www.archive-org-2013.com » ORG » B » BAYAREAMONITOR

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".

    Archived pages: 234 . Archive date: 2013-12.

  • Title: Joomla!
    Descriptive info: .. Search.. A Bimonthly Review of Regional Issues.. League of Women Voters of the Bay Area Education Fund.. Home.. About/Contact.. Current Issue.. Past Issues.. Subscribe.. League.. Resources.. Notes Updates.. Donate.. Current issue (PDF):.. Articles in this issue.. (as web pages):.. Leadership Training Wheels.. A Natural Learning Environment.. Prioritizing Conservation: Authorities Angle for Funding.. The Long Haul: Peninsula Passenger Rail Chugs to 150-Year Mark.. Moving Goods to Market: Streamlining a Complex System.. Previous issues.. The Bay Area Monitor.. Published for over 30 years as a project of the League of Women Voters of the Bay Area Education  ...   the nine-county San Francisco Bay Area.. More about the Bay Area Monitor.. The League of Women Voters.. The League of Women Voters is a nonpartisan political organization encouraging the informed and active participation of citizens in government.. It influences public policy through education and advocacy.. More about the League of Women Voters.. Recent Notes & Updates:.. Online Registration Open for 2014 League Day.. Tomorrow Is Election Day.. Spare the Air Season Starts Today.. Community Stabilization Policies.. LWV Oakland to Discuss Plan Bay Area.. More Notes & Updates.. Copyright 2009 Bay Area Monitor ::.. |.. Contact.. Site map..

    Original link path: /
    Open archive

  • Title: About/Contact
    Descriptive info: The.. is supported by the Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District; the Bay Area Air Quality Management District; the Bay Area Rapid Transit District; the East Bay Regional Park District; the Golden Gate Bridge, Highway and Transportation District; the Metropolitan Transportation Commission; the Peninsula Corridor Joint Powers Board and the San Mateo County Transit District; the Port of Oakland; the San Francisco Bay Area Water  ...   Bay Area Education Fund.. Permission is granted to copy this publication in whole or in part as long as material is credited to the.. of the League of Women Voters of the Bay Area Education Fund.. Contact us at:.. 1611 Telegraph Avenue, Suite 300, Oakland, CA 94612.. Phone: (510) 839-1608 / Fax: (510) 839-1610 / E-mail: editor AT bayareamonitor DOT org.. Subscribe to Newsletter..

    Original link path: /index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=58&Itemid=61
    Open archive

  • Title: October/November 2013
    Descriptive info: October/November 2013.. as a PDF file.. as a web page.. as separate articles:.. Display #.. 5.. 10.. 15.. 20.. 25.. 30.. 50.. 100.. All.. A Fair Trade?.. Leslie Stewart.. Carl Moyer Program Enters Fifteenth Cycle of Funding Cleaner Air.. Editor.. Scientists Set Seashells by the Seashore.. Aleta George.. Burrowing in the Bay Area: The Scoop on Transportation Tunnels.. Beth Hillman.. There Goes the Neighborhood: Will Regional Plan Push People Out?.. Alec MacDonald..

    Original link path: /index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=122&Itemid=66
    Open archive

