a girlfriend s house, I said.. La Toya looked at me -- a look of registration ñ someone finally understood what she was struggling with.. I asked her how loud were the voices.. Very loud, they talk all the time and I don t know what to do.. She thought maybe she was crazy.. I guess I m stupid, messed up.. I don t mean to be bad.. We discovered more examples of her current thought-voices.. For instance in subsequent meetings, she reported that on her way to our session, she heard her scare-voice:.. Uh-oh, what s going to happen? What will I talk about?.. Also, during each session she d report the voices asking,.. Where s my mother?.. We identified this as her uh-oh voice that constantly signaled disaster and danger.. When I asked her who talked uh-oh talk in the household when she was growing up, LaToya thought a moment and said, Grandma.. We used to live with her in a dangerous neighborhood.. When LaToya and her mother moved to a hilly neighborhood, Grandma worried that their cliff-side house would slip into the gully below.. LaToya refused to drive across the bridge, take public transportation, or go anywhere alone, her anxiety level shot up too high.. LaToya was absorbing Grandma s fears.. She was on her way to becoming a phobic.. What s wrong with me? she asked.. Am I crazy or, worse, am I in the clutch of the devil? Do I have a disease?.. No, none of those things applies to you, I told her.. She was not a bad seed in the clutch of the devil.. What she was hearing in her head were merely thinkings.. These thinkings were hers and hers alone.. No, You do not have a disease or bad genes.. The reason the doctor gave you medication was that he didn t know how else to help you.. That was his failing, not yours.. Here I explained how all human beings acquire.. and thought-voices.. From birth we absorb osmotically the attitudes, mannerisms, emotional and mental postures and reactions from people around us.. Like an ink blotter, I said, we soak up impressions of the grown-up people talking and behaving who surround us.. This.. osmotic mental absorption.. is the normal process by which every sentient human being who survives to adulthood acquires.. As I presented this perspective about her confusing behavior, LaToya s mental fog began to clear.. I also introduced the fact that all people think.. Every person on the planet has thoughts.. Thinking is a universal human characteristic.. In fact, people can hear their thinkings if alerted to do so.. Right now you don t know how to handle those loud voices talking in your head, I told her, because no one has taught you how to view and deal with them.. I am going to teach you how to cope with all that mental noise.. All the while, LaToya had to struggle to hear me through the haze of medication clouding her mental functioning.. From our first session onward, she tape recorded our sessions, a.. requirement for all patients.. Each week she listened to her tape several times.. That was her homework and it would help her unclutter her mental turmoil and organize her busy head.. Mental Exercise: The Check-List.. During the short-term program I would teach LaToya several mental exercises.. The first was one the Center calls The Check-List.. I chose this particular one because she needed a way to quickly interfere with her anxiety.. This exercise is designed for that purpose.. Further, I wanted to introduce her to the novel notion that she had the capacity to work with herself.. All she had to do was learn how.. Ask and answer these questions, I told her.. What s my name? What is the address here? What is today s date? Who is attacking me? What is threatening me? I want you to run through this checklist many times.. I know you intellectually know the answers.. But intellectual knowing is not why you re posing these questions to yourself.. You re asking them because you are building a mental platform.. This platform and the accompanying exercises interrupt the scare voice, I told LaToya.. There was more to give her about the purpose and practice of this exercise, but this information was enough for starters.. The following session she returned to tell me of her success.. While she took an English test, she practiced the checklist.. She was able to interrupt her thought-voices long enough to concentrate and finish her exam without tugging her hair.. Later, she used the exercise during another momentous occasion.. She feared school retreats.. But now, armed with her check-list, she had a framework from which to appease her negative thought-voices so that she could tolerate the school sleep-over.. She reported happily that her checklist worked while she played tag with her classmates in a darkened room.. These successes were important for LaToya, as they proved to her that she could make this new approach work.. She now had a way to manage her hair tugging and nervousness.. She wanted more.. She had a baby-sitting job each Saturday night.. She liked reading to and playing games with the little boy and girl.. But she dreaded their going to sleep because then the house was quiet and she was all alone with her thought-voices that said bad things were about to happen: burglars might come or fire might ignite.. I asked how she had managed before coming to the Center and learning the check-list.. She had turned on the computer and had listened to her radio.. Why did she do this? Those activities had distracted her from the negative content of her loud thought-voices.. I congratulated her on being creative in coming up with such distractions.. Unfortunately such tactics do not work when one is trying to sleep.. That is why LaToya and I were going to identify the tactics she had developed and use them deliberately.. We settled upon a two-part strategy to deal with her baby-sitting fear.. The first, her check-list with which she already had practice, compelled her to obtain current information from her surroundings.. The second gave her a solution.. I instructed her to take with her to the babysitting job a flashlight and her cell phone.. When she heard her uh-oh voice, she was to investigate the house with her flashlight in one hand, her phone programed to 911 in the other.. She could confidently check for danger because she had a plan, she knew what to do if, in fact, there were a threat.. These strategies put up opposition to the fear-mongering voices, rather than succumbing to her victimizing habit.. But following this new approach meant challenging her uh-oh voice.. A scary action in itself.. But she did it and got away with it ñ I congratulated her.. In fact, she had survived the exercise of getting contemporary information to work for her.. She took great pride in this large accomplishment.. Mental Exercise: Countering.. Another exercise I taught her during a subsequent session was called Countering.. I told her we were going to practice with a new perspective - that the uh-oh voice is a thought-voice based on habit, mental nonsense, so to speak.. Each time she heard uh oh she was to put up opposition to her scare-mongering habit by practicing her new exercise.. In your head repeat.. garbage.. garbage, garbage.. over and over again.. 2.. When you drift off of it, don t worry, just start up the repetition again when you next detect the ëuh-oh voice , I said.. I explained that countering is used as a mental grinding device.. It repetitively interrupts mental traffic and, over time, wears down obedience to long established mental habits.. This procedure also yields immediate results.. The benefit of the mental exercises lays in the deliberate interruption of long-term negative mental habits.. EVALUATION OF SHORT-TERM PROGRAM: HOW THE HUMAN BEHAVIOR-SYSTEM DESIGN DIFFERS FROM THE MEDICAL-SYMPTOM MODEL.. At the sixth session, the three of us I evaluated our strategy.. Mother s questions centered around two concerns, moral and medical.. The moral concern emerged in this question: Was LaToya lazy? All the professionals, the teachers, psychologists, tutors and pediatricians remarked on LaToya s intelligence.. She could do anything she wanted to, they said, if she would just apply herself.. If that were so, Mother concluded, then LaToya s problems lay in her character.. She must have a character flaw.. In my view, laziness is not a disease, therefore, it is not a medical problem.. LaToya was not slothful or shiftless.. LaToya s behavior had nothing to do with morality or motivation.. Instead, she was distracted by a busy head caught up in mental turmoil.. The voices demanded so much attention that it would be difficult to listen to her teachers or her tutors, much less study on her own.. If my daughter is not lazy and her moral character carries no flaw, then she must suffer from a disease or genetic defect, Mother voiced her second concern.. After all, she concluded, LaToya s biological history was unknown because she was an adopted child.. I informed Mother of how medicine had combined with morality to form behavioral diseases.. 