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  • Title: NACAA
    Descriptive info: .. Agriculture.. Air Pollutants.. Enforcement and Compliance.. Funding.. Global Warming.. Measuring Air Pollution.. Multi-Pollutant Strategies.. New Source Review.. Training.. Vehicles and Fuels.. CACP Software.. NTE Model Rule.. NSR Menu.. HDDE Model Rule.. Mercury Model Rule.. Boiler Model Permit Guidance.. Member Login.. About Us.. Contact Us.. Glossary.. Site Map.. Translator.. HOME.. U.. S.. AGENCY CONTACTS.. AIR POLLUTION TOPICS.. OUR PROJECTS.. OUR PUBLICATIONS.. LINKS.. CLEAN AIR WORLD.. Welcome to NACAA's Web Site.. The National Association of Clean Air Agencies (formerly STAPPA and ALAPCO) welcomes you to this web site.. Explore this web site to locate state and local air agencies across the nation, access the latest information on important air pollution topics, learn about the association's positions and initiatives and find links to other related web sites.. Please also visit NACAA's international web site,.. Clean Air World.. FIND A U.. CONTACT.. STATE AND LOCAL INNOVATIONS.. YOUR LOCAL.. AIR QUALITY.. Select State:.. Select one.. Alabama..  ...   Island.. South Carolina.. South Dakota.. Tennessee.. Texas.. Utah.. Vermont.. Virgin Islands.. Virginia.. Washington.. West Virginia.. Wisconsin.. Wyoming.. Climate Change Initiatives in the States.. State Utility Mercury/Toxics Programs.. Side-by-Side Comparison of Climate Bills.. NACAA Global Warming Papers.. AIRNOW offers daily air quality forecasts, as well as real-time conditions, for over 300 cities across the country.. Search.. Clean Air News.. TOP HEADLINES.. Senate Appropriations Subcommittee Announces FY 2014 Funding Recommendations (August 1, 2013).. ECOS Asks Congress Reduce Cuts to State Environmental Grants (July 30, 2013).. House Appropriations Subcommittee Marks-up FY 2014 Bill with Steep Cuts to EPA (July 23, 2013).. NACAA Submits Comments on EPA s Draft SO2 Modeling and Monitoring Technical Assistance Documents (July 22, 2013).. More >>>.. OTHER NEWS.. Learn About Air Pollution.. Privacy Policy.. |.. Disclaimer.. The National Association of Clean Air Agencies (NACAA).. 444 North Capitol Street, NW - Suite 307- Washington, DC 20001.. (202) 624-7864 (202) 624-7863 - facsimile..

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  • Title: NACAA
    Descriptive info: Agriculture :.. NACAA.. Positions.. Related Documents.. Related Links.. Agriculture comprises many types of activities, from crop production to raising animals for food animal agriculture, and related activities.. It is one of the major sources of air pollution worldwide.. Agricultural activities contribute directly to emissions of air pollutants through a variety of processes: enteric fermentation in domestic livestock (i.. e.. , methane gas produced during digestion), manure management, rice cultivation, agricultural soil management, machines used in agricultural operation (diesel irrigation pumps) and burning of agricultural residues.. There are approximately 1.. 3 million livestock and poultry farms in the United States.. Approximately one-third of these farms raise animals in confinement, qualifying them as animal feeding operations (AFOs).. AFOs are a source of a number of air pollutants of concern, including particulate matter (PM), ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, greenhouse gases (e.. g.. , methane and nitrous oxide), odor, and volatile organic compounds.. In large enough concentrations, these pollutants can cause adverse human health or ecological effects.. NACAA Positions.. NACAA Comments on EPA s Draft Methodology for Estimating Air Emissions from Animal Feeding Operations or Farms (June 11, 2012).. NACAA Letter to EPA Requesting NACAA Involvement in Agency s Development of Emission Estimation Methodologies for Air Emissions from Animal Feeding Operations (June 29, 2011)..  ...   Emissions Estimation Methodologies for Broilers - WITH Appendices (March 8, 2012).. Results of EPA Monitoring Study of Selected Animal Feeding Operations (January 13, 2011).. List of Major Environmental Laws and Programs That Could Apply to Agriculture (June 13, 2007).. EPA's National Strategy for Agriculture (April 25, 2006).. Iowa AFO Odor Study (March 27, 2006).. Development of Environmentally Superior Technology Determinations for Controlling Emissions from CAFOs: Phase 3 Technology Determinations (March 8, 2006).. San Joaquin Valley, California's Determination of a VOC Emissions Factor For Dairies (August 3, 2005).. Development of Environmentally Superior Technology Determinations for Controlling Emissions from CAFOs: Phase 2 Technology Determinations (August 2, 2005).. California's Definition of Large Confined Animal Facility (May 17, 2005).. South Coast AQMD's Dairy Manure Regulation (August 16, 2004).. Development of Environmentally Superior Technologies Report (August 5, 2004).. California's SB 700 Regarding Agricultural Air Emissions (September 22, 2003).. Letter from Environmental Groups Urging EPA to Control CAFO Air Emissions (September 2, 2003).. EPA's Response to STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter on Safe Harbor Agreement and Fugitive Emissions Policy (June 24, 2003).. Air Emissions from Animal Feeding Operations: Current Knowledge, Future Needs, Final Report (December 12, 2002).. Agriculture-Air Quality Issues: State and Local Survey (October 1, 2001).. Related Links.. Go to.. related links.. for more information about Agriculture..

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  • Title: NACAA
    Descriptive info: Air Pollutants :.. There are many types of air pollutants.. The exact composition and concentration of pollutants depend on the source activity or process, the type of fuel and/or chemicals involved, and in some cases the meteorological conditions under which the pollutant is emitted.. Air pollutants are responsible for a range of adverse health and environmental effects.. Criteria air pollutants are those pollutants for which air quality criteria (e.. , ambient air quality standards) have been established under the Clean Air Act; the six criteria air pollutants are carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NO.. x.. ), particulate matter (PM), sulfur dioxide (SO.. 2.. ), lead and ozone.. Other air pollutants include ammonia and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).. In addition, combustion of fossil fuels, along with a limited number of other sources such as animal feedlots, produce greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO.. ), nitrous oxide (N.. O), and methane (CH.. 4.. ).. These gases have been implicated in global warming effects.. In addition, there are 188 toxic or hazardous air pollutants (HAPs).. These pollutants can have more serious health impacts than the general criteria pollutants, depending on the level of exposure.. In many cases, toxic pollutants constitute a small fraction of the total hydrocarbon or PM emissions.. Reductions in air pollution can be achieved by a variety of methods including pollution prevention, control technologies, and control measures and may be implemented through regulatory, market-based or voluntary programs.. A control strategy may include a combination of different voluntary measures or mandatory controls, may focus on one or several pollutants or sources of air pollution, and can be implemented on a local, regional, national, or international scale.. Energy efficiency and renewable energy are examples of pollution prevention strategies.. Almost all air quality improvements to date have been achieved through technological developments.. Air pollution control technologies have achieved stunning results in reducing emissions from the manufacturing and mobile source sectors by as much as 90 to 99 percent.. Continuing advances in both pollution prevention and air pollution control technology should enable further emissions reductions to offset increased emissions caused by continued population growth and worldwide economic development.. NACAA Comments on EPA s Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking Outlining Proposed Process for Reviewing New Source Performance Standards (November 22, 2011).. NACAA Letter to Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee In Support of a Federal Clean Energy Standard (April 11, 2011).. NACAA Resolution on the Need for Strong Federal Control Measures to Support Attainment and Maintenance of the NAAQS (October 19, 2010).. NACAA Comments on EPA's Proposal to Revise the Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) National Ambient Air Quality Standards (February 4, 2010).. Johnson Memo NACAA Comments on EPA s Proposal to Reconsider the Interpretation of Subject to Regulation under the CAA (December 7, 2009).. NO2 NAAQS: Final NACAA Comments on EPA's NO2 NAAQS and Monitoring Proposal (September 14, 2009).. NACAA Comment on EPA s Proposal on Mandatory GHG Reporting (June 9, 2009).. NACAA Comments on NSPS for Portland Cement (September 30, 2008).. Attachment on NOx Control for Portland Cement (September 30, 2008).. Lead National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS): NACAA Comments on EPA's Lead NAAQS Proposal (July 30, 2008).. NACAA Comment Letter for EPA Public Hearings on Proposed Revisions to Lead NAAQS (June 12, 2008).. NACAA Comments on Proposed Iron and Steel Foundries Area Source HAP Rule (November 1, 2007).. Once-In-Always-In NACAA s Comments on EPA s Proposed Rule (May 3, 2007).. Once-In-Always-In STAPPA/ALAPACO s Comment letter of July 14, 2003 on Pollution Prevention and OIAI (referenced in May 3, 2007 comments) (May 3, 2007).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on EPA Exceptional Events Proposal (May 25, 2006).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter Commenting on EPA Proposal to Delist MEK from the HAP List (August 21, 2003).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comment Letter on Industrial/Commercial/Institutional Boilers and Process Heaters (March 6, 2003).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comment Letter on Iron and Steel Foundries MACT (February 20, 2003).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on Proposed MACT for Surface Coating of Automobiles and Light-Duty Trucks (February 20, 2003).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comment Letter to EPA on Stationary Combustion Turbines MACT Proposal (January 29, 2003).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Testimony on Stationary Combustion Turbines MACT Proposal (January 29, 2003).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter on Section 112(j) Settlement (September 24, 2002).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on EPA's Integrated Air Toxics Stragegy Workplan (March 29, 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comment to EPA on Need for HAP Regulations for Utilities (June 12, 2000).. California Emissions Estimation Model for Land-Use Projects (February 10, 2011).. Our Nation s Air Status and Trends Through 2008 (March 10, 2010).. EPA Decision to Establish New 1-Hour Nitrogen Oxide National Ambient Air Quality Standard (January 25, 2010).. NOx SCR Analysis by South Coast Air Quality Management District,.. Chromium Emissions/Portland Cement: "Emissions of Criteria and Toxic Pollutants from Portland Cement Manufacturing Plants in SCAQMD," Mohsen Nazemi (August 6, 2008).. EPA Rule On Treating Air Quality Monitoring Data Affected by Exceptional Events (March 14, 2007).. NACAA Letter Urging EPA Administrator to Immediately Issue PM2.. 