  • Title: Past Issues
    Descriptive info: This index of recently published issues is organized in reverse chronological order.. Click on the publication date or cover image to download a full issue; links to individual articles are also listed.. If you are looking for a specific article and don't know when it was published, try entering a keyword in the search box at top right.. If you would like a copy of an article from an issue which is not online, please call us (510-839-1608), fax us (510-839-1610) or e-mail us (editor AT bayareamonitor DOT org).. August/September 2013.. Participation Nation.. Sustainability, Students, and Strawberries: The World of AgParks.. Truth or Consequences: Hydraulic Fracturing Debate Escalates.. Sizing Up the Dock of the Bay: Ferry Authority Eyes Expansion.. June/July 2013.. Marquee Attraction or Money Pit?.. Gearing Up: Bike Sharing Pilot Program to Launch This Summer.. Making Streets Complete.. What’s Coming Down the Pipe: The Future of Bay Area Water.. April/May 2013.. Five Not-So-Easy Pieces.. Pilot Program: NASA Flies High to Study Air Quality.. Educational Enlightenment: Schools Seeking Energy Efficiency.. The Big Gulp: Considering Conveyance at Bay Area League Day.. February/March 2013.. Choosing Renewability.. Agencies Set to Engage Public on Forthcoming Plan Bay Area Draft.. Taking Initiative: Clean Cities Grant Will Spark Alternative Fuels.. Permit to Emit: Revising the Rules for Expelling Air Pollution.. Help Preserve One of Our Most Precious Resources.. December 2012/January 2013.. Environmental Justice for All.. From the Source: Water Professionals Weigh in on Supply Issues.. Reaping the Benefits: New Law to Promote Commute Alternatives.. Ocean Acidification: Global Warming’s Evil Twin.. October/November 2012.. Riding the Rapids.. Number Crunch: Housing Allocation ‘Hot Potato’ Continues.. A Fine Line: Attaining Air Pollution Standards.. Plugging into the Network: Regional Support for Energy Upgrades.. August/September 2012.. Woes of a Worn-out Water System.. A Bridge Reborn? New Visions for Old Infrastructure.. Losing Ground in the Global Transportation Race.. Mending Amenities: Fixing up Bay Area Parks..  ...   the Furious: Debate over High-Speed Rail Rages on.. Plugging in at Port: Shore Power Solutions Ease Emissions.. No Plan Is an Island.. League to Host Forum on Senior Mobility.. June/July 2011.. Facing the Wave of the Future.. League Members Participate in Plan Bay Area Process.. Region Receives Mixed Results in Air Quality Report.. Sowing the Seeds of Sustainability.. April/May 2011.. Taking It to the Next Level.. Ship-shape: Recycling Facility Opens to Handle Obsolete Vessels.. Blowin’ in the Wind.. Air District Provides Support for Updated CEQA Guidelines.. SMART Solicits Suggestions for Stations.. Announcements: Plan Bay Area.. February/March 2011.. Losing That Excess Baggage.. Potential Salt Pond Development in Redwood City Sparks Debate.. Red Ink on the Tracks: Caltrain in Dire Fiscal Danger.. California Air Resources Board Adopts Cap-and-Trade Regulation.. December 2010/January 2011.. Pedaling into the Future.. Purple Pipes Protect Potable Provisions.. TIGER, TIGER.. Adventures in Sustainability.. October/November 2010.. Counties Counting on Votes.. Forty Years of Ferries on the Bay.. Stalled Movement Gets a Jump-start.. BART to San Jose, Step by Step.. August/September 2010.. Cleaning up the Coast.. Transbay Terminal on the Brink of Radical Remodel.. Air District Adopts CEQA Thresholds.. Save the Date: Regional Emissions Targets to Be Finalized Soon.. New Irvington Tunnel One of Many Water System Improvements.. June/July 2010.. An Aquatic Accord.. Regional Airport Study Considers Alternatives to Runway Expansion.. Air District Reloads Summer Campaign.. ‘One Bay Area’ Initiative Launched to Address Climate Change Law.. Park District Finalizes Comprehensive Wildfire Reduction Plan.. In Memoriam.. April/May 2010.. All Eyes on High-Speed Rail.. Bay Area League of Women Voters Convenes over Climate Change.. Ballot Measure Paying Dividends.. Air District Wraps up Another Winter Spare the Air Season.. February/March 2010.. Mastering, or at Least Mitigating, Disaster.. Up in the Air: New Environmental Standards Yet to Be Determined.. State Law Regulating Truck Emissions Kicks into Gear at Ports.. Water Experts Cautiously Optimistic about New Delta Legislation..

    Original link path: /index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=56&Itemid=58
    Open archive

  • Title: Subscribe
    Descriptive info: The League of Women Voters of the Bay Area Education Fund distributes the.. Monitor.. both online and in print at no cost to interested readers.. However, tax-deductible donations in support of this free publication are greatly appreciated, and may be made through this website using the "donate" tab.. To receive notification for when new issues of the.. have been published online, please fill in your name and e-mail address below.. To receive paper copies, please contact the.. at:..