3.. Since before Freud, I told her, the premise and design of physical medicine has been misapplied to emotional behavior.. 4.. Mother, as with most Westerners, comes from a long history of relying on the medical industry for answers to all problems, including mental, emotional and behavioral difficulties.. That indoctrination included the following elements: That there was a disease underlying her daughter's odd behavior, that the psychiatrist or mental health practitioner would investigate the symptom, taking a history and delivering a diagnosis.. Then this logical process of explanation and understanding would alleviate her daughter's turmoil.. The differences, I explained, between the medical-symptom model and the human behavior-system design, are profound.. The medical model presumes that human emotional behavior and mental agitation come from ill-health and disease; that a pathogen or genetic defect is the sole or primary determinant of emotional behavior; that the doctor looks for and treats the patient s symptoms.. The human behavior model, on the other hand, conforms to the fact that all human beings behave and think.. Behavior and thinking are universal human characteristics, the contents varying from culture to culture and from person to person.. Each of the many billions of us who populate this planet carry individual variations; that is, as many variations as there are people.. 5.. Instead of seeking out the pathogen that is supposed to cause a patient s emotional behavior, the system design look to that individual s.. Mental conditioning.. includes the absorbed impressions collected from infancy onwards, forming the mental reservoir of thought-voices.. drives one s functioning mentality, the interplay between the two divisions of mentation, the logical and the illogical.. 6.. As we discover the ingredients of the patient s.. , we teach that person how to cope with those few features in his or her mental system that constantly victimize him or her.. While the medical model assumes the doctor to be an expert on the patient and his disease, the human behavior model presumes the patient to be the expert on himself and, therefore, is the only one who can implement emotional change and relief.. That is why the human behavior-system model replaces the doctor-patient structure with that of the teacher-student team.. (See graph in summary.. Most importantly, each person s.. combined with his innate sensitivities, his intelligence and his creativity, emerges as a discrete.. personality.. with particular behavioral patterns each sharply distinguished from the next person.. The counseling formula does not allow for these unique differences.. That is why a counseling formula and medical template had been useless for her daughter.. LaToya s mental functioning and.. in its unique configuration belonged to LaToya, to her alone.. She was the only one who could intercede with her mental functioning.. That is why LaToya would be building during a long-term program a mental option for herself.. She would be putting together a way to work with the source of her anxiety and hair tugging.. Mother had counted on the psychiatrist's diagnosis and his prescription of psychotropic drugs to rid her daughter of her symptoms.. But the medical approach had failed.. Although Mother recognized that failure, she was still suspicious of non-medical treatment.. After all, doctors convey the mystique that they are the experts on all facets of human life.. It is true, they are experts on the physical body.. They are not, however, experts on mental conditioning, mental functioning or upon human behavior.. Mother s indoctrination -- her belief in her doctor as the expert on LaToya ñ had grown over Mother s thirty-five years of living.. Mother asked me if her rules interfered with what I was doing.. She had heard so many different comments from LaToya s past counselors that Mother thought she had to parent a right way or she would undo the counselor s work.. Should she be parenting differently?.. I told her that the counselors spoke only from an hypothesis, not from a God-given, absolute right way to parent.. In other words, counselors were speculating about human behavior.. Unfortunately, the barrage of psychological analysis has left parents confused as to their roles and responsibilities.. I told her that she was not the sole influence of her daughter s development.. Her daughter would absorb items of.. from many sources including her extended family of grandparents, uncles, aunts and even from the broader society of teachers, church, media and so forth.. If there were such a thing as right parenting, Mother would have the ability to control how LaToya interpreted all her young impressions.. In short, she would have absolute power over LaToya.. How will you control LaToya s mental processes from birth onwards? I asked her.. She thought a moment and said, I guess I can t.. That s right, I said.. You are not in charge of that process.. Each of us unknowingly puts ourselves together through the process of acquiring.. and mental maturation.. You are doing your parenting job of influence by providing food, shelter, and guidance.. You don t, however, receive in return a robot-child.. Each child absorbs bits and pieces uniquely and singularly.. Each puts these bits together in an unique configuration.. That s why siblings, though reared under similar circumstances, develop different personalities and emotional reaction systems.. 7.. 8.. And there are as many configurations as there are people; namely, many billions.. I introduced a distinction to Mother.. I am teaching LaToya how to deal with LaToya.. Mother s domain, different from mine, includes running her household with rules, consequences, routines and such.. Her job is  ...   be confident in her abilities, they could persuade her to change her behavior and improve her self-esteem.. Their approach, they claimed, would renovate LaToya s unseemly behavior.. They explained to her why she should not get scared, pointing to her intelligence and abilities.. They gave her workbooks and showed her films to enhance her self-worth.. They referred her to a psychologist so he could measure her self-esteem.. They recommended an array of eclectic affirmations such as I can, I will, I must.. The harder she tried to renovate herself according to her counselor s instructions, the more insistent grew her uh-oh-you-screwed-up voice.. In fact, the counselor s admonitions reinforced LaToya s negativity, for she had converted the counselor s directions into an harangue similar to her own.. The familiar uh-oh voice conveyed the chronic message that she had failed.. And, according to her interpretation of her counselor s words, she had.. She had failed at getting rid of those scary thoughts.. She had failed at eliminating her anger with herself.. Whenever she promised herself to do better, and convinced herself that she would try harder, a feeling of failure and disappointment followed.. In fact, she had failed to get rid of her.. But LaToya did not know what was happening.. And her counselors could not tell her because they did not know themselves.. Mental health counseling relies on the tradition of philosophy ñ the study of human morals, character, behavior and the pursuit of right thinking.. Psychiatrists, psychologists and mental health practitioners believe that from this information comes mental balance, calmness and composure.. Counseling ñthe dispensing of information ñ appeals to the logic and reason division of patients functioning mentality.. In this way practitioners attempt to convince and persuade patients to change their illogical thinking and actions.. LaToya s counselors did not know that their logic and reason approach differs from that of building a mental platform.. Building a mental platform is a step-by-step accumulation of a patient s practicing assigned exercises under the direction of a.. practitioner.. This accumulation occurs as it does for a student learning mathematics; for instance, she must practice mathematical exercises or she will not gain a facility with