5 Implementation Rule and 8-Hour Ozone Guidance (February 16, 2007).. EPA Acid Rain Program 2005 Progress Report (October 16, 2006).. EPA Workgroup Recommendations on Revising the Process for Reviewing the NAAQS -- Executive Summary (April 3, 2006).. EPA Workgroup Recommendations on Revising the Process for Reviewing the NAAQS -- Cover Memo (April 3, 2006).. EPA's Proposal to Exclude Air Quality Data Affected by Exceptional Events (March 10, 2006).. Final New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) for Boilers (February 27, 2006).. Health Effects of Particle and Ozone Pollution: 2005 Research Studies (January 30, 2006).. Process for Setting and Revising the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS), Prepared by the American Lung Association (December 20, 2005).. Final Rule Establishing New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) for Other Solid Waste Incineration Units (December 16, 2005).. Air Quality Criteria Document for Nitrogen Oxides: Update and Revision.. Background on Process for Setting National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) (June 28, 2005).. EPA Final Guidance on Incorporating Emerging and Voluntary Measures in a SIP (October 5, 2004).. EPA Acid Rain Program Progress Report (September 23, 2004).. Final Guidance on SIP Credits for Emission Reductions from Electric-Sector Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Measures (August 6, 2004).. NAS Report: Air Quality Management in the United States (January 30, 2004).. for more information about Air Pollutants.. Subtopics.. Haze.. :.. NACAA Positions.. Haze, or visibility degradation, is caused when sunlight encounters tiny particles in the air.. Some of the light is absorbed by particles while other light is scattered.. This absorption and scattering of light reduces color and clarity of what we see.. Sulfate particles scatter more light than other particles, especially during humid conditions.. A particular concern is the reduction of visibility in the national parks and wilderness (i.. , Class I areas).. Haze pollutants can include natural sources such as windblown dust and wildfires, as well as manmade sources such as motor vehicles, electric utilities, other industrial operations, and forest and agricultural burning.. Regional haze control strategies focus on reductions of fine particles and their precursors, such as ammonia.. Because fine particles can transport over long distances, sources located far from a Class I area can be a concern.. EPA recently promulgated the final regional haze rule (RHR), which requires states to establish and develop long-term control strategies to meet reasonable progress goals, including an analysis of sources subject to best available retrofit technology (BART) requirements.. States must submit RHR State Implementation Plans by December 17, 2007.. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comment Letter on CAIR NODA (August 20, 2004).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on Supplemental Proposal for Transport Rule (July 22, 2004).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on Interstate Air Quality Rule (IAQR) (March 30, 2004).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter Requesting Extension of Interstate Air Quality Rule (IAQR) Comment Period (March 26, 2004).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on BART Consent Decree (October 8, 2003).. Final STAPPA/ALAPCO Testimony on Proposed BART Guidelines (August 21, 2001).. Final Decision on CAIR Reconsideration Petitions -- Fact Sheet (March 16, 2006).. Final Decision to Include NJ and DE in Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) for PM2.. 5 -- Fact Sheet (March 16, 2006).. Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Federal Implementation Plan (FIP) -- Fact Sheet (March 16, 2006).. Regional Haze Regulations and Guidelines for Best Availability Retrofit Technology (BART) Determinations: Final Rule (July 6, 2005).. 2003 Emissions Report (September 22, 2004).. Notice of Data Availability on Transport Rule (August 6, 2004).. Reproposal of BART Guidelines under Regional Haze Program (April 16, 2004).. EPA's Guidance for Estimating Natural Visibility Conditions Under the Regional Haze Program (November 20, 2003).. EPA's Guidance for Tracking Progress Under the Regional Haze Program (November 20, 2003).. EPA Report on Visibility in National Parks and Wilderness Areas (February 14, 2002).. for more information about Haze.. Mercury and Other Toxic Air Pollutants.. Toxic air pollutants are substances that cause or may cause cancer or other serious health effects, such as reproductive or birth defects, and neurological, cardiovascular, and respiratory disease.. They can be found in gaseous, aerosol, or particulate forms.. Some toxic air pollutants, such as mercury (Hg), are persistent bioaccumulative toxics (i.. , they are stored indefinitely in the body and increase over time).. These toxics can deposit onto soils or surface waters, where they are taken up by plants and are ingested by animals, with concentrations increasing as the toxics move up through the food chain to humans.. Sources of hazardous air pollutants include stationary sources such as powerplants, factories, dry cleaners, and hospitals, as well as mobile sources such as cars, buses, and construction equipment.. Control of mercury emissions is based upon reduction of the emissions and pollutant releases into the atmosphere by the industries that use mercury within their processes, emit mercury or dispose of products containing mercury, such as thermometers.. In the U.. , national emission standards for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAPS) have been established for industries emitting toxic air emissions that require the use of Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) for compliance.. For example, mercury NESHAP/MACT standards have been promulgated for hazardous and municipal waste incineration, commercial/industrial boilers, chlor-alkali plants, and portland cement kilns.. Strategies for controlling mercury and other toxic air pollutants include pollution prevention measures, including product substitution, process modification, work-practice standards and materials separation; coal cleaning (relevant to mercury control); flue gas treatment technologies; and alternative strategies.. Significant sources of toxic air pollution are motor vehicles, so programs to reduce emissions from cars, trucks and buses also decrease concentrations of toxic air pollutants.. These programs include reformulated gasoline, the national low emission vehicle (NLEV) program, and gasoline sulfur control requirements among others.. RTR Mineral Wool/Wool Fiberglass NACAA Comments on Proposed RTR (May 28, 2013).. NATA NACAA Letter to EPA in Support of NATA (August 15, 2012).. RICE NACAA Comments on Proposed Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (RICE) Amendments (August 9, 2012).. RTR Chromium Electroplating and Steel Pickling NACAA s Comments on Proposed RTR (March 26, 2012).. RTR Group IV Polymers and Resins, Pesticide Active Ingredient, and Polyether Polyols Production NACAA s Draft Comments on Proposed RTR (March 9, 2012).. RTR Pulp and Paper Industry NACAA s Comments on Proposed RTR (February 27 2012).. Boiler -- NACAA Comments on EPA's Proposed Reconsideration of Boiler and CISWI MACTs (February 21, 2012).. RTR Primary Aluminum Reduction Plants NACAA s Comments on Proposed RTR (February 1, 2012).. NACAA Comments on EPA s Mineral Wool/Wool Fiberglass RTR Proposal (January 31, 2012).. RTR Ferroalloys NACAA s Comments on Proposed RTR (January 24, 2012).. TRAIN Act NACAA Letter to House Leaders Opposing H.. R.. H.. 2401 the Transparency in Regulatory Analysis of Impacts on the Nation Act of 2011 (September 21, 2011).. Boilers and Cement NACAA Letter to House Energy and Commerce Committee Opposing Bills Halting Boiler and Cement Rules (September 19, 2011).. Boilers and Cement NACAA Letter to House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Energy and Power Opposing Bills Halting Boiler and  ...   in the United States: A 2010 Status Report by NESCAUM (July 19, 2010).. Boilers -- Court Order Extending Deadline for Boiler and CISWI Proposal (April 13, 2010).. Section 112(j) EPA Proposed Rule for Case-By-Case MACT under Sections 112(g) and 112(j) (March 24, 2010).. Mercury -- Updated Table of State Actions to Address Mercury from Power Plants (November 5, 2009).. If you have updates or changes to this table, please provide them to Mary Sullivan Douglas of NACAA at mdouglas@4cleanair.. org.. Public Health Tracking Network at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (July 7, 2009).. Mercury EPA Memo on Section 112(g) Case-by-Case MACT for Utilities (January 7, 2009).. Data Collected by NACAA on Emissions from Industrial Boilers (June 27, 2008).. Institute of Clean Air Companies Press Release on the Model Permit Guidance.. Toxic Chemical Releases: EPA Actions Could Reduce Environmental Information Available to Many Communities (December 12, 2007).. Mercury -- State-by-state table of programs to control mercury emissions from utilities (January 23, 2007).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Model Mercury Rule: Regulating Mercury from Power Plants: A Model Rule for States and Localities (November 14, 2005).. Institute of Clean Air Companies' Press Release Applauding STAPPA/ALAPCO's Mercury Model Rule (November 14, 2005).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Press Release Announcing Publication of the Mercury Model Rule (November 14, 2005).. Comparison of EPA's Mercury Rule and STAPPA/ALAPCO's Model Rule (November 14, 2005).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Analysis on Cancer Risk from Diesel Particulate (March 15, 2000).. for more information about Mercury and Other Toxic Air Pollutants.. Ozone.. Ozone (O3) is created by a chemical reaction between NOx and VOCs that is generated by heat and sunlight.. A large share of ozone-generating pollutants is produced by motor vehicles, although any fuel combustion source emits the pollutants that can contribute to ozone formation.. Ozone is a major problem in many urban areas around the world where it can reduce lung capacity and increase susceptibility to respiratory illnesses, especially in children and the elderly.. Control strategies may comprise a set of regulations that specify emission limits and/or control equipment that are deemed to be reasonable available control technology (RACT), best available control technology (BACT), or lowest achievable emission rates (LAER), depending on the severity of the nonattainment problem in the area.. NOx and VOC control equipment or programs may address specific industrial processes, or focus on on-road vehicles, nonroad equipment such as locomotives, and nonpoint sources such as small industrial boilers, dry cleaners, and consumer solvents.. Pollution prevention measures such as use of non- or low-VOC content solvents and coatings can also be part of an effective ozone control strategy.. On April 15, 2004, EPA designated 432 counties and 42 partial counties as nonattainment areas for the 8-hour ozone standard, and these areas face deadlines between 2007 and 2024 (depending on the severity of their ozone problem) for attaining that standard.. On March 15, 2005, EPA announced the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR), which addresses ozone transport across the boundaries of 25 states and the District of Columbia.. CAIR contains reduction targets for NOx during the summer that can be met through a cap-and-trade system for electric utilities.. Early Action Compacts allow areas that are close to attainment of the new 8-hour ozone standard to submit actions plans demonstrating they will meet the standard earlier than required and defer the impact of a nonattainment designation.. Ozone - NACAA Comments on EPA's Proposed Ozone Area Classifications Rule (March 15, 2012).. NACAA s Comments on EPA s Reconsideration of the 2008 Ozone Standards (March 22, 2010).. NACAA s Comments on EPA s Proposal to Revise the Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards Attachment (October 9, 2007).. NACAA s Comments on EPA s Proposal to Revise the Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards Letter (October 9, 2007).. NACAA Testimony on EPA's Proposed Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (August 30, 2007).. Letter Opposing Ozone Attainment Deadline Extensions in House Version of Energy Bill (July 7, 2005).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on EPA s Proposed New Source Performance Standards for Steam Generating Units (April 29, 2005).