    Original link path: /index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=59&Itemid=62
    Open archive

  • Title: About the League of Women Voters
    Descriptive info: About the League of Women Voters.. Monday, 03 August 2009 17:25.. ABOUT THE LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS.. is a national organization that encourages the informed and active participation of citizens in government, and influences public policy through education and advocacy.. The goal of the League of Women Voters is to empower citizens to shape better communities worldwide.. The League neither supports nor opposes political candidates and parties, but does take action on issues.. League membership is open to all men and women who are U.. S.. Citizens and of voting age.. ABOUT THE LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF THE BAY AREA.. The League of Women Voters of the Bay Area.. is a regional inter-league organization comprised of all the local Leagues in the nine Bay Area counties (Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma).. Currently, this covers 4,000 members in 20 local Leagues (Alameda; Berkeley/Albany/Emeryville; Benicia; Cupertino/Sunnyvale; Diablo Valley; Eden Area; Fremont/Newark/Union City; Livermore/Amador Valley; Los Altos/Mountain View Area; Marin County; North Central San Mateo County; Oakland; Palo Alto; Piedmont; San Francisco; San  ...   Bay Area has two separate and distinct roles:.. Voter Service/Citizen Education.. – We present unbiased nonpartisan information about elections, the voting process, and issues.. To conduct our voter service and citizen education activities, we use funds from the League of Women Voters Bay Area Education Fund, which is a 501(c)(3) corporation, a nonprofit educational organization.. Action/Advocacy.. – We are nonpartisan, but, after study, we use our positions to advocate for or against particular policies in the public interest.. The League of Women Voters, a membership organization, conducts action and advocacy and is a nonprofit 501(c)(4) corporation.. LEARN MORE ONLINE:.. League of Women Voters (National).. League of Women Voters of California.. League of Women Voters of the Bay Area.. League of Women Voters of the Bay Area Local Leagues:.. Alameda.. Benicia.. Berkeley, Albany, Emeryville.. Cupertino, Sunnyvale.. Diablo Valley.. Eden Area.. Fremont, Newark, Union City.. Livermore, Amador Valley.. Los Altos, Mountain View Area.. Marin County.. North Central San Mateo County.. Oakland.. Palo Alto.. Piedmont.. San Francisco.. San Jose, Santa Clara.. Sonoma County.. South San Mateo County.. Southwest Santa Clara Valley.. West Contra Costa..

    Original link path: /index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=79&Itemid=49
    Open archive

  • Title: Resources
    Descriptive info: Air Quality.. The Bay Area Air Quality Management District.. The California Air Resources Board.. The American Lung Association in California.. Water Quality.. Bay Area Water Supply and Conservation Agency.. The San Francisco Public Utilities Commission.. The Santa Clara Valley Water District.. The East Bay Municipal Utility  ...   Transit District.. The Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District.. The Golden Gate Bridge, Highway and Transportation District.. Caltrain.. Transform.. Institute of Transportation Studies.. Open Space.. The East Bay Regional Park District.. Greenbelt Alliance.. Land Use.. The Association of Bay Area Governments.. The Non-Profit Housing Association of Northern California..

    Original link path: /index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=64&Itemid=54
    Open archive

  • Title: Notes & Updates
    Descriptive info: Written by Editor.. Monday, 02 December 2013 17:43.. Read more: Online Registration Open for 2014 League Day.. Monday, 04 November 2013 20:37.. Read more: Tomorrow Is Election Day.. Friday, 01 November 2013 17:30.. Read more: Spare the Air Season Starts Today.. Tuesday, 01 October 2013 16:45.. Read more: Community Stabilization  ...   to Discuss Plan Bay Area.. More Articles.. LWV Alameda to Consider Sea Level Rise and Redevelopment.. Two Water Events Set for September 23.. LWV Marin Releases Housing Report.. Further Online Reading for Fracking Article.. Page 1 of 19.. Start.. Prev.. 1.. 2.. 3.. 4.. 6.. 7.. 8.. 9.. Next.. End..