math.. Skill proficiency results from practicing her exercises whether they be for mathematics, tennis or chess.. Similarly in.. , the learner builds her ability.. As we have seen, LaToya had no problem with logic.. The problem was that her emotional reactions come from the illogical mental division of her functioning mentality.. Duplicating her counselor s approach of talking away illogical behavior leaves LaToya without an operational instrument, without a consistent and reliable way to tackle her emotional turmoil.. Sabotaged by her own.. , she defeated her good intentions to try harder and suffered a loser s self-fulfilling prophesy.. The problem, of course, was that she was caught in an impossible quest, as no sentient human gets rid of thinking, ever, for our thinkings are our.. This was for LaToya, as for everyone else, a difficult realization.. Can you convince yourself never, ever to get angry again, I asked LaToya.. No, she said, laughing at the absurdity of my question.. Why not? I asked rhetorically.. Logic has no impact upon the illogical, I continued.. I wanted to remind her that information alone does not derail emotional material.. This is why not one of the many billions of us can avoid reacting to our surroundings.. I could talk this way to this bright teen now, as she was growing accustomed to the Center s description of how our heads work.. LaToya offered an example of her convincing voice.. Coach had to find me in the computer lab to tell me it was time to go to basketball.. My.. kicked up:.. Uh-oh, I m late.. I screwed up.. What are they going to think?.. I was so embarrassed.. I kept promising to myself not to make that mistake again.. Yes you can.. I ll show them.. But I also heard,.. No you can t.. It s a real struggle, isn t it? I said.. Now you can hear yourself working to convince yourself to behave differently.. Remember we are not trying to get rid of talking ourselves out of anything.. We are going to take for granted that we will hear this back and forth mental struggle for awhile.. It is the nature of our building process.. So don t worry that you re not moving fast enough.. You re doing just fine.. We could hear her progress.. Her exercises never failed her.. I interrupted the uh-oh voice on the court, she said.. I kept all my attention on the ball.. Through the process of accumulation her efficiency strengthened, as did her confidence.. Eventually, she relied more upon her exercises and developing her mental platform than upon her old mental style of trying to persuade herself to act differently.. She grew accustomed to her new operational position of humans cannot NOT react.. That is, a shift had begun, moving her away from philosophizing to skill acquisition.. By this time we had achieved the following:.. ï LaToya was no longer immobilized by her negative.. ï She no longer relied upon convincing herself to think differently as her emotional solution and her means of coping.. Instead, she was interrupting her mental flow with Center-directed exercises.. ï She was beginning to experience a mental shift in her emotional operation which is the Center s goal.. TENSION, ANGER AND THE PUNCHING BAG.. In the past, doctors had medicated LaToya to calm her agitation exhibited by tugging her hair.. She would have had to rely on this intervention of medication for life, as the medical-symptom model did not teach her how to cope with the source of her tension production.. Now released from the toxicity of her medication, her chemically-induced anxiety faded and she could learn to deal with her mental and emotional self.. While withdrawing from the medication LaToya s light-headedness gradually subsided, her balance returned.. Then after six months of physical therapy for her broken leg caused by the side effects of her medicated state, she was again running and training for the next basketball season.. Sports were more than fun and games for LaToya.. As her Mother said, She plays with such determination, vengeance and fearlessness.. The physical exertion of sport helped to vent her chronic level of tension.. But sports were not distractive enough to interfere with the negative.. She could never do it right enough, never meet all the different requirements of all the different authorities in her life.. After all, the criteria for right behavior changes from person to person around the world, never mind from teacher to teacher, friend to friend, parent to parent substitute.. Her efforts to obey her conflicting.. inevitably generated mental confusion which created anxiety and produced physical tension.. That is why now that she was clear-headed and free of medical side-effects we set about to build a more efficient way for her to let off steam.. Once accomplished, she would play ball for the joy of the activity, less for the release of pent-up anger.. We would take a two-pronged program; first deliberately venting, and second, interfering with her tension-making mental habit.. This approach would enhance her timing, increase her responsiveness and flexibility regarding action on the court, but more importantly, it would build the foundation for her life-long coping ability.. Up til now you ve played basketball and other sports as a way of letting off steam, I told her.. Now we re going to separate letting off steam from playing ball.. We re going to progress beyond anger-venting and move to playing ball because you like the game and because basketball is an activity you do.. Here is an example of our program.. First we need to build signals, I said.. For instance, how do you know when you re tense?.. It s hard for me to sit still, she said.. I have to get up and walk around, sometimes I jiggle my foot.. Good, those are excellent signals.. Any others?.. I think that s when I tug my hair.. Excellent connection.. Now, for the next few weeks, I want you to practice a new exercise.. When you notice these physical actions, I want you to identify to yourself ëtension signal.. After LaToya had practiced that connection for a few weeks, we moved forward to using her newly-discovered signal.. When you need to let off steam, I said.. I want you to go to the punching bag and beat it up.. That s kind of silly, she said.. Is that what your sabotage voice is saying?.. I guess so.. What would people think if they saw me?.. It s hard to try something different, isn t it? The.. want you to handle tension in the same old way, fidgeting and tugging.. Is that what you want?.. Not really.. As LaToya used the punching bag method, she could feel the difference between tau- tight-ready-to-pounce muscles and just-walking-along-the-street muscles.. Slowly, consistently, she could feel the release and reduction in her tension.. She learned to recognize this difference and eventually refine her gauge.. When her tension built, she acknowledged the signal and went to the punching bag.. On the surface that action seems a simple matter -- the patient practices the exercise of intentionally beating up her mattress or the gymnasium bag as a way of reducing the visceral collection of anger.. In fact, letting off steam on the punching bag is more than venting.. This tool sets the stage for the patient s following accomplishments:.. ï recognition of her tension/anger level;.. ï capitalizing on her tension as a signal;.. ï application of the appropriate mental and physical exercise indicated by the signal.. LaToya was accomplishing a transition to a mental ability where anger was released on her punching bag routinely at home, and sports were played for sport.. She was learning to use her tension deliberately.. AMBIENT ANXIETY.. Oral presentations gave LaToya another discovery arena.. LaToya and her classmates worried and fretted whenever they had to give a speech.. One girl cried during her biology presentation.. The girl s emotion triggered LaToya s own worry.. Something is going to go wrong.. , railed her thought-voice.. The test will be hard.. I don t know the answers.. Her sabotage habit kicked in.. She was off on an emotional run.. You ran into something we call ambient anxiety, I said.. Remember you cannot NOT react to your surroundings.. Those of us who are intelligent and sensitive pick up the emotional environment surrounding us.. We suck in that atmosphere and react to it.. It s like my ears open up, LaToya said.. And I hear all the comments around me.. LaToya was experiencing the fact that wherever there are people, they bring their emotions with them.. You can feel their emotion, can t you? I asked.. You re learning how