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on Proposed Consent Decree Regarding 8-hour Ozone and PM2.. 5 SIP Submittals (April 27 2005).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on Turbines NSPS Proposal (April 18, 2005).. Comment Letter Requesting that State Recommendations for 8-hour ozone designations be due August 15, 2003 (January 2, 2003).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Model Rule for Paint (October 2000).. Final STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on Proposed Reinstatement of One-Hour Ozone Standard and Notice of Supplemental Information (December 1, 1999).. Ozone EPA Final Nonattainment Designations for the 2008 Ozone NAAQS (April 30, 2012).. Ozone EPA Final Ozone Area Classifications Rule (April 30, 2012).. EPA Proposal to Reconsider 2008 Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (January 6, 2010).. EPA s Final Decision Regarding the Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (March 27, 2008).. EPA Proposal to Revise Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (June 20, 2007).. Notice of Reconsideration of Overwhelming Transport Classification for 8-Hour Ozone (March 27, 2006).. Final Criteria Document for Ozone (March 21, 2006).. Health Effects of PM and Ozone: 2005 Research Highlights (January 30, 2006).. Final Phase 2 Rule to Implement the 8-Hour Ozone Standard Federal Register Notice (November 29, 2005).. CAIR Reconsideration Fact Sheet (November 22, 2005).. First Draft Staff Paper Ozone NAAQS Revision (November 15, 2005).. Air Quality Criteria for Ozone and Related Photochemical Oxidants (Second External Review Draft) (August 31, 2005).. Evaluating Ozone Control Programs in the Eastern U.. : Focus on NOx Budget Trading Program (August 22, 2005).. National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program Report to Congress: An Integrated Assessment (August 23, 2005).. Final Clean Air Interstate Rule (May 12, 2005).. American Lung Association s State of the Air 2005 (April 28, 2005).. EPA Proposed Consent Decree Regarding 8-hour Ozone and Fine Particle SIPs Submittals (April 7, 2005).. EPA Proposed New Source Performance Standards for Steam Generating Units (February 28, 2005).. EPA Proposed New Source Performance Standards for Turbines (February 18, 2005).. North Carolina's Notice of Intent to Sue EPA on 126 Petition (November 22, 2004).. Ozone and Short-Term Mortality Study (November 18, 2004).. EPA Grants Petition for Reconsideration of Georgia's Inclusion in NOx SIP Call (October 29, 2004).. Presentations from EPA's Air Innovations Conference (August 30, 2004).. EPA's Final Transportation Conformity Rule Amendments (June 14, 2004).. Supplemental Proposal on Clean Air Interstate Rule (June 10, 2004).. The Ozone Report: Measuring Progress through 2003 (May 4, 2004).. Part I of the Final 8-hour Ozone Implementation Rule (April 16, 2004).. 8-Hour Ozone Nonattainment Designations (April 15, 2004).. Phase II NOx SIP Call (April 2, 2004).. Interstate Air Quality Rule: Federal Register notice (January 30, 2004).. Proposal to Delay Effective Date of Nonattainment Designations for Early Action Compact Areas (January 28, 2004).. Annotated Bibliography of Selected Studies on the Health Effects of Ozone and PM Pollution (January 21, 2004).. Latest Findings on National Air Quality: 2002 Status and Trends (September 16, 2003).. Early Action Compact Guidance (April 9, 2003).. 2001 Air Quality Trends Report (September 5, 2002).. Synopsis of the Supreme Court's NAAQS Decision (February 27, 2001).. for more information about Ozone.. Particle Pollution.. Particulate matter can be either emitted directly by sources (primary) or formed in the atmosphere from precursors (secondary).. Primary particles are generated by combustion such as the burning of diesel fuel, and by mechanical generation such as the churning of road dust, brake wear, and construction activities.. Secondary particles form in the air due to complex chemical reactions that convert gaseous precursor pollutants (NOx, SOx, VOC, and ammonia) into particles.. Most dangerous are the fine particles (PM2.. 5) which can be absorbed deep in the lungs, causing aggravated asthma, decreased lung function, lung cancer, cardiac problems, and premature death.. Control strategies could include a set of regulations that specifies emission limits in either mass or opacity units.. PM control equipment or programs may address specific industrial processes, or focus on nonroad equipment such as locomotives, other equipment that burns diesel fuel, and nonpoint sources such as dust from agricultural activities and travel on paved and unpaved roads, and smoke from fireplaces and woodstoves.. EPA designated 208 counties areas as 39 nonattainment areas for the fine particle standard, and these areas face a deadline of 2010 for attaining that standard.. On March 15, 2005, EPA announced the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR), which addresses transport of the PM2.. 5 precursors NOx and SOx across the boundaries of 28 states and the District of Columbia.. CAIR contains reduction targets for NOx and SOx that can be met through a cap-and-trade system for electric utilities.. NACAA Letter to EPA on Revising the Particle Pollution Air Quality Index (December 10, 2007).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on PM NAAQS Proposal and Monitoring Regulations - Attachment (April 17, 2006).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on PM NAAQS Proposal and Monitoring Regulations - Cover Letter (April 17, 2006).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Testimony on EPA s Rule Revisions on the PM NAAQS/Monitoring Package (March 8, 2006).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on PM2.. 5 Implementation Rule Proposal Letter (January 31, 2006).. 5 Implementation Rule Proposal Attachment (January 31, 2006).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Testimony on PM2.. 5 Implementation Rule Proposal (November 30, 2005).. Final Letter on PM10 LMP Option (July 5, 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on EPA's Draft PM10 Limited Maintenance Plan Policy (May 25, 2000).. PM2.. 5: Final Rule for Implementing the 1997 PM2.. 5 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (March 29, 2007).. 5: Fact Sheet on Final Rule for Implementing the 1997 PM2.. Final Rule Establishing National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particle Pollution (October 17, 2006).. Assessment of Pollution from Outdoor Wood-Fired Boilers (March 31, 2006).. EPA's Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Transitioning to a New PM NAAQS -- Extension of Comment Period (March 27, 2006).. Letter from Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee (CASAC) to EPA on PM NAAQS (March 23, 2006).. EPA Guidance on Quantifying and Using Emissions Reductions from Voluntary Woodstove Changeout Programs (February 24, 2006).. EPA's Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Transitioning to a New PM NAAQS (February 9, 2006).. EPA Proposal to Revise National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for Particle Pollution (January 17, 2006).. EPA Proposal to Revise National Ambient Air Quality Standard for Particle Pollution (December 20, 2005).. EPA Proposal to Revise National Ambient Air Quality Standard for Particle Pollution Fact Sheet (December 20, 2005).. Summary of Science Showing Adverse Health Effects of Particle Pollution, Prepared by the American Lung Association (December 20, 2005).. General Background on Particle Pollution Prepared by the American Lung Association (December 20, 2005).. EPA Proposed Rule for Implementing the Fine PM Standard (November 1, 2005).. Summary of Latest Information on Adverse Health Effects of Fine PM (June 28, 2005).. Article Summarizing Latest Health Effects Research on PM (June 10, 2005).. Proposal to Include New Jersey and Delaware for Transported Particle Pollution in CAIR (May 12, 2005).. Final Transportation Conformity Rule on PM2.. 5 Precursors (May 6, 2005).. EPA Redesignation to Attainment of 12 PM2.. 5 Areas (April 14, 2005).. EPA Staff Review of Particle Pollution Standard: Second Draft (February 2, 2005).. Final PM2.. 5 Designations (December 17, 2004).. EPA's Particle Pollution Report (December 14, 2004).. Supplemental Proposed Rule on Transportation Conformity: PM10 and PM2.. 5 Hot Spots (December 13, 2004).. California - Proposed List of Measures to Reduce PM (November 23, 2004).. NESCAUM Staff Analysis of PM2.. 5 NAAQS (November 2, 2004).. Letter from Environmental and Public Health Groups on PM2.. 5 Implementation (October 20, 2004).. Particulate Matter Research Program: Five Years of Progress (September 10, 2004).. National Academy of Sciences Report on PM Research (March 25, 2004).. Particulate Matter: EPA's First Draft Staff Paper (September 2, 2003).. Air Quality Criteria for PM (Fourth External Review Draft) (July 2, 2003).. Guidance for Determining Boundaries of PM2.. 5 Areas; Schedule for Submitting Designation Recommendations (April 3, 2003).. for more information about Particle Pollution.. Subtopics..

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  • Title: NACAA
    Descriptive info: Enforcement and Compliance :.. Enforcement is a critical component of regulatory air quality programs that helps ensure a level playing field across all companies in an industrial sector.. Appropriate methods of enforcement ensure compliance with regulations which helps improve human health and the environment by ensuring that required reductions in air pollution actually occur.. When violations are identified, regulators have several options: mandated requirements to install air pollution control devices or process modifications; civil penalties (e.. , fines); requirements to support air pollution research and control measures; and, in criminal cases, imprisonment.. The appropriate types of enforcement can vary considerably from location to location, depending upon many local factors (e.. , local air quality, local enforcement policies).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on Proposed Alternative Work Practice to Detect Leaks from Equipment (July 5, 2006).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on Title V Reforms (March 31, 2005).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on Title V (March 31, 2005).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on EPA's Proposal to Include Additional Data Elements in ICR ( March 7, 2005).. STAPPA and ALAPCO Unopposed Joint Motion for Leave of Court to File Brief Amicus Curiae in NRDC and Sierra Club Plywood MACT Case (December 1, 2004).. STAPPA/ALAPCO  ...   Draft Enforcement Grant Guidance Proposal (September 5, 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO's Comments on EPA's Enforcement Grant Guidance (May 31, 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Final Comments on EPA's Information Collection Request for CMS and HPV (May 30, 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on EPA's Compliance Monitoring Strategy (March 23, 2001).. STAPPA and ALAPCO's Supplemental Comments on EPA's Compliance Monitoring Strategy (October 23, 2000).. STAPPA/ALAPCO's Supplemental Comments on EPA's draft Compliance Monitoring Strategy (CMS) Policy (September 7, 2000).. STAPPA/ALAPCO's Comments on EPA's Draft Compliance Monitoring Strategy (May 26, 2000).. EPA Inspector General Report EPA Must Improve Oversight of State Enforcement (December 9, 2011).. EPA National Enforcement Initiatives FY2011-2013 (September 30, 2010).. EPA s Compliance Monitoring Strategy (September 10, 2010).. EPA Area Source Rule Implementation Guidance (June 4, 2010).. EPA Memo Clarifying Federally Reportable Violations for Clean Air Act Stationary Sources (March 22, 2010).. STAPPA /ALAPCO s Compliance Certification and Stack Testing Survey Results (June, 2002).. STAPPA /ALAPCO s Compliance Certification and Stack testing Survey (April 2, 2002).. National Academy of Public Administration's (NAPA) 'Evaluating Environmental Progress: How EPA and the States Can Improve the Quality of Enforcement and Compliance Information' (August 14, 2001).. for more information about Enforcement and Compliance..