    Original link path: /index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=42&Itemid=50
    Open archive

  • Title: Leadership Training Wheels
    Descriptive info: Written by Quynh Tran.. Monday, 02 December 2013 05:44.. Bay Area youth are determined to make alternative transportation and sustainability the norm when they become adults.. Jasmine Jolly, a student at Windsor High School in Sonoma County, is among the leaders of this movement and was a keynote speaker at the.. YES (Youth for the Environment and Sustainability) Conference.. on November 2 in Oakland.. “People have to take control of what they’re doing and inspire others,” Jolly said.. “Species are going extinct and we are going to live to experience that.. ”.. The freshman currently rides her bike 25 miles round trip to school several days a week.. She caught the riding bug in eighth grade when she participated in.. Climate Ride.. 2012 with her family.. The five-day, 320-mile ride from Fortuna to San Francisco motivated her to become passionate about educating others about climate change.. Jolly was one of about 60 middle school and high school students from around the Bay Area who attended the all-day conference hosted by the.. Bay Area Air Quality Management District.. and the.. Metropolitan Transportation Commission.. “We hope the students can take the skills learned here with them throughout life, develop activism, and create positive action in their schools,” said Ursula Vogler, manager of MTC’s Climate Initiatives Program.. The conference included keynote speeches from Jolly and from Simon Dunne of.. Specialized Bicycles.. , an overview of climate change, presentations on student-led sustainability projects, bike repair workshops, and leadership training.. Vogler said the conference was part of a four-year, $3 million.. Spare the Air Youth.. educational program, which started in 2011 and targets Bay Area youth.. Its goal is to reduce transportation-related greenhouse gas emissions.. Its other activities include the Safe Routes to School program in each county; partnering with local bicycling coalitions to provide family bicycling workshops; and the creation of the.. Bay Area BikeMobile.. , a vehicle that will provide bicycle repair and rider training at local schools and events.. Conference presenters highlighted many reasons to support the need for alternative transportation, such as the high volume of carbon dioxide emitted by cars, the fact scientists believe that 97 percent of climate change is caused by humans, and the link between automobile use and childhood obesity.. In the 1970s, 50 percent of children walked or biked to school and only 8 percent of children were obese or overweight.. Today only 15 percent of children walk or bike  ...   Campaign.. , the student-led commuter project encourages students to walk, bike, or carpool to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.. It began in 2005 with a class of advanced statistics students who measured the carbon footprint of all students’ commutes.. They publicized the benefits of alternative transportation and offered incentives for cleaner commutes.. Three weeks later, students had a 21 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.. Karen Gardner, who leads the ECO2school program, presented leadership skills for students to use at their schools.. Her tips covered how to approach problems and find solutions, and she recommended students turn goals into an actionable plan by applying the acronym SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, Time-based).. Gardner also provided fundraising tips.. When asking for contributions, she said to state the problem, solution, and then ask for the donation.. “The number one reason people don’t give is because they were not asked,” she said.. “Your job isn’t to get the money.. It’s to ask.. Conference organizers were pleased with the conference but said one of the challenges they faced was disseminating information about the conference to students.. There were no systematic ways to send information to local middle school and high school students who may have had an interest in sustainability.. They also hope the conference grows into a larger one in the future, said Lisa Fasano, communications and outreach director for the Air District.. “Kids are going to change the behaviors of the future,” said Fasano.. “We want to generate new voices on how they want to change things.. By the end of the day, students were excited to return to their schools and implement their ideas.. Kira Hall, an 11th-grader from Homestead High School in Cupertino, hopes to bring green waste recycling to her school.. Junior Sophi Leporte and her friends from the Marin School of Environmental Leadership want to implement recycling at their school, including banning the use of disposable plastic water bottles.. She especially enjoyed the session on student leadership training.. “It was nice to hear from someone our age about how to facilitate meetings and solve problems,” she said.. Jolly summed up for the attendees why she was so committed to sustainability.. “We’re going to inherit this earth from our parents,” she said.. “It will not be easy.. We can’t let others lead the way.. It’s going to be our problem.. ♦.. ♦.. Quynh Tran is a writer and communications professional based in the East Bay..