emotion catches your attention.. Like a magnet you re compelled to latch on.. These speeches give us a terrific chance for you to work with yourself.. Your job in this learning atmosphere is to pay attention to your own reactive system.. When those around you are getting tense and anxious, discover what your.. are saying.. How do I do that? LaToya said.. When you feel yourself swept up by the emotional atmosphere, pay attention to your own head.. Can you identify the mental action so we can turn it into a signal? Eventually you will connect your reaction to the ambient emotion around you and use that signal to focus upon yourself and begin your countering.. Thus, you ll have gotten a handle on one of the mental mechanisms from which you automatically operate, activated by your sensitivity.. LaToya used sports as another learning opportunity in which to practice her exercises.. Before each game, the coach, eager for a win, pulled aside the full team for a pep talk.. Go out and show them what you can do.. It s up to you to prove you re the best.. The girls exuded tense excitement, their eyes riveted on the coach as one girl jiggled her foot, another tucked away a lucky charm, another bit her nails.. During one of these talks, LaToya noticed herself getting agitated.. She checked into her head.. What were her.. saying? Surprised, she heard the same message as the coach s,.. prove yourself.. She interrupted the.. with her countering exercise.. She also, unobtrusively, separated herself from the huddle for a few minutes alone.. In other words, she created for herself an emotional space.. Those moments of interruption gave her enough of a mental break in which to redirect her attention.. I didn t fall for my uh-oh-do-it- right voice, she said.. And I played really well.. It felt great.. Terrific, I said.. You re getting good at using your countering in sports.. Now let s expand our learning horizon.. Whenever you notice yourself picking up tension around you, make the connection ëIt s their style.. You re getting used to the fact that there are many billions of people, each with his or her own style of behaving and operating.. She was able to pull off this new mental practice on a trip with classmates to visit college campuses.. (For her to venture away from her mother for a few days was unusual and marked substantial progress.. ) A busload of teen-age girls rife with enthusiasm, cliques, complaints and a full complement of emotions proved a terrific practice arena.. They sure complain a lot, she said upon her return.. Even though everyone was pretty tense, I stayed calm.. It was quite an accomplishment to keep herself level when those around her were getting frantic.. Her accomplishment, operating differently, stunned her.. It was strange, she said, as if she should not have her own feelings but should mimic theirs.. Good, I said.. Now you re discovering that you re capable of operating differently.. DEALING WITH TRAUMA.. From the above discussion of clinical issues including LaToya s range of.. , self-sabotage and ambient anxiety, one would anticipate that the Center s treatment of trauma would also differ dramatically from the conventional medical-symptom model.. On September 11, 2001, American students watched TV coverage replaying the devastation caused by the attack on the New York World Trade Center, as did much of the world.. Horrific scenes played again and again, mesmerizing and traumatizing young and old alike.. Class discussions and homework centered around the unfolding drama.. By the end of the school day, students reported feeling agitated and exhausted.. No wonder.. They had had no mental break from the onslaught of horror images, self-examination or media analysis of Who, what, when, where, and why.. Counselors and teachers followed the medical-symptom protocol of debriefing after trauma; that is, relive again and again the event by regurgitating what you saw, heard and felt.. 12.. ,.. 13.. Also relive others experiences by listening to their tragic stories.. This medical-symptom model follows a popular debriefing format adapted from military methods for gathering intelligence about the enemy s actions.. The armed forces debriefing model is a misapplication to mental health treatment, as debriefing was not designed as a vehicle for emotional support during mental and emotional trauma.. Its purpose was solely intelligence gathering.. The medical-symptom model took the term and combined it with the 12-step pietist tradition for alcohol recovery to form the medical/psychological PTSD format.. 14.. In the PTSD format, reliving the event was supposed to prevent post-traumatic stress disorder and is still prescribed for every trauma sufferer.. As one might expect, the trauma of 9/11 activated LaToya s uh-oh disaster voice.. Hers took its usual form of.. Where s Mom? Is she okay?.. Concern about loved ones was a common response of Americans during those days.. By this time in treatment LaToya had had enough practice at working with her reactive system to dilute her old usual response.. Although she could not extricate herself from the traumatized atmosphere during school hours, she elected to do something different than her friends were doing after school.. Her friends hung out together until it was time to return to their respective homes, reinforcing each others hysteria.. Instead, LaToya removed herself from the emotionally-laden atmosphere.. She went to her quiet home and the safety of her room, where there were no friends, no TV, no Mother or other imposed stimulation.. She read a novel, distracting herself from the prevalent preoccupation with disaster.. In other words, she gave her head a mental respite from the onslaught of ambient hysteria.. Some would say that distracting herself was denying reality.. But the Center maintains that emotional shock is a common, ordinary reaction to horrific events.. There are, however, as many reactions as there are people who view and or experience those events.. The Center s research finds that reliving the event obstructs one s natural healing process by exacerbating and prolonging the individual s preoccupation with disaster.. The Center s research finds that for a swift recovery from reaction to trauma, mental respite is necessary.. 15.. 16.. SUMMARY:.. LaToya s story illustrates how the Center deals with what the physicians call a medical problem and what we at the Center call a human behavior issue.. The difference between the two is profound.. The depth of these differences can be measured by contrasting the Center s cure rate with the medical-symptom approach of maintaining the patient through drugs and counseling.. These differences are outlined in the graph below.. EPILOGUE: No longer was LaToya the anxious teen pulling out her hair.. Instead she went on to attend a prestigious university where she excelled.. Medical Model.. Doctor/counselor takes an historic perspective so as to understand symptoms.. The counselor investigates the patient s history to understand the cause of the patient s problem; e.. g.. , LaToya s counselors investigated Mother s parenting style, consulted with teachers and school personnel.. Human Behavior Model.. practitioner deals with the mental system of the patient s mental turmoil.. Following the systems format, the practitioner asks the patient, What is stressing you out? For LaToya, the answer was pulling out her hair, her poor concentration and her worry about her friends and mother.. In accordance with the symptoms format, the psychiatrist seeks to understand why LaToya is pulling out her hair so he can arrive at a diagnoses of her disease.. In accordance with the systems format, the.. practitioner, together with the patient, discovers what.. are currently upsetting the patient.. From history-taking and consultation with other medical practitioners, the psychiatrist--as self-appointed expert on the patient s symptom and disease--prescribes medication for the patient.. practitioner s role is as a teacher focusing upon universal human behavior characteristics.. The teacher/therapist assigns exercises.. The patient tape records every session.. Standard homework for every patient is to listen to that week s tape and practice exercises therein described.. The patient subjugates herself to the psychiatrist/counselor who emphasizes the counselor s own analysis of the patient and her symptom.. LaToya s doctors and counselors befriended her and engaged her in relationship therapy.. They attempted to figure out her symptoms -- why she pulled