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  • Title: NACAA
    Descriptive info: Funding :.. state and local air pollution control programs are funded through a variety of sources.. These include state and local appropriations; the federal permit fee program under Title V of the Clean Air Act; state and local permit and emissions fee programs; and federal grants under Section 103 (typically for specialized air monitoring programs) and Section 105 (to implement programs to prevent and control air pollution and address primary and secondary ambient air quality standards) of the Clean Air Act.. Go to Subtopics.. for more information about Funding.. Federal Grants.. Congress provides grants to state and local governments through EPA s budget under the authorities of sections 103 and 105 of the CAA.. Section 103 of the Clean Air Act authorizes the federal government to provide grants to conduct, and promote the coordination and acceleration of research, investigations, experiments, demonstrations, surveys, and studies relating to the causes, effects (including health and welfare effects), extent, prevention, and control of air pollution.. Section 105 of the Clean Air Act authorizes the federal government to provide grants equaling up to 60 percent of the cost of state and local programs, while state and local agencies must provide a 40-percent match.. In practice, the federal share represents approximately 25 percent of total state/local air budgets, while state and local governments provide 75 percent.. FY 2013 Impacts of the Possible Sequestration (or Fiscal Cliff ) on Clean Air Programs (November 13, 2012).. Funding FY 2014 NACAA Comments on EPA Draft National Program Manager Guidance (May 9, 2013).. Funding FY 2014 NACAA Testimony to Senate on EPA s FY 2014 Budget (April 29, 2013).. Funding FY 2014 NACAA Testimony on EPA s FY 2014 Budget (April 25, 2013).. FY 2013 NACAA Testimony before Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies (April 17, 2012).. FY 2013: NACAA s Comments on EPA Draft National Program and Grant Guidance (March 26, 2012).. FY 2012 NACAA Letter to House Appropriations Leadership on Staffing Study (June 28, 2011).. FY 2012 NACAA Letter to Senate Appropriations Leadership on Staffing Study (June 28, 2011).. FY 2012 NACAA s Testimony Submitted to the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies (May 5, 2011).. FY 2012 NACAA Letter to House Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies (April 14, 2011).. FY 2012 NACAA Letter to Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies (April 14, 2011).. FY 2012 NACAA s Testimony Submitted to the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies (March 31, 2011).. FY 2011 NACAA Comments on Portland Cement Kiln MACT Prohibition in Amendment to H.. 1 (February 17, 2011).. FY 2011 NACAA Comments on Funding Levels and GHG Restrictions in H.. 1 (February 16, 2011).. Strategic Plan NACAA Comments on EPA Draft Strategic Plan for FY 2011-2015 (July 27, 2010).. FY 2011 NACAA Letter to Chair and Ranking Member of House Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies (May 27, 2010).. FY 2011 NACAA Letter to Chair and Ranking Member of Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies (May 27, 2010).. FY 2011 NACAA s Testimony Submitted to the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies (May 11, 2010).. FY 2011 NACAA s Testimony before the House Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies (March 25, 2010).. FY 2011 NACAA s Comments on EPA s Draft FY 2011 Program and Grant Guidance (March 25, 2010).. FY 2010 NACAA Comments on Addendum to EPA OAR National Program and Grant Guidance (August 11, 2009).. FY2010 NACAA Appropriations Testimony before Senate Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies (May 14, 2009).. NACAA Report Investing in Clean Air and Public Health (April 27, 2009).. FY 2010 NACAA Appropriations Testimony before House Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies (March 26, 2009).. NACAA Comments on EPA s Proposed Program and Grant Guidance (March 19, 2009).. DERA Coalition Letter to Senate in Support of Funding for DERA in Stimulus Legislation (January 16, 2009).. DERA Proposal for DERA Funding in Economic Recovery Package (January 15, 2009).. DERA Coalition Letter to House in Support of Funding for DERA in Stimulus Legislation (January 16, 2009).. Testimony NACAA s Testimony for the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies regarding the President s FY 2009 budget request (April 10, 2008).. FY 2008 EPA Grant Guidance NACAA comments on EPA s Draft FY 2008 Grant Guidance (April 1, 2008).. Testimony NACAA s Testimony before the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies regarding the President s FY 2009 budget request (March 13, 3008).. FY 2008 NACAA Letter to Senate Appropriations Subcommittee Recommending Increases During Mark-Up (June 12, 2007).. FY2008 - NACAA Letter to House Appropriations Subcommittee Recommending Increases During Mark-up (May 21, 2007).. FY 2008 - NACAA Testimony Provided to Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies (April 26, 2007).. FY 2008 NACAA Testimony Before House Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies (April 19, 2007).. FY 2008 Draft EPA Grant Guidance and Allocation NACAA Comments (April 12, 2007).. FY2008 -- Letter to Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies transmitting NACAA budget report (March 5, 2007).. FY2008 -- Letter to Senate Environment and Public Works Committee transmitting NACAA  ...   Research Service Report "Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies: FY2013 Appropriations" (May 10, 2012).. FY 2013 -- Congressional Research Service Report "Environmental Protection Agency: Appropriations for FY 2013" (May 9, 2012).. FY 2013 -- EPA Office of Air and Radiation Final FY 2013 Program and Grant Guidance (April 27, 2012).. FY 2013 Budget In Brief for the President s Proposed FY 2013 EPA Budget (February 13, 2012).. Information on Taking Action on Climate Change and Improving Air Quality (page 21); categorical grants, including state and local air grants (page 95); and DERA (page 112).. FY 2013 Congressional Justification for EPA s Proposed FY 2013 Budget (February 13, 2012).. Details about the increase for state and local air grants begin on page 779.. FY 2012 EPA Final FY 2012 National Program and Grant Guidance (April 22, 2011).. American Lung Association Letter to Senator Barbara Boxer on the Importance of Funding Increases for State and Local Air Agencies (March 2, 2011).. FY 2012 President s Budget Request Resources by Appropriation (February 14, 2011).. FY 2012 EPA Budget Request Budget Details for EPA (see beginning on page 1094 for State and Tribal Assistance Grants Information) (February 14, 2011).. FY 2012 EPA Budget Request Links to Related Documents (February 14, 2011).. FY 2012 President s Budget Request Categorical Program Grants (STAG) (February 14, 2011).. FY 2012 EPA Budget Funding Highlights (February 14, 2011).. FY 2012 EPA Budget Highlights by State (EPA APPROXIMATIONS) (February 14, 2011).. FY2012 EPA Budget in Brief (February 14, 2011).. FY 2012 - EPA Distribution of Federal Grants by States (EPA APPROXIMATIONS) (February 14, 2011).. FY 2011 House Appropriations Committee Information on FY 2011 Continuing Resolution (includes links to the text of the Continuing Resolution H.. 1, a summary of the bill, a list of program cuts, and subcommittee savings tables (February 11, 2011).. House and Senate Appropriations Committees and Interior, Environment and Related Agencies Subcommittees Membership Lists for the 112th Congress (February 8, 2011).. FY 2011 - EPA National Program and Grant Guidance with Allocation (May 12, 2010).. FY 2011 President s Budget Request -- Congressional Budget Justification (February 1, 2010).. Please see the following pages for air-related information: Clean Air and Global Climate Change specifics - beginning on p.. 14; Science and Technology Budget related to Air Toxics and Air Quality (EPA programs) - beginning on p.. 59; Environmental Programs and Management Budget related to Air Toxics and Air Quality (EPA Programs) beginning on p.. 202; STAG-specific Information - beginning on pages 707, 711, 770; and details about STAG Grants for Air Quality - p.. 773.. FY 2011 President s Budget Request -- Budget in Brief (February 1, 2010).. Please see the following pages for some of the most important information related to the air quality program: Highlights - pp 9-16; Clean Air and Global Climate Change - pp 17-23; State and Tribal Assistance Grants (STAG) Chart - p.. 67; STAG Information related to Air Grants - p.. 72; and STAG Information related to Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) funding - pp.. 83-84 ($60 million requested in FY 2011, equal to FY 2010).. FY 2010 -- House-Senate Conference Committee Report (October 28, 2009).. This is the conference report for the appropriations bill containing EPA's budget.. For sections most pertinent to air activities (these may not be all), see the following pages: 31-36; 108-131; 161-162; 174-175; 192-224.. FY 2010 -- Addendum to EPA Grant Guidance, including State/Local Air Grants (July 20, 2009).. FY 2010 Senate Report to Accompany H.. 2996 (S-Rept 111-38) Regarding Appropriations, Including EPA s Budget (July 7, 2009).. FY 2010 House Report to Accompany H.. 2996 (H-Rept 111-180) Regarding Appropriations, Including EPA s Budget (June 18, 2009).. FY 2010 Letter from House Members to Appropriations Subcommittee Leadership Requesting Air Grant and DERA Increases (June 8, 2009).. FY2010 EPA Budget in Brief (May 7, 2009).. FY2010 Budget Summary for EPA (May 7, 2009).. Summary of House Economic Stimulus Proposal American Recovery and Reinvestment Bill of 2009 (January 15, 2009).. ECOS Analysis - Losses in Environmental Support to States -- 2004-2008 (February 9, 2007).. ECOS Analysis -- Total Changes in EPA's budget -- 2004 - 2008 (February 9, 2007).. ECOS Proposal for EPA s FY 2008 STAG Budget (February 5, 2007).. EPA OAR Draft FY 2005 Program and Grant Guidance (March 3, 2004).. Allocation for $42.. 5 million in PM2.. 5 monitoring grants for FY 2004 (June 27, 2003).. Senate Omnibus Appropriations Report (January 29, 2003).. EPA s FY 2003 Preliminary Grant Allocation (May 14, 2002).. Senate Letter Urging Increases to Section 105 Grants (June 13, 2002).. EPA s FY 2003 Section 105 grant guidance (May 14, 2002).. for more information about Federal Grants.. Reports.. STAPPA and ALAPCO periodically prepare reports regarding resource needs, funding sources, salaries, or other related issues.. The information used in these reports is frequently gathered through surveys of state and local air pollution control agencies.. There are no positions for this subtopic.. STAPPA/ALAPCO Report The Critical Funding Shortfall of State and Local Air Quality Agencies (March 25, 2004).. STAPPA and ALAPCO Report on Funding Needs for State and Local Air Pollution Control Agencies (June 18, 2002).. Work and Pay in State and Local Air Pollution Control Agencies (July 1999).. for more information about Reports..