    Original link path: /index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=377:leadership-training-wheels&catid=123:december-2013january-2014
    Open archive

  • Title: A Natural Learning Environment
    Descriptive info: Written by Alec MacDonald.. Monday, 02 December 2013 05:15.. “The field trip is an endangered species,” lamented Milton Chen, senior fellow at the.. George Lucas Educational Foundation.. Expressing concern that young people lack opportunities to explore the wider world, he argued they would benefit from more “placed-based learning” to enhance conventional schooling.. Lectures and textbooks might instill them with academic fundamentals, but their studies will remain abstract and mechanical until they journey out to see, hear, smell, touch, and taste the unfamiliar.. “We’ve got to give kids more of that rich background, that experience base,” asserted Chen.. His remarks came at the tail end of “.. Parks: The New Climate Classroom.. ,” a conference hosted by the.. Institute at the Golden Gate.. examining the role parks can play in building environmental awareness.. Because they attract ample crowds, employ knowledgeable staff, and showcase abundant scientific wonders, parks serve as ideal sites for teaching ecological lessons — and not just to youth.. For people of all ages, a park visit can make for quite the edifying field trip.. Reflecting the careful planning necessary for any successful field trip, conference presenters spent two days outlining strategies for optimizing park visits.. Some 40 speakers covered topics such as influencing visitor behavior, designing park layouts and displays, applying technology and multimedia tools, conveying messages to broad and diverse audiences, and forming partnerships with allied organizations.. Throughout, the event paid special consideration to student interests, and emphasized the use of park resources in responding to climate change.. In confronting this daunting global challenge, the motley lineup of presenters offered ideas from many different frames of reference.. As Institute at the Golden Gate Director Chris Spence told attendees, “I think if we’re really going to start to see where the innovation lies, we need to have all sorts of people as part of that conversation.. We need to have folks from the media, the online world, schools, museums, other nonprofits, activist groups, other parts of government as well, the corporate sector — we all need to be a part of this, because the problem is frankly too big for us to address in our silos.. To draw yet more participants into the climate change conversation, several speakers recommended tapping into the power of storytelling.. Authors.. Jonah  ...   the benefit of reef restoration efforts in places such as the Philippines.. As another example, the chief public engagement officer mentioned her institution’s recruitment of “citizen scientists” to stage a three-year survey of biodiversity on Mount Tam, which the.. Marin Municipal Water District.. will incorporate into a forthcoming land management plan.. She also cited “Science Hack Day,” when the academy invited inventors to create experiments for visitors to try out on their own, like using a smartphone to project a mini planetarium show onto the underside of an umbrella.. Babcock wasn’t the only speaker to bring up the benefits of mobile devices.. Dan Rademacher, co-founder of.. Nerds for Nature.. , declared that “online is outdoors, and vice versa, because of mobile technology.. ” His organization coordinates “grassroots bioblitzes,” in which smartphone-wielding volunteers meet up for a few hours in a park to photograph all the flora and fauna they can find, uploading the results to.. iNaturalist.. org.. ’s international database.. Of course, less specialized social networking websites such as Facebook or Twitter allow most anyone to post images from their own park expeditions, helping raise the profile of those destinations.. According to Matt Kresse of.. Stanford University’s Persuasive Technology Lab.. , park administrators should consider further leveraging people’s growing enthusiasm for connectivity by developing systems for sending visitors text messages after they leave, perhaps encouraging them to continue practicing environmental stewardship.. Conference attendee Connie Ralls found Kresse’s presentation on behavior design particularly inspiring.. On the whole, the Santa Clara County park ranger came away from the event with many ideas that might augment the climate change education she has been integrating into interpretive hikes and youth programming.. Already an obvious believer in place-based learning, she’s even taken a group of kids out for one of those rare experiences — the field trip — to observe climate impacts on soil and plant growth at.. Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve.. “I think that once a person gets out into a park, they are a little better equipped to see the big picture of the world around them, and to understand that their life is supported by this vast expanse of ocean, air, sky, and land with its wide variety of life,” she said.. Alec MacDonald is the editor of the Bay Area Monitor..