her hair, why she got nervous, and why she gained weight.. view is that the patient is expert on herself.. She is the treatment partner with the teacher/therapist and actively participates as she listens to her tape and practices her mental exercises.. Doctor/counselor views the patient through the disease model; i.. e, human behavior and misbehavior is caused by an illness ñ a disease and/or genes.. practitioner treats all patients through the universal human behavior perspective.. The therapist recognizes that all human beings react to their surroundings.. All human beings behave.. In the therapist s view disease is not germane to mental health treatment.. Cognitive.. Non-Cognitive.. Culture-Specific (Western European and North American).. Cross-Cultural.. Psychiatrist/counselor relies on drugs therapy for maintenance.. does not maintain the patient through his suffering;.. cures the patient of that suffering.. Under the direction of.. practitioner, LaToya concentrates on building a mental platform that allows her increasingly to move herself from pain to less pain.. Goal of long-term therapy is to socialize the patient.. Rather than renovate the patient, the goal of.. is to teach the patient to operate more effectively.. The psychiatrist/counselor meets in his office face-to-face with the patient so he can read body language and develop a relationship with the patient.. practices Telepsychotherapy, whereby the patient never comes to the office.. The patient participates in Telepsychotherapy via telephone and tape recorder in his own office or home.. Doctor-patient relationship acts as change agent.. Change agent is the patient s acquisition and proficiency of the skill of emotional self-management.. Study and diagnosis, required in order to begin treatment, consumes the initial six to eight sessions.. Short-term therapy occurs in six sessions which are designed to take the mystery out of the patient's upset.. ENDNOTES:.. Dear Abby in San Francisco Chronicle, August 7, 2003.. I give patients a choice in their countering exercise between garbage, garbage, garbage and I am a worthwhile human being; I cannot fail at anything I do.. One phrase is not better than another; each phrase takes up a different amount of mental space and time.. Patients choose according to personal preference.. No significance is attached to their choice.. The Trauma Industry at.. www.. org/trauma.. php.. Singer, Ilana, Emotional Recovery After Natural Disasters: How To Get Back to Normal Life, Idyll Arbor, Inc, Ravensdale, 2001.. Malinowski, Bronislaw, Sex and Repression in Savage Society, Meridian Books, New York, 1955.. glossary at.. org/glossary.. Gillies, Norman A.. and Ilana Singer, Child Development: A 21st Century View Through C-CTherapy , 1999,.. org/child_development_02.. and Ilana Singer, Mental Development of a Human Being as Viewed by.. , 1993,.. org/child_development_01.. Singer, Ilana, Sensitivity and Intelligence: A Clinical Consideration in Mental Health Treatment of Women, 2001,.. org/womens_treatment.. Breggin, Peter R.. , Toxic Psychiatry, St.. Martin s Press, New York, 1991.. , Combating the Tyranny of.. : A C-CTherapy Perspective , 2003,.. org/tyranny.. Singer, Ilana, Emotional Recovery After Natural Disasters: How To Get Back To Normal Life, Idyll Arbor, Ravensdale, 2001.. Singer, Ilana, The Trauma Industry, 2001,.. For further discussion of this point, see Singer, Ilana, The Trauma Industry, 2001,.. Singer, Ilana, Emotional Recovery After Natural Disasters: How To Get Back To Normal Life, Idyll Arbor, Inc.. , Ravensdale, 2001..

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  • Title: C-CTherapy® | Monograph: A Study of Three Short-Term Psychotherapy Cases Employing "Counter-Conditioning Therapy®" ©1990, Norman A. Gillies | Center for Counter Conditioning Therapy® | the Non-Medical, Cross-Cultural Mental Health Clinic
    Descriptive info: A Study of Three Short-Term Psychotherapy Cases.. Employing "Counter-Conditioning Therapy ".. Empirical data emanating from three short-term treatment cases applying ".. " is presented.. These cases are representative of three medical-model diagnostic categories: Anxiety, psychosomatic etiology; Phobia; and, Depressive-reaction, situational.. Each case typifies mental health patients receiving treatment from the Center's short-term therapy program, in which the number of sessions range between one and three and in which patients acquire personal skills, thus, producing the foundation for definable emotional change.. The applied treatment design is a unified, non-cognitive psychotherapy.. The process of development and field application of the.. treatment design began in 1964 at Weyburn, Saskatchewan.. This unified, non-cognitive psychotherapy, ".. ", treats the total medical-model diagnostic spectrum of mental health clinical categories, and is practised exclusively at the "Center for Counter-Conditioning Therapy ".. The Center as a non-medical, non-disease mental health clinic holds exclusive rights to the treatment modality ".. SHORT-TERM THERAPY NEEDS DEFINED.. Short-term psychotherapy, to meet the intent of its treatment mandate, must be short in duration and succinct in its clinical implementation.. That is, short-term psychotherapy must be based upon a therapy format designed to produce a short-term treatment experience.. "Short-term" implies that a patient will be provided with the mental ability to accomplish some definable degree of emotional change in a short time as a result of the clinical design offered by the therapist.. "Short-term" defines a specific design of treatment program created solely to comply with the patient's request for short-term therapy.. Short-term therapy is, therefore, a consumer request rather than a therapist's decision.. Short-term and long-term programs cannot employ identical clinical formats and still remain adequate to the task of tackling their differing treatment mandates.. It is not clinically adequate, by re-organizing long-term eclectic therapies, to re-label them as short-term psychotherapy.. A therapy, meriting the character and possessing the attributes of short-term treatment, must meet time strictures and be clinically formulated to handle the complexity of the patient's mental upset.. As a clinical unit designed for this specialized purpose, short-term therapy must be synonymous with clinical impact.. The clinical skill acquired by the patient is the ability to mentally shift from fictitious information to "real-world" information.. Current medical-model therapies are structurally deficient because, in order to comply with the evaluation requirement, the medical-model therapist uses up the allotted time of a short-term program.. The evaluation function of traditional clinical modes generally requires 5 - 8 sessions.. In order for short-term therapy to qualify as short, the number of sessions must fall within the range of 1 - 3.. In this regard, evaluation of the patient, treatment direction and goal, and some treatment implementation is required of the therapist before the end of the first session.. The patient-consumer needs to carry away with him from that first session some clinical gain.. The overriding clinical measurement of a truly short-term psychotherapy design is that it be so formulated, that if the patient were never to attend another session, the initial clinical session would be of practical use.. Therefore, the therapist's studying of the patient - in order to cure that patient's problem - must, as a clinical procedure, be discarded.. A medical-model clinical format is too wasteful of the patient-consumer's time and money.. As a constant theme since 1967, it is my experience that the primary goal of patients - especially of short-term patients - is their desire to take the "mystery" out of what is mentally troubling them.. I have never seen patients demonstrate any desire whatever to invest either their time or money on a therapist's evaluation program.. They just want direction regarding the source and how to deal with their upset.. When, however, a patient demands more of the short-term treatment program than it is designed to offer (for instance, the wish to operate emotionally differently for the remainder of his life) then, he has made treatment demands which are not related to the structure of a short-term therapy design.. The clinical construct of short-term psychotherapy is condensed and consequently inadequate to the needs of long-term therapy goals.. The clinical design of ".. " distinguishes between