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  • Title: NACAA
    Descriptive info: Global Warming :.. Global climate change, also referred to as global warming, refers to atmospheric changes that are causing the Earth s surface temperature to rise.. Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs) have increased at an accelerating pace because of human activities concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO.. ) have increased nearly 30 percent, methane (CH.. ) concentrations have more than doubled, and nitrous oxide (N.. O) concentrations have risen by about 15 percent.. These increases have enhanced the heat-trapping capability of the earth's atmosphere.. Over the past 100 years, global average surface temperatures have increased by 1 degree Fahrenheit.. Reports by the National Academies of Science, the Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change (IPCC), and other expert groups have concluded that the balance of evidence indicates this buildup of GHGs will lead to further increases in worldwide average temperature, rising sea levels, erosion of coast lines, increased storm intensity, changing rainfall patterns, and loss and migration of species.. Go to State/Local Subtopic.. Climate Science 2009-2010 Major New Discoveries (October 17, 2011).. Summary of Research Documenting Linkages Between Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change (September 7, 2011).. NACAA Primer on Climate Change Science (July 18, 2011).. National Academies of Science Report America s Climate Choices (May 12, 2011).. Warming World: Impacts by Degree (April 19, 2011).. Climate Change 101: Cap and Trade (March 3, 2011).. Climate Change 101: Business Solutions (March 3, 2011).. Climate Change 101: Technological Solutions (March 3, 2011).. Climate Change 101: Adaptation (March 3, 2011).. Climate Change 101: Science and Impacts (March 3, 2011).. Climate Change 101: Overview (March 3, 2011).. Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate Science (April 16, 2009).. Global Warming Synthesis and Assessment Reports (January 16, 2009).. Carbon Capture and Storage: A Primer by UNEP (November 21, 2006).. Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises (January 9, 2002).. for more information about Global Warming.. Federal.. Current GHG policy in the U.. centers on reducing GHG intensity (ratio of GHG emissions to economic output) 18 percent by 2012.. Planned new strategies include a tool to measure and credit emissions reductions which provide incentives to businesses to invest in new, cleaner technology and voluntarily reduce GHG emissions; reforms to ensure that businesses that register voluntary reductions are not penalized under a future climate policy and to give credit to companies that show reductions; increased funding for climate change-related programs; and new international policies focusing on research and development, renewable energy, incentives, and an alternative to the Kyoto Protocol.. Oil & Gas NACAA Comments on EPA s Proposed NSPS and NESHAP for the Oil and Natural Gas Sector (November 30, 2011).. NACAA Letter to Senators Kerry, Graham and Lieberman with NACAA Views on Climate Legislation (April 7, 2010).. NACAA Letter Opposing Current Legislative Efforts in the House to Preempt EPA From Regulating Greenhouse Gas Emissions Under the Clean Air Act (April 7, 2010).. NACAA Letter to Senate Opposing Resolution to Disapprove EPA s GHG Endangerment Finding (January 20, 2010).. NACAA Makes Climate Legislation Recommendations to Senate (August 5, 2009).. Legislation: ACES (HR 2454) - NACAA Letter Supporting Legislation (June 23, 2009).. NACAA Comments on EPA's Proposed Findings that GHGs Endanger Public Health and Welfare and That GHG Emissions from New Motor Vehicles and New Motor Vehicle Engines Contribute to the Mix of Air Pollution Endangering Public Health and Welfare (June 17, 2009.. NACAA Testimony on EPA s Proposed Endangerment Finding and Cause or Contribute Findings for Greenhouse Gases under Section 202(a) of the Clean Air Act, for Public Hearing in Seattle, WA (May 21, 2009).. NACAA Testimony on EPA s Proposed Endangerment Finding and Cause or Contribute Findings for Greenhouse Gases under Section 202(a) of the Clean Air Act, for Public Hearing in Arlington, VA (May 18, 2009).. NACAA Testimony on the American Clean Energy and Security Act (Waxman-Markey bill) (April 24, 2009).. NACAA Comments on EPA s Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on Regulating GHG Emissions Under the Clean Air Act (November 26, 2008).. Conference Proceedings of NACAA February 2008 Conference on Defining the Role of States and Localities in Federal Global Warming Legislation (June 6, 2008).. NACAA Letter to Senate on States Rights Provisions of Boxer-Lieberman-Warner Substitute to Climate Security Act (May 29, 2008).. Energy Legislation - NACAA Letter to House Energy and Commerce Leadership Opposing Draft Legislation Preempting State and Federal Authorities to Regulate Motor Vehicle GHG Emissions (June 7, 2007).. NACAA Global Warming Principles (May 1, 2007).. Global Warming State/Local The State of Adaptation in the United States (April 4, 2013).. Draft National Climate Assessment (January 14, 2013).. EPA Proposal to Regulate Carbon Dioxide Emissions from New Power Plants (March 27, 2012).. Background and History of EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Under the Clean Air Act and NACAA Comments on EPA Proposals (February 17,  ...   Reached at COP-15) (December 18, 2009).. The Bali Action Plan: Key Issues in the Climate Negotiations - Summary for Policy Makers (September 30, 2008).. Bali Action Plan Adopted at COP-13 (December 17, 2007).. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change s Fourth Assessment Report Synthesis (November 17, 2007.. Decisions Reached at Montreal Climate Talks (December 12, 2005).. COP-10 Reports and Documents (December 16, 2004).. Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Report (November 8, 2004).. Delhi Ministerial Declaration (November 6, 2002).. for more information about International.. State/Local.. Regional, state and local governments are developing their own global warming initiatives to reduce emissions from significant GHG emissions sources, such as automobiles and power plants.. For example, the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI or "ReGGIe") is a cooperative effort by seven Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states to discuss the design of a regional cap-and-trade program initially covering CO.. emissions from power plants in the region.. In the future, RGGI may be extended to include other sources of GHG emissions, and GHGs other than CO.. In California, where transportation is the largest contributor of CO2, emissions regulations have been proposed to control GHGs from passenger cars and light-duty trucks beginning with the 2009 model year.. Proceedings from NACAA s Conference Defining the Role for States and Localities in Federal Global Warming Legislation (June 6, 2008).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to Rep.. Joe Barton Regarding Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol (April 12, 2001).. Chart of State Global Warming-Related Laws and Regulations (March 20, 2013).. Adaptation: Washington State s Integrated Climate Response Strategy (April 3, 2012).. State-Level Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 2000-2009 (January 9, 2012).. Iowa s 2010 Greenhouse Gas Inventory (December 31, 2011).. Handout: US State and Local Actions to Mitigate and Adapt to Climate Change, from Presentation of Larry Greene at COP-17 (December 8, 2011).. Adaptation Resources Clearinghouse for State and Local Governments (November 3, 2011).. Massachusetts Climate Change Adaptation Report (September 27, 2011).. Climate Change 101: Local Action (March 3, 2011).. Climate Change 101: State Action (March 3, 2011).. Massachusetts Clean Energy and Climate Plan for 2020 (December 29, 2010).. Iowa s Climate Change Impacts Report (January 3, 2011).. Chart of State GHG Actions (December 1, 2010).. Chart of Local GHG Actions (November 22, 2010).. New York State s Climate Action Plan Interim Report (November 9, 2010).. Quantifying Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Measures: A Resource for Local Governments to Assess Emission Reductions from GHG Mitigation Measures (September 10, 2010).. New Jersey s Final Climate Action Plan (December 30, 2009).. Examples and Highlights of U.. State and Local Climate Action (December 9, 2009).. Michigan s Climate Action Plan (March 31, 2009).. New Hampshire's Climate Action Plan (March 25, 2009).. Iowa Final Climate Change Action Plan (December 23, 2008).. Virginia's Climate Action Plan (December 23, 2008).. Florida Climate Action Team's Final Report (October 15, 2008).. California s Scoping Plan for Achieving its Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Target (October 15, 2008).. South Carolina Climate, Energy and Commerce Advisory Committee Report (September 22, 2008).. Chicago Climate Action Plan (September 18, 2008).. New York City's PlaNYC2030 (April 22, 2007).. Montana Climate Advisory Committee s Climate Change Action Plan (November 9, 2007).. California s Inventory of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 1990 (November 16, 2007).. Charting the Midwest: An Inventory and Analysis of GHG Emissions in America's Heartland (November 13, 2007).. Preparing for Climate Change: A Guidebook for Local, Regional and State Governments (October 5, 2007).. Seattle, Washington's Climate Action Plan (September 27, 2006).. Final Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative Model Rule and Post-Model Rule Action Plan (August 15, 2006).. California Report Assessing Impacts on California of Global Warming (August 1, 2006).. California Climate Action Team's Report to Governor on Reducing GHG Emissions (April 3, 2006).. Model Rule for Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (March 23, 2006).. EPA's Clean Energy-Environment Guide to Action for States (February 6, 2006).. New Mexico Report on Potential Effects of Climate Change on State (December 30, 2005.. Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) Memorandum of Understanding (December 20, 2005).. California Climate Action Team's Reports to the Governor and Legislature (December 8, 2005).. Puget Sound Climate Protection Advisory Committee Report (January 19, 2005).. Maine Climate Action Plan (December 8, 2004).. North Carolina's Second Interim Report on CO2 Emission Reduction Options for Coal-Fired Electrical Utility Boilers and Other Stationary Sources (September 9, 2004).. Presentations from North Carolina's Mercury and CO2 Workshop Held April 19-21, 2004 (June 30, 2004).. Maine Multi-Pollutant Reporting Rule (June 22, 2004).. Rising Tide: Growing Momentum on Global Warming in the U.. (December 15, 2003).. Final Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative Action Plan (November 12, 2003).. North Carolina Report: CO2 Emission Reduction Options for Coal-Fired Electrical Utility Boilers and Other Stationary Sources (September 16, 2003).. Maine Statute on Reducing GHG Emissions (June 16, 2003).. Greenhouse & Statehouse: The Evolving State Government Role in Climate Change (November 14, 2002).. for more information about State/Local..

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  • Title: NACAA