    Original link path: /index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=376:a-natural-learning-environment&catid=123:december-2013january-2014
    Open archive

  • Title: Prioritizing Conservation: Authorities Angle for Funding
    Descriptive info: Written by Leslie Stewart.. Monday, 02 December 2013 05:01.. “Let’s also think about the areas we want to conserve.. Laura Thompson,.. Bay Trail.. project manager at the.. Association of Bay Area Governments.. , remembered how this idea developed into a key strategy in creating the region’s new.. Plan Bay Area.. As a result, in addition to Priority Development Areas, the plan contains more than a hundred Priority Conservation Areas submitted by counties and approved for inclusion by her agency.. The goal is to retain and enhance the value the region receives from its rural areas, including agriculture and parks.. Counties may also apply to have additional areas receive the designation.. Protecting and conserving land takes money, so the regional plan budget earmarked funds from the One Bay Area Grant Program to support projects in Priority Conservation Areas.. Originally, the plan budgeted only $5 million for a pilot program in the North Bay counties (Marin, Sonoma, Napa, and Solano).. “They were farther along in the process of working on Priority Conservation Areas,” according to Craig Goldblatt, transportation planner with the.. , the agency in charge of allocating most of the plan’s funding.. He added, “Commissioners said that other counties would want to participate and cited needs in southern Santa Clara and eastern Alameda counties as examples,” and the amount was doubled.. The original $5 million went to the four North Bay counties, who decided to divide it evenly, and an additional $5 million was designated for the remaining five counties, to be distributed through a competitive grant process.. Subsequently, a partnership with the.. State Coastal Conservancy.. has added up to $2.. 5 million for the competitive grants.. Funded projects, either through the competitive grants or the pilot program, must have a transportation focus and be within or connected to an approved Priority Conservation Area.. Eligible project types include planning activities, pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure, visual enhancements such as viewing areas, habitat enhancements, and “farm-to-market” capital projects.. Protection or enhancement of natural resources, open space, or agricultural lands is also eligible but with some restrictions.. The deadline for the competitive grant program for the remaining five Bay Area counties was November 15; final selection of successful applications may happen by March of next year.. Because of the way the grant money will be awarded, it’s quite possible that not all five counties will receive project funding.. Meanwhile, North Bay  ...   explaining how Napa will make this work.. “The county will pay for the parkland acquisition with general fund money that would otherwise pay for Silverado Trail maintenance, and we’ll use the [Priority Conservation Area] funds to pay for that road upkeep.. ” This is what Thompson says regional agencies are looking for: “Creative partnerships where one agency has transportation funding authority and can use the funds for qualifying projects.. Woodbury was concerned that Napa’s $1.. 25 million share of the pilot program funds just begins to cover the land costs, and the conservation project still might not work out.. In that case, he expected the county to put the funds into another eligible project category, probably “farm-to-market” routes.. “Everything in Napa qualifies for that,” he observed, “so it’s a loophole you can drive a truck through.. Some advocates are frustrated by the regional plan’s limited conservation budget after seven park and open space districts had requested that a 5 percent investment of Plan Bay Area funds be set aside for achieving the vital natural resource protection goals of.. 2008’s Sustainable Communities Act.. “Ten million dollars is nothing,”.. East Bay Regional Park District.. board member Beverly Lane complained recently.. Compared to the total Plan Bay Area budget, $10 million doesn’t seem like much, but it’s comparable to the funds earmarked for programs such as Safe Routes to School.. MTC’s Goldblatt commented that it was always expected that the funds should be leveraged.. Thompson concurred, noting, “Partnering with the State Coastal Conservancy has brought more money to the table.. On the one hand, as Thompson pointed out, “This is a pilot program — we can let agencies determine if they think more money should go to open space in the future.. ” On the other hand, argued Ron Brown, executive director of.. Save Mount Diablo.. , “That’s not even enough to do reasonable pilot projects that demonstrate the need for additional funding.. Woodbury, a former.. AC Transit.. employee, understands that “it’s hard to use transportation funds for conservation, so the amount of money is minimal compared to the need.. ” He summed up the Napa parkland proposal by saying, “We wouldn’t even be doing it if it weren’t for PCA funding.. ” And then he added, “On how the pilot program is working? Ask me in a year.. Leslie Stewart is the former editor of the Bay Area Monitor..

    Original link path: /index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=375:prioritizing-conservation-authorities-angle-for-funding&catid=123:december-2013january-2014
    Open archive





  • Archived pages: 234