these two program demands.. The most that can be clinically accomplished in short-term therapy is to mentally install a "visually-verifiable" viewpoint which operates on the basis of "real-world" information.. A short-term program cannot offer the patient a significant change in emotional mentality (.. ), but it can help the patient mentally clean-out perceptions not founded on real-world information; for instance, an electric lamp cannot be physically mistaken for a passenger bus.. A change in operational mentality is possible, however, in C-CTherapy's long-term program.. The long-term program provides the patient with sufficient mental building-time to establish an alternative emotional format for countering the negativity of his current one.. For, it is the emotional, non-volitional format which is perpetuating the patient's upset; unbeknownst to the patient, the non-volitional division has always played a key role in driving the patient's aberrant behavior.. Because of the patient's emotional,.. - in place since childhood - mental pain has been generated for a long-time.. The long-term project, therefore, focuses the patient upon acquiring a personal skill, a task which differs from the intent of the short-term program.. Short-term treatment requires the patient to institute a routine of mobilizing real-world information.. Like the wheel, ".. ", and its non-disease, unified psychotherapy design, is readily adaptable to a variety of mental health treatment demands in various human behavior settings.. This innovative clinical format began in 1964, in the out-patient setting of a mental health facility in Weyburn, Saskatchewan, where the author developed effective procedures to meet the treatment needs of his rural population.. It is from this 30 year data-base, subjected to field application, that core elements of the short-term therapy program evolved at the "Center for.. Functioning like the wheel,.. is the common denominator which drives all of the programs under its treatment umbrella.. All programs at the Center--Stress-management, Substance-abuse, Mental trauma intervention, Panic attack programs, and Personnel techniques--draw from the.. design.. Likewise, the following key elements from ".. " make the Short-term, "impact-therapy" program possible.. 1st----Because "understanding" the etiology of the patient's condition does not meet the requirements for a short-term therapy program, the.. therapist takes from ".. " its procedure for mobilizing real-world information.. This enables the patient to methodically de-emphasize fictions held over from the patient's past.. The treatment purpose is to mobilize contemporary data in the patient's present.. A procedure of differentiation evolves and helps the patient separate-out the informational differences.. The clinical goal is achieved, only, when an "application-of-information" change occurs.. 2nd----The.. therapist applies the information reported by the patient in the process of establishing an individualized treatment plan.. 3rd----All information provided by the patient is accepted by the therapist as truthfully given, throughout the treatment process.. Consequently, there is no attempt by the therapist to "fit" the patient into a particular medical-model diagnostic category.. 4th----.. introduces a skill-teaching orientation to psychotherapy.. In the short-term program, however, the goal of acquiring a personal skill is sacrificed.. All that is possible to achieve with a short-term mandate is revision of the patient's out-dated information-bank.. Therefore, the change in treatment procedure requires that the therapist's role be re-defined.. 5th----The clinical focus is upon the patient acquiring a pragmatic "what to do" approach rather than a philosophical correction regarding "how to think".. 6th----The ".. " design is tailored to the specialized needs of a short-term psychotherapy program.. 7th----The therapist directs the patient in the methodical application of up-dated information.. This methodical procedure interrupts the fictions upon which early patient data is based.. It is the emotional hold of this misinformation which fuels and perpetuates the patient's emotional upset.. From a short-term treatment population of 500 patients treated since 1980, the author has selected three diagnostic categories from which to illustrate the out-patient short-term application of.. These treatment areas are: Anxiety, psychosomatic etiology; Phobia; and, Depressive-reaction, situational.. The three case-examples were randomly drawn from a patient-pool originally referred from social service agencies or private facilities.. CLINICAL SPECIFICS.. Medical-model therapists are trained to not totally credit what the patient says.. Those therapists view patient commentary through a medical-model grid.. , however, takes patient commentary as valid reporting and consequently perceives as less suspect the patient's information.. Instead of second guessing the patient, this change in listening function allows the.. therapist to put his energy towards formulation of the treatment plan.. applies the essentials of the patient's emotional experience, as an active agent, in the treatment process.. collapses the blend of "study, diagnosis, treatment" into one clinical motion, "treatment".. is not a symptom management psychotherapy.. Instead, it highlights two spheres of human mental functioning, pin-pointing their dissimilar mentation and concentrating the.. treatment effort solely upon one of them - the emotional, non-volitional sphere.. This singular treatment focus introduces the patient to the way in which non-volitional - non-deliberate, emotionally reactive - mental action produces and perpetuates mental "pain".. THIS IS WHAT HAPPENS.. clinician, just as does the short-term program therapist, begins the therapy session by asking the patient: "What do you want to talk about?", or, "What kind of thinking has been going on?" The patient recounts what has been "on his mind".. Because everyone "thinks", thoughts constantly circulate through the patient's mind.. The contents of the verbal exchange between therapist and patient holds sufficient information for the.. clinician to pin-point the source of the patient's mental upset, formulate a treatment plan and supply treatment instruction, all in the first session.. In that first session, the patient's commentary contains sufficient information to give the therapist an overview of the patient's mental mechanics.. From this, the therapist is able to extract core subjects and mental themes, ".. " that represent a sampling of the patient's mental "preoccupation".. This sampling is an "historical-sketch" of the patient's mentality because the topics illustrate the kinds of human behavior issues which catch the patient's attention.. The author has found the above to be so for all patients.. The mental topics that preoccupy the patient represent the sphere of thinking to which the patient listens and are singularly specific to that patient.. In structure, the patient's mental system is a unified, rather than a haphazard, mental product.. As displayed, the non-volitional system is reactive and emotive in nature.. The system makes no sense to the outside observer, because the observer cannot see nor hear the patient's mental workings.. Consequently, the medical-model therapist is constantly struck dumb by the activities of the patient's system, for, the activities of the patient's system strike the observer as illogical.. Overall, however, the patient's emotional system is a coherent mental product composed of operant "thoughts" which the patient hears as "voices" continuously "popping" into his mind.. Unfortunately, it is from the non-volitional, emotional system, that the emotional problems of all patients originate.. According to the Center's research findings, the non-volitional system is forceful and intrusive, its properties are reactive in quality and emotionally rapacious in character.. These intrusive properties dictate the emotional functioning of patients.. Patients repeatedly experience the compelling nature of their "voices".. These ".. ", passing through the patient's head, compel the patient, through habit, to pay close attention to their messages.. While the ".. " are mentally "commanding", they are also boringly repetitious.. Patients report that, many times in the past, they have heard this mental monologue "playing".. In that past, however, the.. were not as forceful as now, because the patient, as he does now, did not