    Descriptive info: Measuring Air Pollution :.. Air pollution can be directly measured as it is emitted by a source (e.. , grams/second) or in the atmosphere as a concentration (e.. , micrograms/m3).. Ambient air monitoring data is used to determine air quality, establish the extent of air pollution problems, assess whether established standards are being met, and characterize the potential human health risk in an area.. Alternatively, air pollution concentrations can be simulated using computer models, and then validated using data collected from direct measurements at selected monitors or sources.. Air pollution data and models are used together to examine the impacts of control strategies on the ambient air.. NACAA Comments on Emissions Factors Program Improvements Announced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (December 14, 2009).. NACAA submitted comments on EPA s Announced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for the Emissions Factors Program Improvements, which was published in the Federal Register on October 14, 2009.. NACAA s comments provided input on each of 14 specific questions EPA had included in the notice, as well as several general points.. Most importantly, NACAA expressed concern that the existing Emissions Reporting Tool is not based on current technology and would not be an effective platform on which to base a national emission factor program.. NACAA recommended that EPA instead employ a web-enabled technology platform.. Additionally, NACAA recommended that EPA use a system that provides state and local agencies with access to raw emissions data.. Since data quality is a critical component of an effective emissions inventory program, the existing system, which relies on AP-42 and WebFIRE and lacks quantitative measures to assess data quality, should be improved upon.. NACAA also noted that emission factors are used for many purposes and that determinations about the appropriateness of using them should be evaluated in the context in which they are applied and decided upon by state and local agencies on a case-by-case basis.. for more information about Measuring Air Pollution.. Air Quality Modeling.. As an alternative to or in conjunction with direct monitoring, computer models are often used to predict the levels of pollutants emitted from various types of sources, and how these emissions eventually impact ambient air quality over time.. The models themselves vary in terms of sophistication, accuracy and precision of their outputs.. Different models are used to estimate emission rates, source activity levels, and ambient air quality impacts.. For example, models are available for estimating emissions from mobile and stationary sources, predicting meteorological factors and the likely photochemical and dispersion characteristics of air pollution, as well as predicting traffic patterns and congestion.. In addition, emissions models and preprocessors can be used to provide input data for air quality models that need emissions based on chemical species, and broken down into very fine temporal (e.. , grams/second) and spatial (1 km x 1 km grid) resolution.. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on NARSTO' s Draft Emissions Inventory Assessment (November 9, 2004).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on Proposed Changes to Consolidated Emissions Reporting Requirements (CERR) (July 26, 2004).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to EPA on Emissions Factors Revisions Project (April 7, 2004).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter on EPA's proposed revisions to AP-42 Section 11.. 19.. 2 on Crushed Stone Processing and Mineral Processing (December 22, 2003).. Revised Comments on CERR (September 12, 2000).. STAPPA/ALAPCO's Comments on EPA's 'Guideline on Air Quality Models' (August 21, 2000).. STAPPA and ALAPCO s Comments on Proposed Consolidated Emissions Reporting Rule (July 7, 2000).. STAPPA and ALAPCO Comments on EPA' s Rule Effectiveness Policy (June 12, 2000).. Overview of the NARSTO Emissions Inventory Assessment (September 20, 2005).. EPA Guidance on Developing Mobile Source Emission Inventories for PM2.. 5 Nonattainment Areas (August 22, 2005).. EPA's Presentations on MOVES 2004 - Roadmap (April 5, 2005).. Looking Ahead: MOVES 2006 (April 5, 2005).. MOVES I/M (April 5, 2005).. EPA OTAQ's "MOVES 2004" (November 9, 2004).. Summary of Emissions Factors Improvement Project Fact Finding Survey (July 26, 2004).. EPA s Response to STAPPA/ALAPCO's Letter on Emissions Factors Improvement Project (May 27, 2004).. Speciate Database Update Workplan (January 7, 2004).. AP-42 Fifth Edition (November 18, 2003).. Draft Report on  ...   on Air Toxic Monitoring Cooperative Agreement Application (September 14, 2005).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Memo to EPA on Air Toxics Monitoring Grant Fund (January 24, 2005).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to EPA on Air Toxics Monitoring Fund Distribution ( October 4, 2004).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on EPA's AIRS Data Storage Proposal (April 13, 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO's Comments on EPA's SO2 NAAQS Federal Register Notice (March 12, 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on EPA's Draft.. STAPPA/ALAPCO Clean Air Science Advisory Committee (CASAC) Recommendations (January 22, 2001).. Materials from Monitoring Steering Committee Meeting in Vermont Presentation by Dirk Felton, et al.. on Sensible Lead Monitoring Alternatives to EPA s Proposed Rule (June 19, 2008).. Materials from the Monitoring Steering Committee meetings in Chicago - The PAMS Presentation given by Charlie Pietarinen of New Jersey (November 15, 2005).. Presentation on STN Monitoring Network Modification (August 2, 2005).. EPA Needs to Fulfill Its Designated Responsibilities to Ensure Effective BioWatch Program (March 25, 2005 ).. EPA Inspector General's Report on Air Toxics Monitoring Progress (March 2, 2005).. EPA's Inspector General Report on EPA' s PM2.. 5 Monitoring (February 11, 2005).. Advances in Air Quality Monitoring: Improving Environmental Protection (June 2004).. Summary of the St.. Louis Community Air Project (April 23, 2004).. Highlights from Supersites PI Meeting in Las Vegas, NV, February 25, 26, 2004 (April 23, 2004).. Correlating Federal Reference Method and Continuous PM2.. 5 Monitors in the MARAMA Region (March 4, 2004.. Result of survey on Data Transfer and Management for Ambient Air Monitoring Programs (February 3, 2004).. Summary of Survey on Data Transfer and Management for Ambient Air Monitoring Programs (February 3, 2004).. Air Toxics Monitoring Newsletter (January 22, 2004).. Draft Air Toxics Monitoring Strategy (January 16, 2004).. Presentations from the Air Monitoring and Quality Assurance Workshop (January 16, 2004).. EPA s response to STAPPA and ALAPCO's October 2, 2003 Comments on the allocation of $10,000,000 to State and Tribal Assistance Grant funds for air toxics monitoring efforts (January 16, 2004).. EPA'S Ozone Fast-Track Report for 1-hour Ozone Standards from January to September 2003 (December 22, 2003).. Air Toxics Monitoring Newsletter (November 7, 2003).. National Air Toxics Monitoring Program -- Notice of Solicitation (September 4, 2003).. Preliminary 8-hour 2003 Ozone Concentration Comparison to 2001 and 2002 (August 6, 2003).. 'Particulate Matter Science for Policy Makers' (May 28, 2003).. EPA Analysis for Clear Skies Legislation and Transport Rule, presented at the joint SAEWG/SAMWG meeting in Baltimore, MD (May 2, 2003).. Air Toxics Monitoring Newsletter (April 21, 2003).. Revised Draft Presentation on Revisions to the National Monitoring Strategy (November 5, 2002).. EPA's Ozone Fast-Track Report for 8-hour Ozone Standards from January to September 2002 (October 10, 2002).. Air Toxics Monitoring Newsletter (October 10, 2002).. EPA's Ozone Fast-Track Report for 1-hour Ozone Standards from January to September 2002 (October 10, 2002).. EPA s National Ambient Air Monitoring Strategy (September 30, 2002).. Air Toxics Monitoring Newsletter (June 11, 2002).. EPA Memorandum on 'Fast Track' Data (June 11, 2002).. EPA's Current Data Completeness Statistics for PM2.. 5 (May 9, 2002).. EPA Memorandum in Support of the National Monitoring Strategy Goals (April 30, 2002).. Updated Air Toxics Survey Information (April 30, 2002).. Air Toxics Monitoring Newsletter (April 17, 2002).. Batelle's Trends Straw Plan: Conceptual Framework for Network Design and Trends Estimation (April 2, 2002).. EPA FY2002 State and Local Agency Grant Guidance and Allocation for the National Air Toxics Monitoring Pilot Program (March 1, 2002).. EPA's Status of Speciated Sites Within the PM2.. 5 Monitoring Network as of January 2002 (January 15, 2002).. Air Toxics Monitoring Newsletter (January 15, 2002).. EPA Memorandum on Status of Speciated PM2.. 5 Monitoring Network (January 15, 2002).. STAPPA/ALAPCO's Revised Air Toxics Monitoring Survey (December 21, 2001).. Air Toxics Monitoring Newsletter - Special Edition (December 3, 2001).. EPA's Draft National Monitoring Strategy Document (October 24, 2001).. Air Toxics Monitoring Newsletter (October 11, 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Andersen Sampler Survey (April 26, 2001).. Andersen Sampler Resource Guide (April 9, 2001).. National Monitoring Steering Committee's Revised Protocol for National Network Assessments (April 4, 2001).. Criteria Pollutants Work Group AIRS Survey (March 26, 2001).. for more information about Monitoring..

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  • Title: NACAA
    Descriptive info: Multi-Pollutant Strategies :.. Electric utilities are one of the most significant sources of harmful air emissions, responsible for substantial levels of nitrogen oxides (NO.. ), sulfur dioxide (SO.. ) and hazardous air pollutants, including mercury (Hg).. These sources are also responsible for considerable carbon dioxide (CO.. ) emissions.. If properly structured, a comprehensive, integrated control strategy for electric utilities will offer multiple benefits including increasing environmental and public health protection beyond that achieved by existing regulatory programs, enhanced opportunities for pollution prevention and sustainability, as well as promotion of early compliance.. A multi-pollutant approach could also offer the regulated community and air quality regulators important advantages, such as increased certainty and cost efficiencies.. Currently, proposals for multi-pollutant strategies for power plants are under consideration in Congress, and have been proposed or adopted in a number of states.. STAPPA/ALAPCO Response to Senator Voinovich's Analysis of the Associations' Testimony on Clear Skies (February 16, 2005).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Senate Testimony on Multi-Pollutant Legislation (January 26, 2005).. Analysis of STAPPA and ALAPCO s May 7, 2002 Principles for a Multi-Pollutant Strategy for Power Plants (March 15, 2004).. One-Page Side-by-Side Comparing Administration's Clear Skies Proposal to STAPPA/ALAPCO's MPS Principles (February 26, 2003).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Statement on Clear Skies (February 26, 2003).. STAPPA and ALAPCO Testimony Before Senate EPW Committee on Multi-Pollutant Approaches(June 12, 2002).. STAPPA and ALAPCO  ...   PRICE Act (September 26, 2005).. Energy Policy Act of 2005 (July 29, 2005).. Clean Smokestacks Act of 2005 (March 16, 2005).. Introduced by Rep.. Henry Waxman (D-CA).. Substitute to S.. 131 - The Clear Skies Act of 2005 (February 15, 2005).. Chairman s Mark of S.. 131 The Clear Skies Act of 2005 (February 11, 2005).. Senate EPW Committee Legislative Hearing on S.. 131, the Clear Skies Act of 2005 (February 2, 2005).. Senate EPW Clean Air Subcommittee Hearing on the Need for Multi-Emissions Legislation (January 26, 2005).. Senator Voinovich s Analysis of STAPPA/ALAPCO s 1/26/05 Testimony on the Need for Multi-Pollutant Legislation before the Senate EPW Committee (January 26, 2005).. 150, the Clean Power Act of 2005 (January 25, 2005).. Multi-pollutant legislation introduced by Senator Jim Jeffords (I-VT), Ranking Member of the Senate EPW Committee, Senator Susan Collins (R-ME) and Senator Joe Lieberman (D-CT).. We will post legislative language as soon as it is available.. 131, the Clear Skies Act of 2005 (January 24, 2005).. Multi-Pollutant Strategy Position of the Ozone Transport Commission (January 27, 2004).. Southern Governors' Letter to President Bush Urging a Strong National Multi-Pollutant Strategy for Power Plants (June 24, 2002).. North Carolina's Clean Smokestacks Law (June 20, 2002).. Conference of Mayors Resolution on Clean Air and Utilities (June 17, 2002).. for more information about Multi-Pollutant Strategies..

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  • Title: NACAA
    Descriptive info: New Source Review :.. New Source Review (NSR) is a permitting process conducted prior to the construction of a major stationary emission source.. Modifications to a major source that will result in a significant net increase in emissions also require NSR permitting.. The NSR process assures that construction in those areas in attainment of the national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) will not lead to a deterioration in air quality, under EPA s prevention of significant deterioration (PSD) provisions.. NSR also accounts for specific local or regional requirements for areas in non-attainment of the NAAQS.. The PSD provisions require installation of Best Available Control Technology (BACT), while non-attainment area provisions require installation of more stringent Lowest Achievable Emission Reduction (LAER).. PSD permitting also requires an ambient air quality analysis using computer models, as well as an evaluation of the impacts on soils, vegetation, visibility, and Class I areas.. The NSR requirements are pollutant specific.. The pollutants to be reviewed depend on the increase of emissions of each pollutant.. The applicability criteria are relatively complex.. Many policy memoranda and guidance documents have been issued on applicability and implementation of these rules.. NACAA Comment Letter on EPA s proposed Flexible Permit Rule (January 14, 2008).. NSPS for Petroleum Refineries--NACAA Comments on EPA's Proposed Rule (August 24,2007).. NSR: "EGU Supplemental"--Additional NACAA Comment (August 16, 2007).. EGU Supplemental Requiring Hourly Increases in Emissions for NSR Applicability--NACAA Comments (August 3, 2007).. NSR Hourly Test Testimony of NACAA delivered by John Paul (Dayton, Ohio) on EPA s proposed rule on PSD and Nonattainment NSR: Emissions Increases for EGUs (June 29, 2007).. NACAA's "Reasonable Possibility in Recordkeeping" Position (May 8, 2007).. 8-Hour Ozone: NACAA Comments on Notice of Reconsideration of Phase 2 8-Hour Ozone Implementation Rule (February 2, 2007).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Amicus Brief in Supreme Court, Duke Energy case (July 21, 2006).. Our brief supports the position of Environmental Defense and the Southern Environmental Law Center, which are appealing a June 15, 2005 adverse ruling from the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals.. That ruling held that only those modifications of an existing utility that increase the hourly rate of emissions of a unit, rather than increasing actual tons per year of emissions, trigger new source review requirements.. We are opposing this decision for the reasons set forth in the brief.. STAPPA/ALAPCO Testimony on EPA's Proposed Rule Changing NSR Applicability for EGUs (December 8, 2005).. This new source review (NSR) testimony will be delivered on December 9, 2005 by John Paul, President of ALAPCO on behalf of STAPPA and ALAPCO at a public hearing in Research Triangle Park.. The associations strongly oppose EPA s proposed rule changing the applicability test for modifications of existing electric generating units (EGUs) by triggering NSR requirements only when there is an increase in the hourly rate of emissions (the NSPS test) rather than an increase in actual annual emissions.. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to House of Representatives Opposing H.. 3893, the GAS Act , as Revised by Manager s Amendment (October 7, 2005).. 3893, the GAS Act (October 6, 2005)..  ...   of Public Administration (November 14, 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO's Comments on NSR 90-Day Review Document (July 27,.. 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO's July 2001 NSR Testimony (July 23, 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO's Final Comments on White Paper 3 (September 19, 2000).. STAPPA/ALAPCO's Comments on EPA's Draft Guidance for NOx Control on Gas Turbines (September 15, 2000).. STAPPA and ALAPCO August 17, 2000 Comments on EPA's Draft Tier 2 Offset Guidance (August 17, 2000).. STAPPA and ALAPCO's Letter U.. Senate Environment and Public Works Committee in Support of Increased Funding for EPA's BACT/LAER Clearinghouse (May 5, 2000).. STAPPA/ALAPCO's Comments on EPA's New Source Review (NSR) Clean Unit Exemption (May 5, 2000).. STAPPA and ALAPCO's Comments EPA's Preliminary Draft Guidance on BACT and LAER for Tier2/Gasoline Sulfur Refinery Projects (65 FR 16364) (May 2, 2000).. STAPPA/ALAPCO's March 14, 2000 Letter to EPA Regarding NSR Reform (March 15, 2000).. American Electric Power Company s (AEP s) Motion for a Stay, Filed in the Southern District Court in Ohio (November 10, 2005).. Cinergy Corporation s Motion for Summary Judgment in the NSR Enforcement Initiative Case (November 9, 2005).. Proposed Rule for Prevention of Significant Deterioration, Nonattainment NSR, and NSPS: Emissions Test for Electric Generating Units.. (November 4, 2005).. Barton Manager's Amendment to H.. 3893 "The Gasoline for America's Security Act".. Order on Cross Motions for Partial Summary Judgment (Standing), National Parks Conservation Association v.. TVA, (September 8, 2005).. EPA Request for Rehearing in New York v.. EPA on Clean Unit Provision of NSR (August 11, 2005).. Final EPA Action on Petition to Reconsider Application of 1-Hour Ozone NSR Requirements under 8-Hour Ozone Standard (July 1, 2005).. D.. C.. Circuit Court of Appeals Decision in State of New York v.. EPA (June 24, 2005).. National Academy of Sciences' Interim Report on NSR (January 13, 2005).. EPA's Notice of Reconsideration of the Final Rule on Equipment Replacement (July 1, 2004).. New York State's Opening Brief in New York v.. EPA on NSR Reforms (May 25, 2004).. Utilities' Opening Brief in New York v.. Greenwire's Summary of the Legal Filings in New York v.. Environmentalists' Opening Brief in New York v.. EPA on NSR Reforms (May 25, 2004.. Bill Becker's briefing on NSR at the National Academy of Sciences National Research Council (May 24, 2004).. EPA's NSR program Review Questionnaire (May 21, 2004).. NSR Update Presentation (May 15, 2004).. Update on PSD and NSR Activities - Presentation of Bill Harnett (EPA) at the CAAAC Meeting (March 23, 2004).. Petition of Reconsideration of December 24, 2001 RMRR Rule (January 23, 2004).. EPA Guidance Document for Using Locomotive and Truck Idling Emission Reduction for NSR Offsets (January 14, 2004).. Summary of NSR History (November 7, 2003).. NSR Update Presentation at the CAAAC Meeting (November 7, 2003).. EPA's Routine Equipment Replacement Rule (October 27, 2003).. CAAAC's Permitting/New Source Review/Toxics Subcommittee Notes (June 27, 2002).. Administration's Energy Task Force Documents (April 11, 2002).. EPA Draft Guidance on Source Determinations for Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Facilities (October 18, 2001).. NSR 90-Day Review Background Paper (June 22, 2001).. for more information about New Source Review..

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  • Title: NACAA
    Descriptive info: Training :.. State and local air officials receive training on air pollution from a number of sources.. Regional state organizations focusing on air quality issues often develop and hold training courses.. Several universities provide training on-site or on-location.. California s Air Resources Board is a major training provider.. EPA also provides training to states via self-instructional courses, a satellite network, and the National Enforcement Training Institute.. In addition, training is available to the general public, and EPA has extensive material available on its website.. A number of international air pollution control organizations provide general and specialized conferences addressing air quality management, such as the Air and Waste Management Association.. Many universities (both in the U.. and abroad) offer courses and degrees in environmental management, with an emphasis on air pollution.. The U.. Agency for International Development offers environmental training, generally aimed at improving the capacity of developing countries to assess and address environmental problems.. The United Nations offers some training on environmental issues as well.. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to EPA Requesting Mobile Source, Fuels and Transportation Training Curriculum (May 26, 2000).. National Air Quality Training Project: Technical Training  ...   private courses that are not included in the PDTG.. These lists may be incomplete, and they are merely provided as informational.. National Training Strategy Action Plan -- Final Version (December 21, 2010).. Training Needs Reported From NACAA Committees (June 21, 2010).. Draft Training Strategy Action Plan Work Plan for $1 Million (June 4, 2010).. Final National Training Strategy (October 15, 2009).. Training Statistics for Fiscal Year 2006 (March 30, 2007).. Matrix of Air Pollution Control Courses (November 27, 2006).. Final Course Evaluation Form Approved by OMB (Expiration Date of August 31, 2009) (October 12, 2006).. Presentations and Documents from the 2006 Joint Training Committee Meeting (March 15, 2006).. National Training Strategy (March 6, 2006).. Final OMB Course Evaluation Form (February 10, 2006).. Presentations from the 2005 Joint Training Committee meeting (March 11, 2005).. Final Report of EPA Training Benchmarking Study.. Final Training Statistics Chart for 2004 (December 21, 2004).. Final STAPPA/ALAPCO FY05/06 Training Needs Assessment Survey Report (March 18, 2004.. Final Report on STAPPA/ALAPCO FY 2002-2003 Training Needs Assesment (April 12, 2001).. FY2002-2003 STAPPA/ALAPCO Training Needs Assessment Survey Respondents List (January 19, 2000).. for more information about Training..

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  • Title: NACAA
    Descriptive info: Vehicles and Fuels :.. Motor vehicles are a major source of air pollution worldwide.. In many urban areas, motor vehicles collectively produce 50 to 90 percent of local air pollution, depending upon the pollutant.. Vehicles can also produce a significant amount of the toxic or hazardous pollutants found in our air.. Motor vehicles are typically divided into two categories: on-road mobile sources and nonroad mobile sources.. Most nations set standards for both engines and fuels in order to reduce air pollution.. , only EPA and the State of California are permitted to establish new vehicle and fuel standards; other states may adopt California standards if they choose.. In addition to fuel type and quality, mobile source emissions are also affected by driving behavior and roadway infrastructure.. GHGs/CAFE EPA-NHTSA Joint Proposed Light-Duty Vehicle GHG and CAFE Standards for MY 2017 and Later Vehicles NACAA Testimony at San Francisco Hearing (January 24, 2012).. GHGs/CAFE EPA-NHTSA Joint Proposed Light-Duty Vehicle GHG and CAFE standards for MY 2017 and Later Vehicles NACAA Final Written Comments (January 24, 2012).. GHGs/CAFE EPA-NHTSA Joint Proposed Light-Duty Vehicle GHG and CAFE Standards for MY 2017 and Later Vehicles-NACAA Testimony at Philadelphia Hearing (January 19, 2012).. NACAA Letter to EPA Urging Action on General Aviation Lead Emissions (February 10, 2010).. Joint Brief of Amici Curiae, Including NACAA, Filed in DC Circuit Court of Appeals in Support of Petitioner State of California, Regarding California Waiver of Federal Preemption to Enforce State s Motor Vehicle GHG Emission Standards (November 24, 2008).. Amicus Brief Submitted to Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in EMA v.. SCAQMD, Regarding South Coast's Fleet Rule (December 22, 2006).. Amici include NACAA, the National League of Cities, the California League of Cities and the International Municipal Lawyers Association.. Coalition Letter to President Bush Requesting FY 2008 Funding for DERA and STAG Air Grants (December 1, 2006).. EPA Study: The Benefits and Costs of the Clean Air Act from 1990 to 2020 (March 1, 2011).. for more information about Vehicles and Fuels.. Cars, Trucks and Buses.. Automobiles, motorcycles, trucks, and buses are commonly referred to as on-road mobile sources.. Automobiles and light-duty trucks are a major source of air pollution all over the world.. Emissions from these vehicles come from the tailpipe as well as from evaporation from fuel tanks, out of the oil reservoir, and around engine seals.. Refueling vapors are also a significant source of emissions.. Most cars and light-duty trucks are fueled by gasoline, and generate large quantities of VOC, NO.. , CO, and CO.. emissions.. Motorcycles represent a large part of the vehicle fleet in developing countries.. Two-stroke motorcycles are especially polluting and can emit more air pollution than a fleet of modern automobiles.. Most heavy-duty trucks and buses are powered by diesel fuel, which can generate significant amounts of NO.. and SO.. emissions (especially in areas with high-sulfur content fuels), as well as potentially cancer-causing particulate matter.. Emission controls for mobile sources are capable of reducing vehicle emissions by more than 95 percent, compared to uncontrolled carbureted vehicles.. NACAA Letter to EPA Administrator Urging Proposal and Promulgation of Tier 3 Vehicle and Gasoline Standards in 2013 (January 22, 2013).. CA Cars NACAA Testimony in Support of California s Waiver Request for Advanced Clean Car Program (September 19, 2012).. Cleaner Cars, Cleaner Fuel, Cleaner Air: The Need for and Benefits of Tier 3 Vehicle and Fuel Regulations (October 31, 2011).. Tier 3 Letter to EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson with NACAA s Recommendations for Tier 3 LDV Standards and Gasoline Sulfur Requirements (June 27, 2011).. GHGs - NACAA Comments on EPA-NHTSA Proposed GHG Emissions Standards and Fuel Efficiency Standards for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles (January 31, 2011).. GHGs NACAA Comments on the Joint EPA/NHTSA Light-Duty Vehicle GHG Emissions Standards and CAFE Standards (November 24, 2009).. NACAA Testimony on the Joint EPA/NHTSA Proposed Light-Duty Vehicle GHG Emissions Standards and CAFE Standards (October 23, 2009).. CA Waiver NACAA Comments on EPA s Reconsideration of Previous Denial of a Waiver of Federal Preemption for California s GHG Vehicle Emissions Standards (April 6, 2009).. CA Waiver NACAA Testimony for EPA s Public Hearing on Reconsideration of the Previous Denial of a Waiver of Preemption for California s Motor Vehicle Emission Standards for Greenhouse Gases (March 5, 2009).. NACAA Comments on NHTSA s Proposed CAFE Standards for Cars and Light Trucks, MYs 2011-2015 (June 30, 2008).. VIN Requirements NACAA Comments to NHTSA on Proposal to Amend Vehicle Identification Number Regulations (November 16, 2007).. CA's Waiver Request for GHG Standards - NACAA Comments Supporting Waiver Request (June 15, 2007).. CA's Waiver Request for GHG Standards - NACAA Letter to EPA Opposing Delay in Close of Public Comment Period (June 6, 2007).. CA's Waiver Request for GHG Standards - NACAA's Testimony in Support of California's Waiver Request, Provided at EPA's Public Hearing in Sacramento, CA (May 30, 2007).. CA's Waiver Request for GHG Standards - NACAA's Testimony in Support of California's Waiver Request, Provided at EPA's Public Hearing in Arlington, VA (May 22, 2007).