interpret them as "commands".. The author-therapist has learned from his patients that the messages of the.. , even though low key, were always present.. For whatever reason, however, the voices were not forceful enough to affect the patient's daily behavior.. Results from both research at the Center and the author-therapist's field experience dating since 1960, confirm that mobilization of the "voices" invariably requires a triggering event.. Whenever the contemporary event or incident happens, it activates negative memories from the patient's non-volitional system.. Consider the patient who experiences an acute depressive reaction because he has not received a hoped-for raise in wages.. Whenever such a disappointing incident occurred in the past, this patient responded with a shrug of his shoulders and some degree of annoyance.. There is a significant difference between his reaction "then" and his reaction "now".. The following commentary is "why the difference!".. WHY THE DIFFERENCE--THEN AND NOW.. By nature, the ability of a human being to react to both his physical environment and to the behavior of others is constant and on-going.. Any treatment design has to consider the workings of this reactive mental mechanism.. The mental mechanism works in a reactive fashion because of it's structural place in the non-volitional system.. In the non-volitional system, a mental event, once recorded, creates some degree of mental response which always translates into behavior.. For example, the patient who shrugged off his disappointment still had the emotional potential to interpret his withheld salary negatively, but didn't.. While he was able to shrug off the events in the first incident, in the second - because one cannot not react - he could not because his circumstances had changed.. His mental habits were attuned to the negative material of the.. Thus, he was mentally ripe to respond to the second incident as if it were a "disaster".. In this context, the patient's mental reaction paralleled the negative.. which produced his current reaction, "anxiety" and "fear".. His reaction was inevitable because no possibility of choosing how to behave exists when it comes to human emotions.. This mental condition leaves all patients open to the possibility of being "victimized" by their own emotional system.. For the  ...   brother's business.. During Mr D.. 's short-term treatment contract of three sessions, his mother and brother were very interested in what was going on therapeutically.. Mainly, they were "surprised" by his rapid rate of improvement, and, in their telephone calls to me, questioned this feature of the therapy.. They were suspicious of the author's treatment design, despite the patient's improved condition.. Their suspicion was understandable given the fact that until his work with.. the patient's behavior had not been improved by medical-model design therapies.. The Center's therapists have noticed, repeatedly, that family members are often compelled to tell them of their past struggles with the patient, that is , their own side of the story.. Their "complaining" about the patient's past behavior is predominantly a "smoke-screen" masking their effort to determine if the patient has been "telling lies about them".. The tendency of various family members to absolve themselves from any possibility of being made the "scapegoat" appears - at least from the author's experience - to be a common item in mental health cases.. Family members want "everyone" around them to: "Understand absolutely.. " that they did not cause any of the patient's problems.. Commentary on Case #2.. During the first session, the author assigned a mental exercise designed to identify the repetitive qualities of the patient's ".. As the patient gains practise with the "identifying" exercise, he begins to hear the unremitting action of the ".. " with its negative quality.. By systematically practising the exercise, the patient notes a gradual diminution in the emotional level of his thought activity; consequently, he becomes less intimidated.. Gradually the repetitive thoughts become progressively connected in the patient's mind with mental "garbage" - instead of commands to be obeyed.. are so forceful and disruptive, the patient must methodically oppose them.. C-CTherapy 's.. short-term program goal is for the patient to routinely attach a response of "irrelevant" to those voices.. Instead of responding to the thoughts in his former intimidated fashion, therefore, my patient begins to hear, in a more neutral manner, the "mad" thoughts directed at his "father".. Another treatment goal is that he respond benignly to the.. This change in mental associations enables my patient to eventually shift from his previous state of serious listening to that of paying little or no heed to the past commands.. His compulsion in this matter of "obeying" will gradually diminish in intensity.. According to the previously outlined short-term therapy requirements, the.. therapist is mandated to move the patient from mental pain to less mental pain as quickly as possible.. This is why the.. therapist constantly intercedes, keeping the therapy goal in front of the patient at all times.. The patient is repeatedly apprised by the.. therapist that his recovery is dependent upon practising the assigned exercises.. Had the patient been involved in a medical-model approach, he would not have known that certain items of emotional thought foster the production of mental upset.. In their therapy, medical-model therapists do not "implement" the connection between the "thoughts-voices" and the production of emotional "pain".. By reiterating throughout the first session that recovery is dependent upon practising the exercises, a.. treatment imprint is established at the outset.. Practising.. exercises allows the patient to confront his negative.. early on in the treatment process.. Because the short-term program restricts the quantity of areas covered, short-term requires an early start to the process of counteracting the disruptive nature of the.. therapist is obligated to pursue the efficient use of the available treatment time.. therapy design works well on phobic cases.. It does so because phobic activity is nothing other than repetitious "voices" circulating in the patient's mind.. It was the previous absence of a method for counteracting these thoughts which left patients without a means for coping.. The florid mental activity in the thought processes of phobics makes it operationally critical for the patient to possess a methodical program for "personal disruption" of this chronic "pain" producer.. All phobics produce abundant mental activity which, in turn, develops an abundance of physical tension.. One aspect of the short-term program concentrates directly on physical tension release.. The author instructs patients to employ a physical "ventilation" exercise, the purpose being the simple release of tension.. I tell the patient to punch a punching-bag or a pillow.. Throwing rocks into the sea or a lake is another inexpensive method of relieving tension.. The goal, here, is to drain-off mentally produced "steam" which is manufactured daily by the workings of the.. (worried thinking).. CASE EXAMPLE #3.. DEPRESSIVE REACTION; A SITUATIONAL MATTER PROMPTED BY A SEXUAL-PREFERENCE ISSUE.. Mrs J.. came into my office to tell me that her son had "become a homosexual".. "Whoa, just a minute Mrs J.. , people don't just become homosexuals.. What we're dealing with here is an issue of sexual preference.. ".. She listened and thought a moment.. "You mean to say that is all it is? But my church says a different thing about this whole business of homosexuality.. My church says its unnatural.. "Not only does your church maintain that this particular kind of sexual preference is unnatural", I said, "but society at large agrees with your church".. Everything she had been conditioned to believe in, and thus cherish, caused her to reach a traditional conclusion, that homosexuality is bad and doesn't equate with behavior which church dogma would support.. I acknowledged her shock and upset, but mentioned a characteristic germane to human beings.. I told her: "Consider a universal feature of the human equation and that is, human beings don't like to cope with unusual behavior, physical or mental in origin".. Then I said, "Let's look at it from a what-is-real perspective", what issue are we dealing with here?" In order to answer that question, I told her the.. view of personal sexual preferences.. From