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on NHTSA CAFE Proposal (November 19, 2005).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to NRC Committee Supporting Preservation of States Rights (July 19, 2005).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments in Support of on California s Request for a Waiver of Federal Preemption for 2007 Onroad Diesel Rule (January 24, 2005).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to EPA Urging Action to Ensure Diesel Engine Reflash (December 15, 2004).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on DOT NHTSA s 12/29/03 ANPRM on Reforming the CAFE Program (April 27, 2004).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to the American Trucking Associations on the 2007 Diesel Rule (January 30, 2004).. Amicus Brief in Supreme Court Case of EMA and WSPA v.. SCAQMD (November 17, 2003).. Letter to American Trucking Associations on 2007 Highway Diesel Rule (July 30, 2003).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to EPA Urging Denial of Petitions to Reconsider 2004 Onroad HDD Rule (February 6, 2003).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Amicus Brief on Heavy-Duty Diesel Consent Decrees (July 31, 2002).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Statement at EPA/DOJ Heavy-Duty Diesel Consent Decrees Public Meeting (July 25, 2002).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to President Bush Urging Enforcement of HDD Consent Decrees (July 9, 2002).. STAPPA/ALAPCO, ALA and NRDC Letter to EPA Administrator Whitman Urging Against Changes to Panel to Review Progress in Developing Technology for 2007 HDD Rule (May 20, 2002).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Press Release Announcing Success of Multi-State Clean Diesel Initiative (March 28, 2002).. Intervenors' Brief In Support of 2007 Diesel Rule (December 14, 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO 'Regulating Air Pollution from Diesel Trucks: A Model Rule for States' (July 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to Administrator Whitman on HDD CDs (June 14, 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Conditional Motion to Intervene in HDDCD Litigation (May 16, 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Press Release on Multi-State Clean Diesel Initiative (November 20, 2000).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on OBD Proposal (November 13, 2000).. STAPPA/ALAPCO's Statement on Diesel Exhaust before CASAC (October 12, 2000).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on Mobile Source Air Toxics Proposal (September 20, 2000).. STAPPA/ALAPCO's Statement at EPA Mobile Source Air Toxics Public Meeting (August 21, 2000).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to EPA on Diesel Particulate (August 15, 2000).. STAPPA/ALAPCO's Final Comments on EPA's Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on Heavy-Duty Engine and Vehicle Standards and Highway Diesel Fuel Sulfur Control Requirements (August 14, 2000).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to DOJ Assistant Administrator on the Consent Decrees (July 31, 2000).. STAPPA/ALAPCO s Testimony on EPA s HDE/Low-Sulfur Diesel  ...   (January 3, 2002).. STAPPA/ALAPCO/NESCAUM Letter on Nonroad HDDs (September 4, 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to EPA on Boutique Fuels (July 24, 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on Nonroad ANPRM (January 31, 2001).. Letter to President Clinton Supporting 15-ppm Diesel Sulfur Cap (December 6, 2000).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Press Release on Clean Diesel Fuel (October 3, 2000).. Diesel Emissions Reduction Act of 2005 (June 16, 2005).. Final EPA Nonroad Diesel Engine and Fuel Rule (June 29, 2004).. EPA's Boutique Fuels Study (October 24, 2001).. NTE Model Rule (November 2000).. for more information about Fuels.. Other Engines and Equipment.. Construction and farm equipment, airplanes, ships and boats, locomotives, lawn and garden equipment, mobile generators and pumps, and other miscellaneous small hand-held, self-propelled, trailer or skid-mounted equipment not intended for on-road use comprise the category called nonroad" mobile sources.. These sources contribute substantial levels of emissions and, as emission controls on automobiles, trucks, and buses become more prevalent, the relative amount of air emissions generated by nonroad sources will become even more significant.. NACAA Comments on EPA s ANPR on Lead Emissions from Piston-Engine Aircraft Using Leaded Aviation Gasoline (August 25, 2010).. NACAA's Comments on EPA's Proposed Rule to Regulate Emissions from New Ocean-Going (C3) Vessels (September 25, 2009).. C3 Engines - NACAA Testimony on EPA's Proposed Rule to Regulate Emissions from New Ocean-Going (C3) Vessels (August 4, 2009).. C3 Marine Engines - "Protecting Public Helath from Global Shipping Pollution,: Report by NACAA, Environmental Defense, American Lung Association and Puget Sound Clean Air Agency (March 30, 2009).. NACAA Comments on EPA s ANPRM on Category 3 Marine Engines (March 5, 2008).. NACAA Comments on EPA's Proposed Rule to Control Emissions of Nonroad Spark-Ignitions Engines and Equipment (August 1, 2007).. NACAA Testimony on EPA's Proposed Rule to Control Emissions from Nonroad Spark-Ignition Engines and Equipment (June 5, 2007).. Locomotive-Marine Diesel Engines - NACAA's Testimony on EPA's Locomotive-Marine Diesel Engine Proposed Rule (May 8, 2007).. NACAA's Petition for Review of EPA's Aircraft Rule -- Initial Reply Brief (October 26, 2006).. "Danger in Motion: It's Time to Clean Up Trains and Boats" - STAPPA/ALAPCO Report and Related Materials (February 2, 2006).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to Senate Appropriations Committee Opposing Rider to Block Small Nonroad Engine Rule (June 8, 2005).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to EPA and FAA Withdrawing from Aviation Stakeholder Process (November 22, 2004).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on EPA s ANPRM for Diesel Locomotive and Marine Engine Standards (August 30, 2004).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Aircraft Comments (December 15, 2003).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Testimony on EPA Proposed Rule on the Control of Air Pollution from Aircraft and Aircraft Engines (November 13, 2003).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on Motorcycle and Recreational Boat NPRM (December 19, 2002).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Final Comments on EPA's Proposed Rule for Category 3 Diesel Marine Engines (July 16, 2002).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on Nonroad SI and Recreational Engines NPRM (January 18, 2002).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Testimony on EPA's October 5, 2001 Nonroad Large Spark Ignition and Marine and Land-Based Recreational Engines NPRM (October 24, 2001).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on Proposed Marine Engines Rule (March 11, 1999).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on EPA's amended April 17, 1998 Locomotive Proposal (June 16, 1997).. OGVs Final EPA Rule for Ocean-Going Vessels (December 22, 2009).. CMAQ Guidance - FHWA Interim Program Guidance (October 31, 2006.. Amicus Brief of the Air Transport Association of America and the Aerospace Industries Association, in STAPPA and ALAPCO v.. EPA, Petition for Review of EPA's Aircraft Engine Emission Standards (October 12, 2006).. EPA Final Aircraft Emissions Rule (November 9, 2005).. EPA ANPRM on the Control of Emissions from Diesel Locomotive and Marine Engines (June 29, 2004).. EPA s Final Nonroad Diesel Engine Rule (May 11, 2004).. Impacts of Senator Bond s Nonroad Exemption Provision on States and Localities (September 16, 2003).. Closing the Diesel Divide: Protecting Public Health from Diesel Air Pollution (April 15, 2003).. EPA s Final Rule for C3 Marine Engines (January 31, 2003).. EPA's Proposed Emission Standards for Highway Motorcycles and Gasoline-Powered Recreational Boats (July 25, 2002).. for more information about Other Engines and Equipment.. Transportation Planning.. The rate of growth of on-road driving has resulted in the need to address traffic flow and vehicle use throughout the world.. Congestion increases air pollution emissions and reduces the productivity of individuals who must spend time in traffic.. Efforts to reduce driving and congestion through better planning, mass transit systems, carpooling and other measures are of interest in all major urban areas.. has had a particularly difficult time in addressing the problem of increased driving and vehicle miles traveled.. Many developing countries are facing the same problems with a similar lack of success.. Programs continue to be developed worldwide to address this growing dilemma.. NACAA Principles for Reauthorization of Federal Surface Transportation Legislation (October 19, 2010).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to Senate Opposing Highway Bill Amendment to Reduce CMAQ Funding (May 16, 2005).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to House Armed Services Committee Leaders Opposing Right of Removal of CAA Cases to Federal Court (May 16, 2005).. STAPPA and ALAPCO Letters to Congress Opposing CAA Exemptions for DOD Activities (May 9, 2005).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Testimony on Transportation Conformity/CMAQ (March 2, 2005).. STAPPA/ALAPCO s Final Comments on EPA s Supplemental Proposal on Transportation Conformity Hot-Spots Analyses in PM Nonattainment and Maintenance Areas (January 26, 2005).. Letter to House and Senate Transportation Conferees Regarding Transportation Conformity and Related Issues (June 18, 2004).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comparison of Air-Related Provisions of Senate and House Transportation Bills (May 10, 2004).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Congressional Testimony Opposing Exemptions from the Clean Air Act for DOD (April 21, 2004).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Comments on Senate EPW Transportation Bill (January 28, 2004).. STAPPA and ALAPCO s Comments on EPA s Proposed Amendments to the Transportation Conformity Program to Implement the 8-hour Ozone and PM2.. 5 NAAQS (December 22, 2003).. Letter Opposing SAFETEA Provisions on Conformity and CMAQ (November 13, 2003).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Testimony on CMAQ and Conformity Before the Senate Environment and Public Works Subcommittee on Clean Air, Climate Change and Nuclear Safety (March 13, 2003).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letters to House Armed Services Committees Opposing CAA Exemptions for DOD Military Readiness Activities (March 12, 2003).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letters to Senate Armed Services Committees Opposing CAA Exemptions for DOD Military Readiness Activities (March 12, 2003).. STAPPA and ALAPCO Adopt CMAQ and Transportation Conformity Principles (October 1, 2002).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to Senate Armed Services Committee on DOD Environmental Waivers (May 2, 2002).. STAPPA/ALAPCO Letter to House Armed Services Committee on DOD Environmental Waivers (May 2, 2002).. CMAQ Guidance - Transmittal Memorandum for FHWA Interim Program Guidance (October 31, 2006).. Transportation Emissions Guidebook: Land Use, Transit and Travel Demand Management (August 22, 2005).. The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy For Users (July 29, 2005).. 5 Precursors (May 2, 2005).. EPA Supplemental Proposal of Options for PM2.. 5 and PM10 Hot-Spot Analyses for the Transportation Conformity Rule Amendments (December 7, 2004).. DOT Letter to House and Senate Transportation Conferees Outlining the Administration's Position on Key Issues (June 22, 2004).. Manager s Amendment to H.. 3550, the House Transportation Bill (March 30, 2004).. ECOS Letter on Conformity and CMAQ (March 17, 2004).. Letter from Environmental Organizations to Governors on Reauthorization of TEA-21 (March 27, 2003).. EPA/FAA General Conformity Guidance for Airports (September 25, 2002).. Amendments to Transportation Conformity Rule (July 31, 2002).. NAS Study of CMAQ Effectiveness (April 19, 2002).. for more information about Transportation Planning..

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