a.. clinical view, homosexuality is divided into the two categories of: "sexual preference" and the "politics of sexuality".. I told her: "if you lose your perspective regarding the" personal preference" aspect of the sexual preferences issue, it's easy to create confusion for yourself and lump the sexual preference part with the political aspect.. And because this is an emotional subject, it's very easy for one to be regulated by the emotionality which the subject generates".. "Now let's consider this matter of perspective, both yours and mine, Mrs J.. First off, we're dealing with the matter of your emotional shock over the life-style of your son.. Next, we're confronted with your worry that his lifestyle will compromise his future and quash your hopes that his life be less of a struggle than was yours.. Finally, we're dealing with a shock to your social and moral sensibilities.. Then she told me of another worry, a wider, more intrusive issue.. She found out about her son's sexual orientation because of a "vengeful lover" who had been rejected by her son and phoned her at 3:00 AM.. "He woke me out of a sound sleep to tell me that my son made love to boys.. Obviously, I didn't want this sort of harassment to continue, both for myself, or my son's sake.. " She confided: "Other members of the family might find out about this situation.. My guess is that they will reject him and his behavior because they're not tolerant people".. This final case example demonstrates application of "real-world" information, a core.. procedure, in all.. treatment programs.. No matter the presenting problem,.. focuses upon effecting a change in the non-volitional mental operation of the patient rather than instructing the patient "to think differently".. As "thinking differently" is not a.. goal, the treatment design does not focus upon removal of any of the patient's biases or long-held attitudes (this is the subject arena of volitional mentality).. While thinking is a function that the patient is able to perform on his own, not so the patient's ability to create a method for neutralizing chronic pain production.. The patient's lack of a methodology for managing pain creation will continue, if not neutralized, to victimize him.. By acquiring some features of a personal mental health skill, namely, mobilization of real-world data, the patient begins building the means to not victimize himself.. Maintaining a working therapeutic climate is a challenge in Case #3.. Emotionally-charged subjects, such as sexual preference, are rife with hear-say and myth and sometimes assume a quasi, "scientific" morality in the mental health professions.. Also, the abundance of misinformation on this subject contaminates the patient's information bank.. By adhering to a "real world" information base, the.. clinician works from an unambiguous clinical stance to confront rampant misinformation.. treatment procedure is precise and uncluttered, fortified by the therapist's articulation of what the treatment plan is to be.. This allows the process of treatment to advance along a measured therapeutic pathway.. By applying a systematic format, the therapist ensures that speculative activity on the patient's part will be treated only as that -- an exercise in speculation.. In the.. treatment process, no energy is expended on philosophical musings.. The therapist, by actively intervening during the session, instils a sense of purpose and clinical direction.. therapist establishes a precise framework for the patient to follow, unlike eclectic treatment programs.. A treatment oriented to working with "real" information weans the patient away from a tendency to wax philosophical, dramatize or sensationalize behavior.. The titillation potential of certain issues of human behavior, such as sexual preference, if allowed to govern the treatment plan, would obscure the clinical goal.. only treatment goal is a diminution in the degree of pain which the patient is experiencing.. Homosexuality is not considered by the Center to be a disease.. The Center maintains this clinical position because no identifiable pathogen has yet been revealed.. The Center treats this subject, therefore, as a human behavior matter involving the issue of sexual preferences - no more and no less.. The Center's clinical approach to homosexuality cuts through all the myth and misinformation fuelling medical-model treatment therapies.. patient adopts a much more practical and workable posture towards sensational issues.. In the above material, the author presents a picture of the Center's short-term therapy program.. The three presented cases were randomly selected from a general pool of mental health cases treated at the Center since 1980.. These cases illustrated:.. ) Application of patient-generated information in the innovative clinical context of ".. ";.. ) The treatment time consumed by "understanding" the background of the patient's problem was discarded;.. ) No use of theoretical concepts was allowed to enter into the treatment process, so that all clinical planning was based upon actual patient experiences.. This treatment design meets the requirements of the short-term therapy mandate outlined by the author.. A medical-model treatment format was not employed because it does not meet the time demands of a short-term mandate, nor does its theoretical approach take the "mystery" out of what is mentally happening for the patient.. Consequently, the medical-model design does not offer the patient workable solutions and fails to meet the explicit demands of a short-term therapy program -- a rapid reduction in the patient's level of mental upset.. All mental health patients suffer, to some degree, from being victimized by the workings of their emotional, non-volitional system.. They need to acquire, therefore, some knowledge about how that system is sustaining their state of chronic upset and a method for correcting that problem.. short-term therapy program, patients develop the beginnings for interrupting negative items in their system of mental/emotional pain production.. As well as providing the patient with a unique way of responding to the.. , the.. design lays the foundation for an efficacious mental perspective.. The combination of a change in mental response and an up-dated mental perspective produces a renovation in mental structure - and thus content - from the current non-volitional system.. For, it is the original system which produced the patient's upset.. In essence, provides patients with a practical, workable way of managing immediate upset (short-term program), and actually managing (long-term program) their emotional,.. How will they achieve the goal of mental pain reduction? They will achieve pain reduction only from a clinical design which works with the patient's non-volitional system.. Failure to neutralize the intrusive nature of the.. places the patient in a position of having to face a future composed of chronic emotional upset.. Any short-term program, therefore, must be able to direct the patient to take what he learned and assemble the material into a package for mental self-management.. In sum, a short-term program has to be unfettered by current traditional medical-model theories which misapply the disease-design of physical disease to a mental health, human behavior problem.. Berne, E.. (1961).. Transactional Analysis in Psychotherapy.. New York: Grove Press.. Davidson, K.. (1991, January 20).. Nature vs Nurture,.. Image Magazine.. San Francisco: San Francisco Examiner Newspaper.. Dechert, C.. (1967).. The Social Impact of Cybernetics.. New York: Simon and Schuster.. Fingarette, H.. (1988).. Berkeley: University of California Press.. Friedberg, J.. (1976).. Shock Treatment is Not Good for Your Brain.. Jackson, D.. (1960).. The Etiology of Schizophrenia.. New York: Basic Books.. Kaminer, W.. (1992).. Menlo Park, CA: Addison-Wesley.. Maltz, M.. Psycho-Cybernetics.. Englewood Cliffs, N.. J.. : Prentice-Hall, Inc.. Perls, F.. (1969).. Lafayette, CA.. : Real People Press.. In and Out the Garbage Pail.. Satir, V.. (1964).. Conjoint Family Therapy.. Palo Alto, CA.. : Science and Behavior Books.. Scull, A.. (1993).. The Most Solitary of Afflictions: Madness and Society in Britain, 1700-1900.. New Haven: Yale University Press.. Selye, H.. Stress of Life (revised edition).. New York: McGraw Hill.. Szasz, T.. The Myth of Mental Illness.. New York: Dell.. Watzlawick, P.. ; Beavin, J.. ; Jackson, D.. : W.. Norton and Co..

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